Massereene Lower

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Massereene Lower
Mása Ríona Íochtarach [1] (Irish)
MassereeneLower barony.png
Location of Massereene Lower, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Northern Ireland
County Antrim

Massereene Lower is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. [2] To its west lies Lough Neagh, and it is bordered by four other baronies: Massereene Upper to the south; Belfast Upper to the east; Antrim Upper to the north; and Toome Upper to the north-west. [2]

Barony (Ireland) historical subdivision of a county of Ireland

In Ireland, a barony is a historical subdivision of a county, analogous to the hundreds into which the counties of England were divided. Baronies were created during the Tudor reconquest of Ireland, replacing the earlier cantreds formed after the original Norman invasion. Some early baronies were later subdivided into half baronies with the same standing as full baronies.

County Antrim Place in Antrim, Northern Ireland

County Antrim is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 3,046 square kilometres (1,176 sq mi) and has a population of about 618,000. County Antrim has a population density of 203 people per square kilometre or 526 people per square mile. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster.

Northern Ireland Part of the United Kingdom lying in the north-east of the island of Ireland, created 1921

Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region. Northern Ireland shares a border to the south and west with the Republic of Ireland. In 2011, its population was 1,810,863, constituting about 30% of the island's total population and about 3% of the UK's population. Established by the Northern Ireland Act 1998 as part of the Good Friday Agreement, the Northern Ireland Assembly holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters, while other areas are reserved for the British government. Northern Ireland co-operates with the Republic of Ireland in some areas, and the Agreement granted the Republic the ability to "put forward views and proposals" with "determined efforts to resolve disagreements between the two governments".

Contents

List of settlements

Below is a list of settlements in Massereene Lower: [1]

Towns

Population centres

List of civil parishes

Below is a list of civil parishes in Massereene Lower: [3] [4]

Archaeology

The barony contains the largest concentration of ringforts in Ireland, with three ringforts per square kilometre. [5]

Ringfort Circular fortified settlements found in Northern Europe

Ringforts, ring forts or ring fortresses are circular fortified settlements that were mostly built during the Bronze age up to about the year 1000. They are found in Northern Europe, especially in Ireland. There are also many in South Wales and in Cornwall, where they are called rounds. Ringforts come in many sizes and may be made of stone or earth. Earthen ringforts would have been marked by a circular rampart, often with a stakewall. Both stone and earthen ringforts would generally have had at least one building inside.

Ireland Island in north-west Europe, 20th largest in world, politically divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (a part of the UK)

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

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Antrim Lower Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Antrim Lower is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is bordered by six other baronies: Antrim Upper to the south; Toome Upper to the south-west; Toome Lower to the west; Kilconway to the north-west; Glenarm Lower to the north-east; and Glenarm Upper to the east. The River Braid flows through this barony.

Glenarm Upper Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

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Glenarm Lower Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Glenarm Lower is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. To its east runs the east-Antrim coast, and it is bordered by five other baronies: Cary to the north; Dunluce Lower and Kilconway to the west; Antrim Lower to the south-west; and Glenarm Upper to the south-east.

Cary (barony) Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Cary is a historic barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. To its north is the north-Antrim coast, and it is bordered by three other baronies: Dunluce Lower to the west; Dunluce Upper to the south; and Glenarm Lower to the south-east. The world-famous Giant's Causeway is situated on the north coast of Cary. Dunineny Castle lies in the civil parish of Ramoan within this barony.

Dunluce Lower Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Dunluce Lower is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. To its north runs the north-Antrim coast, and it is bordered by three other baronies: Dunluce Upper to the south, Cary to the east, and the North East Liberties of Coleraine to the west. The River Bush flows through this barony. Dunluce Lower also formed the northern part of the medieval territory known as the Route.

Dunluce Upper Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

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Kilconway Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Kilconway is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is bordered by six other baronies: Dunluce Upper to the north; Glenarm Lower to the east; Antrim Lower to the south-east; Toome Lower to the south; Loughinsholin to the south-west; and Coleraine to the north-east. Kilconway also formed part of the medieval territory known as the Route. Springmount Bog is located within the barony.

Belfast Lower Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Belfast Lower is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. To its east lies the east-Antrim coast and Belfast Lough, and it is bordered by four other baronies: Belfast Upper to the south, Carrickfergus to the east, Antrim Upper to the west; Glenarm Upper to the north. The Forth and Milewater rivers both flow through Belfast Lower, with Larne harbour also situated in the barony.

Antrim Upper Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Antrim Upper is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is bordered by six other baronies: Antrim Lower to the north; Toome Upper to the west; Massereene Lower to the south-west; Belfast Upper to the south; Belfast Lower to the south-east; and Glenarm Upper to the east.

Belfast Upper Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Belfast Upper is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. To its east lies the barony of Belfast and Belfast Lough, and it is bordered by five other baronies: Belfast Lower to the north-east; Antrim Upper to the north-west; Massereene Lower to the west; Massereene Upper to the south-west; and Castlereagh Upper to the south. The Forth River flows through both Belfast Upper and Lower. The most prominent hills in the barony are Black Hill and Lyle's Hill.

Massereene Upper Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Massereene Upper is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. To its east lies Belfast Lough, and it is bordered by four other baronies: Massereene Lower to the north; Belfast Upper to the east; Castlereagh Upper to the south-east; and Iveagh Lower, Lower Half to the south-west.

Toome Upper Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Toome Upper is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. To its south lies Lough Neagh, and it is bordered by five other baronies: Toome Lower to the north; Antrim Lower to the north-east; Antrim Upper to the east; Massereene Lower to the south-east; and Loughinsholin to the south-east. Toome Upper also formed part of the medieval territories known as the Route and Clandeboye.

Toome Lower Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Toome Lower is a barony in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. To its east lies Belfast Lough, and it is bordered by four other baronies: Toome Upper to the south; Antrim Lower to the east; Kilconway to the north; and Loughinsholin to the west. Toome Lower also formed part of the medieval territories known as the Route and Clandeboye.

Orior Lower Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Orior Lower is a barony in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It lies in the east of the county and borders County Down with its eastern boundary. It is bordered by seven other baronies: Fews Upper to the south-west; Fews Lower to the west; Oneilland West to the north-west; Oneilland East to the north; Iveagh Lower, Lower Half to the north-east; Iveagh Upper, Upper Half to the east; and Orior Upper to the south. A small enclave of Orior Lower resides in the east of Orior Upper.

Orior Upper Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Orior Upper is a barony in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It lies in the south-east of the county and borders the Republic of Ireland with its southern boundary. It is bordered by five other baronies in Northern Ireland: Fews Upper and an enclave of Fews Lower to the west; Orior Lower to the north; Iveagh Upper, Upper Half to its west, which is divided in two by the Lordship of Newry. It also borders two baronies in the Republic of Ireland: Dundalk Lower and Dundalk Upper to the south.

Fews Lower Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Fews Lower is a barony in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. Its lies in the center of the county, with an enclave lying just to the south-east. The main portion is bordered by four other baronies: Armagh to the west; Oneilland West to the north; Orior Lower to the east; and Fews Upper to the south. Fews Upper and Orior Lower also border the enclave to its north and west, with Orior Upper to its south-west. The Fews Mountains run through both Fews Lower and Upper, the highest peak of which in Fews Lower is, Deadman's Hill, which stands at 1,178 ft. Fews Lower and Upper formed the barony of The Fews until it was sub-divided.

Iveagh Lower, Upper Half Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Iveagh Lower, Upper Half is the name of a barony in County Down, Northern Ireland. It was created by 1851 with the division of the barony of Iveagh Lower into two. It is bordered by five other baronies: Iveagh Upper, Lower Half to the south; Iveagh Upper, Upper Half to the south-west; Iveagh Lower, Lower Half to the west and north; Castlereagh Upper to the north-east; and Kinelarty to the west.

Iveagh Lower, Lower Half Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Iveagh Lower, Lower Half is the name of a barony in County Down, Northern Ireland. It was created by 1851 with the division of the barony of Iveagh Lower into two. It is bordered by six other baronies: Massereene Upper to the north; Castlereagh Upper to the east; Iveagh Lower, Upper Half and Iveagh Upper, Upper Half to the south; Oneilland East and Orior Lower to the west.

Castlereagh Upper Place in Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Castlereagh Upper is a historic barony in County Down, Northern Ireland. It was created by 1841 with the division of Castlereagh into two. It is bordered by eight other baronies: Castlereagh Lower and Dufferin to the east; Lecale Lower and Kinelarty to the south; Iveagh Lower, Lower Half, Iveagh Lower, Upper Half, and Massereene Upper to the west; and Belfast Upper to the north.

References

  1. 1 2 "Massereene Lower". Placenames Database of Ireland. Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  2. 1 2 PRONI Baronies of Northern Ireland
  3. PRONI Civil Parishes of County Antrim
  4. Baronies and parishes of County Antrim
  5. Stout, Matthew (1997). The Irish Ringfort. Dublin: Four Courts Press. p. 53.