Tobergill

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Tobergill
Tobergill Townland - geograph.org.uk - 1581109.jpg
Tobergill townland in 2009
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Tobergill
Location within Northern Ireland
County
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Northern Ireland
Fire Northern Ireland
Ambulance Northern Ireland
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Antrim
54°43′59″N6°08′42″W / 54.733°N 6.145°W / 54.733; -6.145 Coordinates: 54°43′59″N6°08′42″W / 54.733°N 6.145°W / 54.733; -6.145

Tobergill (from Irish : An Tobar Geal, meaning "the bright or white well") [1] is a townland of 1,044 acres in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Lying on the western aspect of Donegore hill, it is situated in the civil parish of Donegore and the historic barony of Antrim Upper. [2]

Irish language Gaelic language spoken in Ireland and by Irish people

Irish is a Goidelic language of the Celtic languages family, itself a branch of the Indo-European language family. Irish originated in Ireland and was historically spoken by Irish people throughout Ireland. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of habitual but non-traditional speakers across the country.

A townland is a small geographical division of land used in Ireland and in the Western Isles in Scotland. The townland system is of Gaelic origin, pre-dating the Norman invasion, and most have names of Irish Gaelic origin. However, some townland names and boundaries come from Norman manors, plantation divisions, or later creations of the Ordnance Survey. The total number of inhabited townlands in Ireland was 60,679 in 1911. The total number recognised by the Irish Place Names database as of 2014 was 61,098, including uninhabited townlands, mainly small islands.

County Antrim Place in Antrim, Northern Ireland

County Antrim is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 3,046 square kilometres (1,176 sq mi) and has a population of about 618,000. County Antrim has a population density of 203 people per square kilometre or 526 people per square mile. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster.

Contents

The name Tobergill is variously recorded as Tubbergeill in 1608, Turbergeile in 1621 and Tubbergill in 1669. [1]

Archaeology

There is a stone circle in Tobergall at grid ref: J208905. [3] [4] Only one large stone remains standing, others lie scattered around. [5]

Stone circle monument of standing stones arranged in a circle

A stone circle is a circular alignment of standing stones. They are commonly found across Northern Europe and Great Britain and typically date from the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age eras, with most concentrations appearing from 3000 BC. The best known examples include those at the henge monument at Avebury, the Rollright Stones and elements within the ring of standing stones at Stonehenge. Ancient stone circles appear throughout Europe with many appearing in the Pyrenees, on the Causse de Blandas in southern France in the Cevennes, in the Alps, and Bulgaria.

A souterrain with three chambers was investigated by archaeologists in 1959-60 after being uncovered by two farmers ploughing a field. It was later filled in and covered again, for the safety of livestock. [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 "Tobergill". Place Names NI. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  2. "Tobergill". IreAtlas Townlands Database. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  3. "Tobergill stone circle". The Megalithic Portal. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  4. "Tobergill stone circle". The Modern Antiquarian. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  5. "Tobergill stone circle". Megalithomania. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  6. "Ulster journal of archaeology , Ser. 3, Vol. XXIII, pp. 80-81, 1960: A souterrain at Tobergill, Co. Antrim" . Retrieved 6 May 2016.