Minamichita

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Minamichita

南知多町
Minamichita town-office.jpg
Minamichita Town Hall
Flag of Minamichita Aichi.JPG
Flag
Emblem of Minamichita, Aichi.svg
Seal
Minamichita in Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Minamichita in Aichi Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Minamichita
 
Coordinates: 34°42′54.5″N136°55′47.4″E / 34.715139°N 136.929833°E / 34.715139; 136.929833 Coordinates: 34°42′54.5″N136°55′47.4″E / 34.715139°N 136.929833°E / 34.715139; 136.929833
Country Japan
Region Chūbu region
Tōkai region
Prefecture Aichi
District Chita
Area
  Total38.37 km2 (14.81 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
  Total17,393
  Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Quercus phillyraeoides (species of Oak)
- Flower Narcissus
Phone number0569-65-0711
AddressToyohama, Minamichita-chō, Chita-gun, Aichi-ken 470-3495
Website Official website

Minamichita (南知多町, Minamichita-chō) is a town in Chita District, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the town had an estimated population of 17,393 in 7338 households, [1] and a population density of 453 persons per km². The total area of the town was 38.37 square kilometres (14.81 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Minamichita is located in the extreme southern tip of Chita Peninsula in southern Aichi Prefecture, including a number of islands in Mikawa Bay. The town is bordered by Mikawa Bay to the east, and Ise Bay to the west. Part of the town’s area are within the borders of the Mikawa Wan Quasi-National Park.

Neighboring municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [2] the population of Minamichita had been declining steadily over the past 70 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 22,741    
1950 30,379+33.6%
1960 28,972−4.6%
1970 27,705−4.4%
1980 27,017−2.5%
1990 25,954−3.9%
2000 23,250−10.4%
2010 20,550−11.6%

Climate

The town has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Minamichita is 15.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1770 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.2 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.9 °C. [3]

Climate data for Minamichita
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Daily mean °C (°F)4.1
(39.4)
6.6
(43.9)
7.4
(45.3)
13.0
(55.4)
18.3
(64.9)
22.9
(73.2)
26.6
(79.9)
27.6
(81.7)
24.7
(76.5)
18.7
(65.7)
14.4
(57.9)
7.8
(46.0)
16.0
(60.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)38
(1.5)
81
(3.2)
103
(4.1)
124
(4.9)
184
(7.2)
179
(7.0)
191
(7.5)
84
(3.3)
177
(7.0)
169
(6.7)
70
(2.8)
70
(2.8)
1,469
(57.8)
Source: Nagoya Regional Meteorological Agency

History

The area of Minamichita was part of Owari Province and controlled by Owari Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate. It was a major port on the coastal trade route between Edo and Osawa. After the Meiji restoration, it was organized into villages within Chita District, Aichi with the establishment of the modern municipalities system.

The modern town of Minamichita was established on June 1, 1961 through the merger of the towns of Utsumi, Mihama, and Morozaki, and the villages of Shinojima and Himakajima, all within Chita District. During March 2006, discussions were held to merge Minamichita with the town of Mihama to the north to form the new city of “Minamicentrair” after the popular nickname for Chūbu Centrair International Airport, but the merger proposal was strongly opposed by the majority of the inhabitants of Minamichita, and the merger did not take place. [4]

Economy

Utsumi ware ceramic censer in the shape of a standing elephant, grey glaze, Yamadera kiln (1907-1914) Aichi Prefectural Ceramic Museum 2018 (049).jpg
Utsumi ware ceramic censer in the shape of a standing elephant, grey glaze, Yamadera kiln (1907-1914)

The primary sector dominates the economy of Minamichita, notably commercial fishing and agriculture. Secondary industries include food processing, and seasonal tourism to beach resorts.

The Yamadera kiln (山寺窯) was located in Utsumi, today part of Minamichita. The kiln was active in the years Meiji 40 (1907) - Taishō 3 (1914). It produced Utsumi ware (内海焼). [5] [6]

Education

Minamichita has six public elementary schools and five public junior high schools operated by the town government, and one high school operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education.

Transportation

Railway

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg MeitetsuChita New Line

Highways

Seaports

Local attractions

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Shinojima

Shinojima (篠島) is an inhabited island in Mikawa Bay on the Pacific coast of Japan. The island is administered as part of the town of Minamichita in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 2015, the island's population was 1,653 inhabitants in 622 households. All of the island is within the borders of the Mikawa-wan Quasi-National Park.

References

  1. Minamichita Town official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. Minamichita population statistics
  3. Minamichita climate data
  4. "美浜町の概要". Mihama official home page (in Japanese). Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  5. https://tabichita.com/event/3993
  6. http://minamichita.ed.jp/kyoikucho/2018/07/16/no-%EF%BC%91%EF%BC%99%EF%BC%93%EF%BC%99%E3%80%80%E3%80%80%E5%86%85%E7%94%B0%E5%AE%B6%E4%BC%81%E7%94%BB%E5%B1%95%E3%80%80%E3%80%8C%E5%9B%9B%E4%BB%A3%E4%BD%90%E4%B8%83%E3%81%A8%E5%86%85%E6%B5%B7/