Swillington

Last updated

Swillington
Leeds UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Swillington
West Yorkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Swillington
Location within West Yorkshire
Population3,381 (2011 census)
OS grid reference SE385305
  London 160 mi (260 km)  SSE
Civil parish
  • Swillington
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEEDS
Postcode district LS26
Dialling code 0113
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°46′05″N1°25′12″W / 53.7680°N 1.4201°W / 53.7680; -1.4201 Coordinates: 53°46′05″N1°25′12″W / 53.7680°N 1.4201°W / 53.7680; -1.4201

Swillington is a village and civil parish near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough. It is situated 5 miles (8 km) east from Leeds city centre, east from the River Aire, and is surrounded by streams including Fleakingley Beck. In 2001, Swillington had a population of about 3,530, [1] reducing to 3,381 at the 2011 Census. [2]

Contents

The village forms part of the Garforth and Swillington ward of Leeds City Council and was a coal mining village until the closure of Primrose Hill pit. A housing estate now sits on the site of the colliery.

The Old Church School in Swillington TheOldChurchSchoolSwillington(MickMelvin)Aug2005.jpg
The Old Church School in Swillington
St Mary's Church in Swillington St. Mary's Church in 2001.jpg
St Mary's Church in Swillington

The village is close to St Aidan's nature reserve, and the Leeds Country Way which passes through the village. The population of Swillington decreased to 3,088 in 2011. [3] [4]

Etymology

The name Swillington is first attested in the Domesday Survey in the forms "Suillictun", "Suilligtune" and "Suillintun". Its etymology is uncertain, but probably derives from Old English swīn "pig" + either lēah "open ground" or hyll "hill" + ing, a suffix which in this case marks the word as a place-name + tūn "estate, farm". [5] The Dictionary of British Place Names gives a derivation from "farmstead near the pig hill (or clearing)." [6]

The name was recorded as "Svilentone" in 1147. Historically Swillington's full title was Swillington-in-Elmet, which refers to the association of the village with the early medieval polity of Elmet. However, as with many other places the "-in-Elmet" has been lost in modern times with only a few exceptions such as Barwick-in-Elmet and Sherburn-in-Elmet surviving. Nowadays Elmet only exists as a political constituency.[ citation needed ]

Economy

Swillington sits at the centre of an agricultural community, and includes Leventhorpe Vineyard and an organic farm.

Leventhorpe Vineyard, established in 1986, is near the village, and has been recommended by Rick Stein. [7] It was until recently the most northerly commercial vineyard in Britainthere is now one further north, near Malton. [8]

The Soil Association-certified organic farm [9] on the former Lowther estate has been frequented by celebrity chefs, and has produce voted the 'Best Meat In Yorkshire' in 2007. [10]

Landmarks

Swillington sits on the banks of the River Aire, and is adjacent to the RSPB St Aidan's Nature Reserve. The parish church of St Mary is a Grade II* listed building of 14th- or 15th-century origin, with Victorian additions. [11] Leventhorpe Hall, within the parish and to the west of the village, is a Grade II* listed house built in 1774. [12]

Transport

Swillington does not have a railway station, unlike the nearby town of Garforth, but is served by bus operators. The major roads through the village are Wakefield Road (the A642), Swillington Lane and Astley Lane.

Under proposals released on 28 January 2013, Phase 2 of the High Speed 2 rail link would be built close to the western side of the village, running adjacent to the M1 motorway. The HS2 track would cross the existing railway line close to Thorpe Park to the north of the village and also cross Selby road via embankment and bridge. Further south a viaduct would be placed across Wakefield Road. This line would carry the spur away from Leeds, towards the East Coast Main Line at Church Fenton.

Education

The local school, Swillington Primary School has about 270 pupils. Swillington does not have its own secondary school, consequently pupils typically attend Garforth Academy or Brigshaw High School.

YEDL, the local electricity distribution company, has its overhead line school at Swillington where it trains its apprenticed and qualified linesmen in techniques required to work on the electricity network throughout its licence area.

Sport and recreation

The village has four local football teams, a bowls team, snooker teams and a rugby league team. They use recreational grounds surviving from the mining days. There is also a shooting and country sports supply business in town, and a number of horseriding stables. Being on the Leeds Country Way, the area surrounding Swillington, including the River Aire, the Aire and Calder Navigation and the woods of Temple Newsam house are used for cycling.[ citation needed ]

Location

Nearby villages and towns include Austhorpe, Garforth, Kippax, Castleford, Great Preston, Little Preston, Allerton Bywater, Oulton, Woodlesford, Rothwell, Colton, Swillington common and Methley.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Garforth Human settlement in England

Garforth is a town in the metropolitan borough of the City of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.

Kildwick Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Kildwick, or Kildwick-in-Craven, is a village and civil parish of the district of Craven in North Yorkshire, England. It is situated between Skipton and Keighley and had a population of 191 in 2001, rising slightly to 194 at the 2011 census. Kildwick is a landmark as where the major road from Keighley to Skipton crosses the River Aire. The village's amenities include a primary school, church and public house.

Barwick-in-Elmet Village in West Yorkshire, England

Barwick-in-Elmet is a village in West Yorkshire, 7 miles (11 km) east of Leeds city centre. It is one of only three places in the area to be explicitly associated with the ancient Romano-British kingdom of Elmet, the others being Scholes-in-Elmet and Sherburn-in-Elmet.

Scholes, Leeds Human settlement in England

Scholes is a village in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. Its name is a plural of Old Norse skáli meaning "temporary shed".

Elmet (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983-2010

Elmet was a county constituency in West Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Kippax, West Yorkshire Human settlement in England

Kippax is a village and civil parish in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England. It is situated to the east of the city, near to Garforth and Great Preston. The Kippax and Methley ward of Leeds City Council was part of the former UK Parliament constituency of Elmet, which became Elmet and Rothwell at the 2010 UK general election. The population of Kippax Parish at the 2011 Census was 9,785. Kippax was a separate civil parish, in Tadcaster Rural District, until 1939, when it was annexed to Garforth. It re-acquired civil parish status and a parish council on 1 April 2004.

Allerton Bywater Human settlement in England

Allerton Bywater is a semi-rural village and civil parish in the south-east of the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census was 4,717. The village itself is 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Castleford, with neighbouring villages Kippax and Great Preston all providing local amenities. St Aidan’s Nature reserve borders the village attracting many visitors with its beauty and charm. Additionally ‘The Lines’ bridal path which runs from Garforth through to Allerton following the old train track provides a pleasant route for walkers, joggers and cyclists alike. The River Aire flows through the village to the south-west.

Carlton, Rothwell Village in West Yorkshire, England

Carlton is a village in the south of the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England, about 6 miles (13 km) from Leeds city centre. It has a Wakefield WF3 postal address. It is mentioned as Carlentone in the 1086 Domesday Book.

Great Preston human settlement in the United Kingdom

Great Preston is a small rural village in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England. It is situated 9 miles south east of Leeds city centre and is 2 miles south of the town, Garforth. The villages of Allerton Bywater, Kippax, Swillington and Little Preston are also in close proximity. The village is in the LS26 Leeds postcode area, and forms part of the civil parish of Great and Little Preston, which had a population of 1,463 at the 2011 Census.

Elmet and Rothwell (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Elmet and Rothwell is a constituency in West Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its creation in 2010 by Alec Shelbrooke, a Conservative. In the 2017 general election, Elmet and Rothwell recorded the largest turnout of any seat in West or South Yorkshire, with almost 60,000 electors casting a vote.

Ferrybridge Human settlement in England

Ferrybridge is a village in West Yorkshire, England. Ferrybridge lies at a historically important crossing of the River Aire which borders the North Yorkshire village of Brotherton. It is linked to other communities by the A1, which follows the route of the Great North Road. The village falls within the Knottingley ward of Wakefield City Council.

Cottingley, Bradford Village in West Yorkshire, England

Cottingley is a suburban village within the City of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England between Shipley and Bingley. It is known for the Cottingley Fairies, which appeared in a series of photographs taken there during the early 20th century.

Woodlesford Village in West Yorkshire, England

Woodlesford is a village in West Yorkshire, England, 6 miles (10 km) south-east of Leeds city centre. Formerly part of the Rothwell Urban District, it is now within the Rothwell ward of Leeds City Council. The village sits on the banks of the Aire and Calder Navigation and river system.

Leeds Country Way

The Leeds Country Way is a circular long-distance footpath of 62 miles (99 km) around Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It is never more than 7 miles (11 km) from City Square, Leeds, but is mainly rural with extensive views in the outlying areas of the Leeds metropolitan district. It follows public Rights of Way including footpaths, bridleways and minor lanes, with a few short sections along roads.

Brown Moor Human settlement in England

Brown Moor is an area in the metropolitan borough of the City of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England, east of Austhorpe and north of Colton Common. The M1 motorway and the A63 road pass it on its eastern flank and the A6120 road in the south. The area is named after a nearby hill. A colliery operated here in the 19th century and was accessed by a spur off the Leeds and Selby Railway, but was already disused in the early 20th century. At that time, some cottages had been erected nearby. Those had been sold by 2002 when Thorpe Park Business Park was established in the area.

City of Leeds City and Metropolitan borough in England

The City of Leeds ( ) is a local government district of West Yorkshire, England, governed by Leeds City Council, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. The metropolitan district includes the administrative centre Leeds and the ten towns of Farsley, Garforth, Guiseley, Horsforth, Morley, Otley, Pudsey, Rothwell, Wetherby and Yeadon. It has a population of 789,194 (mid-2018 est.), making it technically the second largest city in England by population behind Birmingham.

Lower Mickletown village in United Kingdom

Lower Mickletown is a hamlet in the City of Leeds, in the English county of West Yorkshire. It was named Low Mickletown in the early 20th century and has been known under this name at least until about 1950.

John Richard Dobson is a British Church of England priest. Since 2014, he has been the Dean of Ripon. Previously, he was a curate in County Durham and a vicar in Darlington. He also held the senior posts of Area Dean of Darlington and Chair of the House of Clergy of the Durham Diocesan Synod.

Castleford–Garforth line

The Castleford–Garforth line was a single-track railway line in West Yorkshire, England, connecting Castleford with Garforth east of Leeds. the route was developed to allow coal to be transported from the area, though a passenger service was operated between 1878 and 1951. Initially promoted by Leeds, Castleford and Pontefract Junction Railway, it was taken over by the North Eastern Railway before the line was completed.

Garforth and Swillington is an electoral ward of Leeds City Council in east Leeds, West Yorkshire, covering the town of Garforth as well as the villages of Great Preston and Swillington.

References

  1. Office for National Statistics: Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts: Leeds Archived 19 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 9 September 2009
  2. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  3. Swillington is made up of 11 output areas in the Garforth and Swillington ward.
  4. http://ukcensusdata.com/garforth-and-swillington-e05001423#sthash.CHDzjlJZ.dpbs
  5. Victor Watts (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names Based on the Collections of the English Place-Name Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), s.v. "SWILLINGTON"
  6. Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011), p.446. ISBN   019960908X
  7. Our trends in the north - Telegraph
  8. BBC Inside Out - Weird Weather
  9. Soil Association
  10. Yorkshire Post Winners
  11. Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1247710)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  12. Historic England. "Leventhorpe Hall (1247691)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  13. Adam Mosley, 'Chamber, John (1546–1604), in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)
  14. "Ripon Cathedral's Dean John Dobson installed". BBC News. 15 June 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  15. Seamus Craic, 'Kaiser Chiefs, Artnik Books, 2006