Timeline of Scientology

Last updated

This is a Timeline of Scientology , particularly its foundation and development by author L. Ron Hubbard as well as general publications, articles, books and other milestones.






























Center in New York City Scientology-nyc.jpg
Center in New York City







Hubbard's beliefs and practices, drawn from a diverse set of sources, influenced numerous offshoots, splinter-groups, and new movements. L. Ron Hubbard influences.png
Hubbard's beliefs and practices, drawn from a diverse set of sources, influenced numerous offshoots, splinter-groups, and new movements.




































Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scientology beliefs and practices</span> Scientology beliefs and practices

The Church of Scientology maintains a wide variety of beliefs and practices. The core belief holds that a human is an immortal, spiritual being (thetan) that is resident in a physical body. The thetan has had innumerable past lives, some of which, preceding the thetan's arrival on Earth, were lived in extraterrestrial cultures. Based on case studies at advanced levels, it is predicted that any Scientologist undergoing auditing will eventually come across and recount a common series of past-life events.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scientology controversies</span>

Since its inception in 1954, the Church of Scientology has been involved in a number of controversies, including its stance on psychiatry, Scientology's legitimacy as a religion, the Church's aggressive attitude in dealing with its perceived enemies and critics, allegations of mistreatment of members, and predatory financial practices; for example, the high cost of religious training:191 and perceived exploitative practices. When mainstream media outlets have reported alleged abuses, representatives of the church have tended to deny such allegations.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sea Org</span> Fraternal order of Scientology

The Sea Organization is a core group of Church of Scientology staff members who have signed a billion-year pledge of service to Scientology. All Scientology management organizations are controlled exclusively by members of the Sea Org. David Miscavige, the de facto leader of Scientology, is the highest-ranking Sea Org officer, holding the rank of captain.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Operating Thetan</span> In Scientology, an ostensibly spiritual status above Clear

In Scientology, Operating Thetan (OT) is a state of complete spiritual freedom in which one is a "willing and knowing cause over life, thought, matter, energy, space and time". The Church of Scientology offers eight "levels" of OT, each level costing thousands of US dollars.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Religious Technology Center</span> Scientology holder of trademarks

The Religious Technology Center (RTC) is an American non-profit corporation that was founded in 1982 by the Church of Scientology to control and oversee the use of all of the trademarks, symbols and texts of Scientology and Dianetics. Although RTC controls their use, those works are owned by another corporation, the Church of Spiritual Technology which is doing business as L. Ron Hubbard Library, registered in Los Angeles County, California.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">David Miscavige</span> Leader of the Church of Scientology (born 1960)

David Miscavige is the second and current leader of the Church of Scientology. His official title within the organization is Chairman of the Board of the Religious Technology Center (RTC), a corporation that controls the trademarks and copyrights of Dianetics and Scientology. He is also referred to within the Scientology organization as "DM", "C.O.B." or "Captain of the Sea Org".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Church of Scientology</span> American religious group and business

The Church of Scientology is a group of interconnected corporate entities and other organizations devoted to the practice, administration and dissemination of Scientology, which is variously defined as a cult, a business, or a new religious movement. The movement has been the subject of a number of controversies, and the Church of Scientology has been described by government inquiries, international parliamentary bodies, scholars, law lords, and numerous superior court judgements as both a dangerous cult and a manipulative profit-making business. In 1979, several executives of the organization were convicted and imprisoned for multiple offenses by a U.S. Federal Court. The Church of Scientology itself was convicted of fraud by a French court in 2009, a decision upheld by the supreme Court of Cassation in 2013. The German government classifies Scientology as an unconstitutional sect. In France, it has been classified as a dangerous cult. In some countries, it has attained legal recognition as a religion.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scientology and psychiatry</span>

Since the founding of the Church of Scientology in 1954 by L. Ron Hubbard, the relationship between Scientology and psychiatry has been dominated by strong opposition by the organization against the medical specialty of psychiatry and of psychology with themes relating to this opposition occurring repeatedly throughout Scientology literature and doctrine. According to the Church of Scientology, psychiatry has a long history of improper and abusive care. The group's views have been disputed, criticized, and condemned by experts in the medical and scientific community and have been a source of public controversy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mark Rathbun</span> American whistleblower

Mark C. "Marty" Rathbun is a former senior executive of the Church of Scientology who last held the post of Inspector General of the Religious Technology Center (RTC), the organization that is responsible for the protection and enforcement of all Dianetics and Scientology copyrights and trademarks.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Church of Spiritual Technology</span> Scientology organization

The Church of Spiritual Technology (CST) is a California 501(c)(3) non-profit corporation, incorporated in 1982, which owns all the copyrights of the estate of L. Ron Hubbard and licenses their use. CST does business as L. Ron Hubbard Library.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Flag Building</span> Scientology building in Clearwater FL

The Flag Building, also referred to as the Super Power Building, is the largest building in Clearwater, Florida. It is owned by the Church of Scientology and was built principally to deliver the Super Power Rundown, a high-level Scientology training course intended to train Scientologists to use what Scientology describes as all of their 57 "perceptics" or senses. The interior of the building contains training suites, course rooms, theaters and various devices intended to test these "perceptics," including a "time machine", an anti-gravity simulator, an "infinite" pit, and a pain station.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mike Rinder</span> Australian-American former Scientologist

Michael John Rinder is an Australian-American former senior executive of the Church of Scientology International (CSI) and the Sea Organization based in the United States. From 1982 to 2007, Rinder served on the board of directors of CSI and also held the post of executive director of its Office of Special Affairs, overseeing the corporate, legal and public relations matters of Scientology at the international level.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">OT VIII</span> Highest auditing level in Scientology

OT VIII or OT 8 is the highest current auditing level in Scientology. OT VIII is known as "The Truth Revealed" and was first released to select high-ranking public Scientologists in 1988, two years after the death of Scientology's founder, L. Ron Hubbard. OT VIII is only delivered to members of the Church of Scientology in one place—aboard the organization's private cruise ship, the Freewinds, and is additionally available from independent Scientology groups. There are a few advanced auditors that are able to deliver the level to those who meet the prerequisites.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">The Bridge to Total Freedom</span> Primary road map chart in Scientology

The Bridge to Total Freedom, also known as the Classification, Gradation and Awareness Chart, is Scientology's primary action plan and road map to guide a person through the sequential steps to attain Scientology's concept of spiritual freedom. Displayed in every Scientology organization as an enormous poster using red ink, the comprehensive chart contains almost every service available within Scientology. All steps on the Bridge cost money.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scientology and religious groups</span>

The relationship between Scientology and religious groups is very complex. While Scientology claims that it is fully compatible with all existing major world religions and that it does not conflict with them or their religious practices, there are significant contradictions between Scientology and most religions, especially the major monotheistic religions. Members are not allowed to engage in other similar mental therapies or procedures, religious or otherwise.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scientology</span> Set of beliefs and practices and an associated movement

Scientology is a set of beliefs and practices invented by the American author L. Ron Hubbard, and an associated movement. It is variously defined as a cult, a business, or a new religious movement. Hubbard initially developed a set of ideas that he called Dianetics, which he represented as a form of therapy. An organization that he established in 1950 to promote it went bankrupt, and Hubbard lost the rights to his book Dianetics in 1952. He then recharacterized his ideas as a religion, likely for tax purposes, and renamed them Scientology. By 1954 he had regained the rights to Dianetics and founded the Church of Scientology, which remains the largest organization promoting Scientology. There are practitioners independent of the Church, in what is called the Free Zone. Estimates put the number of Scientologists at under 40,000 worldwide.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scientology in the United States</span>

Scientology was founded in the United States by science fiction author L. Ron Hubbard and is now practiced in many other countries.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tax status of Scientology in the United States</span> History of status with IRS

The tax status of the Church of Scientology in the United States has been the subject of decades of controversy and litigation. Although the Church of Scientology was initially partially exempted by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) from paying federal income tax, its two principal entities in the United States lost this exemption in 1957 and 1968. This action was taken because of concerns that church funds were being used for the private gain of its founder L. Ron Hubbard or due to an international psychiatric conspiracy against Scientology.

This is a bibliography of books critical of Scientology and the Church of Scientology, sorted by alphabetical order of titles.


  1. Chryssides, George D. (1999). Exploring new religions. London: Cassell. p. 281. ISBN   0-8264-5959-5.
  2. Eisenberg, Ellen (June 1969). "The Dangerous New Cult of Scientology". Parents Magazine .
  3. "Of Two Minds". TIME Magazine . July 24, 1950. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
  4. Miller, Russell (1987). Bare-Faced Messiah: The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard. ISBN   0-8050-0654-0.
  5. 1 2 Atack, Jon (1990). A Piece of Blue Sky: Scientology, Dianetics and L. Ron Hubbard Exposed. ISBN   0-8184-0499-X.
  6. Hubbard, L. Ron (October 1958). The Story of Dianetics and Scientology, Lecture 18 (Speech). by 1947, I had achieved clearing.
  7. Levy, Alan (November 15, 1968). "Scientology". Life.
  8. Michener, Wendy (August 22, 1966). "Is This the Happiest Man in the World?". Maclean's.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Lewis, James R.; Hellesoy, Kjersti, eds. (2017). Handbook of Scientology. Vol. Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion. Brill. ISBN   9789004330542.
  10. "Departure in Dianetics". TIME Magazine . September 3, 1951. Archived from the original on November 14, 2007. Retrieved October 14, 2008.
  11. Miller, Russell Bare-faced messiah: The true story of L. Ron Hubbard, publisher M. Joseph (1987) ISBN   0-7181-2764-1
  12. "Remember Venus?". TIME Magazine . December 22, 1952. Archived from the original on March 19, 2007. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
  13. Hubbard, La Fayette Ron (1968). "Scientology: A History of Man".
  14. "Certificate of Incorporation: The Church of Scientology (New Jersey)". wiseoldgoat.com.
  15. "Phoenix history: Church of Scientology founded in Phoenix".
  16. "Advertising". Healesville Guardian . Lilydale, Vic. March 18, 1955. p. 3. Retrieved August 13, 2013 via National Library of Australia.
  17. Banville, Jule (September 11, 2007). "The L. Ron Hubbard House: Get There Before Travolta". Washington City Paper . Retrieved April 3, 2009.
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Davis, Derek H. (2004). "The Church of Scientology: In Pursuit of Legal Recognition" (PDF). Zeitdiagnosen: Religion and Conformity. Münster, Germany: Lit Verlag. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 12, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2008.
  19. Reitman, Janet (2011). Inside Scientology: The Story of America's Most Secretive Religion. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN   9780618883028. OL   24881847M.
  20. United States of America v. Founding Church of Scientology, 333 F1–63 ( D.C. 1971).
  21. Melton, J. Gordon (2000). The Church of Scientology. Salt Lake City: Signature Press. p.  14. ISBN   978-1-56085-139-4.
  22. Report of the Board of Enquiry into Scientology by Kevin Victor Anderson, Q.C. Published 1965 by the State of Victoria, Australia, p. 155
  23. Hankins, Barry; Davis, Derek Russell (2003). New Religious Movements and Religious Liberty in America . Waco, Tex: Baylor University Press. pp.  46. ISBN   0-918954-92-4.
  24. ISBN   9780901148155
  25. 1 2 Lewis, James R. (2005). Cults. ISBN   9781851096183 . Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  26. Scientology: A Religion in South Africa by David Chidester, University of Cape Town, South Africa Archived May 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  27. 1 2 Welkos, Robert W.; Sappell, Joel (June 24, 1990). "Burglaries and Lies Paved a Path to Prison". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved October 2, 2008.
  28. Kennedy, Shawn G. (March 1, 1987). "Q And A". The New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  29. "Scientology: The 1982 Clearwater Hearings". YouTube . Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  30. "1982 Clearwater commission Hearings" . Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  31. Stafford, Charles (1979). "Scientology: An in-depth profile of a new force in Clearwater" (PDF). St Petersburg Times. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 9, 2007. "The 1980 Pulitzer Prize Winner in National Reporting". The Pulitzer Prizes .
  32. High Court of Australia CHURCH OF THE NEW FAITH v. COMMISSIONER OF PAY-ROLL TAX (VICT.) 1983 154 CLR 120
  33. Reynolds, W. Richard (April 23, 1991). "Scientology church on trial in Canada". St. Petersburg Times . Archived from the original on September 30, 2007.
  34. "L. Ron Hubbard, Church of Scientology founder, dies". Seattle Post-Intelligencer . January 28, 1986. Retrieved October 3, 2008.
  35. Claridge, Thomas (September 12, 1992). "Church of Scientology fined $250,000 for espionage". The Globe and Mail .
  36. "IRS Letter to the German Federal minister for family and youth". home.snafu.de.
  37. Post, David (April 1, 1996). "New World War". Reason Magazine . Retrieved October 14, 2008.
  38. Full text of Supreme Court of Canada decision at LexUM  and CanLII
  39. Frantz, Douglas (December 1, 1997). "DISTRUST IN CLEARWATER – A special report.; Death of a Scientologist Heightens Suspicions in a Florida Town". The New York Times. Retrieved February 17, 2015.
  40. "Man overboard: To leave Scientology, Don Jason had to jump off a ship". tampabay.com. November 3, 2009.
  41. Waldrip, Cheryl (February 20, 1997). "Suit accuses Scientologists of negligence in death". Tampa Tribune . Archived from the original on February 2, 1999.
  42. Morgan, Lucy (March 29, 1999). "Abroad: Critics public and private keep pressure on Scientology". St. Petersburg Times . Archived from the original on May 22, 2011.
  43. "Church of Scientology sets opening of long-delayed Flag Building in Clearwater". tampabay.com. August 17, 2013.
  44. 1 2 Harry Wallop: Scientology tax victory could cost Revenue millions, Daily Telegraph , Aug. 11, 2006
  45. 1 2 "United Kingdom". state.gov. September 14, 2007.
  46. "Decision of the Charity Commissioners for England and Wales" (PDF). Charity Commission. November 17, 1999. Retrieved July 6, 2006. (PDF)
  47. O'Neil, Deborah (July 7, 2002). "How Scientology turned its biggest critic". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved February 17, 2015.
  48. "Italy: Scientology Religious but Narconon Not Tax-Exempt" . Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  49. "Scientology Marriage Officers Approved in South Africa". CESNUR. April 11, 2000. Retrieved July 21, 2007.
  50. Tobin, Thomas C. (June 13, 2000). "State drops charges against Scientology". St. Petersburg Times . Retrieved October 14, 2008.
  51. "Scientology gets tax-exempt status". New Zealand Herald . December 27, 2002. Retrieved August 1, 2007. the IRD said the church was a charitable organisation dedicated to the advancement of religion
  52. "Austria". state.gov.
  53. 1 2 Staff (July 31, 2002). "FRANCE Statute of limitations nixes case against Church of Scientology". The Salt Lake Tribune ..
  54. Farley, Robert (May 29, 2004). "Scientologists settle death suit". St. Petersburg Times . Retrieved April 7, 2009.
  55. "Kyrgyzstan". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  56. "A Renaissance for Scientology". Scientology.
  57. "Austria". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  58. "Pervasive pitch: Scientology book and lecture series, 'The Basics,' unleashes a sales frenzy". tampabay.com. November 13, 2011.
  59. "HUDOC Search Page" . Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  60. Independent Newspapers Online. "Scientologists 1, Russia 0". Independent Online. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  61. 1 2 "Church of Scientology Faces Criminal Charges in Belgium". Fox News. September 4, 2007.
  62. 1 2 Planchar, Roland (September 4, 2007). "La Scientologie plus près de son procès". La Libre Belgique (in French). Retrieved September 4, 2007.
  63. "Spanish court rules Scientology can be listed as a religion". AFP. November 1, 2007. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007.
  64. Lázaro, Julio M. (November 1, 2007). "La Audiencia Nacional reconoce a la Cienciología como iglesia". El País.(in Spanish)
  65. "Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Portugal". U.S. Department of State. March 11, 2008. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  66. "SA Church of Scientology gets tax exemption". iol.co.za.
  67. 1 2 Scientology – Zweifel an Verbotsplänen, article in Tagesspiegel, 2007-12-8 (in German)
  68. Sammlung der zur Veröffentlichung freigegebenen Beschlüsse der 185. Sitzung der Ständigen Konferenz der Innenminister und -senatoren der Länder am 7. Dezember 2007 in Berlin Archived March 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine (in German)
  69. Innenminister fordern Verbot von Scientology, article in Die Welt, 2007-12-8 (in German)
  70. "Lack of Evidence: Agencies Warn Scientology Ban Doomed to Fail". Der Spiegel . December 10, 2007. Retrieved December 18, 2007.
  71. "Mike Rinder on "The Hole" and How He Escaped Scientology | The Underground Bunker". tonyortega.org. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  72. "From The Magazine : Radar Online : Scientology is under attack from a faceless cabal of online activists. Has America's most controversial religion finally met its match?". January 7, 2009. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  73. Amazon Link. ASIN   0312359861.
  74. Carlos Moncada (February 12, 2008). "Organizers Tout Scientology Protest, Plan Another". TBO.com . Archived from the original on June 16, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2023.
  75. 1 2 "Germany drops attempt to ban Scientology". November 21, 2008. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  76. "Film-maker Paul Haggis quits Scientology over gay rights stance". the Guardian. October 26, 2009. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  77. Hubbard, La Fayette Ron (1950). Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health. pp. 122–123. ISBN   0-88404-000-3.
  78. Dorothee Moisan (October 27, 2009). "Scientologists convicted of fraud in France". AFP . Retrieved October 28, 2009.
  79. "Blown for Good – Behind the Iron Curtain of Scientology – Marc Headley's book on escaping Scientology" . Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  80. "Scientology Opens Record Number of New Churches Around the World in 2010".
  81. "The Church of Scientology, Fact-Checked". NPR.org.
  82. 1 2 Where is the missing wife of Scientology's ruthless leader? | 60 Minutes Australia , retrieved January 13, 2022
  83. Kinsley, Michael (January 17, 2013). "Eyes Wide Shut". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  84. "Scientology 'Ideal Org': Kaohsiung, Taiwan | the Underground Bunker".
  85. "Gorgeous photos give an inside look at the sprawling $145 million Scientology headquarters in Florida".
  86. "This Video Promoting Scientology Gives a Rare and Interesting Look into the Controversial Religion". BuzzFeed . June 10, 2014.
  87. "UK Supreme Court says Scientology is a religion, allows wedding". Reuters. December 11, 2013.
  88. "Leah Remini on Her Break with the Church of Scientology: 'I Wanted to be the One to Say It'". ABC News .
  89. "How Scientology is Suffering in the Internet Age". The Atlantic . March 26, 2015.
  90. "Scientology account to Silvertail | The Bookseller". www.thebookseller.com. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  91. 1 2 3 "Fresh Intelligence : Radar Online : Writer: I Was Stalked by Scientologists". October 10, 2007. Archived from the original on October 10, 2007. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  92. "The Scandal of Scientology". www.cs.cmu.edu. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  93. Dower, John (March 10, 2017), My Scientology Movie (Documentary), BBC Films, Red Box Films, retrieved January 13, 2022
  94. Remini, Leah; Paley, Rebecca (November 3, 2015). Troublemaker: Surviving Hollywood and Scientology. Ballantine Books.
  95. Friedman, Megan (March 16, 2016). "Scientology Leader David Miscavige's Father Is Writing a Tell-All". Esquire. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  96. "A+E Networks". www.aenetworks.com. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  97. "Church of Scientology statement concerning Leah Remini". Scientology News. November 27, 2016. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  98. "The Bridge to Total Freedom". October 26, 2017. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  99. "YouTube". YouTube .
  100. "The Church of Scientology is launching a TV network tonight". CNBC . March 12, 2018.
  101. Ruelas, Richard. "Killer who claimed Scientology defense sentenced to death by Arizona jury". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  102. "Local Announcement: Church of Scientology Announces Free Online Prevention Center". April 8, 2020.
  103. McNeil, Liz (August 17, 2021). "Laura Prepon on Motherhood, Sharing Her Truth and Her Decision to Leave Scientology". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  104. Levenson, Michael (November 4, 2022). "What to Know About the Danny Masterson Rape Trial". The New York Times . Retrieved November 5, 2022.