This is a timeline of the Protestant Reformation in England. The list is not complete and you are welcome to expand it.
|Date||Event||Significance to the Reformation in England|
|1496||Catherine of Aragon's hand secured for Arthur, Prince of Wales, son of Henry VII||Brought Catherine of Aragon to England and kept her in the consciousness of the Tudor dynasty.|
|1501, October||Arthur marries Catherine|
|1502, April||Arthur dies of tuberculosis|
|1503||Henry VII's wife dies; considers taking Catherine, but decides to pass her to his son Henry VIII|
|1504||Pope Julius II confirms the marriage between Catherine and Henry|
|11 June 1509||Henry VIII marries Catherine|
|1514, December||A boy born to Catherine; dies 6 weeks later|
|18 February 1516||Princess Mary born|
|31 October 1517||Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses on the door of a church in Wittenberg, Germany, formally beginning the Protestant Reformation|
|1521||Pope Leo X rewards Henry VIII for his written attack on Luther by granting him the title "Defender of the Faith"||Henry remains allied with Rome|
|1524, May||William Tyndale expelled from the Catholic Church|
|1525||Thomas Cromwell helps to suppress 29 monasteries|
|1525||The New Testament of the Tyndale Bible (in English) is published in Worms, Germany.||Although banned in England, Tyndale's work heavily influenced subsequent approved Bible translations.|
|1527||Henry VIII sure of intentions to divorce Catherine|
|1527, May||Catherine appeals to Rome|
|1529, June||Court opens in England for divorce case|
|1529, August||Peace of Cambrai|
|9 August 1529||Writs for new parliament; Thomas Wolsey removed as Lord Chancellor|
|9 October 1529||Wolsey charged on Praemunire|
|1530, April||Wolsey returns to his see at York|
|1530, Summer||Writs of Praemunire against 15 clergy|
|1530, November||Wolsey dies on his journey back to London and the Tower|
|1530||Cromwell part of the King's council's inner ring|
|1531||Henry makes claims to imperial title|
|1531||Henry extends protection to clergymen denying papal supremacy|
|1532||Duke of Norfolk, Duke of Suffolk, Earl of Wiltshire fall out of favour|
|1532, March||Supplication Against the Ordinaries|
|1532, March||Act in Conditional Restraint of Appeals|
|1532, May||Submission of the Clergy|
|16 May 1532||Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England|
|1532, December||Anne Boleyn becomes pregnant|
|1533, January||Thomas Cranmer appointed Archbishop of Canterbury|
|1533, 25 January||Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn at Whitehall|
|1533, March||Statute in Restraint of Appeals|
|1533, May||Cranmer declares Henry's marriage null and void|
|1533, 4 July||John Frith burned at the stake|
|1533, September||Princess Elizabeth born|
|1534||Henry begins negotiations with Paul III|
|1534, January to March||Act Concerning Ecclesiastical Appointments and Absolute Restraint of Annates, Act Concerning Peter's Pence and Dispensations, Act of Succession|
|1534, March||Clement VII pronounces marriage valid|
|1534, April||Elizabeth Barton ('Nun of Kent') executed|
|1534, November||Act of Supremacy, Treason Act, Act of First Fruits and Tenths|
|1535||Henry adds "of the Church of England in Earth, under Jesus Christ, Supreme Head" to his royal style. Henry proclaims himself, not the Pope, to be the head of the Church of England|
|1535||Bishop Gardiner's De Vera Obedientia published|
|1535||The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale published in Antwerp.||The first complete Modern English translation of the Bible (not just the Old Testament or New Testament), and the first complete printed translation into English. Coverdale's translation of the Psalms was adopted by Cranmer for the 1549 Book of Common Prayer and remained for centuries the translation of the psalter prescribed for liturgical use in the Anglican church.|
|1535||Cranmer appoints Hugh Latimer, Edward Foxe, Nicholas Shaxton to episcopacy|
|1535, May||Middlemore, Exmere, Newdigate locked up for seventeen days. Ten more starve|
|1535, 22 June||John Fisher executed|
|1535, 6 July||Thomas More executed|
|1536||Ten Articles; Act Extinguishing the Authority of the Bishop of Rome; Campeggio visits England|
|1536, January||Anne miscarries again|
|1536, March||First Act of Dissolution|
|19 May 1536||Anne Boleyn is executed|
|1536, April||'Reformation parliament' dissolved|
|1536, 1 October||Pilgrimage of Grace, Phase One|
|1536, 4 October||Pilgrimage of Grace led by 18 members of the gentry|
|1536, 13 October||York taken by 10,000 'pilgrims'|
|1536, 8 December||Duke of Norfolk offers pardon to rebels|
|1537||Bishops' Book published, John Rogers produces the Matthew Bible|
|1537, January||Bigod's Rebellion, a further phase of the Pilgrimage of Grace, led by Sir Francis Bigod|
|1537, 12 October||Jane Seymour gives birth to Prince Edward at Hampton Court Palace.|
|1539||Publication of the Great Bible compiled by Miles Coverdale||This is the first English translation of the Bible to be authorised for use in parish churches.|
|1539||Second Act of Dissolution; Henry VIII intervenes to halt the doctrinal reformation|
|1540, 6 January||Henry marries Anne of Cleves|
|1540, 9 July||Henry's marriage to Anne of Cleves is annulled|
|1540, 28 July||Thomas Cromwell is beheaded|
|1540, 30 July||Robert Barnes is burned at the stake|
|1540, 30 July||Thomas Abel is hanged, drawn and quartered.|
|1543||Cranmer is arrested on grounds of heresy, The King's Book is published|
|1544||Bishop Gardiner is targeted|
|1546||'Creeping to the Cross' added to the list of forbidden practises|
|1547, 28 January||Henry VIII dies, Edward VI accedes to the throne aged 9||Henry had appointed a Council of Regency dominated by Protestants, ensuring the continuation of the Reformation.|
|1547||The First Book of Homilies introduced by Thomas Cranmer|
|1549||The First Book of Common Prayer is introduced by Thomas Cranmer and the Act of Uniformity 1549||This makes the Book of Common Prayer the only lawful form of public worship|
|1549||Putting away of Books and Images Act orders the removal of religious books and the destruction of images in churches|
|1549, June–August||The Prayer Book Rebellion in the West Country against the imposition of the new liturgy, especially amongst Cornish speakers who knew no English|
|1552||The Second Book of Common Prayer is introduced by Thomas Cranmer, the use of which is enforced by the Act of Uniformity 1552|
|1553, 6 July||Edward VI dies aged 15, leaving the throne to his Protestant cousin, Lady Jane Grey and excluding both his half-sisters.|
|1553, 19 July||Jane is deposed after the Catholic Princess Mary gathers military and popular support in Suffolk, arriving in London on 3 August|
|1553, December||First Statute of Repeal nullifies all religious legislation passed under Edward VI|
|1554, 26 January||Start of Wyatt's rebellion in protest at Mary's planned marriage to Prince Philip of Spain|
|1554, 12 February||Lady Jane Grey is executed|
|1554, 25 July||Mary marries her cousin Philip, who becomes King of England in a coregency with Mary|
|1554, 30 November||Mary persuades Parliament to request that the Papal Legate, Cardinal Reginald Pole, obtain Papal absolution for England's separation from the Catholic Church.||This effectively returned the Church of England to Catholicism.|
|1554, November||Revival of the Heresy Acts restored the death penalty for those that denied the principles of Catholicism.||More than 300 people would be executed during Mary's reign, mostly by burning at the stake, earning her the title of Bloody Mary, even though Queen Elizabeth executed many more people during her reign|
|1555, January||Second Statute of Repeal removes all Protestant legislation passed since 1529|
|1555, 16 October||Former bishops Hugh Latimer and Nicholas Ridley were burned at the stake in Oxford.|
|1556, 21 March||Thomas Cranmer burned at the stake in Oxford.|
|1558, 17 November||Mary dies and her half-sister Elizabeth I accedes. Philip's English title lapses with the death of his wife.|
|1559, 15 January||Elizabeth is crowned. Because of her Protestant views, only the low-ranking Bishop of Carlisle is willing to officiate||The last Catholic coronation of a British monarch|
|1558-59||Elizabethan Religious Settlement, a compromise which secured Protestant reforms but allowed some Catholic traditions to continue.|
|1559||Act of Supremacy 1558 confirmed Elizabeth as Head of the Church of England and abolished the authority of the Pope in England.||Final break with the Roman Church|
|1559||Act of Uniformity 1558 required attendances at services where a newly revised Book of Common Prayer was used.|
|1560||Geneva Bible published in Switzerland||Published by Sir Rowland Hill. Although never authorised for use in England, it was the first English Bible to be divided into verses and became popular with Dissenters.|
|1568||Bishops' Bible published||A compromise between the vigorous but Calvinist Geneva Bible and the Great Bible, which it replaces in parish churches.|
|1570, 27 April||Regnans in Excelsis a papal bull declaring Elizabeth a heretic and threatening those who obeyed her laws with excommunication.|
|1587, 8 February||Mary, Queen of Scots is executed|
|1588, 8 August||The Spanish Armada is defeated by the English fleet, aided by high winds|
|1597||Irish Rebellion led by Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone|
|1603, 11 July||James VI of Scotland crowned King of England|
|1605||Gunpowder Plot foiled, Guy Fawkes is executed(1606)|
|1609||Plantation of Ulster|
|1611||King James Bible first published and used throughout the English speaking world.|
|1625, 27 March||Charles I crowned King of England, Scotland and Ireland.|
|1642||English Civil War breaks out||Issues largely centered on the Church of England's being seen as too Catholic|
|1648||The end of the Thirty Years War|
|1649, 30 January||Triumph of the Puritans, execution of King Charles I|
|1660||Restoration of King Charles II|
|1688||The Glorious Revolution|
A cultural movement is a change in the way a number of different disciplines approach their work. This embodies all art forms, the sciences, and philosophies. Historically, different nations or regions of the world have gone through their own independent sequence of movements in culture, but as world communications have accelerated this geographical distinction has become less distinct. When cultural movements go through revolutions from one to the next, genres tend to get attacked and mixed up, and often new genres are generated and old ones fade.: These changes are often reactions against the prior cultural form, which typically has grown stale and repetitive. An obsession emerges among the mainstream with the new movement, and the old one falls into neglect – sometimes it dies out entirely, but often it chugs along favored in a few disciplines and occasionally making reappearances.
The Reformation was a major movement in Western Christianity in 16th-century Europe that posed a religious and political challenge to the Catholic Church and in part, it also posed a challenge to papal authority. The Reformation marked the start of Protestantism and in the Western Church, the Latin Church, remained the Catholic Church.
The Counter-Reformation, also called the Catholic Reformation or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic resurgence that was initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation at the time. It began with the Council of Trent (1545–1563) and largely ended with the conclusion of the European wars of religion in 1648.
Crail ; Scottish Gaelic: Cathair Aile) is a former royal burgh, parish and community council area in the East Neuk of Fife, Scotland.
The Dutch Reformed Church was the largest Christian denomination in the Netherlands from the onset of the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century until 1930. It was the original denomination of the Dutch Royal Family and the foremost Protestant denomination until 2004. It was the larger of the two major Reformed denominations, after the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands was founded in 1892. It spread to the United States, South Africa, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Brazil, and various other world regions through Dutch colonization. Allegiance to the Dutch Reformed Church was a common feature among Dutch immigrant communities around the world and became a crucial part of Afrikaner nationalism in South Africa.
The Radical Reformation represented a response to perceived corruption both in the Catholic Church and in the expanding Magisterial Protestant movement led by Martin Luther and many others. Beginning in Germany and Switzerland in the 16th century, the Radical Reformation gave birth to many radical Protestant groups throughout Europe. The term covers radical reformers like Thomas Müntzer and Andreas Karlstadt, the Zwickau prophets, and Anabaptist groups like the Hutterites and the Mennonites.
King Henry VIII Grammar School, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire was one of a series of schools founded during the Reformation in England and Wales in 1542 from property seized from monasteries and religious congregations. In this case, a school which had been associated with the local Priory Church was administered by the state instead.
Medzev, also known as Metzenseifen is a town and large municipality in Košice-okolie District in the Košice Region of eastern Slovakia. It is one of several towns in Bodva Valley. Other towns in Bodva Valley include: Jasov, Lucia Bania, Vyšný Medzev, and Stos. Historically, It belonged to one of the original mountain towns in the Lower Zips/Dolný Spis: Gelnica/Göllnitz, Smolník/Schmöllnitz, Nálepkovo/Wagendrüssel, Krompachy/Krompach, Mníšek nad Hnilcom/Einsiedel, Švedlár/Schwedler.
The Protestant Reformation during the 16th century in Europe almost entirely rejected the existing tradition of Catholic art, and very often destroyed as much of it as it could reach. A new artistic tradition developed, producing far smaller quantities of art that followed Protestant agendas and diverged drastically from the southern European tradition and the humanist art produced during the High Renaissance. The Lutheran churches, as they developed, accepted a limited role for larger works of art in churches, and also encouraged prints and book illustrations. Calvinists remained steadfastly opposed to art in churches, and suspicious of small printed images of religious subjects, though generally fully accepting secular images in their homes.
The English Reformation took place in 16th-century England when the Church of England broke away from the authority of the pope and the Catholic Church. These events were part of the wider European Reformation, a religious and political movement that affected the practice of Christianity in Western and Central Europe.
The 15th century marked the transition from the Late Middle Ages to the Early Modern Period in Western Christendom. It was dominated by the spread of the Italian Renaissance and its philosophy of Renaissance Humanism from its heartland in Northern and Central Italy across the whole of Western Europe.
In 16th-century Christianity, Protestantism came to the forefront and marked a significant change in the Christian world.
Protestantism is a branch of Christianity that follows the theological tenets of the Protestant Reformation, a movement that began in the 16th century with the goal of reforming the Catholic Church from perceived errors, abuses, and discrepancies.
Events from the year 1591 in the Kingdom of Scotland.
Events from the year 1869 in Scotland.
Events from the year 1722 in Scotland.
Events from the year 1755 in Scotland.
Catholic–Protestant relations refers to the social, political and theological relations and dialogue between the Catholics and Protestants.
Events from the year 1560 in the Kingdom of Scotland.