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|Automotive industry, arms industry
|Navan, County Meath
|Shane O’Neill (CEO)
|Suspension systems, vehicle design
|Timoney Aeronautics and Space Technologies
Timoney Technology Limited of Ireland is an Irish company which designs, develops and manufactures powertrains and independent suspension systems for heavy duty trucks, motor coaches and military vehicles. Timoney designs and develops a variety of standard armoured and soft skin mobility systems for military, commercial and specialist applications, principally utilising an independent suspension technology.
Timoney designed 4x4 wheeled APCs, designated Marks I, II, II (all prototypes). Five Mark IVs and five Mark VIs were also built for the Irish army.
From 1975 onwards, 123 Timoney Armoured Personnel Carriers Mark V were subsequently built under license by Beherman Demoen as the BDX in Belgium. The BDX was then used by the Belgian Air Force and the Belgian Gendarmerie. Further licence agreements and direct sales have resulted in deliveries to the UK, Argentina, Middle East, Africa and the Far East. Pre-owned examples were sold to Mexico where they are still in service.
At the beginning of the 1980s Timoney offered a new light tank design with a conventional layout (driver in front, engine in the rear) in the 12-15 ton weight range, depending on armament fitted. Power was provided by a six-cylinder Detroit Diesel 6V53T engine developing 320 horsepower.It was intended to use a hydropneumatic suspension design steered by a Timoney hydromechanical system. The vehicle was protected by "specially contoured" armour and a low profile of just over 2 metres. The main armament was likely going to be a 90mm Cockerill cannon and it was "highly probable" electronics, sighting, and fire-control system could be configured to customer needs. The vehicle reportedly resembled the American High Survivability Test Vehicle/Light (HSTV/L) (see: Armored Gun System#ARMVAL) and a prototype was advertised as being available soon. The design was not purchased by any military.
In 1994, Timoney was contracted by Singapore Technologies Kinetics to develop the power pack and drive train for the Bronco ATTC. The system included front and rear axles, an integrated transfer box and the track system final drive units. Timoney has been the sole supplier of these components since the vehicle entered series production in 1999 following a contract award from the Singapore Armed Forces. The Bronco resembles an enlarged BvS 10.
In 1999, ADI Ltd (later known as Thales Australia), a licensee of designs and technology developed by Timoney, was awarded a contract to manufacture 350 infantry mobility vehicles (IMV) for the Australian Defence Force (ADF). This vehicle, the Bushmaster, was based on the Timoney MP44. Its hull design provided high levels of ballistic and mine protection. Outstanding mobility and crew comfort were achieved by use of a Timoney independent suspension system. The majority of Australia's Bushmasters have been allocated to the Army, though 12 are operated by the Royal Australian Air Force's Airfield Defence Guards.
The Australian-built Bushmaster was also selected by the Dutch military for peace keeping and internal security roles. In July 2006 the Dutch Government announced an urgent purchase of 25 Bushmasters, to equip Royal Netherlands Army units operating in Afghanistan. Bushmasters were also subsequently ordered for the British Army, Japan Ground Self Defense Force, Indonesian Army, Fiji Infantry Regiment, Jamaica Defence Force and New Zealand Army.
In a live video address to the Australian Parliament on 31 March 2022, Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskyy requested Bushmasters, by name, for the use of the Ukrainian Armed Forces in their war against Russia. Though there was some discussion initially of Australia buying back Bushmasters in Dutch service, to speed delivery to Ukraine, it was decided that 20 new and unused vehicles intended for the ADF would be donated. This initial shipment was completed several weeks after Zelenskyy's request, and the Bushmasters were put into combat service almost immediately. On two subsequent occasions over the next few months, two further shipments of 20 vehicles each were also promised to Ukraine by the Australian government; once delivered, these would have brought the total number of Bushmasters in Ukrainian service to 60 vehicles.
Timoney Technology developed the traction and suspension system for the unmanned Darpa UPI Crusher vehicle. The suspension has an unprecedented 800+mm of wheel travel and is equipped with full ride height control, and temperature and load compensation. The wheel hubs are driven by direct mounted traction motors and are equipped with a central tyre inflation system, which, when combined with the suspension afford Crusher unparalleled mobility in all terrains.
The Terrex AV81 was initially developed in 2000 by Timoney for Singapore Technologies Kinetics. [ unreliable source? ] The initial design utilised conventional coil springs shock absorbers but later variants have seen the introduction of hydro-pneumatic struts with real-time damping control. An electric-hybrid drive system was also developed.
The Terrex AV82 was developed in 2005 equipped with a more advanced driveline and hydro-pneumatic suspension system. Development of this driveline involving new traction control systems and rear wheel steering continues.
The CM-31 6x6 IFV, both in APC and SAM configurations, was produced in limited numbers for the ROC Army and are based on the Timoney Mark 8. They have been replaced in production by the CM-32.
The CM-32 8x8 IFV is a further development of the 6x6 CM31. The Taipei Times reported that the AIFV has been chosen by the ROC military as its next wheeled armoured fighting vehicle. The AIFV is being built under license in Taiwan with a full transfer of technology.
Reports in September 2003 stated that Taiwan would be going ahead with its decision to procure a locally developed and manufactured 8x8 IFV. The project was launched in 2002, at a cost of NT$700 million (US$21.9 million).
Mass production started in 2007, with an initial order for 600 units. It is estimated that up to 1,400 CM-32s may end up being in operational service.
On 11 January 2005, Taiwan officially named the 8x8 "Yunpao" ("Clouded Leopard") at a ceremony attended by President Chen Shui-bian.
In October 2010, Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles agreed to cooperate with Timoney Technology; Timoney would make independent suspension and transmission systems for new types of RMMV vehicles.The first example is the Wisent.
Timoney Technology has supplied parts to Russia that were used in the invasion of Ukraine.There is evidence that University College Dublin, IDA Ireland and Enterprise Ireland have provided support for Timoney Technology.
An armoured fighting vehicle or armored fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities. AFVs can be wheeled or tracked. Examples of AFVs are tanks, armoured cars, assault guns, self-propelled guns, infantry fighting vehicles (IFV), and armoured personnel carriers (APC).
An infantry fighting vehicle (IFV), also known as a mechanized infantry combat vehicle (MICV), is a type of armoured fighting vehicle used to carry infantry into battle and provide direct-fire support. The 1990 Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe defines an infantry fighting vehicle as "an armoured combat vehicle which is designed and equipped primarily to transport a combat infantry squad, and which is armed with an integral or organic cannon of at least 20 millimeters calibre and sometimes an antitank missile launcher". IFVs often serve both as the principal weapons system and as the mode of transport for a mechanized infantry unit.
The Combat Vehicle 90 (CV90) is a family of Swedish tracked armored combat vehicles designed by the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV), Hägglunds and Bofors during the mid-1980s to early 1990s, entering service in Sweden in the mid-1990s. The CV90 platform design has continuously evolved from the Mk 0 to current Mk IV with technological advances and changing battlefield requirements. The Swedish version of the main infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) is fitted with a turret from Bofors equipped with a 40 mm Bofors autocannon. Export versions are fitted with Hägglunds E-series turrets, armed with either a 30 mm Mk44 or a 35 mm Bushmaster autocannon.
The Boxer is a multirole armoured fighting vehicle designed by an international consortium to accomplish a number of operations through the use of installable mission modules. The governments participating in the Boxer programme have changed as the programme has developed. The Boxer vehicle is produced by the ARTEC GmbH industrial group, and the programme is being managed by OCCAR. ARTEC GmbH is based in Munich; its parent companies are Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH and Rheinmetall Military Vehicles GmbH on the German side, and Rheinmetall Defence Nederland B.V. for the Netherlands. Overall, Rheinmetall has a 64% stake in the joint venture.
The Terrex Infantry Carrier Vehicle (ICV) is an armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) developed by ST Engineering of Singapore and Timoney Technology of Ireland, and produced by ST Engineering Land Systems for the Singapore Army as well as by Turkish auto-maker Otokar as the Yavuz (AV-82) for the Turkish military.
The Warrior tracked vehicle family is a series of British armoured vehicles, originally developed to replace FV430 series armoured vehicles. The Warrior started life as the MCV-80, "Mechanised Combat Vehicle for the 1980s". One of the requirements of the new vehicle was a top speed able to keep up with the projected new MBT, the MBT-80 – later cancelled and replaced by what became the Challenger 1 – which the FV432 armoured personnel carrier could not. The project was begun in 1972; GKN Defence won the production contract in 1984 and the Warrior was accepted for service with the British Army in November 1984. Production commenced in January 1986 at Telford, with the first vehicles completed in December that year. GKN Defence was purchased by BAE Systems, via Alvis plc.
The Bionix (BX) is a family of tracked Singaporean armoured fighting vehicles developed by ST Kinetics. Intended to augment the Singapore Army's aging M113 armoured personnel carriers, it is the first indigenous armoured vehicle to be developed in Southeast Asia. The Bionix has been operational with the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) since 1999 in a wide variety of adaptations including the Bionix II, Bionix 25 and Bionix 40/50 variants.
The Bushmaster Protected Mobility Vehicle or Infantry Mobility Vehicle is an Australian-built four-wheel drive armoured vehicle. The Bushmaster was primarily designed by the then government-owned Australian Defence Industries (ADI), and is currently produced by Thales Australia following their acquisition of ADI. The Bushmaster is currently in service with the Australian Army, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Netherlands Army, British Army, Japan Ground Self Defense Force, Indonesian Army, Fiji Infantry Regiment, Jamaica Defence Force, New Zealand Army and the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
ACV-15 is the designation of an amphibious Infantry fighting vehicle family developed by the Turkish defense company FNSS Savunma Sistemleri A.Ş. This vehicle is also manufactured by DRB-HICOM Defence Technologies (DefTech). The design is an attempt to combine the capabilities of an infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) and an armoured personnel carrier (APC). The ACV-15 is based on the American Advanced Infantry Fighting Vehicle, which in turn is based on the American M113A1 armored personnel carrier.
ST Engineering Land Systems Ltd (STELS), doing business as ST Kinetics, is a strategic business area of ST Engineering and handles land systems and specialty vehicles.
Otokar Otomotiv ve Savunma Sanayi A.Ş., also known simply as Otokar, is a Turkish bus and military vehicle manufacturer headquartered in Sakarya, Turkey. Otokar is a subsidiary of Koç Holding.
The CM-32 "Clouded Leopard", officially Taiwan Infantry Fighting Vehicle (TIFV), is an eight-wheeled armoured vehicle currently being produced for the Taiwanese Army. It is based on the 6x6 CM-31 designed by Timoney Technology Limited of Ireland and is further developed by the Ordnance Readiness Development Center.
Otokar Arma is a 6x6 and 8x8 amphibious wheeled armored combat vehicle family designed and developed by Otokar. The vehicle is a modular multi-wheel configurable with a monocoque steel hull.
First Win is a mine-resistant ambush protected infantry mobility vehicle with an all-welded steel monocoque V-hull that provides high level protection against a variety of battlefield threats, including mines and improvised explosive devices. Gross vehicle weight is about nine tonnes and it can carry up to 10 troops plus driver.
The Oerlikon KBA is a 25 mm (25×137mm) autocannon, developed as a close range multipurpose weapon for the mechanised battlefield, originally made by Oerlikon and currently produced in Rheinmetall Italia S.p.A. facilities. It is a positively locked breech, gas-operated cannon with a rotating bolt head and a dual-belt selective feed system taking a 25mm NATO cartridge. The rate of fire in burst mode is 600 rounds per minute but it can be adjusted electronically and reduced to single shot or a selectable range from 100 up to 200 rounds per minute.
The SIBMAS is a Belgian amphibious infantry fighting vehicle. It was engineered from the same prototype as the South African Ratel. In appearance the vehicle is also similar to the Chinese WZ-523 armoured personnel carrier. The SIBMAS was developed between 1975 and 1976 at a department of the BN Constructions Ferroviaires et Metalliques in Nivelles. Production was on an order-by-order basis and commenced only for the Malaysian Army.
The Hunter Armoured Fighting Vehicle is a tracked Singaporean armoured fighting vehicle jointly developed by ST Engineering, Defence Science and Technology Agency, and the Singapore Army. Intended to replace the Singapore Army's aging Ultra M113 armoured personnel carriers, it was commissioned in 2019. It is the Singapore Army's and the world's first fully digitalised platform, and is designed to provide armoured forces with enhanced capabilities to operate more effectively and efficiently in various phases of military operations. It was formerly known as ST Kinetics Next Generation Armoured Fighting Vehicle (NGAFV).
The Timoney armoured personnel carrier refers to a series of armored personnel carriers developed by Timoney Technology Limited of Ireland in the 1970s and 1980s.