|Industry||Roller coaster design|
Number of employees
Bolliger & Mabillard, officially Bolliger & Mabillard Consulting Engineers, Inc. and often abbreviated B&M, is a roller coaster design consultancy based in Monthey, Switzerland. The company was founded in 1988 by Walter Bolliger and Claude Mabillard, both of whom had worked for Giovanola.
B&M has pioneered several new ride technologies, most notably the inverted roller coasterand the box-section track. In 2016, the company completed its 100th roller coaster. B&M produces nine types of coaster models: Stand-Up Coaster, Inverted Coaster, Floorless Coaster, Flying Coaster, Hyper Coaster, Dive Coaster, Sitting Coaster, Wing Coaster and Family Coaster. Though B&M has not used the term, the company has also manufactured three giga coasters.
Walter Bolliger and Claude Mabillard started working for Giovanola, a manufacturing company who supplied rides to Intamin, in the 1970s. During their time at Giovanola, they helped design the company's first stand-up roller coaster, Shockwave (at Six Flags Magic Mountain). They also worked on other projects, such as Z-Force (at Six Flags Great America).Bolliger & Mabillard left Giovanola, but the company continued to use their track design; the company's roller coasters Goliath (at Six Flags Magic Mountain) and Titan (at Six Flags Over Texas), use a track style very similar to B&M's.
In 1987, Giovanola underwent a change of management, and B&M decided to leave and create their own company.At the time, B&M employed four people, including two draftsmen: Bolliger and Mabillard. When B&M was created, the pair had agreed not to make any more amusement attractions. However, Robert Mampe, Six Flags Great America's staff engineer, had worked with both men during the construction of Z-Force ; he contacted the newly-formed company and asked them to reconfigure the cars for their Giovanola-built, Intamin bobsled coaster, to be relocated from Six Flags Great Adventure.
Following that project, Mampe asked the new company to design and build a stand-up roller coaster for Six Flags Great America, similar to Shockwave at Six Flags Magic Mountain.B&M accepted the offer and hired two more draftsmen. But B&M had a problem regarding how and where to manufacture the track pieces for the roller coaster. With the favorable history of the work done by Clermont Steel Fabricators (on Vortex , Kings Island, and Shockwave , Six Flags Great America), Walter Bolliger went to the steel plant and asked if they would be interested in manufacturing the track. Clermont Steel Fabricators accepted, and to this day, manufactures all of B&M’s roller coaster track pieces for all of North America. Now with a company to manufacture the track, B&M built its first roller coaster, a stand-up roller coaster, Iron Wolf , which opened in 1990 at Six Flags Great America. Two years later, Bolliger & Mabillard built another project for Six Flags Great America, Batman: The Ride , the world's first inverted roller coaster, which brought them to prominence in the industry.
Bolliger & Mabillard also invented the Floorless Coaster As of 2019 [update] there are fifteen in operation. In 2015, B&M constructed Thunderbird at Holiday World & Splashin' Safari, its first in-house launched coaster.and the Dive Coaster. The company also built its first launched roller coaster, the Incredible Hulk , which is at Islands of Adventure. In 2010, B&M unveiled its new Wing Coaster and premiered the prototype model, named Raptor , at Gardaland in 2011. It has two seats on each side on the car that hang riders over the sides of the track.
By 2010, B&M employed twelve engineers, twelve draftsmen and two draftswomen.The company has made other contributions to the roller coaster industry. The company built the trains for the Psyclone , a now-demolished wooden roller coaster at Six Flags Magic Mountain. The trains were later used on the park's Colossus wooden roller coaster (until it was refurbished by Rocky Mountain Construction), but were only used during October each year. The trains faced backward and usually raced against trains on the second track, which ran forward.
In 2013, the company launched the construction of Banshee, the world's longest inverted roller coaster.B&M supplied new trains for Steel Dragon 2000, built by D. H. Morgan Manufacturing in 2000. As of 2012, Bolliger & Mabillard had 85 operating roller coasters worldwide. Of these, twenty-two were listed among that year's Amusement Today Golden Ticket Awards Top 50 Steel Coasters List for 2012 and five were in the top 10.
By 2016, Bolliger & Mabillard had completed their 100th coaster, and had built more roller coasters than any other manufacturer on the Golden Ticket Awards Steel Coasters list.
Bolliger & Mabillard currently manufactures nine different roller coaster styles: Stand-Up Coaster, Inverted Coaster, Floorless Coaster, Flying Coaster, Hyper Coaster, Dive Coaster, Sitting Coaster, Wing Coaster and Family Coaster.Bolliger & Mabillard has been involved in developing new technologies and concepts in roller coasters almost since its inception. It has often worked with engineer Werner Stengel and with designers and management of client theme parks.
Early Bolliger & Mabillard coasters feature an element known as a "pre-drop", a short drop after the top of the lift hill and before the start of the first drop, designed to reduce stress on the lift chain. The flat section between the pre-drop and the first drop serves as a shelf to support the weight of the train, reducing related stresses on the chain. On most coasters without a pre-drop, the weight of the train tends to pull on the lift chain as it begins its descent because the latter half of the train is still being lifted by the chain. Pre-drops have not been used on the company's Dive or Flying coasters, or on hyper coasters built after 1999.OzIris at Parc Astérix was the first B&M inverted roller coaster that does not feature a pre-drop. Ever since, no coaster built by B&M has featured a pre-drop because the chain accelerates to acquire the same speed as the train when it is being taken over by gravity after it passes the crest .
Most of Bolliger & Mabillard's roller coaster trains use four-abreast seating. Each car has one row of four seats, while the train length can vary between coasters. All of the company's coaster models, except the Dive Coaster and Wing Coaster use this configuration. The Dive Coaster uses six, seven, eight or ten-abreast seating, with two or three rows of seats. For example, Griffon at Busch Gardens Williamsburg, uses ten seats in three rows, while Krake at Heide Park uses six-across seating in three rows.On recent hyper coaster projects, B&M has used a new car design that has two rows of two seats; the two seats in the rear of the car pushed out from the centerline so that the four seats resemble a V formation. This formation has only been used on Behemoth at Canada's Wonderland, Diamondback at Kings Island, Intimidator and Shambhala: Expedición al Himalaya at PortAventura Park, in the resort PortAventura World. In 2013, B&M introduced a new car design that has two rows of two seats, however, they are not in a V formation.
All B&M hyper coasters use a type of restraint called a "T-bar" or "Clamshell" restraint, which consists of bar with a cushioned lap bar with two handles for riders to hold on to. This type of restraint generally does not use a seat belt, however seat belts have been added to Behemoth and Leviathan at Canada's Wonderland, Diamondback and Orion at Kings Island, and Intimidator and Fury 325 at Carowinds.Bolliger & Mabillard also uses over-the-shoulder restraints, in that the restraint is placed over the riders' shoulders and sits and extends to the riders' laps. This type of restraint is used on Dive, Inverted, Sitting, Flying, Floorless, Stand-up and Wing Coasters. Bolliger & Mabillard has recently begun using a vest like over the shoulder restraint, which reduces headbanging found on the older, more common padded over the shoulder restraints. These have been met with some criticism from the coaster community, due to the nature in which they tighten during the ride; stapling riders to their seats, resulting in less airtime (negative g-forces) being felt.
A notable feature of Bolliger & Mabillard roller coasters is the box-section track. The running rails are connected to a box-section spine, instead of the circular spine used by other manufacturers. When a train travels around a box-section track, it creates a one-of-a-kind whooshing sound, which is sometimes nicknamed the “B&M roar” by roller coaster enthusiasts. However, on some Bolliger & Mabillard roller coasters, such as Talon at Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom and GateKeeper at Cedar Point, the track is filled with a proprietary sound dampening material to reduce this noise.
Also, depending on the model of the roller coaster, the track size can vary. Models such as the Flying, Wing and Dive Coaster have heavier trains which require a larger track size while models with lighter trains, such as the Stand-Up and Hyper Coaster, do not and use a smaller sized track.
As of 2016, Bolliger & Mabillard uses three types of braking systems: friction, magnetic, and water.
When B&M was first founded, the linear magnetic eddy brake had yet to be developed, so it used friction brakes as its main braking system. On the train, pads are fitted on the vehicle chassis between the wheel assemblies. On the brakes, similar pads are connected to steel supports. When the pads on the train come into contact with the brakes, friction is created which slows the train.Beginning with Kumba in 1993, friction brakes have also been used as trim brakes that regulate the speed of the train while it is still navigating the course.
Magnetic brakes provide smoother deceleration than friction brakes; most B&M roller coasters built after 2003 have at least one set of magnetic brakes. Magnetic brakes do not make contact with the train. Metal fins that run parallel to the train are fitted on the vehicle chassis between the wheel assemblies. As the fins pass through the brakes, the magnetic field created by the brakes slows the train. Magnetic brakes have also been used as an alternate type of trim brake on B&M roller coasters such as Leviathan at Canada's Wonderland.
Water brakes were first introduced on SheiKra at Busch Gardens Tampa Bay in 2005.Water brakes can only be used when a splashdown element, in which a body of water surrounds a section of track, is present within the layout of the roller coaster. When scoops on the last car of each train come in contact with the surrounding water, the train slows down and the water is sprayed several feet into the air behind it.
In North America, B&M coaster designs have been manufactured by Ohio company Clermont Steel Fabricators since 1990.As of 2022, Bolliger & Mabillard has built 124 roller coasters around the world. Some have either been relocated, renamed or closed.
|Batman: The Ride||Inverted Coaster||Six Flags Great America||United States||1992||Operating|
|Vortex||Stand-Up Coaster||Carowinds||United States||1992||Operating|
|Batman: The Ride||Inverted Coaster||Six Flags Great Adventure||United States||1993||Operating|
| Flight Deck |
Formerly Top Gun
|Inverted Coaster||California's Great America||United States||1993||Operating|
|Kumba||Sitting Coaster||Busch Gardens Tampa||United States||1993||Operating|
|Batman: The Ride||Inverted Coaster||Six Flags Magic Mountain||United States||1994||Operating|
|Diavlo||Inverted Coaster||Himeji Central Park||Japan||1994||Operating|
|Nemesis||Inverted Coaster||Alton Towers||United Kingdom||1994||Undergoing Refurbishment|
|Raptor||Inverted Coaster||Cedar Point||United States||1994||Operating|
|Batman: The Ride||Inverted Coaster||Six Flags St. Louis||United States||1995||Operating|
|Dragon Khan||Sitting Coaster||PortAventura Park||Spain||1995||Operating|
|Montu||Inverted Coaster||Busch Gardens Tampa||United States||1996||Operating|
|Alpengeist||Inverted Coaster||Busch Gardens Williamsburg||United States||1997||Operating|
|Batman: The Ride||Inverted Coaster||Six Flags Over Georgia||United States||1997||Operating|
|Pyrenees||Inverted Coaster||Parque Espana-Shima Spain Village||Japan||1997||Operating|
|Great White||Inverted Coaster||SeaWorld San Antonio||United States||1997||Operating|
|Oblivion||Dive Coaster||Alton Towers||United Kingdom||1998||Operating|
|Great Bear||Inverted Coaster||Hersheypark||United States||1998||Operating|
|The Riddler's Revenge||Stand-Up Coaster||Six Flags Magic Mountain||United States||1998||Operating|
| Afterburn |
Formerly Top Gun - The Jet Coaster
|Inverted Coaster||Carowinds||United States||1999||Operating|
| Medusa |
|Floorless Coaster||Six Flags Great Adventure||United States||1999||Operating|
|Incredible Hulk||Sitting Coaster||Universal Studios Islands of Adventure||United States||1999||Operating|
| Dragon Challenge |
Formerly Dueling Dragons
|Inverted Coaster||Universal Studios Islands of Adventure||United States||1999||Removed|
|Batman: The Ride||Inverted Coaster||Six Flags Over Texas||United States||1999||Operating|
|Raging Bull||Hyper Coaster||Six Flags Great America||United States||1999||Operating|
|Georgia Scorcher||Stand-Up Coaster||Six Flags Over Georgia||United States||1999||Operating|
|Apollo's Chariot||Hyper Coaster||Busch Gardens Williamsburg||United States||1999||Operating|
| Kraken |
Formerly Kraken Unleashed
|Floorless Coaster||SeaWorld Orlando||United States||2000||Operating|
|Medusa||Floorless Coaster||Six Flags Discovery Kingdom||United States||2000||Operating|
|Superman: Krypton Coaster||Floorless Coaster||Six Flags Fiesta Texas||United States||2000||Operating|
|Diving Machine G5||Dive Coaster||Janfusun Fancyworld||Taiwan||2000||Operating|
|Insane Speed||Floorless Coaster||Janfusun Fancyworld||Taiwan||2001||Operating|
|Nitro||Hyper Coaster||Six Flags Great Adventure||United States||2001||Operating|
|Talon||Inverted Coaster||Dorney Park||United States||2001||Operating|
|Wildfire||Sitting Coaster||Silver Dollar City||United States||2001||Operating|
| Galactica |
|Flying Coaster||Alton Towers||United Kingdom||2002||Operating|
|Batman: The Dark Knight||Floorless Coaster||Six Flags New England||United States||2002||Operating|
| Batman: Arkham Asylum |
Formerly Batman: La Fuga
|Inverted Coaster||Parque Warner Madrid||Spain||2002||Operating|
|Silver Star||Hyper Coaster||Europa Park||Germany||2002||Operating|
|Superman: La Atracción de Acero||Floorless Coaster||Parque Warner Madrid||Spain||2002||Operating|
|Superman: Ultimate Flight||Flying Coaster||Six Flags Over Georgia||United States||2002||Operating|
|Vampire||Inverted Coaster||La Ronde||Canada||2002||Operating|
|Nemesis Inferno||Inverted Coaster||Thorpe Park||United Kingdom||2003||Operating|
|Scream||Floorless Coaster||Six Flags Magic Mountain||United States||2003||Operating|
|Superman: Ultimate Flight||Flying Coaster||Six Flags Great America||United States||2003||Operating|
|Superman: Ultimate Flight||Flying Coaster||Six Flags Great Adventure||United States||2003||Operating|
|Dæmonen||Floorless Coaster||Tivoli Gardens||Denmark||2004||Operating|
|Lightning||Inverted Coaster||Kuwait Entertainment City||Kuwait||2004||Removed|
|Silver Bullet||Inverted Coaster||Knott's Berry Farm||United States||2004||Operating|
|Hydra the Revenge||Floorless Coaster||Dorney Park||United States||2005||Operating|
|SheiKra||Dive Coaster||Busch Gardens Tampa||United States||2005||Operating|
|Black Mamba||Inverted Coaster||Phantasialand||Germany||2006||Operating|
|Crystal Wing||Flying Coaster||Happy Valley Beijing||China||2006||Operating|
|Goliath||Hyper Coaster||La Ronde||Canada||2006||Operating|
|Goliath||Hyper Coaster||Six Flags Over Georgia||United States||2006||Operating|
|Patriot||Inverted Coaster||Worlds of Fun||United States||2006||Operating|
|Tatsu||Flying Coaster||Six Flags Magic Mountain||United States||2006||Operating|
|Griffon||Dive Coaster||Busch Gardens Williamsburg||United States||2007||Operating|
|Hollywood Dream: The Ride||Hyper Coaster||Universal Studios Japan||Japan||2007||Operating|
|Phaethon||Inverted Coaster||Gyeongju World||South Korea||2007||Operating|
|Behemoth||Hyper Coaster||Canada's Wonderland||Canada||2008||Operating|
|Dive Coaster||Dive Coaster||Chimelong Paradise||China||2008||Operating|
| Dominator |
Formerly Batman: Knight Flight
|Floorless Coaster|| Kings Dominion |
2000 to 2007
| Goliath |
Formerly Batman: The Ride
|Inverted Coaster|| Six Flags Fiesta Texas |
Six Flags New Orleans
2003 to 2005
1995 to 2002
|Diamondback||Hyper Coaster||Kings Island||United States||2009||Operating|
|Diving Coaster||Dive Coaster||Happy Valley Shanghai||China||2009||Operating|
|Manta||Flying Coaster||SeaWorld Orlando||United States||2009||Operating|
| Monster |
|Inverted Coaster|| Walygator Parc |
1996 to 2007
|Intimidator||Hyper Coaster||Carowinds||United States||2010||Operating|
| Green Lantern |
|Stand-Up Coaster|| Six Flags Great Adventure |
1997 to 2009
|Hair Raiser||Floorless Coaster||Ocean Park Hong Kong||Hong Kong||2011||Operating|
|Krake||Dive Coaster||Heide Park||Germany||2011||Operating|
| Starry Sky Ripper |
Formerly Sky Scrapper
|Leviathan||Hyper Coaster||Canada's Wonderland||Canada||2012||Operating|
|OzIris||Inverted Coaster||Parc Astérix||France||2012||Operating|
|Shambhala||Hyper Coaster||PortAventura Park||Spain||2012||Operating|
|Swarm||Wing Coaster||Thorpe Park||United Kingdom||2012||Operating|
|Wild Eagle||Wing Coaster||Dollywood||United States||2012||Operating|
|X-Flight||Wing Coaster||Six Flags Great America||United States||2012||Operating|
|GateKeeper||Wing Coaster||Cedar Point||United States||2013||Operating|
|Nitro||Floorless Coaster||Adlabs Imagica||India||2013||Operating|
|Banshee||Inverted Coaster||Kings Island||United States||2014||Operating|
| Parrot Coaster |
Formerly Flying over the Rainforest
|Wing Coaster||Chimelong Ocean Kingdom||China||2014||Operating|
|Flug der Dämonen||Wing Coaster||Heide Park||Germany||2014||Operating|
|Family Inverted Coaster||Family Inverted Coaster||Happy Valley Shanghai||China||2014||Operating|
|Harpy||Flying Coaster||Xishuangbanna Sunac Land||China||2015||SBNO|
| Rougarou |
Formerly Stand-Up Coaster
|Cedar Point||United States||2015|
1996 to 2014
|Acrobat||Flying Coaster||Nagashima Spa Land||Japan||2015||Operating|
|Thunderbird||Wing Coaster||Holiday World||United States||2015||Operating|
|Oblivion: The Black Hole||Dive Coaster||Gardaland||Italy||2015||Operating|
|Baron 1898||Dive Coaster||Efteling||Netherlands||2015||Operating|
|Fury 325||Hyper Coaster||Carowinds||United States||2015||Operating|
|Mako||Hyper Coaster||SeaWorld Orlando||United States||2016||Operating|
|The Flying Dinosaur||Flying Coaster||Universal Studios Japan||Japan||2016||Operating|
|Valravn||Dive Coaster||Cedar Point||United States||2016||Operating|
| Dragon's Run |
Formerly Time Machine
Formerly Led Zeppelin - The Ride
|Sitting Coaster|| Dragon Park Ha Long |
Freestyle Music Park
Hard Rock Park
| Patriot |
Formerly Stand-Up Coaster
|California's Great America||United States||2017|
1991 to 2016
|Flying Wing Coaster||Wing Coaster||Happy Valley Chongqing||China||2017||Operating|
|Draken||Dive Coaster||Gyeongju World||South Korea||2018||Operating|
|Western Regions Heaven||Dive Coaster||Happy Valley Chengdu||China||2018||Operating|
|Family Inverted Coaster||Family Inverted Coaster||Happy Valley Beijing||China||2018||Operating|
|Wing Coaster||Wing Coaster||Colourful Yunnan Happy World||China||2018||Operating|
|Heaven's Wing||Wing Coaster||HB World||China||2018||Operating|
|Yukon Striker||Dive Coaster||Canada's Wonderland||Canada||2019||Operating|
| Firebird |
Formerly Iron Wolf
Formerly Stand-Up Coaster
| Six Flags America |
Six Flags Great America
2012 to 2018
1990 to 2011
|Unknown||Wing Coaster||Hot Go Dreamworld||China||Unknown||SBNO|
|Unknown||Hyper Coaster||Hot Go Dreamworld||China||Unknown||SBNO|
|Flight of the Himalayan Eagle Music Roller Coaster||Hyper Coaster||Happy Valley Beijing||China||2019||Operating|
|Falcon||Wing Coaster||Wuxi Sunac Land||China||2019||Operating|
|Forest Predator||Wing Coaster||Happy Valley Nanjing||China||2020||Operating|
|Candymonium||Hyper Coaster||Hersheypark||United States||2020||Operating|
|Orion||Hyper Coaster||Kings Island||United States||2020||Operating|
|Monster||Inverted Coaster||Gröna Lund||Sweden||2021||Operating|
|Decepticoaster||Sitting Coaster||Universal Studios Beijing||China||2021||Operating|
|Emperor||Dive Coaster||SeaWorld San Diego||United States||2022||Operating|
|DaVinci Ride||Wing Coaster||Fantasy Valley||China||2022||Operating|
|Dr. Diabolical’s Cliffhanger||Dive Coaster||Six Flags Fiesta Texas||United States||2022||Operating|
|Pipeline: The Surf Coaster||Surf Coaster (Stand Up)||SeaWorld Orlando||United States||2023||Under construction|
|Unknown||Wing Coaster||Chessington World of Adventures||United Kingdom||2023||Under construction|
|Unknown||Wing Coaster||Legoland Deutschland||Germany||2023||Under construction|
A Floorless Coaster is a type of steel roller coaster manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard where riders sit with no floor underneath them, allowing their feet to swing freely just above the track. Development of the Floorless Coaster model began between 1995 and 1996 with Medusa at Six Flags Great Adventure opening on April 2, 1999, making it the world's first Floorless Coaster. Floorless Coasters also tend to have 3 to 7 inversions incorporated in the layout of the coaster.
Batman: The Ride is an inverted roller coaster based on the DC Comics character Batman and found at seven Six Flags theme parks in the United States. Built by consulting engineers Bolliger & Mabillard, it rises to a height of between 100 and 105 feet and reaches top speeds of 50 mph (80 km/h). The original roller coaster at Six Flags Great America was partially devised by the park's general manager Jim Wintrode. Batman: The Ride was the world's first inverted roller coaster when it opened in 1992, and has since been awarded Coaster Landmark status by the American Coaster Enthusiasts. Clones of the ride exist at amusement parks around the world.
Giovanola Frères SA was a prominent steel manufacturing company based in Monthey, Switzerland. It was known for building electrical power stations, water storage tanks, pipelines, boilers, highway bridges, submarines, ski lifts and many other steel products. The company started out as a small metal forging shop, founded by Joseph Giovanola in 1888. Joseph Sr. died in 1904, and the company was taken over by his sons, the eldest of which, Joseph Jr., was just 17 years of age. By 1930 the company had grown to the point that it required a new factory which was constructed in Monthey.
A hypercoaster can mean one of two things:
Green Lantern, formerly known as Chang, is a stand-up roller coaster located at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson Township, New Jersey. Green Lantern stands 155 feet (47 m) tall and features a top speed of 63 miles per hour (101 km/h). The 4,155-foot-long (1,266 m) ride features five inversions and a duration of approximately 21⁄2 minutes. This steel coaster was designed and built by Swiss manufacturer Bolliger & Mabillard.
The Riddler's Revenge is a stand-up roller coaster located at Six Flags Magic Mountain. Manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard, the ride opened as the park's eleventh roller coaster on April 4, 1998, setting multiple world records among stand-up coasters. Originally located in the Movie District section of the park, which later became Metropolis in 2017, The Riddler's Revenge was also the park's single biggest investment at a cost of $14 million. It features a height of 156 feet (48 m), a maximum speed of 65 mph (105 km/h), six inversions, and a track length of 4,370 feet (1,330 m).
Nemesis is an inverted roller coaster located at the Alton Towers theme park in England. It opened to the public on March 19, 1994. The ride was manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard and designed by Werner Stengel, in collaboration with attraction developer John Wardley. It is located in the Forbidden Valley area of the park, adjacent to Galactica and The Blade attractions.
Montu is an inverted roller coaster at Busch Gardens Tampa Bay in Tampa, Florida. Designed by Swiss manufacturer Bolliger & Mabillard, it is the park's second roller coaster designed by that company following the success of Kumba, which opened 3 years prior. When the ride opened on May 16, 1996, it was the world's tallest and fastest inverted roller coaster, a title it has since conceded to Alpengeist at sister park Busch Gardens Williamsburg. The ride stands 150 feet (46 m) tall and reaches speeds of 60 miles per hour (97 km/h).
Superman: Ultimate Flight is the name of three flying roller coasters currently operating at three Six Flags amusement parks in the United States, those being Six Flags Over Georgia, Six Flags Great Adventure and Six Flags Great America. Each of these steel coasters were designed and built by Swiss manufacturer Bolliger & Mabillard and opened in 2002 and 2003. Since 2003, Six Flags has installed Superman: Ultimate Flight in three of their parks. Themed to the popular comic book character, Superman: Ultimate Flight simulates flying by positioning its passengers parallel to the track, supported by harnesses and facing the ground through most of the ride. In the station, riders board the train sitting down. After the train is locked and checked, the trains are raised into the flying position. After the ride, the seats are lowered back into the sitting position for the next round of riders.
The Suspended Looping Coaster is a model of steel inverted roller coaster built by Vekoma. There are at least 39 different installations across the world. The minimum rider height requirement is 130 centimetres. Vekoma is now marketing a Suspended Thrill Coaster as a successor to the Suspended Looping Coaster. The Odyssey is the largest, fastest and tallest SLC ever built at Fantasy Island in the UK.
Flashback was a steel roller coaster made by Intamin of Switzerland. The coaster was located in the Six Flags Plaza area of Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California. The model of the ride, a Space Diver coaster, was intended to be mass-produced, however, Flashback was the only installation.
Scream is a steel roller coaster at Six Flags Magic Mountain. Manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard, the Floorless Coaster model was the park's sixteenth roller coaster and is located in the Screampunk District area of the park. The 150-foot-tall (46 m) ride consists of a series of roller coaster elements including seven inversions ranging from a zero-g roll to interlocking corkscrews. The ride is a mirror image of Medusa at Six Flags Great Adventure.
Batman: The Dark Knight is a steel floorless roller coaster designed by Bolliger & Mabillard located in the Gotham City section of Six Flags New England. The roller coaster has 2,600 feet (790 m) of track, reaches a maximum height of 117.8 feet (35.9 m) and features five inversions. The coaster was announced on February 6, 2002 and opened to the public on April 20, 2002. In 2008, the ride's name was changed to Batman: The Ride to avoid confusion with Six Flags New England's installation of The Dark Knight Coaster that was planned to be built at the park; but after the project was cancelled, the ride's name reverted to Batman: The Dark Knight.
The Dive Coaster is a steel roller coaster model developed and engineered by Bolliger & Mabillard. The design features one or more near-vertical drops that are approximately 90 degrees, which provide a moment of free-falling for passengers. The experience is enhanced by unique trains that seat up to ten riders per row, spanning only two or three rows total. Unlike traditional train design, this distinguishing aspect gives all passengers virtually the same experience throughout the course of the ride. Another defining characteristic of Dive Coasters is the holding brake at the top of the lift hill that holds the train momentarily right as it enters the first drop, suspending some passengers with a view looking straight down and releasing suddenly moments later.
Medusa is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom in Vallejo, California. Built by Bolliger & Mabillard, Medusa opened in 2000 as the first floorless roller coaster on the West Coast. The roller coaster features seven inversions, a 150-foot (46 m)-tall lift hill with a 150-foot (46 m) drop, and the first Sea serpent roll element ever built on a B&M roller coaster. The ride is the longest coaster in Northern California at 3,937 feet (1,200 m) long and is notable as having one of the largest vertical loops in the world at 128 feet (39 m). It also shares the height record in Northern California with another two rides in the same park, The Flash: Vertical Velocity, and Superman: Ultimate Flight at 150 feet (46 m) high.
Roller coaster elements are the individual parts of roller coaster design and operation, such as a track, hill, loop, or turn. Variations in normal track movement that add thrill or excitement to the ride are often called "thrill elements".
Goliath is an inverted roller coaster located at Six Flags Fiesta Texas in San Antonio, Texas, United States. Designed by Werner Stengel and Swiss manufacturer Bolliger & Mabillard, Goliath initially opened in 1995 at an amusement park in Japan, and has been operating at Six Flags Fiesta Texas since 2008. It stands at a height of 105 feet (32 m), reaches a maximum speed of 50 mph (80 km/h), and features multiple inversions.
Wing Coaster is engineering firm Bolliger & Mabillard’s designation for its winged roller coaster designs. Winged roller coasters are a type of steel roller coaster where pairs of riders sit on either side of a roller coaster track in which nothing is above or below the riders. B&M began development on the first Wing Coaster between 2007 and 2008 leading to the opening of Raptor at Gardaland on 1 April 2011. There are currently sixteen B&M-designed Wing Coasters either under construction or operating worldwide as of December 2020.
X-Flight is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags Great America in Gurnee, Illinois. Designed and built by Bolliger & Mabillard, the ride opened as the fourth Wing Coaster in the world and the second in the United States on May 16, 2012. It replaced both the Splashwater Falls and Great American Raceway attractions. The 3,000-foot-long (910 m) roller coaster features barrel rolls, high-speed drops, and a signature fly-through element, where the train narrowly misses a support structure – designed to look like an air traffic control tower – as it passes through an opening known as a keyhole element.
Sky Scrapper is a flying roller coaster at World Joyland in Wujin, Changzhou, Jiangsu, China. Sky Scrapper was one of World Joyland's opening day attractions, officially opening on April 30, 2011. The 2,805.1-foot-long (855.0 m) ride stands 131.3 feet (40.0 m) tall, and features a top speed of 54.7 mph (88.0 km/h). Designed by Swiss firm Bolliger & Mabillard, Sky Scrapper restrains riders in the prone position and features five inversions.