Bolliger & Mabillard

Last updated

Bolliger & Mabillard Consulting Engineers Inc.
TypePrivate
Industry Roller coaster design
Founded1988
Founder
  • Walter Bolliger
  • Claude Mabillard
Headquarters,
Switzerland
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
  • Walter Bolliger
  • Claude Mabillard
Products
Number of employees
37 (2012)
Website Official website

Bolliger & Mabillard, officially Bolliger & Mabillard Consulting Engineers, Inc. and often abbreviated B&M, is a roller coaster design consultancy based in Monthey, Switzerland. The company was founded in 1988 by Walter Bolliger and Claude Mabillard, both of whom had worked for Giovanola. [1]

Contents

B&M has pioneered several new ride technologies, most notably the inverted roller coaster [2] [3] and the box-section track. [4] In 2016, the company completed its 100th roller coaster. B&M produces nine types of coaster models: Stand-Up Coaster, Inverted Coaster, Floorless Coaster, Flying Coaster, Hyper Coaster, Dive Coaster, Sitting Coaster, Wing Coaster and Family Coaster.

History

Roots

Walter Bolliger and Claude Mabillard started working for Giovanola, a manufacturing company who supplied rides to Intamin, in the 1970s. During their time at Giovanola, they helped design the company's first stand-up roller coaster, Shockwave at Six Flags Magic Mountain. They also worked on other projects, such as Z-Force at Six Flags Great America. [5] Bolliger & Mabillard left Giovanola, but the company continued to use their track design, so the company's roller coasters, Goliath at Six Flags Magic Mountain and Titan at Six Flags Over Texas, use a track style very similar to B&M's. [6] [7]

An inverted model with the angled drop, common on inverted coasters, Batman: The Ride at Six Flags Great Adventure Batman The Ride SFGA.jpg
An inverted model with the angled drop, common on inverted coasters, Batman: The Ride at Six Flags Great Adventure

Launch

In 1987, Giovanola underwent a change of management; Bolliger & Mabillard decided to leave and founded their own company. [5] At the time, B&M employed four people, including two draftsmen: Bolliger and Mabillard. When B&M was created, the pair had agreed not to make any more amusement attractions. [8] [9] However, Robert Mampe, Six Flags Great America's staff engineer, who had worked with both men during the construction of Z-Force, contacted the new company and asked it to reconfigure the cars for its Giovanola-built, Intamin bobsled coaster that was to be relocated from Six Flags Great Adventure. [10]

Following that project Mampe asked the new company to design and build a stand-up roller coaster for Six Flags Great America, similar to Shockwave at Six Flags Magic Mountain. [10] B&M accepted the offer and hired two more draftsmen. But B&M had a problem regarding how and where to manufacture the track pieces for the roller coaster. With the impression of the work done by Clermont Steel Fabricators on Vortex at Kings Island and Shockwave Six Flags Great America, Walter Bolliger went to the steel plant and asked if they would be interested in manufacturing the track. Clermont Steel Fabricators accepted and currently manufactures all Bolliger and Mabillard roller coaster track pieces for all of North America. [4] Now with a company to manufacture the track, B&M built its first roller coaster, a stand-up roller coaster, Iron Wolf , which opened in 1990 at Six Flags Great America. [8] [9] Two years later, Bolliger & Mabillard built another project for Six Flags Great America, Batman: The Ride , the world's first inverted roller coaster, which brought them to prominence in the industry. [11] [12]

Development

Bolliger & Mabillard also invented the Floorless Coaster [13] and the Dive Coaster. The company also built its first launched roller coaster, the Incredible Hulk , which is at Islands of Adventure. [14] In 2010, B&M unveiled its new Wing Coaster and premiered the prototype model, named Raptor , at Gardaland in 2011. [15] It has two seats on each side on the car that hang riders over the sides of the track. As of 2019 there are fifteen in operation. [15] In 2015, B&M constructed Thunderbird at Holiday World & Splashin' Safari, its first in-house launched coaster. [16]

By 2010, B&M employed twelve engineers, twelve draftsmen and two draftswomen. [8] [9] The company has made other contributions to the roller coaster industry. The company built the trains for the Psyclone , a now-demolished wooden roller coaster at Six Flags Magic Mountain. The trains were later used on the park's Colossus wooden roller coaster (until it was refurbished by Rocky Mountain Construction), but were only used during October each year. The trains faced backward and usually raced against trains on the second track, which ran forward. [17]

In 2013, the company launched the construction of Banshee, the world's longest inverted roller coaster. [18] B&M supplied new trains for Steel Dragon 2000, built by D. H. Morgan Manufacturing in 2000. [19] [20] As of 2012, Bolliger & Mabillard has 85 operating roller coasters worldwide. [2] Of these, twenty-two were listed among that year's Amusement Today Golden Ticket Awards Top 50 Steel Coasters List for 2012 and five were in the top 10.

By 2016, Bolliger & Mabillard had completed their 100th coaster, and had built more roller coasters than any other manufacturer on the Golden Ticket Awards Steel Coasters list. [21]

Features

Raptor's cobra roll, a first for inverted roller coasters Raptor 05.JPG
Raptor's cobra roll, a first for inverted roller coasters

Bolliger & Mabillard currently manufactures nine different roller coaster styles: Stand-Up Coaster, Inverted Coaster, Floorless Coaster, Flying Coaster, Hyper Coaster, Dive Coaster, Sitting Coaster, Wing Coaster and Family Coaster. [22] [23] Bolliger & Mabillard has been involved in developing new technologies and concepts in roller coasters almost since its inception. It has often worked with engineer Werner Stengel and with designers and management of client theme parks. [24] [25]

Lift hills

Diagram comparing a standard lift hill and the B&M pre-drop lift hill. Pre-drop.jpg
Diagram comparing a standard lift hill and the B&M pre-drop lift hill.

Many Bolliger & Mabillard coasters feature an element known as a "pre-drop", a short drop after the top of the lift hill and before the start of the first drop, designed to reduce stress on the lift chain. The flat section between the pre-drop and the first drop serves as a shelf to support the weight of the train, reducing related stresses on the chain. On most coasters without a pre-drop, the weight of the train tends to pull on the lift chain as it begins its descent because the latter half of the train is still being lifted by the chain. Pre-drops have not been used on the company's Dive or Flying coasters, or on hyper coasters built after 1999. [26] [27] OzIris at Parc Astérix was the first B&M inverted roller coaster that does not feature a pre-drop. [28] Ever since, no coaster built by B&M has featured a pre-drop [29] [30] because the chain accelerates on newer coasters of B&M after the train passes the crest to acquire the same speed as the train when it is being taken over by gravity. [31]

Trains

Most of Bolliger & Mabillard's roller coaster trains use four-abreast seating. Each car has one row of four seats, while the train length can vary between coasters. All of the company's coaster models, except the Dive Coaster and Wing Coaster use this configuration. The Dive Coaster uses six, eight or ten-abreast seating, with two or three rows of seats. For example, Griffon at Busch Gardens Williamsburg, uses ten seats in three rows, while Krake at Heide Park uses six-across seating in three rows. [32] On recent hyper coaster projects, B&M has used a new car design that has two rows of two seats; the two seats in the rear of the car pushed out from the centerline so that the four seats resemble a V formation. This formation has only been used on Behemoth at Canada's Wonderland, Diamondback at Kings Island, Intimidator at Carowinds and Shambhala: Expedición al Himalaya at PortAventura Park, in the resort PortAventura World. In 2013, B&M introduced a new car design that has two rows of two seats, however, they are not in a V formation. [19] [20]

All B&M hyper coasters use a type of restraint called a "T-bar" or "Clamshell" restraint, which consists of bar with a cushioned lap bar with two handles for riders to hold on to. This type of restraint generally does not use a seat belt, however seat belts have been added to Behemoth and Leviathan at Canada's Wonderland, Diamondback at Kings Island, and Intimidator at Carowinds, all of which have the stadium style seating. [33] Bolliger & Mabillard also uses over-the-shoulder restraints, in that the restraint is placed over the riders' shoulders and sits and extends to the riders' laps. This type of restraint is used on Dive, Inverted, Sitting, Flying, Floorless, Stand-up and Wing Coasters. [34] Bolliger & Mabillard has recently begun using a vest like over the shoulder restraint, which reduces headbanging found on the older, more common padded over the shoulder restraints. These have been met with some criticism from the coaster community, due to the nature in which they tighten during the ride; stapling riders to their seats, resulting in less airtime (negative g-forces) being felt.

CAD model of B&M's signature box-spined track BandMTrack.jpg
CAD model of B&M's signature box-spined track
B&M Friction Brakes Model B&M brakes.png
B&M Friction Brakes Model

Track

A notable feature of Bolliger & Mabillard roller coasters is the box-section track. The running rails are connected to a box-section spine, instead of the circular spine used by other manufacturers. When a train travels around a box-section track, it creates a distinctive roaring sound, which is unique to this style of track. However, on some Bolliger & Mabillard roller coasters, such as Talon at Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom and GateKeeper at Cedar Point, the track is filled with a proprietary sound dampening material to reduce this noise. [35]

Also, depending on the model of the roller coaster, the track size can vary. Models such as the Flying, Wing and Dive Coaster have heavier trains which require a larger track size while models with lighter trains, such as the Stand-Up and Hyper Coaster, do not and use a smaller sized track. [4]

Brakes

As of 2016, Bolliger & Mabillard uses three types of braking systems: friction, magnetic, and water.

Friction brakes

When B&M was first founded, the linear magnetic eddy brake had yet to be developed, so it used friction brakes as its main braking system. On the train, pads are fitted beneath the seating areas. On the brakes, similar pads are connected to steel supports. When the pads on the train come into contact with the brakes, friction is created which slows the train. [36] Beginning with Kumba in 1993, friction brakes have also been used as trim brakes that regulate the speed of the train while it is still navigating the course. [37]

SheiKra's splashdown element SheiKra (Busch Gardens Africa) 03.jpg
SheiKra's splashdown element

Magnetic brakes

Magnetic brakes were first used on Nitro at Six Flags Great Adventure in 2001. [38] Magnetic brakes slow down trains much faster than friction brakes; most B&M roller coasters built in or after 2001 have at least one set of magnetic brakes. Magnetic brakes do not make contact with the train. Fins that run parallel to the train are fitted beneath the seats. As the fins pass through the brakes, the magnetic field created by the brakes slows the train. Magnetic brakes have also been used as an alternate type of trim brake on B&M roller coasters such as Leviathan at Canada's Wonderland. [39]

Water brakes

Water brakes were first introduced on SheiKra at Busch Gardens Tampa Bay in 2005. [40] Water brakes can only be used when a splashdown element, in which a body of water surrounds a section of track, is present within the layout of the roller coaster. When scoops on the last car of each train come in contact with the surrounding water, the train slows down and the water is sprayed several feet into the air behind it. [41]

List of roller coasters

Vortex at Carowinds, a Stand-up Coaster model Vortex (Carowinds) 02.JPG
Vortex at Carowinds, a Stand-up Coaster model
Leviathan at Canada's Wonderland, a Hyper Coaster model Leviathan Hammerhead Turn.jpg
Leviathan at Canada's Wonderland, a Hyper Coaster model
Batman: The Ride at Six Flags Great Adventure, an Inverted Coaster model Batman (Corkscrew) - Six Flags Great Adventure.JPG
Batman: The Ride at Six Flags Great Adventure, an Inverted Coaster model
Dragon Khan at PortAventura Park, a Sitting Coaster model Rollercoaster dragon khan universal port aventura spain.jpg
Dragon Khan at PortAventura Park, a Sitting Coaster model
Oblivion at Alton Towers, a Dive Coaster model AltonTowers-Oblivion.JPG
Oblivion at Alton Towers, a Dive Coaster model
Hydra at Dorney Park, a Floorless Coaster model Hydra (Jo-Jo Roll).JPG
Hydra at Dorney Park, a Floorless Coaster model
Behemoth at Canada's Wonderland, a Hyper Coaster model 900behe.jpg
Behemoth at Canada's Wonderland, a Hyper Coaster model
Manta at SeaWorld Orlando, a Flying Coaster model SeaWorld Manta 1.JPG
Manta at SeaWorld Orlando, a Flying Coaster model
Raptor at Gardaland, first Wing Coaster model Raptor Gardaland 2011.jpg
Raptor at Gardaland, first Wing Coaster model

In North America, B&M coaster designs have been manufactured by Ohio company Clermont Steel Fabricators since 1990. [42] [43] [4] As of 2019, Bolliger & Mabillard has built 118 roller coasters around the world. [44] .Some have either been relocated, renamed or closed.

NameModelParkCountryOpenedStatusRef
Batman: The Ride Inverted Coaster Six Flags Great America Flag of the United States.svg United States1992Operating [45]
Vortex Stand-Up Coaster Carowinds Flag of the United States.svg United States1992Operating [46]
Batman: The Ride Inverted Coaster Six Flags Great Adventure Flag of the United States.svg United States1993Operating [47]
Flight Deck
Formerly Top Gun
Inverted Coaster California's Great America Flag of the United States.svg United States1993Operating [48]
Kumba Sitting Coaster Busch Gardens Tampa Flag of the United States.svg United States1993Operating [49]
Batman: The Ride Inverted Coaster Six Flags Magic Mountain Flag of the United States.svg United States1994Operating [50]
Diavlo Inverted Coaster Himeji Central Park Flag of Japan.svg Japan1994Operating [51]
Nemesis Inverted Coaster Alton Towers Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom1994Operating [52]
Raptor Inverted Coaster Cedar Point Flag of the United States.svg United States1994Operating [53]
Batman: The Ride Inverted Coaster Six Flags St. Louis Flag of the United States.svg United States1995Operating [54]
Dragon Khan Sitting Coaster PortAventura Park Flag of Spain.svg Spain1995Operating [55]
Montu Inverted Coaster Busch Gardens Tampa Flag of the United States.svg United States1996Operating [56]
Alpengeist Inverted Coaster Busch Gardens Williamsburg Flag of the United States.svg United States1997Operating [57]
Batman: The Ride Inverted Coaster Six Flags Over Georgia Flag of the United States.svg United States1997Operating [58]
Pyrenees Inverted Coaster Parque Espana-Shima Spain Village Flag of Japan.svg Japan1997Operating [59]
Great White Inverted Coaster SeaWorld San Antonio Flag of the United States.svg United States1997Operating [60]
Oblivion Dive Coaster Alton Towers Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom1998Operating [61]
Great Bear Inverted Coaster Hersheypark Flag of the United States.svg United States1998Operating [62]
The Riddler's Revenge Stand-Up Coaster Six Flags Magic Mountain Flag of the United States.svg United States1998Operating [63]
Afterburn
Formerly Top Gun - The Jet Coaster
Inverted Coaster Carowinds Flag of the United States.svg United States1999Operating [64]
Bizarro
Formerly Medusa
Floorless Coaster Six Flags Great Adventure Flag of the United States.svg United States1999Operating [65]
Incredible Hulk Sitting Coaster Universal Studios Islands of Adventure Flag of the United States.svg United States1999Operating [66]
Dragon Challenge
Formerly Dueling Dragons
Inverted Coaster Universal Studios Islands of Adventure Flag of the United States.svg United States1999Removed [67]
Batman: The Ride Inverted Coaster Six Flags Over Texas Flag of the United States.svg United States1999Operating [68]
Raging Bull Hyper Coaster Six Flags Great America Flag of the United States.svg United States1999Operating [69]
Georgia Scorcher Stand-Up Coaster Six Flags Over Georgia Flag of the United States.svg United States1999Operating [70]
Apollo's Chariot Hyper Coaster Busch Gardens Williamsburg Flag of the United States.svg United States1999Operating [71]
Kraken Unleashed
Formerly Kraken
Floorless Coaster SeaWorld Orlando Flag of the United States.svg United States2000Operating [72]
Medusa Floorless Coaster Six Flags Discovery Kingdom Flag of the United States.svg United States2000Operating [73]
Katun Inverted Coaster Mirabilandia Flag of Italy.svg Italy2000Operating [74]
Superman: Krypton Coaster Floorless Coaster Six Flags Fiesta Texas Flag of the United States.svg United States2000Operating [75]
Diving Machine G5 Dive Coaster Janfusun Fancyworld Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan2000Operating [76]
Insane Speed Floorless Coaster Janfusun Fancyworld Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan2001Operating [77]
Nitro Hyper Coaster Six Flags Great Adventure Flag of the United States.svg United States2001Operating [78]
Talon Inverted Coaster Dorney Park Flag of the United States.svg United States2001Operating [79]
Wildfire Sitting Coaster Silver Dollar City Flag of the United States.svg United States2001Operating [80]
Galactica
Formerly Air
Flying Coaster Alton Towers Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom2002Operating [81]
Batman: The Dark Knight Floorless Coaster Six Flags New England Flag of the United States.svg United States2002Operating [82]
Batman: Arkham Asylum
Formerly Batman: La Fuga
Inverted Coaster Parque Warner Madrid Flag of Spain.svg Spain2002Operating [83]
Silver Star Hyper Coaster Europa Park Flag of Germany.svg Germany2002Operating [84]
Superman: La Atracción de Acero Floorless Coaster Parque Warner Madrid Flag of Spain.svg Spain2002Operating [85]
Superman: Ultimate Flight Flying Coaster Six Flags Over Georgia Flag of the United States.svg United States2002Operating [86]
Vampire Inverted Coaster La Ronde Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada2002Operating [87]
Nemesis Inferno Inverted Coaster Thorpe Park Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom2003Operating [88]
Scream Floorless Coaster Six Flags Magic Mountain Flag of the United States.svg United States2003Operating [89]
Superman: Ultimate Flight Flying Coaster Six Flags Great America Flag of the United States.svg United States2003Operating [90]
Superman: Ultimate Flight Flying Coaster Six Flags Great Adventure Flag of the United States.svg United States2003Operating [91]
Dæmonen Floorless Coaster Tivoli Gardens Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark2004Operating [92]
Lightning Inverted Coaster Kuwait Entertainment City Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait2004Closed [93]
Silver Bullet Inverted Coaster Knott's Berry Farm Flag of the United States.svg United States2004Operating [94]
Hydra the Revenge Floorless Coaster Dorney Park Flag of the United States.svg United States2005Operating [95]
SheiKra Dive Coaster Busch Gardens Tampa Flag of the United States.svg United States2005Operating [96]
Black Mamba Inverted Coaster Phantasialand Flag of Germany.svg Germany2006Operating [97]
Crystal Wing Flying Coaster Happy Valley Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2006Operating [98]
Goliath Hyper Coaster La Ronde Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada2006Operating [99]
Goliath Hyper Coaster Six Flags Over Georgia Flag of the United States.svg United States2006Operating [100]
Patriot Inverted Coaster Worlds of Fun Flag of the United States.svg United States2006Operating [101]
Tatsu Flying Coaster Six Flags Magic Mountain Flag of the United States.svg United States2006Operating [102]
Griffon Dive Coaster Busch Gardens Williamsburg Flag of the United States.svg United States2007Operating [103]
Hollywood Dream: The Ride Hyper Coaster Universal Studios Japan Flag of Japan.svg Japan2007Operating [104]
Phaethon Inverted Coaster Gyeongju World Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea2007Operating [105]
Behemoth Hyper Coaster Canada's Wonderland Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada2008Operating [106]
Dive Coaster Dive Coaster Chimelong Paradise Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2008Operating [107]
Dominator
Formerly Batman: Knight Flight
Floorless Coaster Kings Dominion
Geauga Lake
Flag of the United States.svg United States2008
2000 to 2007
Operating [108]
[109]
Goliath
Formerly Batman: The Ride
Formerly Gambit
Inverted Coaster Six Flags Fiesta Texas
Six Flags New Orleans
Thrill Valley
Flag of the United States.svg United States2008
2003 to 2005
1995 to 2002
Operating [110]
[111]
[112]
Diamondback Hyper Coaster Kings Island Flag of the United States.svg United States2009Operating [113]
Diving Coaster Dive Coaster Happy Valley Shanghai Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2009Operating [114]
Manta Flying Coaster SeaWorld Orlando Flag of the United States.svg United States2009Operating [115]
Monster
Formerly Orochi
Inverted Coaster Walygator Parc
Expoland
Flag of France.svg France2010
1996 to 2007
Operating [116]
[117]
Intimidator Hyper Coaster Carowinds Flag of the United States.svg United States2010Operating [118]
Green Lantern
Formerly Chang
Stand-Up Coaster Six Flags Great Adventure
Kentucky Kingdom
Flag of the United States.svg United States2011
1997 to 2009
Operating [119]
[120]
Hair Raiser Floorless Coaster Ocean Park Hong Kong Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong2011Operating [121]
Krake Dive Coaster Heide Park Flag of Germany.svg Germany2011Operating [122]
Raptor Wing Coaster Gardaland Flag of Italy.svg Italy2011Operating [123]
Starry Sky Ripper
Formerly Sky Scrapper
Flying Coaster Joyland Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2011Operating [124]
Leviathan Hyper Coaster Canada's Wonderland Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada2012Operating [125]
OzIris Inverted Coaster Parc Astérix Flag of France.svg France2012Operating [126]
Shambhala Hyper Coaster PortAventura Park Flag of Spain.svg Spain2012Operating [127]
Swarm Wing Coaster Thorpe Park Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom2012Operating [128]
Wild Eagle Wing Coaster Dollywood Flag of the United States.svg United States2012Operating [129]
X-Flight Wing Coaster Six Flags Great America Flag of the United States.svg United States2012Operating [130]
GateKeeper Wing Coaster Cedar Point Flag of the United States.svg United States2013Operating [131]
Nitro Floorless Coaster Adlabs Imagica Flag of India.svg India2013Operating [132]
Banshee Inverted Coaster Kings Island Flag of the United States.svg United States2014Operating [133]
Parrot Coaster
Formerly Flying over the Rainforest
Wing Coaster Chimelong Ocean Kingdom Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2014Operating [134]
Flug der Dämonen Wing Coaster Heide Park Flag of Germany.svg Germany2014Operating [135]
Family Inverted Coaster Family Inverted Coaster Happy Valley Shanghai Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2014Operating [136]
Harpy Flying Coaster Xishuangbanna Sunac Land Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2015Operating [137]
Rougarou
Formerly Mantis
Floorless Coaster
Formerly Stand-Up Coaster
Cedar Point Flag of the United States.svg United States2015
1996 to 2014
Operating [138]
Acrobat Flying Coaster Nagashima Spa Land Flag of Japan.svg Japan2015Operating [139]
Thunderbird Wing Coaster Holiday World Flag of the United States.svg United States2015Operating [140]
Oblivion: The Black Hole Dive Coaster Gardaland Flag of Italy.svg Italy2015Operating [141]
Baron 1898 Dive Coaster Efteling Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands2015Operating [142]
Fury 325 Hyper Coaster Carowinds Flag of the United States.svg United States2015Operating [143]
Mako Hyper Coaster SeaWorld Orlando Flag of the United States.svg United States2016Operating [144]
The Flying Dinosaur Flying Coaster Universal Studios Japan Flag of Japan.svg Japan2016Operating [145]
Valravn Dive Coaster Cedar Point Flag of the United States.svg United States2016Operating [146]
Dragon's Run
Formerly Time Machine
Formerly Led Zeppelin - The Ride
Sitting Coaster Dragon Park Ha Long
Freestyle Music Park
Hard Rock Park
Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam2017
2009
2008
Operating [147]
[148]
Patriot
Formerly Vortex
Floorless Coaster
Formerly Stand-Up Coaster
California's Great America Flag of the United States.svg United States2017
1991 to 2016
Operating [149]
Flying Wing Coaster Wing Coaster Happy Valley Chongqing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2017Operating [150]
Draken Dive Coaster Gyeongju World Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea2018Operating [151]
Western Regions Heaven Dive Coaster Happy Valley Chengdu Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2018Operating [152]
Valkyria Dive Coaster Liseberg Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden2018Operating [153]
Family Inverted Coaster Family Inverted Coaster Happy Valley Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2018Operating [154]
Wing Coaster Wing Coaster Colourful Yunnan Happy World Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2018Operating [155]
Fēnix Wing Coaster Toverland Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands2018Operating [156]
Heaven's Wing Wing Coaster HB World Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2018Operating [157]
Yukon Striker Dive Coaster Canada's Wonderland Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada2019Operating [158]
Firebird
Formerly Apocalypse
Formerly Iron Wolf
Floorless Coaster
Formerly Stand-Up Coaster
Six Flags America
Six Flags Great America
Flag of the United States.svg United States2019
2012 to 2018
1990 to 2011
Operating [159]
[160]
UnknownWing Coaster Hot Go Dreamworld Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ChinaUnknownSBNO [161]
UnknownHyper Coaster Hot Go Dreamworld Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg ChinaUnknownSBNO [162]
Flight of the Himalayan Eagle Music Roller Coaster Hyper Coaster Happy Valley Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2019Operating [163]
Falcon Wing Coaster Wuxi Sunac Land Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2019Operating [164]
Forest Predator Wing Coaster Happy Valley Nanjing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2020Operating [165]
Candymonium Hyper Coaster Hersheypark Flag of the United States.svg United States2020Operating [166]
Orion Hyper Coaster Kings Island Flag of the United States.svg United States2020Operating [167]
Emperor Dive Coaster SeaWorld San Diego Flag of the United States.svg United States2021Under construction [168]
The Monster Inverted Coaster Gröna Lund Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden2021Under construction [169]
Decepticoaster Sitting Coaster Universal Studios Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2021Under construction [170]
UnknownWing Coaster Fantasy Valley Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2021Under construction [171]

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Floorless Coaster

A Floorless Coaster is a type of steel roller coaster manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard where riders sit with no floor underneath them, allowing their feet to swing freely just above the track. Development of the Floorless Coaster model began between 1995 and 1996 with Medusa at Six Flags Great Adventure opening on April 2, 1999, making it the world's first Floorless Coaster. Floorless Coasters also tend to have 3 to 7 inversions incorporated in the layout of the coaster.

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Giovanola Frères SA was a prominent steel manufacturing company based in Monthey, Switzerland. It was known for building electrical power stations, water storage tanks, pipelines, boilers, highway bridges, submarines, ski lifts and many other steel products. The company started out as a small metal forging shop, founded by Joseph Giovanola in 1888. Joseph Sr. died in 1904, and the company was taken over by his sons, the eldest of which, Joseph Jr., was just 17 years of age. By 1930 the company had grown to the point that it required a new factory which was constructed in Monthey.

Green Lantern (Six Flags Great Adventure) Steel roller coaster at Six Flags Great Adventure

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The Riddlers Revenge Steel roller coaster at Six Flags Magic Mountain

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Nemesis is an inverted roller coaster located at the Alton Towers theme park in England. It opened to the public on March 19, 1994. The ride was manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard and designed by Werner Stengel, in collaboration with attraction developer John Wardley. It is located in the Forbidden Valley area of the park, adjacent to Galactica and The Blade attractions.

Montu (roller coaster) Amusement ride at Busch Gardens Tampa

Montu is an inverted roller coaster at Busch Gardens Tampa in Tampa, Florida. Built by Swiss manufacturer Bolliger & Mabillard, it is the park's second roller coaster designed by that company following the success of Kumba, which opened 3 years prior. When the ride opened on May 16, 1996, it was the world's tallest and fastest inverted roller coaster, a title it has since conceded to Alpengeist at sister park Busch Gardens Williamsburg. The ride stands 150 feet (46 m) tall and reaches speeds of 60 miles per hour (97 km/h).

Giant Inverted Boomerang Steel roller coaster

A Giant Inverted Boomerang is a type of steel shuttle roller coaster manufactured by the Dutch firm Vekoma. The ride is a larger, inverted version of Vekoma's popular Boomerang sit down roller coasters. As of February 2021, five installations of the model are operating, with another one under construction.

Suspended Looping Coaster Type of roller coaster

The Suspended Looping Coaster is a model of steel inverted roller coaster built by Vekoma. There are at least 39 different installations across the world. The minimum rider height requirement is 130 centimetres. Vekoma is now marketing a Suspended Thrill Coaster to replace the Suspended Looping Coaster. The Odyssey is the largest, fastest and tallest SLC ever built at Fantasy Island in the UK.

Flashback (Six Flags Magic Mountain)

Flashback was a steel roller coaster made by Intamin of Switzerland. The coaster was located in the Six Flags Plaza area of Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California. The model of the ride, a Space Diver coaster, was intended to be mass-produced, however, Flashback was the only installation.

Flight Deck (Californias Great America)

Flight Deck is a steel inverted roller coaster located at California's Great America in Northern California. Built by Bolliger & Mabillard, Flight Deck made its debut March 19, 1993 as Top Gun. This was Bolliger & Mabillard's second inverted coaster behind Batman: The Ride at Six Flags Great America. The third inverted coaster from Bolliger & Mabillard opened a little under two months later at Six Flags Great Adventure. Flight Deck at California's Great America isn't quite as tall, nor as fast or long as its partner, Afterburn at Carowinds.

Batman: The Dark Knight (roller coaster) Steel roller coaster at Six Flags New England

Batman: The Dark Knight is a steel floorless roller coaster designed by Bolliger & Mabillard located in the Gotham City section of Six Flags New England. The roller coaster has 2,600 feet (790 m) of track, reaches a maximum height of 117.8 feet (35.9 m) and features five inversions. The coaster was announced on February 6, 2002 and opened to the public on April 20, 2002. In 2008, the ride's name was changed to Batman: The Ride to avoid confusion with Six Flags New England's installation of The Dark Knight Coaster that was planned to be built at the park; but after the project was cancelled, the ride's name reverted to Batman: The Dark Knight.

T3 (roller coaster) Roller coaster at Kentucky Kingdom

T3 (stylized as T3; pronounced "T-three", "T-cubed", or "Terror to the third power") is an inverted roller coaster at Kentucky Kingdom in Louisville, Kentucky. Previously named T2, the Suspended Looping Coaster model manufactured by Vekoma opened in 1995. The amusement park closed in 2010 due to financial difficulties, but later reopened under new ownership in 2014. The roller coaster was refurbished and renamed T3, which reopened to the public on July 3, 2015.

Dive Coaster

The Dive Coaster is a steel roller coaster model developed and engineered by Bolliger & Mabillard. The design features one or more near-vertical drops that are approximately 90 degrees, which provide a moment of free-falling for passengers. The experience is enhanced by unique trains that seat up to ten riders per row, spanning only two or three rows total. Unlike traditional train design, this distinguishing aspect gives all passengers virtually the same experience throughout the course of the ride. Another defining characteristic of Dive Coasters is the holding brake at the top of the lift hill that holds the train momentarily right as it enters the first drop, suspending some passengers with a view looking straight down and releasing suddenly moments later.

Goliath (Six Flags Fiesta Texas)

Goliath is an inverted roller coaster located at Six Flags Fiesta Texas amusement park in San Antonio, Texas. Designed by Werner Stengel and Swiss manufacturer Bolliger & Mabillard, Goliath initially opened in 1995 and has been operating at Six Flags Fiesta Texas since 2008. It rises to a height of 105 feet (32 m) and reaches top speeds of 50 miles per hour (80 km/h) through multiple inversions.

Amusement rides and stunt shows themed to the Batman franchise its derivative elements are commonly found at Warner Bros. and Six Flags amusement parks across the world.

Wing Coaster

Wing Coaster is engineering firm Bolliger & Mabillard’s designation for its winged roller coaster designs. Winged roller coasters are a type of steel roller coaster where pairs of riders sit on either side of a roller coaster track in which nothing is above or below the riders. B&M began development on the first Wing Coaster between 2007 and 2008 leading to the opening of Raptor at Gardaland on 1 April 2011. There are currently sixteen B&M-designed Wing Coasters either under construction or operating worldwide as of December 2020.

X-Flight (Six Flags Great America)

X-Flight is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags Great America in Gurnee, Illinois. Designed and built by Bolliger & Mabillard, the ride opened as the fourth Wing Coaster in the world and the second in the United States on May 16, 2012. It replaced both the Splashwater Falls and Great American Raceway attractions. The 3,000-foot-long (910 m) roller coaster features barrel rolls, high-speed drops, and a signature fly-through element, where the train narrowly misses a support structure – designed to look like an air traffic control tower – as it passes through an opening known as a keyhole element.

Sky Scrapper

Sky Scrapper is a flying roller coaster at World Joyland in Wujin, Changzhou, Jiangsu, China. Sky Scrapper was one of World Joyland's opening day attractions, officially opening on April 30, 2011. The 2,805.1-foot-long (855.0 m) ride stands 131.3 feet (40.0 m) tall, and features a top speed of 54.7 mph (88.0 km/h). Designed by Swiss firm Bolliger & Mabillard, Sky Scrapper restrains riders in the prone position and features five inversions.

Flying Coaster (B&M model)

The Flying Coaster is a model line from Bolliger & Mabillard. It has produced 10 models in 18 years of production, one of the more average selling models in the company.

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