Brompton Cemetery

Last updated

Brompton Cemetery
United Kingdom - England - London - Brompton Cemetery.jpg
Details
Established1839
Location
Country England
Coordinates 51°29′06″N0°11′27″W / 51.4849°N 0.1908°W / 51.4849; -0.1908 Coordinates: 51°29′06″N0°11′27″W / 51.4849°N 0.1908°W / 51.4849; -0.1908
TypePublic
Owned by Crown property, managed by Royal Parks of London
Size16 hectares (40 acres)
No. of graves35,000+
No. of interments205,000
Website Official website
Find a Grave 658429
Listed Building – Grade I
Official nameBrompton Cemetery
Designated1 October 1987
Reference no. 1000248
Official nameBrompton Cemetery
Designated1 October 1987
Reference no. 1000248

Brompton Cemetery (originally the West of London and Westminster Cemetery) [1] is a London cemetery, managed by The Royal Parks, in West Brompton in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. It is one of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries. Established by Act of Parliament and laid out in 1839, it opened in 1840, originally as the West of London and Westminster Cemetery. Consecrated by Charles James Blomfield, Bishop of London, in June 1840, it is one of Britain's oldest and most distinguished garden cemeteries. Some 35,000 monuments, from simple headstones to substantial mausolea, mark more than 205,000 resting places. The site includes large plots for family mausolea, and common graves where coffins are piled deep into the earth. It also has a small columbarium, and a secluded Garden of Remembrance at the northern end for cremated remains. The cemetery continues to be open for burials. It is also known as an urban haven for nature. In 2014, it was awarded a National Lottery grant to carry out essential restoration and develop a visitor centre, among other improvements. [2] The restoration work was completed in 2018. [3]

Contents

Although the cemetery was originally established by a private company, it is now the property of the Crown. [4]

Location

Charles Booth 1889 map - detail showing Brompton Cemetery Charles Booth 1889 map - detail showing Lillie Bridge.png
Charles Booth 1889 map – detail showing Brompton Cemetery

Brompton Cemetery is adjacent to West Brompton station in west London, England. The main entrance is at North Lodge, Old Brompton Road in West Brompton, SW5, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. There is another entrance at South Lodge, located on the Fulham Road, SW10 near the junction with Redcliffe Gardens.

History

Brompton Cemetery Chapel Brompton Cemetery Chapel 09.JPG
Brompton Cemetery Chapel
Tomb of Frederick Richards Leyland (the only Grade II* funerary monument in Brompton Cemetery) Tomb of Frederick Richards Leyland 03.JPG
Tomb of Frederick Richards Leyland (the only Grade II* funerary monument in Brompton Cemetery)
The military section, Brompton Cemetery The soldier's section, Brompton Cemetery.JPG
The military section, Brompton Cemetery
Main avenue Brompton Cemetery - geograph.org.uk - 313288.jpg
Main avenue
Outer east section, Brompton Cemetery Outer east section, Brompton Cemetery.JPG
Outer east section, Brompton Cemetery
Colonnade, Brompton Cemetery, London Colonnade, Brompton Cemetery, London.JPG
Colonnade, Brompton Cemetery, London
Central roundel, Brompton Cemetery Central roundel, Brompton Cemetery.JPG
Central roundel, Brompton Cemetery
Emmeline Pankhurst's grave Brompton Cemetery, London 98.JPG
Emmeline Pankhurst's grave
Angels, Brompton Cemetery Brompton Cemetery, London 105.JPG
Angels, Brompton Cemetery
Monument of Valentine Cameron Prinsep Valentine Prinsep Monument Brompton.jpg
Monument of Valentine Cameron Prinsep
Grave of Nellie Farren Nellie Farren Grave Brompton.jpg
Grave of Nellie Farren
Robert Coombes monument Brompton Cemetery, London 05.JPG
Robert Coombes monument
Burnside Monument Burnside Monument.jpg
Burnside Monument
Alfred Mellon monument AlfredMellonBrompton01.jpg
Alfred Mellon monument
Barbe Sangiorgi monument Brompton Cemetery, London 39.jpg
Barbe Sangiorgi monument
Marchesa Casati grave Marchesa Casati Grave Marker.jpg
Marchesa Casati grave

By the early years of the 19th century, inner city burial grounds, mostly churchyards, had long been unable to cope with the number of burials and were seen as a hazard to health and an undignified way to treat the dead. In 1837 a decision was made to lay out a new burial ground in Brompton, London. The moving spirit behind the project was the architect and engineer, Stephen Geary, and it was necessary to form a company in order to get parliamentary permission to raise capital for the purpose. Geary was appointed as architect but was later forced to resign. Securing the land – some 40 acres – from local landowner, Lord Kensington and the Equitable Gas Light Company, as well as raising the money proved an extended challenge. [5] The cemetery became one of seven large, new cemeteries founded by private companies in the mid-19th century (sometimes called the 'Magnificent Seven') forming a ring around the edge of London.

The site, previously market gardens, having been bought with the intervention of John Gunter of Fulham, [6] was 39 acres (160,000 m2) in area. Brompton Cemetery was eventually designed by architect, Benjamin Baud with at its centre, a modest sandstone domed chapel dated 1839, at it southern end, reached by two symmetrical long colonnades, now all Grade II* listed, in the style of St. Peter's Square in Rome, and flanked by catacombs. [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] It was intended to give the feel of a large open air cathedral. It is rectangular in shape with the north end pointing to the northwest and the south end to the southeast. It has a central "nave" which runs from Old Brompton Road towards the central colonnade and chapel. During the 4-year restoration project that began in 2014, an original Victorian flooring with Bath and York stone radial pattern was uncovered underneath the chapel carpet. [12]

Below the colonnades are catacombs which were originally conceived as a cheaper alternative burial to having a plot in the grounds of the cemetery. Unfortunately, the catacombs were not a success and only about 500 of the many thousands of places in them were sold. The Metropolitan Interments Act 1850 gave the government powers to purchase commercial cemeteries. The shareholders of the cemetery company were relieved to be able to sell their shares as the cost of building the cemetery had overrun and they had seen little return on their investment and there were few burials at first. [5]

During World War II the cemetery suffered bomb damage.

Heritage status

As a site, the cemetery is listed Grade I in the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England. The chapel and each arcade quadrant is separately listed as Grade II*. Frederick Richards Leyland's is the only Grade II* listed funerary monument. [13] Several other individual monuments are listed Grade II. They include:

In all there are up to forty items associated with the cemetery which have a Historic England listing, including gates and telephone kiosks. [15]

Burials

Brompton was closed to burials between 1952 and 1996, except for family and Polish interments, but is once again a working cemetery, with plots for interments and a 'Garden of Remembrance' for the deposit of cremated remains. [16] Many nationalities and faiths from across the world are represented in the cemetery.

Military graves

From 1854 to 1939, Brompton Cemetery became the London District's Military Cemetery. The Royal Hospital Chelsea purchased a plot in the north west corner where they have a monument in the form of an obelisk; the Brigade of the Guards has its own section south of that. There are 289 Commonwealth service personnel of World War I and 79 of World War II, whose graves are registered and maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. A number of veterans are listed in the Notable Interments. [17] Although the majority of war graves are in the dedicated railed section to the west – also containing 19th century services graves – a number of servicemen's graves are scattered in other areas. Besides the British there are many notable Czechoslovak, Polish and Russian military burials.

Notable interments

It was originally planned that Sir Arthur Sullivan of Gilbert and Sullivan fame would also be buried there with his family, until Queen Victoria insisted on his interment in St Paul's Cathedral.

Exhumations

In the late 1880s when the nearby Earl's Court Exhibition Grounds played host to the American Show with Buffalo Bill, a number of Native American performers in the show, died while on tour in Britain. [19] The Sioux chief, Long Wolf, a veteran of the Oglala Sioux wars was buried here on 13 June 1892 having died age 59 of bronchial pneumonia. He shared the grave with a 17-month-old Sioux girl named White Star believed to have fallen from her mother's arms while on horseback. A British woman, Elizabeth Knight, traced his family 105 years later and campaigned with them to have his remains returned to the land of his birth. [20] In 1997, Chief Long Wolf was finally moved to a new plot at Wolf Creek Cemetery (ancestral burial ground of the Oglala Sioux tribe) in Pine Ridge, South Dakota.

His great-grandson John Black Feather said "Back then, they had burials at sea, they did ask his wife if she wanted to take him home and she figured that as soon as they hit the water they would throw him overboard, so that's why they left him here." [1] [21] [22]

There was a Brulé Sioux tribesman buried in Brompton named Paul Eagle Star. His plot was in the same section as Oglala Sioux warrior Surrounded By the Enemy who died in 1887 from a lung infection at age 22. [23] Like Long Wolf, he took part of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show. Paul died a few days after breaking his ankle when he fell off a horse in August 1891. His casket was exhumed in spring of 1999 by his grandchildren, Moses and Lucy Eagle Star. The reburial took place in Rosebud's Lakota cemetery. Philip James accompanied the repatriation.

Little Chief and Good Robe's 18-month-old son, Red Penny, who travelled in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show is also buried here. [24] His specific resting place within the cemetery is not known.

Two notable Polish figures originally buried in Brompton Cemetery were reburied in Powazki Cemetery, Warsaw:

Two other exhumations involved Polish bishops of the Polish Orthodox Church:

Both were re-buried at the Orthodox Cemetery, Warsaw on 31 December 2012. [25]

Funerary art

The richness of the art and symbolism contained in many graves traces art movements across two centuries. Aside from the stonemason's and sculptor's craft, there is a vast array of lettering, decorative ironwork (sadly in a very corroded state) and ceramics. Some graves and mausolea are the work of noted artists and architects.

Flora and fauna

Brompton Cemetery with Kensington Canal by William Cowen 010-brompton-cemetery-15c and Kensington Canal by William Cowen.jpg
Brompton Cemetery with Kensington Canal by William Cowen

Although never envisaged as a park, JC Loudon devised the original planting scheme that was not fully realised, however, pines were imported from Poland with the prospect that in maturity they would cast shade over the graves. [26] There are over 60 species of trees, of which the limes are dated to 1838. The fact of the enclosure of the cemetery by a wall, has preserved almost intact, a distinct area of Victorian country flora. The adjacent West London line afforded a green corridor for many years, enriched by ballast from the South Downs when Counter's Creek was filled in and two railway lines constructed in mid-19th century, although a small wetland area was preserved by West Brompton station. However recent redevelopment along the station has further reduced local biodiversity and further reductions are planned with the major redevelopment of nearby Earls Court Exhibition Centre. [27]

In the cemetery each season brings its features, like snow-drops and bluebells or wild lupin and foxgloves, broad-leaf pea, ferns and horse tail. There are small scale wooded areas and meadows. Since the land was used for market gardens, there are wild cabbages, asparagus and garlic among the slabs. A grape vine has fallen victim to maintenance. In Autumn, there can be a display of fungi, a mycologist's trove. The evergreens and ivy are a haven for birds and countless insects. Over 200 species of moth and butterfly have been identified in the cemetery. Despite the absence of a permanent water feature, there have been sightings of amphibians, notably a toad. Mammals are represented by bats, a range of rodents, including grey squirrels and one or two families of foxes. Among the birds, there is a long-standing population of carrion crows and several garden species with the addition of green woodpeckers and occasionally, nesting kestrels and ring-necked parakeets. The appearance of a female ring-necked pheasant in 2012 was short-lived.[ citation needed ]

"Brompton Cemetery has been identified as a Site of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation (grade I) comprising moderately diverse grassland that contains at least three notable London species that support a diverse assemblage of invertebrates". [28]

Public access

The cemetery is open daily to the public throughout the year, with opening times varying with the seasons. It is regularly visited by the Parks Police Service to monitor and curb occurrences of anti-social behaviour. Dog walking and cycling, under strict control, is permitted on indicated paths. Through traffic is forbidden and there is no parking. Any visiting vehicles must observe a 5 mph limit. The byelaws are displayed on boards at both entrances. The Friends of Brompton Cemetery organise Open Days, regular tours and other public attractions. [29]

The cemetery has a reputation for being a popular cruising ground for gay men. [30]

Beatrix Potter connection

Nutkins gravestone Nutkins 002.jpg
Nutkins gravestone

Beatrix Potter, who lived in Old Brompton Road nearby and enjoyed walking around it, may have taken the names of some of her characters from tombstones in the cemetery. Names of people buried there included Mr Nutkins, Mr McGregor, Mr Brock, Mr Tod, Jeremiah Fisher and even a Peter Rabbett, although it is not known for certain if there were tombstones with all these names. [31] [32] [33]

In film

Brompton Cemetery has featured in a number of films, including Sherlock Holmes (2009), [34] as the exterior of a Russian church in Goldeneye , [35] Stormbreaker , [36] Johnny English, [35] The Wings of the Dove, [36] Eastern Promises , [37] and The Gentlemen. [38]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Highgate Cemetery</span> Place of burial in north London, England

Highgate Cemetery is a place of burial in north London, England. There are approximately 170,000 people buried in around 53,000 graves across the West and East Cemeteries. Highgate Cemetery is notable both for some of the people buried there as well as for its de facto status as a nature reserve. The Cemetery is designated Grade I on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. It is one of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries in London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Harefield</span> Human settlement in England

Harefield is a village in the London Borough of Hillingdon, England, 17 miles (27 km) northwest of Charing Cross near Greater London's boundary with Buckinghamshire to the west and Hertfordshire to the north. The population at the 2011 Census was 7,399. Harefield is the westernmost settlement in Greater London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kensal Green Cemetery</span> Cemetery in London, England

Kensal Green Cemetery is a cemetery in the Kensal Green area of Queens Park in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London, England. Inspired by Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, it was founded by the barrister George Frederick Carden. The cemetery opened in 1833 and comprises 72 acres (29 ha) of grounds, including two conservation areas, adjoining a canal. The cemetery is home to at least 33 species of bird and other wildlife. This distinctive cemetery has memorials ranging from large mausoleums housing the rich and famous to many distinctive smaller graves and includes special areas dedicated to the very young. It has three chapels and serves all faiths. It is one of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries in London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brookwood Cemetery</span> Burial ground in Surrey, England

Brookwood Cemetery, also known as the London Necropolis, is a burial ground in Brookwood, Surrey, England. It is the largest cemetery in the United Kingdom and one of the largest in Europe. The cemetery is listed a Grade I site in the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Norwood Cemetery</span> Cemetery in West Norwood in London, England

West Norwood Cemetery is a 40-acre (16 ha) rural cemetery in West Norwood in London, England. It was also known as the South Metropolitan Cemetery. One of the first private landscaped cemeteries in London, it is one of the "Magnificent Seven" cemeteries of London, and is a site of major historical, architectural and ecological interest.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Mary's Catholic Cemetery, Kensal Green</span> Cemetery in Kensal Green, London

St Mary's Catholic Cemetery is located on Harrow Road, Kensal Green in London, England. It has its own Catholic chapel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Pancras and Islington Cemetery</span> Cemetery in the London Borough of Barnet

St Pancras and Islington Cemetery is a cemetery in East Finchley, North London. Although it is situated in the London Borough of Barnet, it is run as two cemeteries, owned by two other London Boroughs, Camden and Islington. The fence along the boundary which runs west to east between the two parts of the cemetery has been removed, although the line of it is still marked.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aldershot Military Cemetery</span>

Aldershot Military Cemetery is a burial ground for military personnel, or ex-military personnel and their families, located in Aldershot Military Town, Hampshire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mount Jerome Cemetery and Crematorium</span> Cemetery in Harolds Cross, Dublin

Mount Jerome Cemetery & Crematorium is situated in Harold's Cross on the south side of Dublin, Ireland. Since its foundation in 1836, it has witnessed over 300,000 burials. Originally an exclusively Protestant cemetery, Roman Catholics have also been buried there since the 1920s.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Putney Vale Cemetery</span>

Putney Vale Cemetery and Crematorium in southwest London is located in Putney Vale, surrounded by Putney Heath and Wimbledon Common and Richmond Park. It is located within 47 acres (19 ha) of parkland. The cemetery was opened in 1891 and the crematorium in 1938. The cemetery was originally laid out on land which had belonged to Newlands Farm, which was established in the medieval period.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Peter's Church, Petersham</span> Church in England

St Peter's Church is the parish church of the village of Petersham in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It is part of the Diocese of Southwark in the Church of England. The main body of the church building dates from the 16th century, although parts of the chancel are 13th century and evidence in Domesday Book suggests that there may have been a church on the site in Saxon times. Nikolaus Pevsner and Bridget Cherry describe it as a "church of uncommon charm... [whose] interior is well preserved in its pre-Victorian state". The church, which is Grade II* listed, includes Georgian box pews, a two-decker pulpit made in 1796, and a display of the royal arms of the House of Hanover, installed in 1810. Its classical organ was installed at the south end in late 2009 by the Swiss builders Manufacture d'Orgues St Martin of Neuchâtel, and a separate parish room was added in 2018. Many notable people are buried in the churchyard, which includes some Grade II-listed tombs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">East Finchley Cemetery</span> Cemetery in London, England

East Finchley Cemetery is a cemetery and crematorium in East End Road, East Finchley. Although it is in the London Borough of Barnet, it is owned and managed by the City of Westminster.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bath Abbey Cemetery</span> Cemetery in Bath and North East Somerset, UK

The Anglican Bath Abbey Cemetery, officially dedicated as the Cemetery of St Peter and St Paul, was laid out by noted cemetery designer and landscape architect John Claudius Loudon (1783–1843) between 1843 and 1844 on a picturesque hillside site overlooking Bath, Somerset, England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Warriston Cemetery</span> Cemetery in Edinburgh, Scotland

Warriston Cemetery is a cemetery in Edinburgh. It lies in Warriston, one of the northern suburbs of Edinburgh, Scotland. It was built by the then newly-formed Edinburgh Cemetery Company, and occupies around 14 acres (5.7 ha) of land on a slightly sloping site. It contains many tens of thousands of graves, including notable Victorian and Edwardian figures, the most eminent being the physician Sir James Young Simpson.

The Northern Suburbs Crematorium, officially Northern Suburbs Memorial Gardens and Crematorium, is a crematorium in North Ryde, New South Wales, a suburb of Sydney, Australia. It was officially opened on 28 October 1933, and the first cremation took place on 30 October 1933.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Calton Burial Ground</span> Cemetery in Edinburgh, Scotland

New Calton Burial Ground is a burial ground in Edinburgh. It was built as an overspill and functional replacement to Old Calton Burial Ground and lies half a mile to its east on Regent Road in Edinburgh, Scotland, on the south-east slopes of Calton Hill. On its southern edge it attaches to the north-east edge of the Canongate in the Old Town. It lies on a fairly steep south-facing slope with views to Holyrood Palace, the Scottish Parliament Building and Arthur’s Seat.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tottenham Cemetery</span> Burial ground in North London

Tottenham Cemetery is a large burial ground in Tottenham in the London Borough of Haringey, in north London, England. It was opened in 1858 by the Tottenham Burial Board to replace the churchyard of All Hallows' Church, Tottenham which had closed the previous year. The original five-acre site was not entirely consecrated, with two acres designated for non-Church of England burials.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Richmond Cemetery</span> Cemetery in Richmond, London

Richmond Cemetery is a cemetery on Lower Grove Road in Richmond in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, England. The cemetery opened in 1786 on a plot of land granted by an Act of Parliament the previous year. The cemetery has been expanded several times and now occupies a 15-acre (6-hectare) site which, prior to the expansion of London, was a rural area of Surrey. It is bounded to the east by Richmond Park and to the north by East Sheen Cemetery, with which it is now contiguous and whose chapel is used for services by both cemeteries. Richmond cemetery originally contained two chapels—one Anglican and one Nonconformist—both built in the Gothic revival style, but both are now privately owned and the Nonconformist chapel today falls outside the cemetery walls after a redrawing of its boundaries.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">East Sheen Cemetery</span> Cemetery in East Sheen, London Borough of Richmond upon Thames

East Sheen Cemetery, originally known as Barnes Cemetery, is a cemetery on Sheen Road in East Sheen in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, England. The cemetery opened in 1906 on what was previously woodland in a rural area of Surrey. Originally, only half the site was given over for burials while the other half was maintained as a nursery before it was converted in the 1930s and the whole site was renamed East Sheen Cemetery. It is today contiguous with Richmond Cemetery, though the original boundary is marked by a hedge. The cemetery's chapel is used for services by both sites, as Richmond Cemetery's chapel is no longer in use as such. The chapel was built in 1906 in the Gothic revival style by local architect Reginald Rowell, who was himself later buried in the cemetery.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Thomas of Canterbury Church, Fulham</span> Church in London , United Kingdom

St Thomas of Canterbury Church, also known as St Thomas's, Rylston Road, is a Roman Catholic parish church in Fulham, central London. Designed in the Gothic Revival style by Augustus Pugin in 1847, the building is Grade II* listed with Historic England. It stands at 60 Rylston Road, Fulham, next to Pugin's Grade II listed presbytery, the churchyard, and St Thomas's primary school, also largely by Pugin, close to the junction with Lillie Road in the borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.

References

  1. 1 2 "Brompton Cemetery". BBC. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  2. "Brompton Cemetery receives £3.7m for restoration". BBC News. 8 January 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
  3. "Multi-million National Lottery-funded restoration unveils hidden secrets of spectacular London cemetery" (Press release). The Royal Parks. 7 July 2018. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  4. "Brompton Cemetery". The Royal Parks . Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  5. 1 2 3 Sheppard, F.H.W., ed. (1983). "Brompton". Survey of London. Vol. 41. London: London City Council. pp. 246–252. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  6. "Kensington and Chelsea Brompton Cemetery Conservation Area Proposals Statement" (PDF). Royal Borough Kensington and Chelsea. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  7. Historic England (15 April 1969). "Anglican Chapel, Brompton Cemetery (1266241)". National Heritage List for England .
  8. Historic England (15 April 1969). "Arcade forming south western quarter of circle and avenue (1266205)". National Heritage List for England .
  9. Historic England (15 April 1969). "Arcade forming south east quarter of circle and avenue (1225714)". National Heritage List for England .
  10. Historic England (15 April 1969). "Arcade forming north east quarter of circle and avenue (1266242)". National Heritage List for England .
  11. Historic England (15 April 1969). "Arcade forming north west quarter of circle and avenue (1225713)". National Heritage List for England .
  12. "Victorian discoveries at UK's 'most important' cemetery". The Royal Parks. 21 March 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  13. Historic England, "Brompton Cemetery (1000248)", National Heritage List for England , retrieved 10 February 2016
  14. Leaflet entitled "Brompton Cemetery" issued by the Friends of Brompton Cemetery
  15. "Conservation Area appraisal, Draft, Brompton Cemetery". RBKC. 2017. p. 57. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  16. "Brompton Cemetery". Brompton-cemetery.org. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  17. "Brompton Cemetery". Commonwealth War Graves Commission . Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  18. Atlay, James Beresford (1912). "Haliburton, Arthur Lawrence"  . Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 186.
  19. Walker, Dave (27 September 2012). "Wild, wild west: Buffalo Bill in Earls Court".
  20. Balz, Dan (26 September 1997). "Chief Long Wolf's Last Journey". Washington Post. ISSN   0190-8286 . Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  21. "Chief Long Wolf goes home, 105 years late". CNN. 25 September 1997. Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
  22. Weaver, Maurice (5 May 1997). "Sioux reclaim tribal chief from English grave". The Daily Telegraph . London. Archived from the original on 26 September 2005. Retrieved 1 March 2010.
  23. "Sioux mystery solved". Manchester Evening News. 3 October 2007. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  24. "The Salford Sioux - Manchester's own native American community (Lancashire) Page 4 RootsChat.Com". www.rootschat.com.
  25. Prochy arcybiskupa Sawy powróciły do Polski Archived 17 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine (in Polish)
  26. "Brompton Cemetery" (PDF). www.rbkc.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  27. Archer, John and Keech, Daniel (1993). Nature Conservation in Hammersmith & Fulham – Ecology Handbook 25. London Ecology Unit. pp. 41–51. ISBN   1-871045-22-3.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  28. "Conservation Area appraisal, Draft, Brompton Cemetery". RBKC. 2017. pp. 20–23. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  29. "Home". The Friends of Brompton Cemetery.
  30. "Go west, young man" (PDF). QX Magazine International. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  31. Barden, Karen (3 August 2001). "Grave inspiration to Beatrix Potter". The Westmorland Gazette. Newsquest (North West) Ltd. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  32. Baker, Erin (28 July 2001). "Beatrix Potter's cast list found on headstones". The Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
  33. Mason, M. (2013). Walk the Lines: The London Underground, Overground. London: Arrow Books. p. 174 ISBN   978-0-099-55793-7
  34. "Brompton Cemetery: Sherlock Holmes (2009)" . Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  35. 1 2 Smith, Oliver (4 October 2017). "The London filming locations you might not have known about". The Telegraph. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  36. 1 2 "Brompton Cemetery in film". The Royal Parks. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  37. "Eastern Promises (2007) – Filming & Production". IMDB. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  38. "'The Gentlemen' Shooting Location Details". The Cinemaholic. 22 January 2020. Retrieved 5 September 2020.

Further reading