Interchange station

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Jewellery Quarter, a tram/train interchange in Birmingham, United Kingdom. Jewellery Quarter railway station train and tram - Birmingham - 2005-10-14.jpg
Jewellery Quarter, a tram/train interchange in Birmingham, United Kingdom.
People's Square, transfer station of Shanghai Metro Peoples Square.jpg
People's Square, transfer station of Shanghai Metro

An interchange station or a transfer station is a train station for more than one railway route in a public transport system that allows passengers to change from one route to another, often without having to leave a station or pay an additional fare.

Contents

Transfer may occur within the same mode, or between rail modes, or to buses (for stations with bus termini attached). Such stations usually have more platforms than single route stations. These stations can exist in either commercial centers or on the city outskirts in residential areas. Cities typically plan for land use around interchange stations for development. [1] Passengers may be required to pay extra fare for the interchange if they leave a paid area.

History

With the opening of the Woodside and Birkenhead Dock Street Tramway in 1873, [2] Birkenhead Dock railway station in Birkenhead, England probably became the world's first tram to train interchange station. [3]

Examples

The remains of the remote Verney Junction interchange station Verney Junction station (1983).JPG
The remains of the remote Verney Junction interchange station

Verney Junction interchange station in Buckinghamshire, England was built at the point of two railway lines intersecting each other in open countryside. The station was built in an open remote field being used from 1868 to 1968. [4]

The Manhattan Transfer (PRR station) on the Pennsylvania Railroad was located outside Newark, New Jersey in a relatively isolated area, and was used primarily for passenger interchange.

Sometimes cross-platform interchange is offered between mainline railways and city metro systems, such as Barking and Stratford stations in London, and Nam Cheong Station in New Kowloon, Hong Kong.

In some cases, no dedicated underground passage or footbridge is provided, and therefore passengers have to transfer between two parts of a station through city streets. Examples include Kuramae Station of Toei in Tokyo, Japan and Lexington Avenue-59th Street/Lexington Avenue–63rd Street stations in New York City. In many cases, electronic ticketing allows transferring passengers re-admission to the transit system without paying fare a second time, as if they had never left the fare control area in the station (this process is called a "free out-of-system transfer").

There are also bus interchanges, where people can change between different bus routes with no extra fare or only the differences of the fares of the two routes. Examples include Tai Lam Tunnel Bus Interchange and Shing Mun Tunnel Bus Interchange in the New Territories, Hong Kong, and in the downtown of Lafayette, Indiana.

See also

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Birkenhead Woodside railway station Former GWR & LNWR railway station in Birkenhead, Wirral, England

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The Chester and Birkenhead Railway opened in 1840 with the intention of linking into the developing railway network; this proved more contentious than had been thought at first. The Birkenhead, Lancashire and Cheshire Junction Railway was built to connect Chester and the manufacturing districts of Lancashire by making a junction near Warrington with the Grand Junction Railway; it opened in 1850. The BL&CJR took over the Chester and Birkenhead Railway in 1847, keeping its own name for the combined company.

Birkenhead Dock railway station was situated in Birkenhead, Wirral, England. The station opened as the eastern terminus of the Hoylake Railway in 1866. With the opening of the horse drawn Woodside and Birkenhead Dock Street Tramway in 1873, the station probably became the world's first tram to train interchange station. The station was closed to passengers in 1888 being superseded by Birkenhead Docks railway station which was later named Birkenhead North. The former passenger station was renamed Birkenhead Dock Goods, with the platforms still in existence in 1937, with the goods station closing the following year. The site was used as railway sidings until the 1990s.

References

  1. Ng, Charles W. W.; Huang, H. W.; Liu, G. B. (2008-12-03). Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground: Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium (IS-Shanghai 2008). CRC Press. p. 270. ISBN   9780203879986.
  2. Maund 2009 , p. 10
  3. "Station Name: Birkenhead Dock". Disused Stations. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  4. "Disused Stations: Verney Junction Station". www.disused-stations.org.uk. Retrieved 2 April 2018.

Sources