Prospect, New South Wales

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Prospect
Sydney,  New South Wales
Prospect Reservoir Sunset.jpg
The Prospect Reservoir at sunset
Prospect, New South Wales
Map
Population4,716 (2016 census) [1]
Established1791 [2]
Postcode(s) 2148
Location32 km (20 mi) west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) City of Blacktown
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
23.1 °C
74 °F
12.2 °C
54 °F
870.6 mm
34.3 in
Suburbs around Prospect:
Seven Hills Toongabbie Girraween
Blacktown Prospect Pemulwuy
Eastern Creek Wetherill Park Smithfield

Prospect is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Prospect is located 32 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Blacktown and is part of the Greater Western Sydney region. One of the oldest suburbs in Sydney, Prospect takes its name from the prominent nearby landmark of Prospect Hill - from the top of which people could get a prospect of (see a great distance) the surrounding countryside.

Contents

Initially a settlement for emancipated convicts, it later became a village. [3] Since colonisation, settlers cleared larger areas of land to raise livestock, build churches, inns, schools, shops and a large reservoir. [4] Naturalist Charles Darwin visited Prospect in January 1836, to observe the geology. [5]

History

Prior to the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788, Prospect was inhabited by different groups of the Darug people including the Warmuli. The Aboriginals there were of the woods culture. As European settlement expanded, the aboriginal people's ability to pursue their traditional lifestyle, which was already severely limited, disappeared. Prospect Hill had been the frontier, which was the first, and perhaps only, area where large scale organised resistance by aboriginal people took place. [6]

Lieutenant Watkin Tench most likely named Prospect Hill in April 1790. In July 1791, thirteen grants of land at Prospect were made to emancipated convicts. [7] [8] In January 1794 David Collins reported that the Prospect Hill farmers were the most productive in the colony. [9]

Prospect became the boundary between colonists and indigenous Australians. Hostility grew until by 1797, where a state of guerrilla warfare existed between indigenous people and the settler communities at Prospect and Parramatta. The aboriginal people were led by their leader, Pemulwuy, a member of the Bidjigal tribe who occupied the land. [10] Pemulwuy was the main leader of raids against the colony in the 1790s. In 1797 the war escalated; his guerrillas started regular raids on settlements in the Parramatta and Prospect Hill areas. British military expeditions failed to locate and capture Pemulwuy. [11]

Shortly after 1808, William Lawson was appointed aide-de-camp to George Johnston, was granted 500 acres (2.0 km2) at Prospect and built a large house there, which he named Veteran Hall. In the 1880s most of the property was submerged in what is now Prospect reservoir. [12]

On 30 January 2004 the eastern part of Prospect, which includes the quarry gap, became a new suburb called Pemulwuy containing the new housing estates of Lakeside and Nelson's Ridge and the industrial area within the oval-shaped ridge of Prospect Hill. So most of Prospect Hill is no longer within the suburb of Prospect. [13]

Quarrying companies gradually took over more and more of Prospect Hill, mining the dolerite for use as roadstone until it was almost all gone and much of the hill with it. The Prospect quarry, which is now part of Pemulwuy, is formed by an intrusion of dolerite rock into Ashfield Shale . At least seven different rock types occur in the intrusion. The material is predominantly coarse grained picrite with olivine-dolerite and dolerite. [14] Quarrying in the area last occurred in 2007. In the early 2010s, the 330ha quarry gap was transformed into light industry area. Prospect Highway now winds through the gap. [15] [16]

Heritage listings

Prospect has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Geography

The quarried hill today, with dolerite intrusion on sandstone. Prospect igneous.jpg
The quarried hill today, with dolerite intrusion on sandstone.

Philip Gidley King mentions that the landscape of Prospect is "a very pleasant tract of country, which, from the distance the trees grew from each other, and the gentle hills and dales, and rising slopes covered with grass, appeared like a vast park. The soil from Rose Hill to Prospect-Hill is nearly alike, being a loam and clay." The tree cover was mainly the eucalypts, grey box and forest red gum. Spotted gum ( Corymbia maculata ) is also known to have occurred in the Prospect area. [27]

Climate

Prospect has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Summer weather is warm to hot, and may be humid or dry. Although a fair amount of rain is spread throughout the year, late winter and early spring are fairly dry, whilst late summer through to early winter are relatively wet. The suburb gets 104.2 clear days annually, with the most sunniest days being in August (13.2) and least in February (5.0 days).

Prospect is usually a few degrees warmer than the Sydney CBD on most spring and summer days. In a few cases there has been a +10 degree differential (this is mostly when northwesterlies bring hot winds from the desert that raise temperatures up to +40 °C (104 °F). However, Prospect is usually a few degrees cooler on most nights of the year, because of its distance from the coast. The highest temperature recorded at Prospect was 45.1 °C (113.2 °F) on 18 January 2013. The lowest temperature recorded was −0.8 °C (30.6 °F) on 30 June 2010. [28]

Climate data for Prospect Reservoir
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)45.1
(113.2)
42.5
(108.5)
39.5
(103.1)
37.1
(98.8)
29.4
(84.9)
25.6
(78.1)
26.5
(79.7)
29.4
(84.9)
39.0
(102.2)
37.1
(98.8)
42.0
(107.6)
42.7
(108.9)
45.1
(113.2)
Average high °C (°F)28.4
(83.1)
28.0
(82.4)
26.4
(79.5)
23.7
(74.7)
20.3
(68.5)
17.3
(63.1)
16.8
(62.2)
18.8
(65.8)
21.4
(70.5)
23.9
(75.0)
25.5
(77.9)
27.5
(81.5)
23.2
(73.8)
Average low °C (°F)17.7
(63.9)
17.8
(64.0)
16.1
(61.0)
13.0
(55.4)
9.9
(49.8)
7.5
(45.5)
6.1
(43.0)
6.8
(44.2)
9.4
(48.9)
12.1
(53.8)
14.3
(57.7)
16.3
(61.3)
12.2
(54.0)
Record low °C (°F)10.0
(50.0)
10.8
(51.4)
7.9
(46.2)
3.6
(38.5)
1.2
(34.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
1.7
(35.1)
4.5
(40.1)
6.8
(44.2)
7.8
(46.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)96.2
(3.79)
95.9
(3.78)
96.2
(3.79)
76.7
(3.02)
70.8
(2.79)
75.4
(2.97)
56.1
(2.21)
50.2
(1.98)
46.4
(1.83)
58.7
(2.31)
73.6
(2.90)
75.9
(2.99)
874.0
(34.41)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1mm)8.08.28.47.06.37.05.65.76.16.87.37.583.9
Average afternoon relative humidity (%)52545552575550454546504951
Source: [29]

Landmarks

St Bartholomew's ProspectNSWStBarts.jpg
St Bartholomew's

Transport

Prospect is adjacent to the Great Western Highway and the M4 Motorway, providing road access to the western sections of the city and eastward to the Sydney CBD.

Prospect Highway links Prospect to central Blacktown.

Blacktown railway station provides access to the Sydney Trains and NSW TrainLink networks, especially Sydney Trains' North Shore & Western Line. Several bus companies offer connecting services between Prospect and Blacktown, via Blacktown Road.

Demographics

Ancestry

According to the 2011 census, the most common ancestries in Prospect were Australian 20.0%, English 16.1%, Maltese 6.2%, Irish 5.0% and Indian 4.6%. [1]

According to the 2016 census, the most common ancestries in Prospect were English 15.8%, Australian 15.7%, Indian 6.4%, Maltese 5.3% and Irish 4.8%. [33]

Country of birth

62.0% of people were born in Australia. The other most common countries of birth were Fiji 3.0%, Philippines 2.8%, India 2.5%, Malta 2.3% and England 1.9%. 35.3% of people had both parents born in Australia and 53.1% of people had both parents born overseas. [1]

According to the 2016 census, 56.4% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were India 4.6%, Philippines 3.1%, Fiji 3.0%, Malta 2.1% and Sri Lanka 2.0%. [34]

Language

61.4% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Arabic 4.7%, Hindi 4.1%, Greek 2.9%, Maltese 2.5% and Cantonese 1.8%. [1]

Religion

The most common responses for religion in Prospect were Catholic 38.4%, Anglican 12.0%, No Religion 10.2%, Eastern Orthodox 5.7% and Hinduism 5.6%. [1]

Notable residents

Notable people who have resided in the suburb include:

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Prospect Highway road in Sydney

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Prospect Hill (New South Wales)

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Former Great Western Road Alignment, Prospect

Former Great Western Road Alignment, Prospect is a heritage-listed stretch of road, now divided into four separately-named sections of road and partially divided by the M4 Western Motorway at, Prospect, City of Blacktown, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The road was initiated by Governor Lachlan Macquarie, likely surveyed by George Evans and built from 1815 to 1818 by William Cox. It is also known as The Western Road, The Great Western Road, The Old Western Road and The Great Western Highway. The property is owned by Blacktown City Council. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 27 June 2014.

Prospect Post Office

Prospect Post Office is a heritage-listed former post office and shop at 23 Tarlington Place, Prospect, City of Blacktown, New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by James Watts and built by Watts from 1880 to 1890. The property is owned by the City of Blacktown. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Royal Cricketers Arms Inn

Royal Cricketers Arms Inn is a heritage-listed Australian pub at 385 Reservoir Road, Prospect, City of Blacktown, New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by James Manning and built by James Manning. It is also known as Cricketers Arms Inn. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

St Bartholomews Anglican Church and Cemetery, Prospect Church in New South Wales, Australia

St Bartholomew's Anglican Church and Cemetery is a heritage-listed former Anglican church and cemetery at Ponds Road, Prospect, City of Blacktown, New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by Henry Robertson and built from 1838 to 1840 by James Atkinson. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Since 1975, the site has been leased to the Council of the City of Blacktown.

Veteran Hall Remains

The Veteran Hall Remains are the heritage-listed archaeological remains of the former Veteran Hall house at Great Western Highway, Prospect, City of Blacktown, New South Wales, Australia. Veteran Hall was built in 1821 by William Lawson. The property is owned by Sydney Water. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 18 November 1999.

Prospect Reservoir Valve House

The Prospect Reservoir Valve House is a heritage-listed waterworks located at East of Reservoir, Prospect in the City of Blacktown local government area of New South Wales, Australia. Situated on the grounds of Prospect Nature Reserve, it was designed and built by The Metropolitan Board of Water Supply and Sewerage. The property is owned by Sydney Water and Water NSW, agencies of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 18 November 1999.

Prospect Nature Reserve Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

Prospect Nature Reserve is a nature reserve and recreational area that is situated in the western suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, which incorporates the Prospect Reservoir, and also features picnic spots, lookouts, walking tracks and BBQ areas within the Australian bush. It is located within the Blacktown City local government area, but is also close to the boundaries of Cumberland Council and the City of Fairfield.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Prospect (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 15 March 2018. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Ryan, R.J., Land Grants 1788-1809, Australian Documents Library, Sydney, 1981
  3. Crittenden, V., On the track of Watkin Tench in MARGIN: Life & Letters in Early Australia, July–August 2003 issue.
  4. Jones, R., Firestick farming in Australian Natural History, 16, (September 1969), pp 224-228
  5. Darwin, C., Notes on the Geology of places visited during the Voyage, p 814 quoted in Mindat: Prospect, New South Wales by Keith Compton, http://www.mindat.org/article.php/1623/%3Cl+id%3D146488%3EProspect%3C_l%3E%2C+%3Cl+id%3D66%3ENew+South+Wales%3C_l%3E
  6. Flynn, M., Holroyd History and the Silent Boundary Project, Holroyd City Council, August 1997.
  7. Caley, G., (Currey, C., ed.) Reflections on the Colony of NSW, Landsdowne Press, Melbourne, 1966.
  8. Tench, W., A Complete Account of the Settlement at Port Jackson in New South Wales, London, G. Nicol and J. Sewell, 1793.
  9. Britton (ed), Governor Phillip to Lord Sydney 15 May 1788 in Historical Records of New South Wales Vol 1 Part 2: Phillip 1783-1792, Sydney, 1892.
  10. 1 2 Willey, K., When the sky fell down : the destruction of the tribes of the Sydney region, 1788-1850s, Collins, Sydney, 1979
  11. Collins, D., An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales, Vol. 1, Cadell and Davies, London, 1798.
  12. although Veteran Hall itself was well above the water level. In 1912 it was used by the army and many of the larger rooms subdivided, giving rise to a myth that it had been a "forty-roomed mansion" in Lawson's time. The house was demolished in 1926. E. W. Dunlop. "Lawson, William (1774 - 1850)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, online edition. Australian National University. Retrieved 29 August 2006.
  13. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales
  14. Mindat: Prospect, New South Wales
  15. Sydney's Forgotten Quarry Railways - Oakes, John pp9-27 ISBN   0-9757870-3-9
  16. Historic Prospect Quarry to become warehouse distribution centre and employ 1000 people by The Daily Telegraph
  17. "Upper Canal System (Pheasants Nest Weir to Prospect Reservoir)". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01373. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  18. "Veteran Hall - House Remains". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01351. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  19. "St. Bartholomew's Anglican Church (former) & Cemetery". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00037. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  20. "Former Great Western Road, Prospect". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01911. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  21. "Prospect Reservoir and surrounding area". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01370. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  22. "Prospect Reservoir Valve House". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01371. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  23. "Royal Cricketers Arms Inn". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00660. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  24. "Prospect Post Office (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01385. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  25. "Prospect Hill". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01662. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  26. Prospect Hill Reservoir (Elevated) (WS 0095)
  27. Jones, R., Mindjongork: Legacy of the firestick, Australian National University, 1995.
  28. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/current/month/nsw/archive/200611.sydney.shtml
  29. "Climate statistics for Prospect Reservoir". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  30. http://australianmuseum.net.au/The-Sydney-Basin
  31. The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p. 2/12
  32. AAP (11 September 2010). "Keneally touts $80m water theme park". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  33. "2016 Census QuickStats: Prospect (NSW)". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  34. "2016 Census QuickStats: Prospect (NSW)". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 8 February 2018.

Coordinates: 33°47′57″S150°55′32″E / 33.79917°S 150.92556°E / -33.79917; 150.92556