St. Stephen's College, Delhi

Last updated

St. Stephen's College
Ssc badge.jpg
Motto Latin: Ad Dei Gloriam
Motto in English
To the Glory of God
Established1881;140 years ago (1881)
FounderRevd Samuel Scott Allnutt
Principal Prof. John Varghese [1]
Location
University Enclave, New Delhi, India
Campus Urban
Colours   Martyr's red
  Cambridge blue
Affiliations University of Delhi, Church of North India [2]
Website ststephens.edu

St. Stephen's College is a college of the University of Delhi. It was established in 1881 by the Cambridge Mission to Delhi. The college admits both undergraduates and post-graduates and awards degrees in liberal arts and sciences under the purview of the University of Delhi. [3] In 2017, the governing body of the college unilaterally initiated a move towards making it an autonomous institution. In 2018, the plan was put on hold after the University Grants Commission received legal advice against passing a favourable decision. [4] [5] Ranked fourth among colleges in India by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) in 2020, the institution has produced distinguished alumni in fields like politics, law, journalism, film and business. [6] [7]

Contents

History

The history of St. Stephen's College can be traced to St. Stephen's High School, founded in 1854 by the Reverend Samuel Scott Allnutt, chaplain of Delhi, run by the Delhi Mission of the United Society. With the closure of Government College, Delhi, in 1879 because of financial problems, Reverend Thomas Valpy French, immediately urged the Cambridge Mission, an Anglican mission organised by the alumni of University of Cambridge, to fill the breach. [8] The other major aim for the foundation of the college was response to British Indian Government's policy of promoting English education in India. [9] It was the Reverend Samuel Scott Allnutt of St. John's College, Cambridge, who was mainly responsible for founding the college. Finally on 1 February 1881, in support of the work of the United Society Partners in the Gospel, the Cambridge Brotherhood founded the St. Stephen's College. The Reverend Samuel Scott Allnutt served as its first principal. [10]

The college's first premises were in Chandni Chowk, Delhi with five boarders and three professors, and was an affiliate of the University of Calcutta, [11] but later in 1882, it changed its affiliation to Punjab University. The Punjab University received its charter more than one year after the founding of St. Stephen's College, which became one of the two institutions first affiliated to it and moved into premises in Kashmiri Gate, Delhi. [12]

In 1906, Principal Rev. G. Hibbert Ware abdicated his post in favour of Susil Kumar Rudra who became the first Indian to head a major educational institution in India. The decision was frowned upon at the time, but Principal Susil Kumar Rudra proved to have a tenure of extraordinary importance for the college. [13]

Reverend C. F. Andrews, a prominent lecturer at the college and member of the Cambridge Brotherhood, was active in the Indian independence movement, and was named deenbandhu (which means, friend of the poor) by Mahatma Gandhi on account of his work with the needy and the trade union movement. Currently, a portrait of Reverend C. F. Andrews is hung beside the portrait of his good friend Rabindranath Tagore in the principal's office. It is also believed that Rabindranath Tagore completed the English translation of Gitanjali , for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, while a guest at the college. [8]

With the establishment of the University of Delhi in 1922, the college became a constituent college of the university. [14]

Women were first admitted in 1928, as there were no women's colleges in Delhi affiliated with the Anglican Church at the time; after the founding of Miranda House in 1949, women were not accepted as students until 1975. [15]

Principal
  • The Reverend Samuel Scott Allnutt, 1881-1898
  • John Wright, 1899-1902
  • The Reverend G Hibbert Ware, 1902-1906
  • Susil Kumar Rudra, 1906-1923
  • The Reverend Francis Frank Monk, 1923-1926
  • Satya Nand Mukarji, 1926-1945
  • Douglas Raja Ram, 1945-1960
  • Satish Chandra Sircar, 1960-1972
  • The Reverend William Shaw Rajpal, 1972-1984
  • John H Hala, 1984-1991
  • Anil Wilson, 1991-2007
  • The Reverend Valson Thampu, 2008–2016 [16]
  • John Vargheese, 2016–present [17]

Etymology

The college was named after Saint Stephen, who was adopted by the Anglican Church as the patron saint of Delhi after Christian converts were reportedly stoned to death during the 1857 uprising, as they were the first Christian martyrs in North India and were stoned, parallels to Saint Stephen were obvious. [18]

Badge

The badge is a martyr's crown on a field of martyr's red within a five-pointed star edged with Cambridge blue. The five-pointed star represents India, the Cambridge blue border of star represents the impact of University of Cambridge, having been founded by the members of the Cambridge Mission to Delhi and the ground is coloured red to represent Saint Stephen, the first Christian martyr and patron saint of the Anglican Mission in Delhi, in whose memory the college is built, stands the martyr's crown in gold.[ citation needed ]

Present form

St. Stephen's College is a co-educational institution of higher learning. It is one of the three founding colleges of University of Delhi, along with Hindu College and Ramjas College. [19] In spite of its location in North India, the college has always striven to admit students and select teachers from all communities and from all parts of India. It also admits a small number of students from overseas. The college offers a number of scholarships and awards to meritorious students. These are endowed over a period of time. [20] [21] As of February 2017, the governing body of St. Stephen's College has decided to go ahead with the proposal to seek autonomy for the institution. [22]

Campus

Church inside Saint Stephen's College Church inside Saint Stephens College , Delhi University (cropped).jpg
Church inside Saint Stephen's College

The campus is located in the North Campus of the University of Delhi and designed by the distinguished Welsh architect Walter Sykes George. The construction was completed in 1941. [23] The college had previously functioned from a campus in Kashmiri Gate, Delhi, housed in distinctive Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture. This building now houses the Election Commission of Delhi. In fact, some college playing fields are still located between Kashmiri Gate and Mori Gate. [12] Facilities for a number of sports are provided for on the college campus. The Francis Monk Gymnasium, the Ladies Common Room, and the Junior Common Room provide facilities for indoor sports and recreation. A chapel is open to all members for worship and meditation. [8]

Residence halls

The college's halls of residence are spread across six blocks, named for former principals, as given below:

These too have different parts like main block and extension. Originally only for male students (termed "Scholars in Residence"), three of these blocks are now allotted to female students. [24] These blocks have a capacity of 500 men and women. Each block is supervised by a member of the faculty functioning as block tutor. Porters and other staff who work in residence are referred to as "gyps" and "karamcharis" respectively. [25]

Library

The St. Stephen's College library has rare Persian and Sanskrit manuscripts. It also offers digital services to students and has its own homegrown online public access catalog. [26] There is also a college archive housed in the library, containing various documents relating to the history of the college.

Organisation and administration

Departments

The departments offering courses include:

There is also an International Languages School which provides certificate courses in European and Asian languages. Further several departments have their own undergraduate research fellowships to encourage undergraduates to engage in research. These fellowships are in partnership with other colleges in some cases or advised by the faculty themselves. There are additional certificate courses offered by the college as well in addition to those provided by the Delhi University.

The curriculum of the courses followed is in tune with those of the Delhi University. Two annual exams are held and internal assessment contributing to 25% marks make up for continuous evaluation during the rest of the semester.

The college has also introduced a one of a kind certificate course in "Citizenship and Cultural Richness" which brings together a series of lectures by eminent Indian academics in a variety of fields ranging from science to literature, economics and social values. This had been touted as outreach by the principal of the college. [27]

Academics

Rankings

College rankings
Business – international
General – India
NIRF (Colleges) (2020) [28] 4

St. Stephen's is ranked fourth among colleges in India by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) in 2020. [29] India Today ranked St. Stephen second among art colleges [30] and third among science colleges in 2020. [31]

Admission

The college has its own selection process unlike other colleges under Delhi University. The college has an online application process where prospective applicants are expected to fill in their interests and academic achievements. The college releases a list for students selected to an interview and admission test by the first week of June. Every department has its own academic criteria and admission test/interview process. The interview constitutes 15% of the evaluation process. [32] Candidates called for interview are usually selected in a ratio of 5:1. St. Stephen's generally receives around 30,000 applicants for 400 seats each year leading to an incredibly low admit rate of 1.33%. [33] However, this rate is also offset by reservation for minorities which amount to 50% and reservation for scheduled castes, tribes and other backward classes as allowed by the Indian Constitution. Accounting for all quotas for affirmative action, St. Stephen's admits roughly 40% students from the general category.

The college also has several exchange programs with universities from Japan, the UK, Europe and the US.

Student life

Student societies

Student clubs and societies have always played an important role in the life of the college, and are seen as vital to student development. Each academic subject has a society which sponsors lectures and discussions. The popular extra-curricular societies and clubs engage in activities concerned with debating, dramatics, wall climbing and trekking, film, social service, photography, quizzing and astronomy. The social service league is the largest and most active society of St. Stephen's College which follows the mantra "Service above Self". It works for the betterment of the underprivileged sections of the society. [34] In continuance of a long tradition, the Planning Forum regularly invites distinguished visitors to address and join issue with students on various topical issues. [35] The college also publishes department newsletters, college magazines and yearbooks. Several departments also publish their annual journals aside from the college publications. The college English dramatics society, the Shakespeare Society, is amongst the most famous clubs in the institution, with a history dating back to the turn of the 20th century. The Shakespeare Society has had a long tradition of performing at least one Shakespeare play annually, a tradition that has started to change with time. Many celebrities started out in this society including Konkana Sen and Kabir Bedi.[ citation needed ]

Notable alumni

Alumni and students of St. Stephen's College are called "Stephanians". The college has produced many distinguished alumni, including several members of the Indian Parliament [36] and the presidents of three countries. The college is one of the largest contributors to Indian Rhodes Scholars, as well as Chevening, Commonwealth, Inlaks, Nehru-Fulbright scholars among others. Alumni of the college include distinguished economists, CEOs of Fortune 500 companies, scientists, mathematicians, historians, writers, bureaucrats, journalists, lawyers, and sportspersons including a number of Olympians and international athletes.

Related Research Articles

Delhi University Central university located in New Delhi, India

The University of Delhi, informally known as Delhi University (DU), is a collegiate public central university located in New Delhi, India. It was founded in 1922 by an Act of the Central Legislative Assembly and is recognized as an Institute of Eminence (IoE) by the University Grants Commission (UGC). As a collegiate university, its main functions are divided between the academic departments of the university and affiliated colleges. Consisting of three colleges, two faculties, and 750 students at its founding, the University of Delhi has since become India's largest institution of higher learning and among the largest in the world. The university has 16 faculties and 86 departments distributed across its North and South campuses. It has 77 affiliated colleges and five other institutes. The Vice President of India serves as the University chancellor.

Miranda House Constituent college for women at the University of Delhi in India

Miranda House is a constituent college for women at the University of Delhi in India. Established in 1948, it offers degrees in the sciences and liberal arts.

Stephanian can refer to:

Bengali Christians

Bengali Christians are adherents of Christianity among the Bengali people. Christianity took root in Bengal after the arrival of Portuguese voyagers in the 16th century. It witnessed further conversions among the Bengali upper-caste elite during the 19th century Bengali Renaissance.

Modern School (New Delhi) Private school in New Delhi, Delhi, India

Modern School is a co-educational, private school in New Delhi, India. It was founded in 1920 by Lala Raghubir Singh, a prominent Delhi-based businessman and philanthropist, who desired an institution that combined the "best of ancient Indian tradition with the needs of the times." It was the first private and coeducational school established in Delhi after the capital of the British Raj shifted to the city.

Hindu College, Delhi College in University of Delhi, New Delhi, India

Hindu College is a constituent college of the University of Delhi in New Delhi, India. Established in 1899, it is one of the oldest for arts and sciences in India. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in sciences, humanities, social sciences and commerce. In 2020, it is ranked 3rd nationally by National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF) under Ministry of Human Resource Development. It has been awarded 'Star College' status for its Department of Biotechnology by the Ministry of Science and Technology. The college has produced many notable alumni in the fields of Law, Economics, Science, Psychology, Business, Philosophy, Literature, Media, Cinema, Military, Sports and Politics. Notwithstanding its name, students from all religions are admitted to Hindu College.

Lady Shri Ram College

Lady Shri Ram College for Women (LSR) is a constituent woman college of the University of Delhi.

Charles Freer Andrews Christian missionary in India, close friend of Mahatma Gandhi

Charles Freer Andrews was an Anglican priest and Christian missionary, educator and social reformer, and an activist for Indian Independence. He became a close friend of Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi and identified with the Indian liberation struggle. He was instrumental in convincing Gandhi to return to India from South Africa, where Gandhi had been a leading light in the Indian civil rights struggle.

Amiya Kumar Bagchi is a distinguished Indian political economist. His contributions have spanned economic history, the economics of industrialisation and deindustrialisation, and development studies from an overall Marxist perspective, incorporating insights from other schools of radical political economics, including left Keynesianism. Among Marxists, he is known for his extensive contributions to theories of imperialism and underdevelopment.

Indraprastha College for Women

Indraprastha College for Women also known as Indraprastha College or IP College is the oldest women's college in Delhi. Established in 1924, it is a constituent college of University of Delhi.

Ramjas College

Ramjas College is a college of the University of Delhi located in North Campus of the university in New Delhi, India. The college admits both undergraduates and post-graduates, and awards degrees under the purview of the University of Delhi.

Jesus and Mary College Womens college of University of Delhi, India

Jesus and Mary College (JMC) is a women-only college of the University of Delhi located in New Delhi, India. The college offers bachelor's degrees in Commerce, Arts and Mathematics. The college offers honors degrees in Elementary Education, History, Sociology, Political Science, Vocational Studies, Hindi, English, Economics, Psychology, Mathematics and commerce. The college is located in the Chanakyapuri diplomatic enclave in New Delhi.

Susil Kumar Rudra was an Indian educationalist and associate of Mahatma Gandhi and C F Andrews who served as the first Indian principal of St Stephen's College, Delhi.

Cambridge Mission to Delhi

The Cambridge Mission to Delhi was an Anglican Christian missionary initiative to India in the mid 19th and early 20th centuries led by graduates of Cambridge University. Individual members of the mission community are credited with helping to establish St. Stephens's College, a constituent College of the current University of Delhi, for social reform initiatives, and for providing support in the later years of the Indian independence movement.

Aligarh Muslim University Public university in India

Aligarh Muslim University is a public central university in Aligarh, India, which was originally established by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan as the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College in 1875. Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College became Aligarh Muslim University in 1920, following the Aligarh Muslim University Act. It has three off-campus centres in AMU Malappuram Campus (Kerala), AMU Murshidabad centre, and Kishanganj Centre (Bihar). The university offers more than 300 courses in traditional and modern branches of education, and is an institute of national importance as declared under seventh schedule of the Constitution of India at its commencement.

Lucy Oommen was an Indian gynaecologist and the first medical director of Indian origin at the St Stephen's Hospital, Delhi. Born to P. K. Oommen and Kochannamma and sister to Jacob Oommen and Alice, in the south Indian state of Kerala, she graduated in medicine from the Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore and joined St Stephen's Hospital Delhi as a surgeon in 1942. She then took charge as superintendent from Dr. Morris.

Marie Elizabeth Hayes Irish medical missionary to India

Marie E. Hayes, a native of Raheny, Ireland, one of few early female medical graduates from Ireland in 1904, became a medical missionary and chief of Rewari Hospital in India part of the Cambridge Mission to Delhi. Hayes died unexpectedly from a pneumonia in 1908. Known for her work, passion, and character, a ward was built in her name in St Stephen's Hospital, Delhi.

Dr. Somendra Tomar is an Indian politician and a member of 17th Legislative Assembly for Uttar Pradesh, India. He represents the Meerut South constituency of Uttar Pradesh. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

References

  1. "Principal – St. Stephen's College, Delhi".
  2. https://www.ststephens.edu/supreme-council/.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 October 2006. Retrieved 3 October 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/news/story/ugc-unfavourable-legal-opinion-st-stephens-autonomy-1304046-2018-08-03
  5. https://www.financialexpress.com/education-2/no-autonomy-for-delhi-universitys-st-stephen-college-here-is-what-you-should-know/1268079/
  6. https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/st-stephens-alumni-upset-over-changes/article7978335.ece
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 December 2006. Retrieved 2 October 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. 1 2 3 "St. Stephen's College, Delhi, India: History". ase.tufts.edu. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. "Gardener's Son Begins New Chapter in St.Stephen's 133-year History". Ndtv.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  12. 1 2 "City Monument – Old Stephen's, Kashmere Gate". Thedelhiwalla.com. 2 June 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  13. "Google Books". books.google.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  14. "About DU - University of Delhi". Du.ac.in. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  15. "Oh boy! Still at girls' mercy". Telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  16. https://www.dailyo.in/voices/st-stephens-autonomy-delhi-university-ugc-hrd-ministry/story/1/24241.html
  17. "St. Stephen's College, Delhi – Official website of St. Stephen's College, University of Delhi, Delhi". Ststephens.edu. Archived from the original on 11 February 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  18. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. "About DU". Du.ac.in. University of Delhi. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  20. "Top Indian colleges that offer sports scholarships". Redbull.com. Red Bull. 11 June 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  21. "Tiara St. Stephen's Special Opportunity Award". Tiarafoundation.com. Tiara Foundation. Archived from the original on 6 October 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  22. "Despite opposition Stephen's decides to seek autonomous status" . Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  23. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 September 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. "St. Stephen's College - DU Beat". Dubeat.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  25. "Historical Landmarks of North Campus". prezi.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  26. "10 cool facts about St. Stephen's College". Duupdates.com. DU Updates. 6 June 2016. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  27. "Course on 'Citizenship and Cultural Richness' launched at St Stephen's". Indianexpress.com. The Indian Express. 8 March 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  28. "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Colleges)". National Institutional Ranking Framework . Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  29. "MHRD, National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF)". www.nirfindia.org. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  30. "Best Arts Colleges 2020: List of Top Arts Colleges 2020 in India - Page1". www.indiatoday.in. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  31. "Best Science Colleges 2020: List of Top Science Colleges 2020 in India - Page2". www.indiatoday.in. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  32. "St. Stephen's Interview : Tips to turn a worrier into a Warrior". Not So Stephanian. Not So Stephanian.
  33. Sebastian, Kritika Sharma (17 June 2015). "St. Stephen's cut-off a staggering 99%". Thehindu.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  34. "All about societies". Not So Stephanian.
  35. "St Stephen's: From hostel to hangout zones, know your DU college". Daily.bhaskar.com. 14 June 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  36. thmky (1 August 2004). "Stephanians in Parliament". The Hindu . Archived from the original on 1 December 2004. Retrieved 17 September 2017.