Tongoa

Last updated
Tongoa
ShepherdIslandsMap.png
Map Showing Tongoa Island
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 16°54′S168°33′E / 16.900°S 168.550°E / -16.900; 168.550 Coordinates: 16°54′S168°33′E / 16.900°S 168.550°E / -16.900; 168.550
Archipelago Vanuatu, Shepherd Islands
Area42 [1]  km2 (16 sq mi)
Highest elevation191 m (627 ft)
Administration
Province Shefa Province
Demographics
Population2243 (2015)

Tongoa Island is an inhabited island in Shefa Province of Vanuatu in the Pacific Ocean. [2]

Contents

Geography

Tongoa is the largest island of Shepherd Islands archipelago. The island is heavily vegetated and shows geothermal activity. Tongoa is of recent volcanic origin but currently has no currently active volcano. [3] There are numerous volcanic cones on the island and some black sand beaches. The estimated terrain elevation above the sea level is some 191 metres. [4] There is an airport on the island – Tongoa Airport (TGH). [5]

Flora and fauna

The interior part of the island is dense rain forest. The island is named after the Tongoa plant which grows in the area. Megapodes nest on the island. [6] The only non-human mammals on the island are the Vanuatu flying fox and Tonga leather, or insular flying fox.

Important Bird Area

The island has been recognised as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports populations of Vanuatu megapodes, red-bellied fruit doves, grey-eared honeyeaters, cardinal myzomelas, Melanesian flycatchers, Vanuatu white-eyes and red-headed parrotfinches. The neighbouring islet of Laika to the north has a breeding colony of wedge-tailed shearwaters. [7]

Population

As of 2015, the official local population was 2243 people in 454 households, most of whom moved from Epi, Emae and Makira to Tongoa. [8] There are 14 villages on the island. Some natives speak Makura language (Na Makura) and North Efate language (Na Kanamanga). [9]

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References

  1. "Vanuatu". Haos Blong Volkeno. Retrieved 8 August 2018.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. UNEP Islands Directory
  3. "Tongoa - Laika". Birdlife International. Retrieved 10 August 2018.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. "Tongoa Island". Mapcarta. Retrieved 8 August 2018.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. "Tongoa Airport (TGH)". World Airport Codes. Retrieved 8 August 2018.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. "Shepherd group of islands". Vanuatu Islands Travel Info. Retrieved 9 August 2018.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. "Tongoa – Laika". BirdLife Data Zone. BirdLife International. 2021. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  8. "2015 Vanuatu National Population and Households Projections by Province and Islands" (PDF). Vanuatu National Statistics Office. Retrieved 8 August 2018.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. Coiffier, Christian (1988). Traditional Architecture in Vanuatu. p. 129. ISBN   9789820200470 . Retrieved 10 August 2018.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)