Union Parish, Louisiana

Last updated
Union Parish, Louisiana
Parish of Union
Union Parish Courthouse IMG 3859.JPG
Union Parish Courthouse in Farmerville
Map of Louisiana highlighting Union Parish.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Louisiana in United States.svg
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
StateFlag of Louisiana.svg  Louisiana
Region North Louisiana
FoundedMarch 13, 1839
Named for Union of American states
Parish seat (and largest town) Farmerville
Area
  Total2,340 km2 (905 sq mi)
  Land2,270 km2 (877 sq mi)
  Water70 km2 (28 sq mi)
  percentage7.9 km2 (3.06 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
  Total22,721
  Estimate 
(2018)
22,330
  Density9.7/km2 (25/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code 318
Congressional district 4th
Lake D'Arbonne west of Farmerville. Lake D'Arbonne west of Farmerville IMG 3865.JPG
Lake D'Arbonne west of Farmerville.
Union General Hospital in Farmerville. Union General Hospital in Farmerville IMG 3864.JPG
Union General Hospital in Farmerville.

Union Parish (French: Paroisse de l'Union) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,721. [1] The parish seat is Farmerville. [2] The parish was created on March 13, 1839, from a section of Ouachita Parish. Its boundaries have changed four times since then (in 1845, 1846, 1867, and 1873, respectively). [3]

Contents

Union Parish is part of the Monroe, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Union Parish/Union County monument

In 1931, a monument was erected at the Union Parish border with Union County, Arkansas, through the private efforts of former Arkansas Governor George Washington Donaghey (1856–1937). [4] He was born in Union Parish and grew up in the border area before moving with his family as a teenager to Conway, Arkansas. As governor of Arkansas, Donaghey oversaw the construction of the state capitol building in Little Rock and implemented founding of the state health unit and its agricultural colleges.

Having long felt a kinship to both states, after his gubernatorial tenure Donaghey commissioned a park on the border land and a monument. The monument is known for its intricate carvings and Art Deco style. It includes references to different modes of transportation in 1831 and 1931 and mentions Louisiana Governor Huey P. Long, Jr., whose educational program Donaghey admired. The land was not registered with the state parks offices in either state, timber companies cut trees thereabouts, and the monument was forgotten. In 1975, State Representative Louise B. Johnson gained passage of a law to refurbish the monument. A completed restoration was unveiled in 2009. [4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 905 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 877 square miles (2,270 km2) is land and 28 square miles (73 km2) (3.1%) is water. [5]

Geographically north central Louisiana, Union Parish more closely resembles Lincoln Parish, to which Union is deeply tied culturally, politically, and educationally. Union Parish, along with Lincoln Parish to the southwest and Union County, Arkansas to the north, form the eastern boundary of the Ark-La-Tex region.

Major highways

Adjacent parishes and counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 1,838
1850 8,203346.3%
1860 10,38926.6%
1870 11,68512.5%
1880 13,52615.8%
1890 17,30427.9%
1900 18,5207.0%
1910 20,45110.4%
1920 19,621−4.1%
1930 20,7315.7%
1940 20,9431.0%
1950 19,141−8.6%
1960 17,624−7.9%
1970 18,4474.7%
1980 21,16714.7%
1990 20,690−2.3%
2000 22,80310.2%
2010 22,721−0.4%
2018 (est.)22,330 [6] −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 22,803 people, 8,857 households, and 6,412 families residing in the parish. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 10,873 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the parish was 69.79% White, 27.95% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,857 households, out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the parish the population was spread out, with 25.70% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $29,061, and median income of a family was $36,035. Males had a median income of $30,494 versus $21,070 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $14,819. About 14.30% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.60% of those under age 18 and 17.70% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Located in far northern Louisiana next to the Arkansas state line, Union Parish is heavily Republican in most competitive elections, particularly at the presidential level, last voting for a Democratic presidential nominee in 1952 when Adlai Stevenson received 52% of the vote. In the most recent election in 2020, incumbent President Donald Trump received 8,407 votes (75.1 percent) of the parish total to 2,654 (23.7 percent) for former Vice President Joe Biden. [12]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 75.1%8,40723.7% 2,6541.3% 140
2016 73.2%7,97224.7% 2,6912.1% 231
2012 70.2%7,56128.6% 3,0751.2% 130
2008 70.1%7,61928.6% 3,1031.3% 146
2004 69.6%7,45728.8% 3,0891.6% 172
2000 61.8%5,77234.3% 3,2053.9% 366
1996 46.3%4,41844.6% 4,2609.1% 865
1992 44.0%4,43439.8% 4,00516.2% 1,630
1988 63.0%5,90034.3% 3,2102.8% 259
1984 67.7%6,58530.0% 2,9162.3% 222
1980 55.8%5,13041.8% 3,8412.5% 227
1976 52.4%4,13945.5% 3,6002.1% 166
1972 70.2%4,32223.8% 1,4656.0% 370
1968 16.5% 1,11319.8% 1,33663.7%4,297
1964 79.7%4,53420.3% 1,155
1960 49.6%2,01725.5% 1,03424.9% 1,012
1956 40.5%1,38425.7% 87833.8% 1,156
1952 48.0% 1,89452.0%2,055
1948 9.1% 25925.4% 72465.6%1,873
1944 31.3% 80368.7%1,765
1940 11.6% 37188.5%2,842
1936 13.3% 27286.7%1,778
1932 2.5% 5897.5%2,285
1928 28.0% 42271.9%1,0850.1% 2
1924 0.8% 799.1%8750.1% 1
1920 7.4% 9892.6%1,221
1916 2.0% 2298.0%1,1060.1% 1
1912 1.4% 1187.7%69611.0% 87

Education

Residents are assigned to Union Parish Public Schools.

Communities

Map of Union Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels Map of Union Parish Louisiana With Municipal Labels.PNG
Map of Union Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Towns

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

Two Louisiana governors came from the Shiloh Community in Union Parish:

Two Arkansas governors were natives of Union Parish:

Other Union Parish residents have included:

See also

Sources

Many facts concerning events in early Union Parish history come from the conveyance, probate, and lawsuit records on file in the Union Parish courthouse, as well as records of the United States Land Offices available in the National Archives. Other sources include:

1) Williams, E. Russ, Jr., Spanish Poste d’Ouachita: The Ouachita Valley in Colonial Louisiana 1783–1804, and Early American Statehood, 1804–1820, Williams Genealogical Publications, Monroe, LA, 1995.

2) Williams, E. Russ, Jr., Encyclopedia of Individuals and Founding Families of the Ouachita Valley of Louisiana From 1785 to 1850: Organized into Family Groups with Miscellaneous Materials on Historical Events, Places, and Other Important Topics, Part Oe A – K, Williams Genealogical and Historical Publications, Monroe, LA, 1996.

3) Williams, E. Russ, Jr., Encyclopedia of Individuals and Founding Families of the Ouachita Valley of Louisiana From 1785 to 1850: Organized into Family Groups with Miscellaneous Materials on Historical Events, Places, and Other Important Topics, Part Two L – O, Williams Genealogical and Historical Publications, Monroe, LA, 1997.

4) Williams, Max Harrison, Union Parish (Louisiana) Historical Records: Police Jury Minutes, 1839–1846, D’Arbonne Research and Publishing Co., Farmerville, LA, 1993.

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Lake DArbonne

Lake D’Arbonne is a reservoir located near and around the town of Farmerville in Union Parish in north Louisiana. Isolated in a rural area, it is a popular man-made fishing area that has a combined estimated area of 15,250 acres (62 km2). The lake was first conceived in 1957. The 2450-feet long concrete dam was built in 1961 by the Louisiana Department of Public Works and the resulting lake took shape by 1963 behind the 54-feet tall dam. Lake D’Arbonne State Park, a state maintained camping and recreation area, lies on the lake.

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References

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Coordinates: 32°50′N92°23′W / 32.83°N 92.38°W / 32.83; -92.38