7-orthoplex

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Regular 7-orthoplex
(heptacross)
7-orthoplex.svg
Orthogonal projection
inside Petrie polygon
TypeRegular 7-polytope
Family orthoplex
Schläfli symbol {35,4}
{3,3,3,3,31,1}
Coxeter-Dynkin diagrams CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png
CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.png
6-faces128 {35} 6-simplex t0.svg
5-faces448 {34} 5-simplex t0.svg
4-faces672 {33} 4-simplex t0.svg
Cells560 {3,3} 3-simplex t0.svg
Faces280 {3} 2-simplex t0.svg
Edges84
Vertices14
Vertex figure 6-orthoplex
Petrie polygon tetradecagon
Coxeter groups C7, [3,3,3,3,3,4]
D7, [34,1,1]
Dual 7-cube
Properties convex, Hanner polytope

In geometry, a 7-orthoplex, or 7-cross polytope, is a regular 7-polytope with 14 vertices, 84 edges, 280 triangle faces, 560 tetrahedron cells, 672 5-cells 4-faces, 448 5-faces, and 128 6-faces.

Contents

It has two constructed forms, the first being regular with Schläfli symbol {35,4}, and the second with alternately labeled (checkerboarded) facets, with Schläfli symbol {3,3,3,3,31,1} or Coxeter symbol 411.

It is a part of an infinite family of polytopes, called cross-polytopes or orthoplexes. The dual polytope is the 7-hypercube, or hepteract.

Alternate names

As a configuration

This configuration matrix represents the 7-orthoplex. The rows and columns correspond to vertices, edges, faces, cells, 4-faces, 5-faces and 6-faces. The diagonal numbers say how many of each element occur in the whole 7-orthoplex. The nondiagonal numbers say how many of the column's element occur in or at the row's element. [1] [2]

Images

orthographic projections
Coxeter plane B7 / A6B6 / D7B5 / D6 / A4
Graph 7-cube t6.svg 7-cube t6 B6.svg 7-cube t6 B5.svg
Dihedral symmetry [14][12][10]
Coxeter planeB4 / D5B3 / D4 / A2B2 / D3
Graph 7-cube t6 B4.svg 7-cube t6 B3.svg 7-cube t6 B2.svg
Dihedral symmetry[8][6][4]
Coxeter planeA5A3
Graph 7-cube t6 A5.svg 7-cube t6 A3.svg
Dihedral symmetry[6][4]

Construction

There are two Coxeter groups associated with the 7-orthoplex, one regular, dual of the hepteract with the C7 or [4,3,3,3,3,3] symmetry group, and a half symmetry with two copies of 6-simplex facets, alternating, with the D7 or [34,1,1] symmetry group. A lowest symmetry construction is based on a dual of a 7-orthotope, called a 7-fusil.

Name Coxeter diagram Schläfli symbol Symmetry Order Vertex figure
regular 7-orthoplexCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png{3,3,3,3,3,4}[3,3,3,3,3,4]645120CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png
Quasiregular 7-orthoplexCDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.png{3,3,3,3,31,1}[3,3,3,3,31,1]322560CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.png
7-fusilCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.png7{}[26]128CDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel node f1.png

Cartesian coordinates

Cartesian coordinates for the vertices of a 7-orthoplex, centered at the origin are

(±1,0,0,0,0,0,0), (0,±1,0,0,0,0,0), (0,0,±1,0,0,0,0), (0,0,0,±1,0,0,0), (0,0,0,0,±1,0,0), (0,0,0,0,0,±1,0), (0,0,0,0,0,0,±1)

Every vertex pair is connected by an edge, except opposites.

See also

Related Research Articles

In five-dimensional geometry, a 5-cube is a name for a five-dimensional hypercube with 32 vertices, 80 edges, 80 square faces, 40 cubic cells, and 10 tesseract 4-faces.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">5-orthoplex</span>

In five-dimensional geometry, a 5-orthoplex, or 5-cross polytope, is a five-dimensional polytope with 10 vertices, 40 edges, 80 triangle faces, 80 tetrahedron cells, 32 5-cell 4-faces.

In five-dimensional geometry, a 5-simplex is a self-dual regular 5-polytope. It has six vertices, 15 edges, 20 triangle faces, 15 tetrahedral cells, and 6 5-cell facets. It has a dihedral angle of cos−1(1/5), or approximately 78.46°.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">6-cube</span> 6-dimensional hypercube

In geometry, a 6-cube is a six-dimensional hypercube with 64 vertices, 192 edges, 240 square faces, 160 cubic cells, 60 tesseract 4-faces, and 12 5-cube 5-faces.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">6-orthoplex</span>

In geometry, a 6-orthoplex, or 6-cross polytope, is a regular 6-polytope with 12 vertices, 60 edges, 160 triangle faces, 240 tetrahedron cells, 192 5-cell 4-faces, and 64 5-faces.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">7-cube</span> 7-dimensional hypercube

In geometry, a 7-cube is a seven-dimensional hypercube with 128 vertices, 448 edges, 672 square faces, 560 cubic cells, 280 tesseract 4-faces, 84 penteract 5-faces, and 14 hexeract 6-faces.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">7-demicube</span>

In geometry, a demihepteract or 7-demicube is a uniform 7-polytope, constructed from the 7-hypercube (hepteract) with alternated vertices removed. It is part of a dimensionally infinite family of uniform polytopes called demihypercubes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">8-cube</span> 8-dimensional hypercube

In geometry, an 8-cube is an eight-dimensional hypercube. It has 256 vertices, 1024 edges, 1792 square faces, 1792 cubic cells, 1120 tesseract 4-faces, 448 5-cube 5-faces, 112 6-cube 6-faces, and 16 7-cube 7-faces.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">9-cube</span> 9-dimensional hypercube

In geometry, a 9-cube is a nine-dimensional hypercube with 512 vertices, 2304 edges, 4608 square faces, 5376 cubic cells, 4032 tesseract 4-faces, 2016 5-cube 5-faces, 672 6-cube 6-faces, 144 7-cube 7-faces, and 18 8-cube 8-faces.

In geometry, a 6-simplex is a self-dual regular 6-polytope. It has 7 vertices, 21 edges, 35 triangle faces, 35 tetrahedral cells, 21 5-cell 4-faces, and 7 5-simplex 5-faces. Its dihedral angle is cos−1(1/6), or approximately 80.41°.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">7-simplex</span>

In 7-dimensional geometry, a 7-simplex is a self-dual regular 7-polytope. It has 8 vertices, 28 edges, 56 triangle faces, 70 tetrahedral cells, 56 5-cell 5-faces, 28 5-simplex 6-faces, and 8 6-simplex 7-faces. Its dihedral angle is cos−1(1/7), or approximately 81.79°.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">8-orthoplex</span>

In geometry, an 8-orthoplex or 8-cross polytope is a regular 8-polytope with 16 vertices, 112 edges, 448 triangle faces, 1120 tetrahedron cells, 1792 5-cells 4-faces, 1792 5-faces, 1024 6-faces, and 256 7-faces.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">8-simplex</span>

In geometry, an 8-simplex is a self-dual regular 8-polytope. It has 9 vertices, 36 edges, 84 triangle faces, 126 tetrahedral cells, 126 5-cell 4-faces, 84 5-simplex 5-faces, 36 6-simplex 6-faces, and 9 7-simplex 7-faces. Its dihedral angle is cos−1(1/8), or approximately 82.82°.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">9-orthoplex</span>

In geometry, a 9-orthoplex or 9-cross polytope, is a regular 9-polytope with 18 vertices, 144 edges, 672 triangle faces, 2016 tetrahedron cells, 4032 5-cells 4-faces, 5376 5-simplex 5-faces, 4608 6-simplex 6-faces, 2304 7-simplex 7-faces, and 512 8-simplex 8-faces.

The 7-cubic honeycomb or hepteractic honeycomb is the only regular space-filling tessellation in Euclidean 7-space.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">10-orthoplex</span>

In geometry, a 10-orthoplex or 10-cross polytope, is a regular 10-polytope with 20 vertices, 180 edges, 960 triangle faces, 3360 octahedron cells, 8064 5-cells 4-faces, 13440 5-faces, 15360 6-faces, 11520 7-faces, 5120 8-faces, and 1024 9-faces.

2<sub> 41</sub> polytope

In 8-dimensional geometry, the 241 is a uniform 8-polytope, constructed within the symmetry of the E8 group.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pentellated 6-simplexes</span>

In six-dimensional geometry, a pentellated 6-simplex is a convex uniform 6-polytope with 5th order truncations of the regular 6-simplex.

In seven-dimensional geometry, a rectified 7-orthoplex is a convex uniform 7-polytope, being a rectification of the regular 7-orthoplex.

In eight-dimensional geometry, a rectified 8-orthoplex is a convex uniform 8-polytope, being a rectification of the regular 8-orthoplex.

References

  1. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, sec 1.8 Configurations
  2. Coxeter, Complex Regular Polytopes, p.117
Family An Bn I2(p) / Dn E6 / E7 / E8 / F4 / G2 Hn
Regular polygon Triangle Square p-gon Hexagon Pentagon
Uniform polyhedron Tetrahedron OctahedronCube Demicube DodecahedronIcosahedron
Uniform polychoron Pentachoron 16-cellTesseract Demitesseract 24-cell 120-cell600-cell
Uniform 5-polytope 5-simplex 5-orthoplex5-cube 5-demicube
Uniform 6-polytope 6-simplex 6-orthoplex6-cube 6-demicube 122221
Uniform 7-polytope 7-simplex 7-orthoplex7-cube 7-demicube 132231321
Uniform 8-polytope 8-simplex 8-orthoplex8-cube 8-demicube 142241421
Uniform 9-polytope 9-simplex 9-orthoplex9-cube 9-demicube
Uniform 10-polytope 10-simplex 10-orthoplex10-cube 10-demicube
Uniform n-polytope n-simplex n-orthoplexn-cube n-demicube 1k22k1k21 n-pentagonal polytope
Topics: Polytope familiesRegular polytopeList of regular polytopes and compounds