5-demicube

Last updated
Demipenteract
(5-demicube)
Demipenteract graph ortho.svg
Petrie polygon projection
Type Uniform 5-polytope
Family (Dn)5-demicube
Families (En) k21 polytope
1k2 polytope
Coxeter
symbol
121
Schläfli
symbols
{3,32,1} = h{4,33}
s{2,4,3,3} or h{2}h{4,3,3}
sr{2,2,4,3} or h{2}h{2}h{4,3}
h{2}h{2}h{2}h{4}
s{21,1,1,1} or h{2}h{2}h{2}s{2}
Coxeter
diagrams
CDel nodes 10ru.pngCDel split2.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png = CDel node h1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
CDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
CDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
CDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png
CDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 2x.pngCDel node h.png
4-faces2610 {31,1,1} Cross graph 4.svg
16 {3,3,3} 4-simplex t0.svg
Cells12040 {31,0,1} 3-simplex t0.svg
80 {3,3} 3-simplex t0.svg
Faces160 {3} 2-simplex t0.svg
Edges80
Vertices16
Vertex
figure
5-demicube verf.svg
rectified 5-cell
Petrie
polygon
Octagon
Symmetry D5, [32,1,1] = [1+,4,33]
[24]+
Properties convex

In five-dimensional geometry, a demipenteract or 5-demicube is a semiregular 5-polytope, constructed from a 5-hypercube (penteract) with alternated vertices removed.

Contents

It was discovered by Thorold Gosset. Since it was the only semiregular 5-polytope (made of more than one type of regular facets), he called it a 5-ic semi-regular. E. L. Elte identified it in 1912 as a semiregular polytope, labeling it as HM5 for a 5-dimensional half measure polytope.

Coxeter named this polytope as 121 from its Coxeter diagram, which has branches of length 2, 1 and 1 with a ringed node on one of the short branches, CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel split1.pngCDel nodes.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.png and Schläfli symbol or {3,32,1}.

It exists in the k21 polytope family as 121 with the Gosset polytopes: 221, 321, and 421.

The graph formed by the vertices and edges of the demipenteract is sometimes called the Clebsch graph, though that name sometimes refers to the folded cube graph of order five instead.

Cartesian coordinates

Cartesian coordinates for the vertices of a demipenteract centered at the origin and edge length 22 are alternate halves of the penteract:

(±1,±1,±1,±1,±1)

with an odd number of plus signs.

As a configuration

This configuration matrix represents the 5-demicube. The rows and columns correspond to vertices, edges, faces, cells and 4-faces. The diagonal numbers say how many of each element occur in the whole 5-demicube. The nondiagonal numbers say how many of the column's element occur in or at the row's element. [1] [2]

The diagonal f-vector numbers are derived through the Wythoff construction, dividing the full group order of a subgroup order by removing one mirror at a time. [3]

D5CDel nodea 1.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel branch.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngk-facefkf0f1f2f3f4k-figurenotes
A4CDel nodea x.pngCDel 2.pngCDel branch.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.png( )f0161030102055 rectified 5-cell D5/A4 = 16*5!/5! = 16
A2A1A1CDel nodea 1.pngCDel 2.pngCDel nodes x0.pngCDel 2.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.png{ }f128063632 triangular prism D5/A2A1A1 = 16*5!/3!/2/2 = 80
A2A1CDel nodea 1.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodes 0x.pngCDel 2.pngCDel nodea x.pngCDel 2.pngCDel nodea.png {3} f2331601221 Isosceles triangle D5/A2A1 = 16*5!/3!/2 = 160
A3A1CDel nodea 1.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel branch.pngCDel 2.pngCDel nodea x.pngCDel 2.pngCDel nodea.png h{4,3} f346440*20{ }D5/A3A1 = 16*5!/4!/2 = 40
A3CDel nodea 1.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodes 0x.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 2.pngCDel nodea x.png {3,3} 464*8011{ }D5/A3 = 16*5!/4! = 80
D4CDel nodea 1.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel branch.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 2.pngCDel nodea x.png h{4,3,3} f4824328810*( )D5/D4 = 16*5!/8/4! = 10
A4CDel nodea 1.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodes 0x.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.png {3,3,3} 5101005*16( )D5/A4 = 16*5!/5! = 16

Projected images

Demipenteract wf.png
Perspective projection.

Images

orthographic projections
Coxeter plane B5
Graph 5-demicube t0 B5.svg
Dihedral symmetry [10/2]
Coxeter planeD5D4
Graph 5-demicube t0 D5.svg 5-demicube t0 D4.svg
Dihedral symmetry[8][6]
Coxeter planeD3A3
Graph 5-demicube t0 D3.svg 5-demicube t0 A3.svg
Dihedral symmetry[4][4]

It is a part of a dimensional family of uniform polytopes called demihypercubes for being alternation of the hypercube family.

There are 23 Uniform 5-polytopes (uniform 5-polytopes) that can be constructed from the D5 symmetry of the demipenteract, 8 of which are unique to this family, and 15 are shared within the penteractic family.

The 5-demicube is third in a dimensional series of semiregular polytopes. Each progressive uniform polytope is constructed vertex figure of the previous polytope. Thorold Gosset identified this series in 1900 as containing all regular polytope facets, containing all simplexes and orthoplexes (5-simplices and 5-orthoplexes in the case of the 5-demicube). In Coxeter's notation the 5-demicube is given the symbol 121.

Related Research Articles

Rectified 5-cell uniform polychoron

In four-dimensional geometry, the rectified 5-cell is a uniform 4-polytope composed of 5 regular tetrahedral and 5 regular octahedral cells. Each edge has one tetrahedron and two octahedra. Each vertex has two tetrahedra and three octahedra. In total it has 30 triangle faces, 30 edges, and 10 vertices. Each vertex is surrounded by 3 octahedra and 2 tetrahedra; the vertex figure is a triangular prism.

5-polytope 5-dimensional polytope

In five-dimensional geometry, a five-dimensional polytope or 5-polytope is a 5-dimensional polytope, bounded by (4-polytope) facets. Each polyhedral cell being shared by exactly two 4-polytope facets.

Uniform 6-polytope vertex-transitive 6-polytope bounded by uniform facets

In six-dimensional geometry, a uniform polypeton is a six-dimensional uniform polytope. A uniform polypeton is vertex-transitive, and all facets are uniform 5-polytopes.

Demihypercube polytope constructed from alternation of an hypercube

In geometry, demihypercubes are a class of n-polytopes constructed from alternation of an n-hypercube, labeled as n for being half of the hypercube family, γn. Half of the vertices are deleted and new facets are formed. The 2n facets become 2n(n-1)-demicubes, and 2n(n-1)-simplex facets are formed in place of the deleted vertices.

In five-dimensional geometry, a 5-cube is a name for a five-dimensional hypercube with 32 vertices, 80 edges, 80 square faces, 40 cubic cells, and 10 tesseract 4-faces.

6-demicube uniform 6-polytope

In geometry, a 6-demicube or demihexteract is a uniform 6-polytope, constructed from a 6-cube (hexeract) with alternated vertices removed. It is part of a dimensionally infinite family of uniform polytopes called demihypercubes.

7-cube convex regular 7-polytope

In geometry, a 7-cube is a seven-dimensional hypercube with 128 vertices, 448 edges, 672 square faces, 560 cubic cells, 280 tesseract 4-faces, 84 penteract 5-faces, and 14 hexeract 6-faces.

7-demicube uniform 7-polytope

In geometry, a demihepteract or 7-demicube is a uniform 7-polytope, constructed from the 7-hypercube (hepteract) with alternated vertices removed. It is part of a dimensionally infinite family of uniform polytopes called demihypercubes.

2<sub> 21</sub> polytope uniform 6-polytope

In 6-dimensional geometry, the 221 polytope is a uniform 6-polytope, constructed within the symmetry of the E6 group. It was discovered by Thorold Gosset, published in his 1900 paper. He called it an 6-ic semi-regular figure. It is also called the Schläfli polytope.

3<sub> 21</sub> polytope uniform 7-polytope

In 7-dimensional geometry, the 321 polytope is a uniform 7-polytope, constructed within the symmetry of the E7 group. It was discovered by Thorold Gosset, published in his 1900 paper. He called it an 7-ic semi-regular figure.

4<sub> 21</sub> polytope semiregular uniform 8-polytope

In 8-dimensional geometry, the 421 is a semiregular uniform 8-polytope, constructed within the symmetry of the E8 group. It was discovered by Thorold Gosset, published in his 1900 paper. He called it an 8-ic semi-regular figure.

Rectified 5-cubes

In five-dimensional geometry, a rectified 5-cube is a convex uniform 5-polytope, being a rectification of the regular 5-cube.

Cantic 5-cube

In geometry of five dimensions or higher, a cantic 5-cube, cantihalf 5-cube, truncated 5-demicube is a uniform 5-polytope, being a truncation of the 5-demicube. It has half the vertices of a cantellated 5-cube.

In geometry, the 521 honeycomb is a uniform tessellation of 8-dimensional Euclidean space. The symbol 521 is from Coxeter, named for the length of the 3 branches of its Coxeter-Dynkin diagram.

Runcic 5-cubes

In six-dimensional geometry, a runcic 5-cube or is a convex uniform 5-polytope. There are 2 runcic forms for the 5-cube. Runcic 5-cubes have half the vertices of runcinated 5-cubes.

Cantic 7-cube

In seven-dimensional geometry, a cantic 7-cube or truncated 7-demicube as a uniform 7-polytope, being a truncation of the 7-demicube.

Runcic 6-cubes

In six-dimensional geometry, a runcic 6-cube is a convex uniform 6-polytope. There are 2 unique runcic for the 6-cube.

Steric 6-cubes

In six-dimensional geometry, a steric 6-cube is a convex uniform 6-polytope. There are unique 4 steric forms of the 6-cube.

Runcic 7-cubes

In seven-dimensional geometry, a runcic 7-cube is a convex uniform 7-polytope, related to the uniform 7-demicube. There are 2 unique forms.

Steric 5-cubes

In five-dimensional geometry, a steric 5-cube or is a convex uniform 5-polytope. There are unique 4 steric forms of the 5-cube. Steric 5-cubes have half the vertices of stericated 5-cubes.

References

  1. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, sec 1.8 Configurations
  2. Coxeter, Complex Regular Polytopes, p.117
  3. Klitzing, Richard. "x3o3o *b3o3o - hin".
Fundamental convex regular and uniform polytopes in dimensions 2–10
Family An Bn I2(p) / Dn E6 / E7 / E8 / F4 / G2 Hn
Regular polygon Triangle Square p-gon Hexagon Pentagon
Uniform polyhedron Tetrahedron OctahedronCube Demicube DodecahedronIcosahedron
Uniform 4-polytope 5-cell 16-cellTesseract Demitesseract 24-cell 120-cell600-cell
Uniform 5-polytope 5-simplex 5-orthoplex5-cube 5-demicube
Uniform 6-polytope 6-simplex 6-orthoplex6-cube 6-demicube 122221
Uniform 7-polytope 7-simplex 7-orthoplex7-cube 7-demicube 132231321
Uniform 8-polytope 8-simplex 8-orthoplex8-cube 8-demicube 142241421
Uniform 9-polytope 9-simplex 9-orthoplex9-cube 9-demicube
Uniform 10-polytope 10-simplex 10-orthoplex10-cube 10-demicube
Uniform n-polytope n-simplex n-orthoplexn-cube n-demicube 1k22k1k21 n-pentagonal polytope
Topics: Polytope familiesRegular polytopeList of regular polytopes and compounds