Glossary of Shinto

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This is the glossary of Shinto , including major terms on the subject. Words followed by an asterisk (*) are illustrated by an image in one of the photo galleries.


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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 Bocking, Brian (1997). A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. Routledge. ISBN   978-0-7007-1051-5.
  2. New Larousse encyclopedia of mythology, by Félix Guirand and Robert Graves, Hamlyn, 1968, p.415
  3. Yonei, Teruyoshi. "Aramitama". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Kokugakuin University. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
  4. JAANUS, Hachiman-zukuri accessed on December 1, 2009
  5. Nogami, Takahiro:  "Hakusan Shinkō" . Encyclopedia of Shinto, Kokugakuin University , retrieved on August 8, 2011
  6. 1 2 3 Smyers (1999:219)
  7. Iwanami Kōjien (広辞苑) Japanese dictionary, 6th Edition (2008), DVD version
  8. "Shintoism Facts". Retrieved 2023-02-12.
  9. "17 Facts You Probably Didn't Know About Shintoism". tsunagu Japan. Retrieved 2023-02-12.

Related Research Articles

Kami are the deities, divinities, spirits, phenomena or "holy powers" that are venerated in the Shinto religion. They can be elements of the landscape, forces of nature, or beings and the qualities that these beings express; they can also be the spirits of venerated dead people. Many kami are considered the ancient ancestors of entire clans. Traditionally, great leaders like the Emperor could be or became kami.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shinto</span> Religion from Japan

Shinto is a religion from Japan. Classified as an East Asian religion by scholars of religion, its practitioners often regard it as Japan's indigenous religion and as a nature religion. Scholars sometimes call its practitioners Shintoists, although adherents rarely use that term themselves. There is no central authority in control of Shinto, with much diversity of belief and practice evident among practitioners.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hachiman</span> Japanese Shinto–Buddhist syncretic deity

In Japanese religion, Yahata formerly in Shinto and later commonly known as Hachiman is the syncretic divinity of archery and war, incorporating elements from both Shinto and Buddhism.

<i>Miko</i> Shinto shrine maiden

A miko, or shrine maiden, is a young priestess who works at a Shinto shrine. Miko were once likely seen as shamans, but are understood in modern Japanese culture to be an institutionalized role in daily life, trained to perform tasks, ranging from sacred cleansing to performing the sacred Kagura dance.

<i>Ofuda</i> Shinto household amulet or talisman

In Shinto and Buddhism in Japan, an ofuda is a talisman made out of various materials such as paper, wood, cloth or metal. Ofuda are commonly found in both Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples and are considered to be imbued with the power of the deities or Buddhist figures revered therein. Such amulets are also called gofu (護符).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shinto shrine</span> Japanese shrine of the Shinto religion

A Shinto shrine is a structure whose main purpose is to house ("enshrine") one or more kami, the deities of the Shinto religion.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ōyamatsumi</span> Japanese god

Ōyama-tsumi or Ohoyama-tsumi, also Ōyama-tsumi-mi'oya-no-mikoto (大山祇御祖命), is a god of mountains, sea, and war in Japanese mythology. He is an elder brother of Amaterasu and Susanoo. His other names are Watashi-no-Ōkami (和多志大神) and Sakatoke (酒解神).

The Japanese word mitama refers to the spirit of a kami or the soul of a dead person. It is composed of two characters, the first of which, mi, is simply an honorific. The second, tama (魂・霊) means "spirit". The character pair 神霊, also read mitama, is used exclusively to refer to a kami's spirit. Significantly, the term mitamashiro is a synonym of shintai, the object which in a Shinto shrine houses the enshrined kami.

A tamaya is an altar used in Shinto-style ancestor worship, dedicated in the memory of deceased forebears. It generally has a mirror symbolizing the spirits of the deceased or a tablet bearing their names and is used not only to enshrine blood relatives, but also to honor respected non-family members.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Toyoukebime</span> The goddess of agriculture and industry in the Shinto religion in Japan.

Toyouke-Ōmikami is the goddess of agriculture and industry in the Shinto religion. Originally enshrined in the Tanba region of Japan, she was called to reside at Gekū, Ise Shrine, about 1,500 years ago at the age of Emperor Yūryaku to offer sacred food to Amaterasu Ōmikami, the Sun Goddess.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Toshigami</span> Shinto kami

Ōtoshi or Nigihayahi, commonly known: Toshigami or Ōtoshi is a Kami of the Shinto religion in Japan.

<i>Kamidana</i> Shinto altar

Kamidana are miniature household altars provided to enshrine a Shinto kami. They are most commonly found in Japan, the home of kami worship.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kanjō</span> Ritual enshrinement of a Kami

Kanjō (勧請) in Shinto terminology indicates a propagation process through which a kami, previously divided through a process called bunrei, is invited to another location and there re-enshrined.

<i>Yorishiro</i> Object capable of attracting spirits called kami

A yorishiro (依り代/依代/憑り代/憑代) in Shinto terminology is an object capable of attracting spirits called kami, thus giving them a physical space to occupy during religious ceremonies. Yorishiro are used during ceremonies to call the kami for worship. The word itself literally means "approach substitute". Once a yorishiro actually houses a kami, it is called a shintai. Ropes called shimenawa decorated with paper streamers called shide often surround yorishiro to make their sacredness manifest. Persons can play the same role as a yorishiro, and in that case are called yorimashi or kamigakari.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Glossary of Japanese Buddhism</span>

This is the glossary of Japanese Buddhism, including major terms the casual reader might find useful in understanding articles on the subject. Words followed by an asterisk (*) are illustrated by an image in one of the photo galleries. Within definitions, words set in boldface are defined elsewhere in the glossary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Japanese Buddhist pantheon</span> Buddhist pantheon of Japan

The Japanese Buddhist Pantheon designates the multitude of various Buddhas, Bodhisattvas and lesser deities and eminent religious masters in Buddhism. A Buddhist Pantheon exists to a certain extent in Mahāyāna, but is especially characteristic of Vajrayana Esoteric Buddhism, including Tibetan Buddhism and especially Japanese Shingon Buddhism, which formalized it to a great extent. In the ancient Japanese Buddhist Pantheon, more than 3,000 Buddhas or deities have been counted, although nowadays most temples focus on one Buddha and a few Bodhisattvas.

<i>Shintai</i> Objects worshipped at or near Shinto shrines

In Shinto, shintai, or go-shintai when the honorific prefix go- is used, are physical objects worshipped at or near Shinto shrines as repositories in which spirits or kami reside. Shintai used in Shrine Shinto can be also called mitamashiro.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Myōjin</span> Japanese Shinto deities

Myōjin or Daimyōjin was a title historically applied to Japanese (Shinto) deities (kami) and, by metonymy, their shrines.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fukko Shinto</span> Shinto movement

Fukko Shintō is a movement within Shinto that was advocated by Japanese scholars during the Edo period. It attempted to reject Buddhist and Confucian influence on Shinto and return to a native Japanese tradition based on Koshinto.