Lamar, Colorado

Last updated
Lamar, Colorado
City of Lamar [1]
Lamar main.jpg
Main Street facing north in downtown Lamar, 2007.
Prowers County Colorado Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Lamar Highlighted 0843110.svg
Location of the City of Lamar in Prowers County, Colorado.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Lamar
Location of the City of Lamar in the United States.
Coordinates: 38°05′14″N102°37′15″W / 38.08722°N 102.62083°W / 38.08722; -102.62083 Coordinates: 38°05′14″N102°37′15″W / 38.08722°N 102.62083°W / 38.08722; -102.62083 [2]
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
County Prowers County [3]
City Lamar [1]
Incorporated December 5, 1886 [4]
Government
  Type Home Rule Municipality [1]
  MayorKirk Crespin [5]
Area
[6]
  Total5.29 sq mi (13.70 km2)
  Land5.27 sq mi (13.65 km2)
  Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
[2]
3,619 ft (1,103 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total7,804
  Estimate 
(2019) [7]
7,655
  Density1,452.29/sq mi (560.68/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code [8]
81052
Area code(s) 719
FIPS code 08-43110
GNIS feature ID203835 [2]
Website City Website

The City of Lamar is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Prowers County, Colorado, United States. [9] The city population was 7,804 at the 2010 United States Census. The city was named after Confederate slaveholder Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II [10] during the period that he was Secretary of the Interior in the futile hope that the then town would be named as the land office.

Contents

History

Lamar was founded on May 24, 1886 by Issac Holmes. [11] It was named after Lucius Lamar. At the time Lamar was the Secretary of the Interior, but previously he had written the Mississippi Ordinance of Secession, served the Confederacy as an officer and a diplomat, owned slaves, and vigorously opposed African-American voting rights. The first town elections were held in December, and C. M. Morrison became the town's first mayor. In 1889 Prowers County was established, and Lamar was elected to house the county's government. Throughout its history, Lamar has suffered from fires and floods. The town was also greatly affected by the Dust Bowl, and as such participated in projects led by the Civil Works Administration, Federal Emergency Relief Administration, and the Works Progress Administration.

The northern site of the Pierre Auger Observatory of ultra-high energy cosmic rays is planned to be built near Lamar. [12]

Restored railroad depot and Lamar visitor center Lamar, CO, depot and visitor's center IMG 5744.JPG
Restored railroad depot and Lamar visitor center

Geography and climate

The city lies in southeastern Colorado in northwestern Prowers County on the south side of the Arkansas River floodplain. Las Animas is about twenty miles to the west. [13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2), all land.

Transportation

Lamar receives intercity passenger rail service at the Lamar Amtrak Station via Amtrak's Southwest Chief, which runs between Chicago and Los Angeles. There is also intercity bus service provided by Bustang. Lamar is the last eastbound stop of the Lamar-Pueblo-Colorado Springs Outrider line.

Highways

Climate

Climate data for Lamar, Colorado
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)82
(28)
87
(31)
89
(32)
98
(37)
103
(39)
111
(44)
111
(44)
110
(43)
106
(41)
99
(37)
89
(32)
82
(28)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C)45
(7)
49
(9)
59
(15)
69
(21)
78
(26)
88
(31)
93
(34)
91
(33)
83
(28)
70
(21)
56
(13)
45
(7)
69
(20)
Average low °F (°C)14
(−10)
18
(−8)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
47
(8)
58
(14)
63
(17)
61
(16)
51
(11)
37
(3)
24
(−4)
15
(−9)
38
(3)
Record low °F (°C)−29
(−34)
−30
(−34)
−5
(−21)
8
(−13)
27
(−3)
38
(3)
49
(9)
40
(4)
23
(−5)
8
(−13)
−12
(−24)
−23
(−31)
−30
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.44
(11)
0.48
(12)
0.87
(22)
1.32
(34)
2.12
(54)
2.39
(61)
2.36
(60)
2.51
(64)
1.35
(34)
1.01
(26)
0.52
(13)
0.52
(13)
15.89
(404)
Average snowfall inches (cm)6.5
(17)
5.0
(13)
5.0
(13)
1.8
(4.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.25)
1.4
(3.6)
3.3
(8.4)
6.1
(15)
29.2
(74.85)
Source: Accuweather, NOAA [14]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 566
1900 98774.4%
1910 2,977201.6%
1920 2,512−15.6%
1930 4,23368.5%
1940 4,4455.0%
1950 6,82953.6%
1960 7,3697.9%
1970 7,7975.8%
1980 7,713−1.1%
1990 8,3438.2%
2000 8,8696.3%
2010 7,804−12.0%
2019 (est.)7,655 [7] −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]

As of the census [16] of 2010, there were 7,804 people, 3,102 households, and 1,980 families living in the city. The population density was 1,858.1 people per square mile (717.4/km2). There were 3,666 housing units at an average density of 872.9/sq mi (337.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.6% White, 0.7% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 16.3% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39.7% of the population.

There were 3,102 households, out of which 42.2% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.8% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,521, and the median income for a family was $43,588. Males working full-time and year-round had a median income of $31,621 versus $30,148 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,944. About 21.4% of families and 24.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.1% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Lamar is part of School District RE-2, [17] [18] and it is home to Lamar Community College. [19]

Economy

Lamar was originally founded as a town with an agriculture-based economy. In 1982 the German bus manufacturer Neoplan opened a manufacturing plant employing 650, but it closed down in 2006. Lamar has increasingly relied on tourism. [11]

Notable people

Notable individuals who were born in or have lived in Lamar include:

See also

Related Research Articles

Adams County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Adams County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 441,603. The county seat is Brighton. The county is named for Alva Adams, an early Governor of the State of Colorado in 1887–1889.

Lamar County, Mississippi U.S. county in Mississippi

Lamar County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 55,658. Its county seat is Purvis. Named for Confederate Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, the county was carved out of Marion County to the west in 1904.

Stanton County, Kansas County in Kansas

Stanton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,235. Its county seat is Johnson City.

Hamilton County, Kansas County in Kansas

Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,690. Its county seat and most populous city is Syracuse. The county was founded in 1873 and named for Alexander Hamilton.

Sedgwick County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Sedgwick County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,379. The county seat is Julesburg. The county was named for Fort Sedgwick, a military post along the Platte Trail, which was named for General John Sedgwick. It is located near the state border with Nebraska.

Saguache County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Saguache County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,108. The county seat is Saguache.

Prowers County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Prowers County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,551. The county seat is Lamar. The county is named in honor of John W. Prowers, a leading pioneer in the lower Arkansas valley region.

Morgan County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Morgan County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,159. The county seat is Fort Morgan. The county was named after old Fort Morgan, which in turn was named in honor of Colonel Christopher A. Morgan.

Mesa County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Mesa County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 146,723. The county seat is Grand Junction. The county was named for the many large mesas in the area, including Grand Mesa.

Fremont County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Fremont County is one of the 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,824. The county seat is Cañon City. The county is named for 19th-century explorer and presidential candidate John C. Frémont.

Clear Creek County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Clear Creek County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,088. The county seat is Georgetown.

Bent County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Bent County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,499. The county seat and only incorporated municipality is Las Animas. The county is named in honor of frontier trader William Bent.

Baca County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Baca County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,788. The county seat is Springfield. It is located near the state borders with Kansas and Oklahoma.

Archuleta County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Archuleta County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,084. The county seat and the only incorporated municipality in the county is Pagosa Springs.

Las Animas, Colorado Statutory City in State of Colorado, United States

The City of Las Animas is the Statutory City that is the county seat and the only incorporated municipality in Bent County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 2,410 at the 2010 United States Census. Las Animas is located on the Arkansas River, just west of its confluence with the Purgatoire River, in southeast Colorado east of Pueblo, near the historic Bent's Fort.

La Junta, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of La Junta is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Otero County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 7,077 at the 2010 United States Census. La Junta is located on the Arkansas River in southeastern Colorado 68 miles (109 km) east of Pueblo.

Rocky Ford, Colorado Statutory City in Colorado, United States

Rocky Ford is a statutory city located in Otero County, Colorado, United States. The population was 3,957 at the 2010 census.

Hartman, Colorado Statutory Town in Colorado, United States

The Town of Hartman is a Statutory Town in Prowers County, Colorado, United States. The population was 81 according to the 2010 census. The town is located North of C-196. The town has one historic site, the old Hartman Gymnasium. The circa 1938 gymnasium is associated with New Deal programs in Prowers County. The building is the only example of Works Progress Administration construction in Hartman and one of only a few such projects in the county. Its use as a community center continues to contribute to the social history of Hartman.

Holly, Colorado Statutory Town in Colorado, United States

The Town of Holly is a statutory town in Prowers County in southeastern Colorado, United States, near the Kansas border. Located four miles (6 km) from the Kansas border at an elevation of 3,392 feet (1,034 m), Holly is the lowest elevation town in Colorado. The population was 802 at the 2010 census.

Wiley, Colorado Town in Colorado, United States

Wiley is a Statutory Town in Prowers County, Colorado, United States. The population was 405 at the 2010 Census.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 "Lamar". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey.
  3. "Colorado Counties". State of Colorado, Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  4. "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  5. "2009 - 2011 City Elected Officials". City of Lamar. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
  6. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  7. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  8. "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on November 4, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2007.
  9. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  10. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Government Printing Office. p. 180.
  11. 1 2 "City of Lamar, Colorado Cultural Resource Survey: Architectural & Historical Survey Report" (PDF). historycolorado.com. October 2012. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
  12. "Pierre Auger Observatory - Northern Auger Site". Archived from the original on 2011-07-09. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
  13. Colorado Atlas & Gazetteer, DeLorme, 12th ed., 2015, p. 99 ISBN   0899332889
  14. "Lamar Weather". Accuweather . Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  15. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2018-02-27.
  17. Lamar School District Archived 2011-08-11 at the Wayback Machine
  18. "Lamar School District RE-2" . Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  19. "About LCC" . Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  20. "Allott, Gordon Llewellyn, (1907-1989)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. U.S. Congress. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  21. Edwards, Bill. "Marvin E. Ashbaugh". RagPiano.com. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  22. "Ken Curtis (I)". IMDb. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  23. "Scott Elarton". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  24. Nolte, Carl (2014-07-19). "Curt Gentry dies: best-selling writer of Manson, Hoover books". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  25. "Summary Bibliography: Gerald Gregg". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  26. "Grisham, Wayne Richard, (1923-2011)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. U.S. Congress. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  27. Hevesi, Dennis (2012-05-03). "Floyd D. Hall, Head of Eastern Airlines, Dies at 96". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  28. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-sharon-herbaugh-1456492.html
  29. "Kenneth Kester's Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  30. "Wesley Tuttle [Obituary]". The Independent. 2003-10-15. Archived from the original on July 30, 2011. Retrieved 2016-06-21.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  31. "Sandy Vance". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2016-06-21.

Further reading