Craig, Colorado

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Craig, Colorado
City of Craig [1]
Craig, Colorado.JPG
Entering Craig from the south on South Ranney Street.
Moffat County Colorado Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Craig Highlighted 0817760.svg
Location of Craig in Moffat County, Colorado
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Craig
Location of the Craig in the United States
Coordinates: 40°31′01″N107°33′20″W / 40.517034°N 107.555674°W / 40.517034; -107.555674 Coordinates: 40°31′01″N107°33′20″W / 40.517034°N 107.555674°W / 40.517034; -107.555674 [2]
CountryUnited States
State Colorado
County Moffat County [3]
City Craig [1]
Incorporated July 15, 1908 [4]
Government
  Type Home Rule Municipality [1]
Area
[5]
   Home Rule Municipality [1] 5.07 sq mi (13.13 km2)
  Land5.07 sq mi (13.13 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
[6]
6,198 ft (1,889 m)
Population
 (2010)
   Home Rule Municipality [1] 9,464
  Estimate 
(2019) [7]
9,022
  Density1,779.84/sq mi (687.22/km2)
   Metro
13,200
Time zone UTC−7 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP Codes [8]
81625 & 81626 (PO Box)
Area code(s) 970
FIPS code 08-17760
GNIS feature ID0171304
Website www.ci.craig.co.us

Craig is the Home Rule Municipality and the county seat and the most populous municipality of Moffat County, Colorado, United States. [9] The city population was 9,464 at the 2010 United States Census. [10]

Contents

History

Founded by William H. Tucker, Craig was incorporated as a city on July 15, 1908. The town was named for one of the town's financial backers, Reverend William Bayard Craig. [11] [12]

Craig became the county seat when Moffat County was created out of the western portion of Routt County on February 27, 1911. In the same area as Craig, at the confluence of the Yampa River (then known as the Bear River) and Fortification Creek, were previous towns known as Yampa (as early as 1885) and Windsor (as early as 1878). In 1878, the area consisted of a number of ranches and at least two businesses: Himley's Ferry (which allowed crossing of the Yampa River) and Peck's Store (a one-room trading post).

In the 1970s and early 1980s, the largest power generation plant in Colorado [13] and several coal mines were constructed near Craig.

Geography

Craig is located at 40°31′1″N107°33′1″W / 40.51694°N 107.55028°W / 40.51694; -107.55028 (40.516896, -107.550389). [14]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.1 square miles (13.3 km2), all land. [10]

Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification, Craig has a humid continental climate (Dfb). Summer days are hot with cool nights and very high diurnal temperature variation, while winters are cold and snowy with lows near zero.

Climate data for "Craig Moffat", Colorado (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)29.4
(−1.4)
33.8
(1.0)
45.5
(7.5)
57.8
(14.3)
67.3
(19.6)
78.5
(25.8)
87.5
(30.8)
84.2
(29.0)
74.1
(23.4)
60.4
(15.8)
43.6
(6.4)
30.7
(−0.7)
57.9
(14.4)
Average low °F (°C)2.0
(−16.7)
7.5
(−13.6)
19.2
(−7.1)
27.3
(−2.6)
33.9
(1.1)
40.5
(4.7)
46.0
(7.8)
45.7
(7.6)
36.8
(2.7)
25.7
(−3.5)
17.1
(−8.3)
4.4
(−15.3)
25.6
(−3.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.88
(22)
0.82
(21)
1.29
(33)
1.66
(42)
1.54
(39)
1.32
(34)
1.16
(29)
1.39
(35)
1.90
(48)
1.65
(42)
1.45
(37)
1.00
(25)
16.06
(408)
Average snowfall inches (cm)14.8
(38)
12.7
(32)
10.9
(28)
5.9
(15)
1.1
(2.8)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
3.4
(8.6)
11.1
(28)
14.5
(37)
74.8
(190)
Source: NOAA [15]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 392
1920 1,297230.9%
1930 1,4189.3%
1940 2,12349.7%
1950 3,08045.1%
1960 3,98429.4%
1970 4,2055.5%
1980 8,13393.4%
1990 8,091−0.5%
2000 9,18913.6%
2010 9,4643.0%
2019 (est.)9,022 [7] −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [16]

As of the census [17] of 2000, there were 9,189 people, 3,525 households, and 2,432 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,886.6 people per square mile (728.5/km2). There were 3,851 housing units at an average density of 790.6 per square mile (305.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.56% White, 0.30% African American, 0.96% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.84% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.80% of the population.

There were 3,525 households, out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.5% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,091, and the median income for a family was $45,504. Males had a median income of $38,038 versus $21,806 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,140. About 6.9% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Craig was the terminus of the never-finished Denver and Salt Lake Railway. While the tracks still exist to Craig, the effort to finish this line was abandoned, and the tracks to Craig became a spur route. [18]

U.S. 40 is the primary east–west highway serving Craig, while Colorado State Highway 13 runs south to Interstate 70 and north to Wyoming, where it becomes Wyoming State Highway 789, ending in the north at Interstate 80.

Craig-Moffat Airport serves as the local airfield. Scheduled passenger jet airline service is available at the Yampa Valley Airport located 15 miles east of Craig on U.S. 40.

Hunting

Craig is, according to the local chamber of commerce, "Elk Hunting Capital of the World". [19]

Notable people

See also

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References

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  2. "2014 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Places". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  3. "Colorado Counties". State of Colorado, Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  4. "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  5. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  6. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  8. "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on November 4, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2007.
  9. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  10. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Craig city, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
  11. "Profile for Craig, Colorado, CO". ePodunk. Archived from the original on 2012-04-04. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
  12. Dawson, John Frank. Place names in Colorado: why 700 communities were so named, 150 of Spanish or Indian origin. Denver, CO: The J. Frank Dawson Publishing Co. p. 15.
  13. 1. Craig, Colorado Chamber of Commerce Website
  14. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  15. "Monthly Weather Summary Report". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  16. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  18. "The Moffat Railroad". Museum of Northwest Colorado. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
  19. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-11-01. Retrieved 2017-11-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)