Elbert County, Colorado

Last updated

Elbert County
St. Mark United Presbyterian Church 04.JPG
Map of Colorado highlighting Elbert County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
Colorado in United States.svg
Colorado's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°17′N104°08′W / 39.28°N 104.13°W / 39.28; -104.13
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
FoundedFebruary 2, 1874
Named for Samuel Hitt Elbert
Seat Kiowa
Largest town Elizabeth
Area
  Total1,851 sq mi (4,790 km2)
  Land1,851 sq mi (4,790 km2)
  Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)  0.01%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
26,729
  Density12/sq mi (5/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 4th
Website www.elbertcounty-co.gov

Elbert County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,086. [1] The county seat is Kiowa and the largest town is Elizabeth. [2]

Contents

Elbert County is included in the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Elbert County was created on February 2, 1874, from the eastern portions of Douglas County. On February 6, 1874, the county was enlarged to include part of northern Greenwood County upon Greenwood's dissolution, and originally extended south and east of its present boundaries to reach to the Kansas state line. The county was named for Samuel Hitt Elbert, [3] the Governor of the Territory of Colorado when the county was formed. In 1889, Elbert County was reduced to its modern size when its eastern portions were taken to create Lincoln, Kit Carson, and Cheyenne counties.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,851 square miles (4,790 km2), of which 1,851 square miles (4,790 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.01%) is water. [4]

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 1,708
1890 1,8568.7%
1900 3,10167.1%
1910 5,33171.9%
1920 6,98030.9%
1930 6,580−5.7%
1940 5,460−17.0%
1950 4,477−18.0%
1960 3,708−17.2%
1970 3,9035.3%
1980 6,85075.5%
1990 9,64640.8%
2000 19,872106.0%
2010 23,08616.2%
2019 (est.)26,729 [5] 15.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2015 [1]

At the 2000 census there were 19,872 people, 6,770 households, and 5,652 families in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km2). There were 7,113 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.22% White, 0.64% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 1.76% from two or more races. 3.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [10] Of the 6,770 households 42.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.10% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.50% were non-families. 12.20% of households were one person and 3.10% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.19.

The age distribution was 30.20% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 6.00% 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.

The median household income was $62,480 and the median family income was $66,740. Males had a median income of $45,329 versus $29,767 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,960. About 2.50% of families and 4.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.60% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

Politics

Elbert is a strongly Republican county in Presidential elections. Along with Rio Blanco County and Kit Carson County, it was one of three Colorado counties to be won by Alf Landon in 1936, and stood together with Hinsdale and Washington Counties by supporting Barry Goldwater over Lyndon Johnson in 1964. The last Democratic presidential nominee to carry Elbert County was Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1932.

Presidential elections results
Elbert County vote
by party in presidential elections
[11]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2020 73.9%14,02723.7% 4,4902.5% 466
2016 73.3%11,70519.6% 3,1347.1% 1,141
2012 72.4%10,26625.4% 3,6032.2% 309
2008 69.0%9,10828.9% 3,8192.1% 279
2004 73.8%8,38924.9% 2,8341.2% 141
2000 68.6%6,15126.0% 2,3265.5% 488
1996 61.0%4,12528.0% 1,89410.9% 739
1992 43.7%2,20524.5% 1,23731.8% 1,603
1988 63.1%2,80535.2% 1,5661.7% 77
1984 75.3%2,60523.2% 8021.6% 54
1980 67.5%2,10722.4% 69810.2% 317
1976 52.7%1,27944.0% 1,0683.3% 79
1972 73.3%1,41623.3% 4513.4% 65
1968 60.9%1,04328.3% 48410.8% 185
1964 51.8%92448.0% 8570.2% 4
1960 64.3%1,24035.6% 6860.1% 2
1956 64.8%1,29535.1% 7020.2% 3
1952 72.6%1,57926.9% 5860.5% 11
1948 56.4%1,15542.6% 8731.0% 21
1944 69.1%1,41330.7% 6280.2% 3
1940 65.0%1,75634.6% 9340.4% 10
1936 49.5%1,37447.5% 1,3193.0% 83
1932 41.5% 1,27753.6%1,6494.8% 148
1928 71.4%1,93327.3% 7381.4% 37
1924 55.0%1,42819.5% 50625.6% 664
1920 66.4%1,65427.0% 6736.7% 166
1916 41.4% 95153.5%1,2305.1% 118
1912 24.2% 49637.0%75738.8% 795 [lower-alpha 1]

Elbert County is in the 4th Congressional District and the current representative is Republican Ken Buck from Windsor.

In senatorial elections, the county has been similarly Republican. No Democratic senatorial candidate has obtained even thirty percent of the county's vote since Ben Nighthorse Campbell, who was later to shift to the Republican Party, in 1992, and none have actually won since before 1990. In gubernatorial elections, Elbert County has also generally been powerfully Republican, but was nonetheless carried by Democrat Roy Romer by a narrow margin in 1990 [12] – when he carried all but four counties statewide – by Dick Lamm in 1982 [13] and by Constitution Party candidate Tom Tancredo in 2010. [14]

The official newspaper of record used by the county is the weekly Elbert County News. [15] The weekly Ranchland News and monthly Prairie Times also cover local events.

See also

Notes

  1. The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 630 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 121 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 41 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 3 votes.

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  116.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  8. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  10. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  12. Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 1990 Gubernatorial General Election Results – Colorado
  13. Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 1982 Gubernatorial General Election Results – Colorado
  14. Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 2010 Gubernatorial General Election Results – Colorado
  15. Humanities, National Endowment for the. "Elbert County news" . Retrieved December 8, 2019.