Commerce City, Colorado

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Commerce City
City of Commerce City
Commerce City Civic Center (Commerce City, Colorado).JPG
The Commerce City Civic Center at 60th Avenue and Trenton Street.
Adams County Colorado Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Commerce City Highlighted 0816495.svg
Location of Commerce City in Adams County, Colorado.
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Red pog.svg
Commerce City
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°52′59″N104°47′44″W / 39.882968°N 104.795452°W / 39.882968; -104.795452 Coordinates: 39°52′59″N104°47′44″W / 39.882968°N 104.795452°W / 39.882968; -104.795452 [1]
CountryUnited States
State Colorado
County [2] Adams
Incorporated (town) 1952-12-18, as the Town of Commerce Town [3]
Incorporated (city) 1962 as the City of Commerce City
Government
  Type Home Rule Municipality
  MayorSean Ford
Area
[4]
  Total35.64 sq mi (92.30 km2)
  Land35.22 sq mi (91.22 km2)
  Water0.42 sq mi (1.08 km2)
Elevation
[5]
5,164 ft (1,574 m)
Population
 (2010) [6]
  Total45,913
  Estimate 
(2016) [7]
54,869
  Density1,557.80/sq mi (601.48/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP Codes [8]
80022 & 80037 (PO Box)
Area code(s) Both 303 and 720
FIPS code 08-16495
GNIS feature ID 0184666
Highways I-76, I-270, US 6, US 85, SH 2, SH 35, SH 44, SH 224, SH 265
Website www.c3gov.com

The City of Commerce City is a Home Rule Municipality located in Adams County, Colorado, United States. Commerce City is a northern suburb of Denver and as of 2013 is the 18th most populous municipality in Colorado. The city population was 45,913 at the 2010 United States Census, a population increase of 118.7% in the ten years since the 2000 census. [9]

Adams County, Colorado County in the United States

Adams County is the fifth-most populous of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 441,603. The county seat is Brighton. The county is named for Alva Adams, Governor of the State of Colorado.

Colorado State of the United States of America

Colorado is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th most extensive and 21st most populous U.S. state. The estimated population of Colorado was 5,695,564 on July 1, 2018, an increase of 13.25% since the 2010 United States Census.

Suburb Human settlement that is part of or near to a larger city

A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become largely synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, India, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and parts of the United States and Canada, new suburbs are routinely annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, France, and much of the United States and Canada, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county.

Contents

Commerce City is a mixed residential and industrial community that is known for an oil refinery with a capacity of 90,000 barrels per day (14,000 m3/d), operated by Suncor. [10] Dick's Sporting Goods Park, a soccer stadium in Commerce City, hosts the Colorado Rapids of Major League Soccer.

Oil refinery industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products

An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils. Petrochemicals feed stock like ethylene and propylene can also be produced directly by cracking crude oil without the need of using refined products of crude oil such as naphtha.

Dicks Sporting Goods Park stadium

Dick's Sporting Goods Park, also known as DSG Park, is a soccer-specific stadium located in Commerce City, Colorado that is home to the Colorado Rapids men's professional soccer team. The stadium seats up to 18,061 people for soccer matches, but can accommodate up to 19,734 for special soccer events and 27,000 for concerts. It became the third home venue for the Rapids upon its opening in 2007. Sitting at just over 5,200 feet above sea level, the stadium has the highest elevation of any stadium regularly used by MLS teams.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

History

In 1859 after fighting in Bleeding Kansas, pro-slavery John D. "Colonel Jack" Henderson built a ranch, trading post, and hotel on Henderson Island in the South Platte River in Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory north of Denver, from which he sold meat and provisions to gold seekers on their way up the South Platte River Trail to the gold fields during the Pikes Peak Gold Rush. Henderson Island was the first permanent settlement in the South Platte River Valley between Fort Saint Vrain in the Nebraska Territory and the Cherry Creek Diggings in the Kansas Territory. Henderson Island is today the site of the Adams County Regional Park and Fairgrounds.

Bleeding Kansas violent political confrontations in the United States centered around slavery

Bleeding Kansas, Bloody Kansas or the Border War was a series of violent civil confrontations in the United States between 1854 and 1861 which emerged from a political and ideological debate over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas. The conflict was characterized by years of electoral fraud, raids, assaults, and retributive murders carried out in Kansas and neighboring Missouri by pro-slavery "Border Ruffians" and anti-slavery "Free-Staters".

John D. "Colonel Jack" Henderson was an American editor, rancher, businessman, and pro-slavery politician in the Kansas Territory. He was a Colonel in the Border Wars of Bleeding Kansas.

South Platte River principal tributary of the Platte River

The South Platte River is one of the two principal tributaries of the Platte River. Flowing through the U.S. states of Colorado and Nebraska, it is itself a major river of the American Midwest and the American Southwest/Mountain West. Its drainage basin includes much of the eastern flank of the Rocky Mountains in Colorado; much of the populated region known as the Colorado Front Range and Eastern Plains; and a portion of southeastern Wyoming in the vicinity of the city of Cheyenne. It joins the North Platte River in western Nebraska to form the Platte, which then flows across Nebraska to the Missouri. The river serves as the principal source of water for eastern Colorado. In its valley along the foothills in Colorado, it has permitted agriculture in an area of the Colorado Piedmont and Great Plains that is otherwise arid.

Among the first establishments in the modern Commerce City were cemeteries. Riverside Cemetery, founded in 1876, is located in the city's southwest corner at East 52nd Avenue and Brighton Boulevard. Rose Hill Cemetery, in the heart of historic Commerce City, was established in 1892 on what at the time was an open plain by the United Hebrew Cemetery Association.

Riverside Cemetery (Denver, Colorado) cemetery in Denver, Colorado, United States

Riverside Cemetery, established in 1876, is Denver, Colorado's oldest operating cemetery. More than 67,000 people are buried there, including 1,000 veterans.

The first school in the area began in 1871 as a one-room schoolhouse, with other schools added in 1899 and later in 1907. This latter school is now part of the North Building at the former site of Adams City High School, now Adams 14 School District Administration Buildings.

Several towns were founded in this part of Adams County in the 19th century. Derby, a Burlington Railroad station in 1887, was laid out as a town in 1889, although it was largely vacated by 1891. Irondale was first settled in 1889, named after a foundry that was opened that year. It was incorporated as the town of Irondale in 1924, but unincorporated in the 1930s due to increasing vacancy. Meanwhile, Adams City was laid out in 1903, with developers hoping the county seat would be established there; however, Brighton was elected county seat in 1904 and Adams City was vacated in 1922.

Burlington Northern Railroad American railroad company

The Burlington Northern Railroad was a United States-based railroad company formed from a merger of four major U.S. railroads. Burlington Northern operated between 1970 and 1996.

Brighton, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of Brighton is the Home Rule Municipality in Adams and Weld counties that is the county seat of Adams County, Colorado, United States. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the city population was 35,719 in 2013.

Until the late 1920s, the area was devoted to agriculture, including wheat fields, dairies, and pig farms. Industry moved in, with a refinery established in 1930 and grain elevators built in the late 1930s. Rocky Mountain Arsenal was founded in 1942 due east of the growing community.

In 1946 and 1947, Adams County School District 14 was formed from surrounding schools, and Adams City was redeveloped about that time. In 1951, as Denver was considering annexing the area, a plan to incorporate all of southern Adams County was developed. On 1952-07-08, area residents voted 251 to 24 to incorporate Commerce Town, comprising neighborhoods such as Rose Hill and southern Adams City. Commerce Town annexed part of Derby in 1962, increasing the population over fourfold, enough for the town to gain the status of a city. The city name was duly changed to Commerce City. [11] On 2007-04-03, the citizens of Commerce City voted overwhelmingly to retain their city's name.

The Mile High Kennel Club (grayhound racing park) (founded 1949) is no longer operational. With the onset of widespread off-track gambling, the physical moving of races around the country to different parks became unnecessary. The City of Commerce City has purchased the land with future development use unknown at this time.

A new Adams City High School has been constructed on land at 72nd and Quebec Street. This was formerly part of the Rocky Mountain Arsenal. The new school campus opened in 2009.

Geography

Commerce City is located at 39°50′27″N104°54′4″W / 39.84083°N 104.90111°W / 39.84083; -104.90111 (39.840735, -104.901139). [12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.9 square miles (67 km2), all of it land.

Climate

Climate data for Commerce City, Colorado
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)47
(8)
48
(9)
56
(13)
63
(17)
72
(22)
82
(28)
88
(31)
85
(29)
78
(26)
66
(19)
54
(12)
45
(7)
65.3
(18.5)
Average low °F (°C)22
(−6)
23
(−5)
29
(−2)
36
(2)
44
(7)
51
(11)
57
(14)
56
(13)
48
(9)
38
(3)
28
(−2)
21
(−6)
37.75
(3.19)
Source: Accuweather [13]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1960 8,970
1970 17,40794.1%
1980 16,234−6.7%
1990 16,4661.4%
2000 20,99127.5%
2010 45,913118.7%
Est. 201654,869 [7] 19.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [14]

As of the census [15] of 2000, there were 20,991 people, 6,668 households, and 4,974 families residing in the city. The population density was 812.2 people per square mile (313.6/km²) under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.1 males.

The racial makeup of the city was 74.15% White, 3.39% African American, 1.23% Native American, 2.46% Asian, 13.15% from other races, and 5.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race are 46.8% of the population.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,680, and the median income for a family was $37,279. Males had a median income of $28,450 versus $22,877 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,445. About 15.3% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.

Industry

Dick's Sporting Goods Park in Commerce City, home of the Colorado Rapids Major League Soccer franchise. Dick's Park.jpg
Dick's Sporting Goods Park in Commerce City, home of the Colorado Rapids Major League Soccer franchise.

Commerce City is home to an oil refinery with a capacity of 90,000 barrels per day (14,000 m3/d). Originally, this facility existed as two separately owned refineries, one on each side of Brighton Boulevard.

Suncor Energy bought the west refinery from ConocoPhillips in 2003. [16] A project to upgrade this facility began in August of that year. [17]

Suncor purchased the east refinery from Valero in June 2005 with the eventual goal of combining the two operations. [10] As a result of a lawsuit by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and a number of states (including Colorado) alleging violations of the Clean Air Act, Valero agreed in June 2005 to make pollution-reducing changes to its refineries, including the Commerce City facility. Suncor's purchase agreement included an assumption of all liability from this suit. [18]

The west refinery's upgrade project, named "Project Odyssey," was extended to the east refinery. The west plant was shut down in February 2006 to complete the upgrade, while the east plant continued to refine 34,000 barrels (5,400 m3) of oil per day. The completion of the $445 million project was announced in June 2006 and allows Suncor to meet the EPA's mandate to reduce the sulfur content of diesel fuel. It also gives the refinery the ability to process Suncor's Canadian sour crude oil sands. The combined facility is the largest refinery in the Rocky Mountain region. [19]

Education

School District 27J serves Commerce City. [20]

Notable people

Notable individuals who were born in or have lived in Commerce City include:

Sister cities

Commerce City has one sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Denver-based band DeVotchKa recorded a song called Commerce City Sister.

See also

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References

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  10. 1 2 "Suncor Energy acquires second refinery near Denver, Colorado". 2005-06-01. Archived from the original (News release) on 2006-10-16. Retrieved 2006-11-10.
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  13. "Commerce City Weather" . Retrieved May 27, 2015.
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  19. "Environmental and operational enhancements complete - Suncor Energy completes upgrade to its Commerce City refinery". Decisionplus.com. 2006-06-26. Retrieved 2006-11-10.
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