Lakewood, Colorado

Last updated
Lakewood, Colorado
City of Lakewood [1]
Green Mountain (Lakewood, Colorado).jpg
Green Mountain as seen from Mt. Zion
Jefferson County Colorado Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Lakewood Highlighted.svg
Location of the City of Lakewood in Jefferson County, Colorado
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Lakewood
Location of the City of Lakewood in the United States.
Coordinates: 39°42′17″N105°04′53″W / 39.70472°N 105.08139°W / 39.70472; -105.08139 Coordinates: 39°42′17″N105°04′53″W / 39.70472°N 105.08139°W / 39.70472; -105.08139
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
County Jefferson County [2]
City Lakewood [1]
Founded1889
Incorporated 1969 [3]
Government
  Type Home rule municipality [1]
  MayorAdam Paul
Area
[4]
   Home Rule Municipality [1] 44.22 sq mi (114.53 km2)
  Land43.05 sq mi (111.49 km2)
  Water1.17 sq mi (3.04 km2)
Elevation
[5]
5,518 ft (1,682 m)
Population
 (2010) [6]
   Home Rule Municipality [1] 142,980
  Estimate 
(2019) [7]
157,935
  RankUS: 169th
  Density3,668.90/sq mi (1,416.58/km2)
   Metro
2,814,330 (US: 19th)
Time zone UTC−7 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
Denver 80214-80215, 80227, 80226-80228, 80232, 80235-80236
Golden 80401
Littleton 80123
Area code(s) Both 303 and 720
FIPS code 08-43000
GNIS feature ID 0181620
Highways I-70, US 6, US 40, US 285, SH 8, SH 95, SH 121, SH 391, SH 470
Website City of Lakewood
Fifth most populous Colorado city

The City of Lakewood is the home rule municipality that is the most populous municipality in Jefferson County, Colorado, United States. Lakewood is the fifth-most populous city in Colorado and the 172nd-most populous city in the United States. The city population was 142,980 at the 2010 US Census. Lakewood, immediately west of Denver, is one of the principal cities of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and a major city of the Front Range Urban Corridor.

Contents

History

The urban and suburban development of the community known as Lakewood was started in 1889 by Charles Welch and W.A.H. Loveland, who platted a 13-block area along Colfax Avenue west of Denver in eastern Jefferson County. Loveland, the former president of the Colorado Central Railroad, retired to the new community of Lakewood after many years of living in Golden.[ citation needed ]

Until 1969, the area known as Lakewood had no municipal government, relying instead on several water districts, several fire districts, and the government of Jefferson County. Lakewood was a community with policing provided by the Jefferson County Sheriff, several volunteer staffed fire districts, and some neighborhoods without street lights or sidewalks. However, the community had already existed for about 80 years.[ citation needed ]

The City of Lakewood was incorporated in 1969 as Jefferson City. Soon after, an election was held and the city's name was changed to Lakewood, due to an overwhelming dislike of "Jefferson City" and the belief that it would be confused with existing communities in Colorado and Missouri. [8] At the time of incorporation, the city population was already over 90,000.[ citation needed ]

Lakewood never had a traditional downtown area.[ citation needed ] West Colfax Avenue served the metropolitan area as U.S. Route 40 and the main route joining Denver with the Rocky Mountains. [ citation needed ] As such, Colfax from Harlan west to Kipling and beyond had mostly commercial establishments. In addition to the Jewish Consumptive Relief Society (JCRS) for tuberculosis patients, the small, frame Methodist Church, and telephone exchange, by the 1950s grocery and drug stores, gas stations, restaurants and taverns, several motels, branch banks, a movie theater, a roller rink, a bowling alley, and used car lots emerged there. Several multiple-business "shopping centers" developed followed by much larger centers at JCRS and Westland. The Villa Italia Mall on West Alameda Avenue, 20 blocks south of Colfax, reflected the southward expansion of Lakewood settlement and housed a larger concentration of retail space. As the mall went into decline, the Lakewood City Council developed a plan to demolish the Villa Italia Mall and replace it with a new development called Belmar. [9]

In 2011, Lakewood was named an All-America City for the first time.

Geography

Lakewood is located at 39°42′17″N105°04′53″W / 39.70472°N 105.08139°W / 39.70472; -105.08139 at an elevation of 5,518 feet (1,682 m). [5] Located at the junction of U.S. Route 6 and Colorado State Highway 121 in central Colorado, the city lies immediately west of Denver and 62 miles (100 km) north-northwest of Colorado Springs. [10] [11]

Lakewood lies in the Colorado Piedmont on the western edge of the Great Plains just east of the Front Range of the southern Rocky Mountains. [10] [12] [13] Green Mountain, a mesa 6,854 feet (2,089 m) tall, is located in the far west-central part of the city. [10]

The city is located in the watershed of the South Platte River, and several small tributaries of the river flow generally east through it. From north to south, these include Lakewood Gulch, Weir Gulch, Sanderson Gulch, and Bear Creek. Two tributaries of Lakewood Gulch, Dry Gulch and McIntyre Gulch flow east through the northern part of the city. Turkey Creek, a tributary of Bear Creek, flows northeast through the far southwestern part of the city. In addition, Lena Gulch, a tributary of Clear Creek to the north, flows east then north through the extreme northwestern part of the city. [10]

Several small lakes and reservoirs are in Lakewood. The Soda Lakes lie in the extreme southwestern part of the city. East of them lies Bear Creek Lake, a reservoir fed by Bear Creek and Turkey Creek. Clustered near each other in central Lakewood are Main Reservoir, East Reservoir, Smith Reservoir, Kendrick Lake, and Cottonwood Lake. Northeast of them lies Kountze Lake. In the northwestern part of the city, Lena Gulch both feeds and drains Maple Grove Reservoir. In the extreme southern part of the city lies Bowles Reservoir No. 1 and, just outside the city limits to the reservoir's northeast, Marston Lake. [10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.06 square miles (114.1 km2) of which 42.88 sq mi (111.1 km2) are land and 1.18 sq mi (3.1 km2) (2.7%) are covered by water. [14]

As a suburb of Denver, Lakewood is part of both the greater Denver metropolitan area and the Front Range Urban Corridor. [15] It borders other communities on all sides, including Wheat Ridge to the north, Edgewater to the northeast, Denver to the east and southeast, Dakota Ridge to the south, Morrison to the southwest, and Golden, West Pleasant View, East Pleasant View, and Applewood to the northwest. [14]

Climate

Lakewood experiences a semiarid climate (Köppen BSk) featuring winters fluctuating between mild to cold and snowy while summers are warm to hot, with great temperature differences (about 30°F) between day and night year round. Precipitation is concentrated in the spring and summer.

Climate data for Lakewood, Colorado
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)72
(22)
74
(23)
84
(29)
86
(30)
94
(34)
104
(40)
101
(38)
100
(38)
96
(36)
89
(32)
88
(31)
74
(23)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C)48.2
(9.0)
49.0
(9.4)
55.7
(13.2)
62.5
(16.9)
72.0
(22.2)
82.2
(27.9)
89.2
(31.8)
86.7
(30.4)
78.9
(26.1)
66.9
(19.4)
55.2
(12.9)
47.1
(8.4)
66.2
(19.0)
Average low °F (°C)18.9
(−7.3)
19.9
(−6.7)
26.7
(−2.9)
34.3
(1.3)
43.1
(6.2)
52.2
(11.2)
58.8
(14.9)
56.8
(13.8)
47.0
(8.3)
35.5
(1.9)
25.6
(−3.6)
18.0
(−7.8)
36.5
(2.5)
Record low °F (°C)−26
(−32)
−23
(−31)
−11
(−24)
−1
(−18)
12
(−11)
27
(−3)
37
(3)
41
(5)
16
(−9)
5
(−15)
−5
(−21)
−25
(−32)
−26
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.51
(13)
0.51
(13)
1.53
(39)
2.22
(56)
2.45
(62)
2.40
(61)
1.75
(44)
1.95
(50)
1.20
(30)
1.18
(30)
0.95
(24)
0.65
(17)
17.3
(439)
Average snowfall inches (cm)8.6
(22)
6.7
(17)
11.9
(30)
10.0
(25)
1.3
(3.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.9
(2.3)
3.3
(8.4)
12.1
(31)
8.7
(22)
63.5
(161)
Source: [16]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1960 19,338
1970 92,743379.6%
1980 113,80822.7%
1990 126,48111.1%
2000 144,12614.0%
2010 142,980−0.8%
2019 (est.)157,935 [7] 10.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [17]

As of the 2010 census, 142,980 people, 61,986 households, and 35,882 families were residing in the city. The population density was 3,334.4 people per square mile (1,286.9/km2). Its 65,758 housing units averaged 1,533.5 per square mile (591.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.9% White, 3.1% Asian, 1.6% Black, 1.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.7% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 22.0% of the population. [18]

Of the 61,986 households, 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.1% were not families. About 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27, and the average family size was 2.92. [18]

The distribution of the population by age was 20.8% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.2 years. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female. [18]

The median income for a household in the city was $52,960, and for a family was $66,947. Males had a median income of $46,907 versus $41,476 for females. The city's per capita income was $30,027. About 9.1% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over. [18]

Economy

Lakewood's economy is diverse, while the largest employers are government. Companies based in Lakewood include Einstein Bros. Bagels, FirstBank, and The Integer Group.

As of 2013, 67.3% of the population over the age of 16 was in the labor force. 0.1% was in the armed forces, and 67.3% was in the civilian labor force with 61.1% employed and 6.2% unemployed. The occupational composition of the employed civilian labor force was 38.6% in management, business, science, and arts; 25.9% in sales and office occupations; 16.9% in service occupations; 9.9% in production, transportation, and material moving; and 8.7% in natural resources, construction, and maintenance. The three industries employing the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were educational services, health care, and social assistance (18.4%); professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services (13.8%); and retail trade (11.9%). [18]

The cost of living index in Lakewood, compared to a U.S. average of 100, is 107.4. [19] As of 2013, the median home value in the city was $238,500, the median selected monthly owner cost was $1,546 for housing units with a mortgage and $442 for those without, and the median gross rent was $940. [18]

Top employers

According to the city's 2017 annual report, the top employers in the city are: [20]

Top employers by employee count
RankEmployerNumber of
employees
1 Denver Federal Center 8,000
2 Jefferson County Public Schools 4,010
3 Terumo BCT 2,320
4 St. Anthony Hospital 2,200
5 First Bank 1,261
6State of Colorado1,084
7 HomeAdvisor 1,070
8City of Lakewood900
9 The Integer Group 435
10 Colorado Christian University 431

Government

The Lakewood Civic Center (2009) LakewoodCivicCenter.JPG
The Lakewood Civic Center (2009)

Lakewood maintains a council / manager form of government. Citizens elect a city council consisting of the mayor, who is elected at-large, and 10 city council members, 2 from each of the city's five geographical wards. The mayor and the council members assert the policies for the operation of the city government.

As of 2020, the mayor is Adam Paul. The council members representing the first ward are Ramey Johnson and Charley Able; Jacob la Bure and Sharon Vincent represent the second ward; Anita Springsteen and Mike Bieda represent the third ward; David Skilling and Barb Franks represent the fourth ward  and the fifth ward is represented by Karen Harrison and Dana Gutwein.

The City of Lakewood falls into Colorado House District  26, parts of House District 24, and House District 23. Lakewood is represented in the state house by Reps. Chris Kennedy, Kerry Tipper, and Monica Duran. [21]

Education

Lakewood also houses Lakewood High School, Green Mountain High School, Bear Creek High School, Brady Exploration High School, Alameda International High School, and International Baccalaureate schools in Jefferson County, as well as the private Colorado Academy. Lakewood is also home to Colorado Christian University and Colorado School of Trades.

The town is served by the Jefferson County Public Library.

Transportation

Transportation within the city, and to other areas in the metropolitan area, is provided by RTD. RTD's Light Rail W line runs directly through Lakewood. Intercity transportation is provided by Bustang. Lakewood is along Bustang's West Line, which connects Denver to Grand Junction. [22]

Points of interest

Landmarks and historical points of interest include:[ citation needed ]

Notable people

Notable individuals who were born in or have lived in Lakewood include

Sister cities

Lakewood has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

See also

Footnotes

  1. Portions of Bonfils Stanton's 750-acre (300 ha) estate, Belmar, were used to create the Belmar residential neighborhood and the Lakewood downtown district. Conversion of property from the Bonfils family's estate to residential housing and commercial use was in direct defiance of the Bonfils family will. [28] [29] [At least one of the citations (probably) covers defiance of the inheritance conditions, but perhaps not both.]

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Edgewater, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

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West Pleasant View, Colorado Census Designated Place in Colorado, United States

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Lakewood Gulch

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May Bonfils Stanton

Mary Madeline "May" Bonfils Stanton was an American heiress and philanthropist. She and her younger sister, Helen Bonfils, succeeded their father, Frederick Gilmer Bonfils, as principal owners of The Denver Post. However, May's elopement at age 21 with a non-Catholic salesman had forged a rift in her relationship with her parents and sister that worsened when Helen inherited the majority of their parents' estates. Following a three-year legal battle over the inheritance, the sisters cut off all communication with each other. May married twice but did not have children. Living a reclusive life, she invested her fortune into building and furnishing her 750-acre (300 ha) estate in Lakewood, Colorado – which included a mansion that was an exact replica of Marie Antoinette's Petit Trianon château in Versailles – and into many philanthropic endeavors in the state of Colorado. The Bonfils–Stanton Foundation, established by her second husband after her death in 1962, continues to support the arts in Colorado. She was posthumously inducted into the Colorado Women's Hall of Fame in 1985.

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  21. [Colorado] State House District 26. COMaps (Report). Archived from the original on 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2009-01-21.
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  26. Marshall, Brandon (2012-02-22). "Chris Broderick of Megadeth". Westword. Retrieved 2016-04-15. There was definitely a metal scene in Denver back in 1988.
  27. Groke, Nick (2016-05-06) [2009-12-30]. ""Dr. Death" Steve Williams, famed wrestler, dies in Denver". The Denver Post (obituary). Retrieved 2016-04-15.
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  30. Stade is located on the German Timber-Frame Road