Hinsdale County, Colorado

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Hinsdale County
Hinsdale County Court House.JPG
The 1877 Hinsdale County Court House in Lake City, Colorado.
Map of Colorado highlighting Hinsdale County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
Colorado in United States.svg
Colorado's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°49′N107°17′W / 37.82°N 107.28°W / 37.82; -107.28
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
FoundedFebruary 10, 1874
Named for George A. Hinsdale
Seat Lake City
Largest townLake City
Area
  Total1,123 sq mi (2,910 km2)
  Land1,117 sq mi (2,890 km2)
  Water5.9 sq mi (15 km2)  0.5%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
820
  Density0.8/sq mi (0.3/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 3rd
Website www.hinsdalecountycolorado.us
Bonanza-Empire Chief mine and mill, on the Alpine Loop. The mill ruins were stabilized in 2000 by the Bureau of Land Management and Hinsdale County Historical Society. In 2007-2008, the mill ruins were demolished by an avalanche. Empire Chief mine, 2001.jpg
Bonanza-Empire Chief mine and mill, on the Alpine Loop. The mill ruins were stabilized in 2000 by the Bureau of Land Management and Hinsdale County Historical Society. In 2007–2008, the mill ruins were demolished by an avalanche.

Hinsdale County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 843, [1] making it the third-least populous county in Colorado. With a population density of only 0.75 inhabitants per square mile (0.29/km2), it is also the least-densely populated county in Colorado. The county seat and only incorporated municipality in the county is Lake City. [2] The county is named for George A. Hinsdale, [3] a prominent pioneer and former Lieut. Governor of Colorado Territory.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,123 square miles (2,910 km2), of which 1,117 square miles (2,890 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (0.5%) is water. [4]

Hinsdale County is one of the most remote counties in Colorado and the United States. The county is covered by mountains, including multiple fourteeners, and contains one of the most roadless areas in the country. [5] The continental divide crosses the county twice. Most of the county is divided among several different national forests and the Weminuche Wilderness area.

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 1,487
1890 862−42.0%
1900 1,60986.7%
1910 646−59.9%
1920 538−16.7%
1930 449−16.5%
1940 349−22.3%
1950 263−24.6%
1960 208−20.9%
1970 202−2.9%
1980 408102.0%
1990 46714.5%
2000 79069.2%
2010 8436.7%
2019 (est.)820 [6] −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2015 [1]

As of the census of 2000, there were 790 people, 359 households, and 246 families living in the county. The population density was 0.7 people per square mile (0.3/km2). There were 1,304 housing units at an average density of 1.2 per square mile (0.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.34% White, 1.52% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 1.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 359 households, out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.0% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.2 and the average family size was 2.6.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 19.5% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 34.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 105.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,279, and the median income for a family was $42,159. Males had a median income of $26,210 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,360. About 4.5% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Republican presidential nominees have carried Hinsdale County since Franklin Delano Roosevelt defeated Alf Landon by eight votes in 1936. Along with Elbert County and Washington County it was one of three Colorado counties to vote for Barry Goldwater over Lyndon Johnson in 1964. In 2020, Joe Biden received the highest vote share for a Democrat since Johnson, and became the third Democrat since 1940 to breach 40% of the vote.

Presidential elections results
Hinsdale County vote
by party in presidential elections
[11]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2020 55.9%35340.4% 2553.8% 24
2016 57.6%33933.5% 1979.0% 53
2012 58.8%35338.2% 2293.0% 18
2008 57.4%34440.1% 2402.5% 15
2004 59.0%35539.2% 2361.8% 11
2000 55.8%31633.2% 18811.0% 62
1996 52.8%28933.8% 18513.4% 73
1992 39.5%18831.7% 15128.8% 137
1988 72.5%29527.3% 1110.3% 1
1984 74.9%31023.7% 981.5% 6
1980 69.1%23222.6% 768.3% 28
1976 66.6%18929.2% 834.2% 12
1972 77.5%17219.8% 442.7% 6
1968 66.2%12722.4% 4311.5% 22
1964 53.2%10746.8% 940.0% 0
1960 62.7%13837.3% 820.0% 0
1956 76.7%15523.3% 470.0% 0
1952 74.0%15426.0% 540.0% 0
1948 63.9%13336.1% 750.0% 0
1944 67.0%12433.0% 610.0% 0
1940 58.8%15040.4% 1030.8% 2
1936 47.8% 12950.7%1371.5% 4
1932 38.2% 9456.1%1385.7% 14
1928 53.8%12844.5% 1061.7% 4
1924 50.0%13828.6% 7921.4% 59
1920 59.1%14926.6% 6714.3% 36
1916 31.1% 9458.9%1789.9% 30
1912 38.6% 13644.6%15716.8% 59

The last Democrat to carry Hinsdale County in a statewide election was John Hickenlooper in the 2010 gubernatorial contest, [12] and the only other case since at least 1980 have been Democratic senator Ben “Nighthorse” Campbell, who was later to shift to the Republican Party, in 1992, alongside popular Governor Roy Romer, who carried all but three counties statewide, in 1990. [13]

2020 County Wide Election Results [14]

County Commissioner District 1
CandidatesVotesPercentages
Henry E. Woods (D)12921.15%
Gregory Levine (I)48178.85%
Total610100.00%
County Commissioner District 3
CandidatesVotesPercentages
Robert R. Hurd (R)50383.69%
Norman Ragle (I)9816.31%
Total601100.00%
Hinsdale County Sherriff
CandidatesVotesPercentages
Christopher Kambish (R)46080.70%
Gabe McNeese (Write In)11019.30%
Total570100.00%

Recreation

National forests

National wilderness areas

Trails

Scenic byways

Communities

Capitol City, Colorado, a ghost town on the Alpine Loop National Scenic Back Country Byway. Capitol City once had a population of 400; its founders wanted it to become the capital of Colorado. The post office, some outbuildings, and brick kilns remain. Capitol City, Colo.jpg
Capitol City, Colorado, a ghost town on the Alpine Loop National Scenic Back Country Byway. Capitol City once had a population of 400; its founders wanted it to become the capital of Colorado. The post office, some outbuildings, and brick kilns remain.

Town

Census-designated places

Ghost towns

[15]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  157.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. Tracy Staedter (May 3, 2007). "Roadless Space Uneven Across U.S." Discovery News. Archived from the original on May 6, 2007.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  9. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  11. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  12. Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 2010 Gubernatorial General Election Results – Colorado
  13. Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 1990 Gubernatorial General Election Results – Colorado
  14. "Election Night Reporting". results.enr.clarityelections.com. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  15. "Ghost Towns of Colorado- Hinsdale County". Ghost Towns. Retrieved June 21, 2020.

Coordinates: 37°49′12″N107°16′48″W / 37.82000°N 107.28000°W / 37.82000; -107.28000