Douglas County, Colorado

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Douglas County
One of two Douglas county buildings, Castle Rock, CO IMG 5192.JPG
One of two county buildings for Douglas County in Castle Rock
Map of Colorado highlighting Douglas County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
Colorado in United States.svg
Colorado's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°21′N104°56′W / 39.35°N 104.93°W / 39.35; -104.93
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
FoundedNovember 1, 1861
Named for Stephen A. Douglas
Seat Castle Rock
Largest community Highlands Ranch
Area
  Total843 sq mi (2,180 km2)
  Land840 sq mi (2,200 km2)
  Water2.6 sq mi (7 km2)  0.3%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
351,154
  Density399/sq mi (154/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districts 4th, 6th
Website www.douglas.co.us
Second Douglas County office building in Castle Rock Second Douglas County, CO, county building IMG 5196.JPG
Second Douglas County office building in Castle Rock
Douglas County Events Center and Fairgrounds in Castle Rock Douglas Co., CO, Events Center and Fairgrounds IMG 5187.JPG
Douglas County Events Center and Fairgrounds in Castle Rock
The "rock castle" of Castle Rock, Colorado The rock of Castle Rock IMG 5189.JPG
The "rock castle" of Castle Rock, Colorado

Douglas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 285,465. [1] The county seat is Castle Rock. [2]

Contents

Douglas County is part of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, Colorado, metropolitan statistical area. It is located midway between Colorado's two largest cities, Denver and Colorado Springs, and contains a portion of Aurora, the state's third-largest city. Douglas County has the highest median household income of any Colorado county or statistical equivalent. It is ranked seventh nationally in that category.

Overview

Douglas County is lightly wooded, mostly with ponderosa pine, with broken terrain characterized by mesas, foothills, and small streams. Cherry Creek and Plum Creek rise in Douglas County and flow north toward Denver and into the South Platte River. Both were subject to flash flooding in the past, Plum Creek being partially responsible for the Denver flood of 1965. Cherry Creek and Plum Creek are now dammed.

Most residents commute to workplaces elsewhere in the metropolitan area outside of the county. Suburban development is supplementing the traditional ranching economy of the county.

History

Douglas County was one of the original 17 counties created in the Colorado Territory by the Colorado Territorial Legislature on November 1, 1861. The county was named in honor of U.S. Senator Stephen A. Douglas [3] of Illinois, who died five months before the county was created. The county seat was originally Franktown, but was moved to California Ranch in 1863, and then to Castle Rock in 1874. Although the county's boundaries originally extended eastward to the Kansas state border, in 1874, most of the eastern portion of the county became part of Elbert County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 844 square miles (2,190 km2), of which 841 square miles (2,180 km2) are land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.3%) are covered by water. [4]

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

Parks and recreational areas

Three state parks fall within Douglas County, Castlewood Canyon State Park, Chatfield State Park and Roxborough State Park. Parts of the county lie within the Pike National Forest and were crossed by the historic South Platte Trail.

Recreation trails in the county include:

The Rueter–Hess Reservoir, when filled, may provide significant recreation, including fishing, hiking, and nonmotorized boating. If filled to capacity, surface size would be 1,140 acres, making this a fairly significant reservoir in Colorado and Douglas County's largest body of water.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 1,388
1880 2,48679.1%
1890 3,00620.9%
1900 3,1203.8%
1910 3,1922.3%
1920 3,51710.2%
1930 3,498−0.5%
1940 3,496−0.1%
1950 3,5070.3%
1960 4,81637.3%
1970 8,40774.6%
1980 25,153199.2%
1990 60,391140.1%
2000 175,766191.0%
2010 285,46562.4%
2019 (est.)351,154 [5] 23.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2015 [1]

As of the census [10] of 2000, 175,766 people, 60,924 households, and 49,835 families were residing in the county. The population density was 209 people per square mile (81/km2). The 63,333 housing units averaged 75 per square mile (29/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.77% White, 2.51% Asian, 0.95% African American, 0.41% Native American, 1.49% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 5.06% of the population.

Of the 60,924 households, 47.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.8% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were not families. About 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 1.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88, and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county, the population distribution was 31.6% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 37.9% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 4.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $82,929, and for a family was $88,482 (these figures had risen to $93,819 and $102,767, respectively, as of a 2007 estimate [11] ). Males had a median income of $60,729 versus $38,965 for females. The per capita income for the county was $34,848. About 1.6% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

Douglas County had the highest median household income of any Colorado county or statistical equivalent in 2000. In 2008, it ranked eighth in the United States in that category; it was one of two in the top 15 not in the vicinity of New York or Washington.

Health and longevity

In 2021, Douglas County was judged by the US News and World Report to be the second healthiest of 3,143 counties and county-equivalents of the United States based on 84 different factors. Residents of the county lived 84.0 years on the average compared to the U.S. average of 77.5 years. [12]

Politics

As a primarily exurban county, Douglas County has long been known as a Republican stronghold. In the 2012 election, Mitt Romney won 62% of the vote. Douglas County has become more competitive in recent years, with Donald Trump winning 55% of the county's vote in 2016, and only 52% of the vote in 2020. [13] However, Democratic strength is mostly limited to heavily Democratic parts of Lone Tree and the moderate town of Highlands Ranch, while the rest of the county is still strongly Republican. [14]

Presidential elections results
Douglas County vote
by party in presidential elections
[15]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2020 52.4%121,27045.2% 104,6532.5% 5,682
2016 54.7%102,57336.6% 68,6578.7% 16,270
2012 62.1%104,39736.4% 61,0941.5% 2,593
2008 58.0%88,10840.8% 61,9601.2% 1,751
2004 66.5%80,65132.7% 39,6610.7% 889
2000 65.0%56,00731.4% 27,0763.7% 3,142
1996 61.8%32,12031.2% 16,2327.0% 3,623
1992 46.4%18,59224.9% 9,99128.7% 11,477
1988 70.0%17,03528.5% 6,9311.6% 384
1984 79.3%12,24919.5% 3,0111.2% 181
1980 70.1%8,12618.2% 2,10811.7% 1,362
1976 65.5%5,07831.7% 2,4592.7% 211
1972 75.5%3,62521.8% 1,0482.7% 127
1968 61.5%1,91027.6% 85710.9% 337
1964 47.9% 1,33651.7%1,4420.5% 13
1960 64.4%1,49035.6% 8230.0% 0
1956 68.1%1,50831.5% 6970.5% 10
1952 69.0%1,42730.8% 6370.2% 4
1948 55.8%97943.7% 7670.6% 10
1944 65.4%1,21434.4% 6380.3% 5
1940 61.6%1,29838.0% 8010.4% 9
1936 45.5% 89553.1%1,0441.5% 29
1932 43.0% 83654.5%1,0612.5% 49
1928 64.3%1,10735.0% 6030.8% 13
1924 55.3%87024.4% 38320.3% 319
1920 61.4%94836.3% 5612.3% 35
1916 42.2% 61256.5%8201.3% 19
1912 28.2% 37346.8%61925.0% 330
1908 54.7%77944.2% 6290.9% 14
1904 59.2%79239.2% 5241.5% 20
1900 49.0% 64249.6%6501.3% 18
1896 13.9% 17285.2%1,0510.8% 10
1892 57.6%36042.4% 265
1888 52.6%38542.0% 3075.3% 39
1884 53.3%28845.5% 2461.1% 6
1880 53.8%33145.8% 2820.3% 2

Education

Douglas County is served by Douglas County School District RE-1, the third-largest school district in Colorado. In addition to traditional neighborhood schools, the district includes six charter schools, four option schools, and an online school . Schools are rated generally high in the area.

The University Center at Chaparral in Parker offers courses through Arapahoe Community College, University of Colorado Denver, University College of the University of Denver, and the Douglas County School District. The University of Phoenix has a campus in Lone Tree.

The University of Colorado offers courses from both its Boulder campus and its Denver campus at the CU-South Extension in Lone Tree.

Libraries

The Douglas County Libraries system has seven branches throughout the county. The library also houses the Douglas County History Research Center, which collects and preserves the history of Douglas County, the High Plains, the Divide area of the Front Range and the State of Colorado, to provide historical research resources to the public. [16]

Economy

Top employers

Douglas County School District office in Castle Rock Douglas County, CO, School District office IMG 5629.JPG
Douglas County School District office in Castle Rock

According to the county's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [17] the top employers in the county are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Douglas County School District RE-1 5,563
2 Charles Schwab Corporation 2,400
3 EchoStar 2,010
4 CH2M Hill 1,660
5 HealthONE: Sky Ridge Medical Center1,220
6 Western Union 1,210
7Douglas County Government1,146
8Centura Health: Parker Adventist Hospital 1,110
9 Information Handling Services 980
10Specialized Loan Servicing940

Recognition

Douglas County has been recognized by a number of national periodicals:

Communities

Cities

Towns

Other unincorporated communities

Census-designated places

See also

Related Research Articles

Castle Rock, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The Town of Castle Rock is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Douglas County, Colorado, United States. Castle Rock is the most populous town in the State of Colorado. Castle Rock had 48,231 residents at the 2010 United States Census, with an estimated population of 64,484 as of 2019. It is named for the prominent, castle tower-shaped butte near the center of town. Midway between Denver and Colorado Springs, Castle Rock is part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Front Range Urban Corridor.

Adams County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Adams County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 441,603. The county seat is Brighton. The county is named for Alva Adams, an early Governor of the State of Colorado in 1887–1889.

Denver metropolitan area Place in Colorado, United States

Denver is the central city of a conurbation region in the U.S. state of Colorado. The conurbation includes one continuous region consisting of the six central counties of Adams, Arapahoe, Broomfield, Denver, Douglas, and Jefferson. The Denver region is part of the Front Range Urban Corridor.

Weld County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

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Teller County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

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Park County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

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Jefferson County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Jefferson County, is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 534,543, making it the fourth-most populous county in Colorado. The county seat is Golden, and the most populous city is Lakewood.

Clear Creek County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Clear Creek County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,088. The county seat is Georgetown.

Arapahoe County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Arapahoe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, its population was 572,003, making it the third-most populous county in Colorado. The county seat is Littleton, and the most populous city is Aurora. The county was named for the Arapaho Native American tribe, who once lived in the region.

Broomfield, Colorado Consolidated city-county in Colorado, United States

The City and County of Broomfield is a consolidated city and county located in the U.S. State of Colorado. Broomfield has a consolidated government which operates under Article XX, Sections 10-13 of the Constitution of the State of Colorado. Broomfield is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its population was 55,889 at the 2010 United States Census, making it the 16th most populous municipality and the 13th most populous county in Colorado.

Englewood, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of Englewood is a Home Rule Municipality located in Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States. Englewood is located immediately south of Denver and is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2010, its population was 30,255. Englewood is part of the Denver metropolitan area. Englewood is located in the South Platte River Valley east of the Front Range. Downtown Englewood is located directly east of the confluence of Little Dry Creek and the South Platte River, between Santa Fe Drive and Broadway.

Castle Pines, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of Castle Pines is a Home Rule Municipality located in Douglas County, Colorado, United States. Castle Pines is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 10,360. By 2019, the United States Census Bureau estimated the population to have increased to 10,763. The city is situated 19 miles (31 km) south-southeast of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. The city is located north of the Town of Castle Rock and south of the City of Lone Tree, Colorado.

Franktown, Colorado Census Designated Place in Colorado, United States

Franktown is an unincorporated town, a post office, and a census-designated place (CDP) located in and governed by Douglas County, Colorado, United States. The CDP is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Franktown post office has the ZIP Code 80116. At the United States Census 2010, the population of the Franktown CDP was 395, while the population of the 80116 ZIP Code Tabulation Area was 3,942 including adjacent areas. Douglas County governs the unincorporated town.

Highlands Ranch, Colorado Census Designated Place in Colorado, United States

Highlands Ranch is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place (CDP) located in and governed by Douglas County, Colorado, United States. The CDP is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population of the Highlands Ranch CDP was 96,713 at the United States Census 2010, making it the most populous unincorporated community in the State of Colorado. The Highlands Ranch Metropolitan District provides services to the community, which lies in ZIP Codes 80126, 80129, 80130, and 80163.

Larkspur, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in State of Colorado, United States

Larkspur is a home rule municipality in Douglas County, Colorado, United States. The town population was 183 at the 2010 census, down from 234 at the 2000 census. Each year, on weekends in June and July, the Colorado Renaissance Festival is held in the hills just west of the town. The town is served by Larkspur Elementary School, a K-6 school in the Douglas County school district.

Lone Tree, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of Lone Tree is a Home Rule Municipality located in northern Douglas County, Colorado, United States. Lone Tree is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city population was 10,218 at the 2010 United States Census, with an estimated population of 13,082 in 2019.

Parker, Colorado Town in Colorado, United States

Parker is a home rule municipality in Douglas County, Colorado, United States. As a self-declared "town" under the Home Rule statutes, Parker is the second most populous town in the county; Castle Rock is the most populous. In recent years, Parker has become a commuter town at the southeasternmost corner of the Denver metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census the town population was 45,297; the estimated population in 2019 was 57,706. Parker is now the 19th most populous municipality in the state of Colorado.

Roxborough Park, Colorado Census Designated Place in Colorado, United States

Roxborough Park is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place (CDP) located in and governed by Douglas County, Colorado, United States. The CDP is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population of the Roxborough Park CDP was 9,099 at the United States Census 2010. The Roxborough Village Metropolitan District and the Roxborough Water and Sanitation District provide services. The Littleton post office serves the area.

Littleton, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of Littleton is a Home Rule Municipality located in Arapahoe, Douglas, and Jefferson counties, Colorado, United States. Littleton is the county seat of Arapahoe County and is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city population was 41,737 at the 2010 United States Census, ranking as the 20th most populous municipality in the State of Colorado.

Sterling Ranch, Colorado Census Designated Place in Colorado, United States

Sterling Ranch is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place (CDP) located in and governed by Douglas County, Colorado, United States. The CDP is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Douglas County governs the unincorporated community and the Sterling Ranch Community Authority Board provides services through several metropolitan districts. The Littleton post office serves the area.

References

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  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  108.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
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  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
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  10. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. "Douglas County, Colorado – Fact Sheet – American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on February 11, 2020. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  12. "Healthiest communities ranking 2021". Us News and World Report. Retrieved July 11, 2021.
  13. "Douglas County, Colorado, 2016 Election Results: Elections: The Denver Post". Denver Post Election Data. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
  14. "2020 Elections Map". New York Times. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  15. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  16. "Douglas County History Research Center". douglascountyhistory.org. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
  17. "2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). Douglas County Government. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
  18. "Best Places to Live 2009 – Top 25: Fastest job growth – from MONEY Magazine". Money.cnn.com. Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  19. "Go west for top quality of life". bizjournals. May 24, 2004. Archived from the original on June 17, 2010. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
  20. "Colorado State Districts – CO School District Rankings". Schooldigger.com. Retrieved July 22, 2010.

Coordinates: 39°21′N104°56′W / 39.35°N 104.93°W / 39.35; -104.93