Gilpin County, Colorado

Last updated

Gilpin County
Gilpin Combined Court.JPG
The Gilpin Combined Court, the county courthouse.
Seal of Gilpin County, Colorado.png
Seal
Map of Colorado highlighting Gilpin County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
Colorado in United States.svg
Colorado's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°52′N105°31′W / 39.86°N 105.52°W / 39.86; -105.52
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
FoundedNovember 1, 1861
Named for William Gilpin
Seat Central City
Largest cityCentral City
Area
  Total150 sq mi (400 km2)
  Land150 sq mi (400 km2)
  Water0.4 sq mi (1 km2)  0.2%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
6,243
  Density36/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 2nd
Website www.co.gilpin.co.us

Gilpin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado, smallest in land area behind only the City and County of Broomfield. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,441. [1] The county seat is Central City. [2] The county was formed in 1861, while Colorado was still a Territory, and was named after Colonel William Gilpin, [3] the first territorial governor.

Contents

Gilpin County is part of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

1904 broadside bird's eye view or map of Gilpin County, Colorado, issued by the Gilpin County Chamber of Commerce and the Colorado map publisher George Samuel Clason 1904 Clason Map or View of the Gilpin Colorado Gold and Mineral Belt - Geographicus - GilpinCountyColorado-clason-1904.jpg
1904 broadside bird's eye view or map of Gilpin County, Colorado, issued by the Gilpin County Chamber of Commerce and the Colorado map publisher George Samuel Clason

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 150 square miles (390 km2), of which 150 square miles (390 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.2%) is water. [4] It is the second-smallest county by area in Colorado.

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

National protected areas

State protected area

Scenic trail and byway

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 5,490
1880 6,48918.2%
1890 5,867−9.6%
1900 6,69014.0%
1910 4,131−38.3%
1920 1,364−67.0%
1930 1,212−11.1%
1940 1,62534.1%
1950 850−47.7%
1960 685−19.4%
1970 1,27285.7%
1980 2,44191.9%
1990 3,07025.8%
2000 4,75755.0%
2010 5,44114.4%
2019 (est.)6,243 [5] 14.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2015 [1]

At the 2000 census there were 4,757 people, 2,043 households, and 1,264 families in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km2). There were 2,929 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.37% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 4.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [10] Of the 2,043 households 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.10% were non-families. 26.80% of households were one person and 3.70% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.81.

The age distribution was 21.10% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 37.40% from 25 to 44, 30.00% from 45 to 64, and 5.70% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 112.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.10 males.

The median household income was $51,942 and the median family income was $61,859. Males had a median income of $38,560 versus $30,820 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,148. About 1.00% of families and 4.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.40% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Gilpin County vote
by party in presidential elections
[11]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2020 43.8% 1,83353.1%2,2233.1% 130
2016 43.8% 1,56645.7%1,63410.5% 376
2012 40.3% 1,34656.7%1,8923.0% 100
2008 38.1% 1,28359.1%1,9902.9% 96
2004 41.6% 1,32956.5%1,8071.9% 60
2000 40.8% 1,00644.6%1,09914.6% 360
1996 38.1% 68244.7%79917.2% 308
1992 26.3% 46241.3%72632.5% 571
1988 45.8% 72850.6%8043.7% 58
1984 57.0%89640.4% 6342.6% 41
1980 50.0%69431.8% 44118.2% 252
1976 41.2% 45151.4%5637.4% 81
1972 57.0%51640.0% 3623.0% 27
1968 52.6%35832.0% 21815.4% 105
1964 38.8% 23360.5%3630.7% 4
1960 58.6%31541.5% 2230.0% 0
1956 61.7%39438.2% 2440.2% 1
1952 60.4%35738.6% 2281.0% 6
1948 49.4%30248.5% 2962.1% 13
1944 55.9%27243.7% 2130.4% 2
1940 48.7% 41350.8%4310.6% 5
1936 29.8% 32168.3%7361.9% 20
1932 32.5% 27164.6%5393.0% 25
1928 55.2%29943.5% 2361.3% 7
1924 54.8%36124.4% 16120.8% 137
1920 67.0%41630.4% 1892.6% 16
1916 34.2% 40764.1%7631.8% 21
1912 26.7% 44356.0%93117.3% 288

Communities

The Old Courthouse in Central City houses much of the county government. Old Courthouse, Gilpin County.jpg
The Old Courthouse in Central City houses much of the county government.

Cities

Census-designated places

Other

Historic district

See also

Related Research Articles

Mitchell County, Texas U.S. county in Texas

Mitchell County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 9,403. Its county seat is Colorado City. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1881. It is named for Asa and Eli Mitchell, two early settlers and soldiers in the Texas Revolution.

Trimble County, Kentucky U.S. county in Kentucky

Trimble County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,809. Its county seat is Bedford. The county was founded in 1837 and is named for Robert Trimble. Trimble is no longer a prohibition or dry county.

Ringgold County, Iowa U.S. county in Iowa

Ringgold County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,131, making it the Iowa county with the second-smallest population. The county seat is Mount Ayr. The county is named after Maj. Samuel Ringgold, a hero of the Battle of Palo Alto fought in May 1846, during the Mexican–American War. It is one of the 26 Iowa counties with a name that is unique across the nation.

Teller County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Teller County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,350. The county seat is Cripple Creek, and the most populous city is Woodland Park.

Saguache County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Saguache County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,108. The county seat is Saguache.

Routt County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Routt County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,509. The county seat is Steamboat Springs. Routt County comprises the Steamboat Springs, CO Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Park County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Park County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,206. The county seat is Fairplay. The county was named after the large geographic region known as South Park, which was named by early fur traders and trappers in the area.

Moffat County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Moffat County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,795. The county seat is Craig. With an area of 4,751 square miles, it is the 2nd largest county by area in Colorado, behind Las Animas County.

Logan County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Logan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,709. The county seat is Sterling. The county was named for General John A. Logan.

Las Animas County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Las Animas County is one of the 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,507. The county seat is Trinidad. The county takes its name from the Mexican Spanish name of the Purgatoire River, originally called El Río de las Ánimas Perdidas en el Purgatorio, which means "River of the Lost Souls in Purgatory."

La Plata County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

La Plata County is one of the 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 51,334. The county seat is Durango. The county was named for the La Plata River and the La Plata Mountains. "La plata" means "the silver" in Spanish.

Jefferson County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Jefferson County, is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 534,543, making it the fourth-most populous county in Colorado. The county seat is Golden, and the most populous city is Lakewood.

Jackson County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,394, and it was the fourth least populated in the state. The county seat and only municipality in the county is Walden.

Grand County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Grand County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,843. The county seat is Hot Sulphur Springs.

Elbert County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Elbert County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,086. The county seat is Kiowa and the largest town is Elizabeth.

Clear Creek County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Clear Creek County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,088. The county seat is Georgetown.

Chaffee County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Chaffee County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,809. The county seat is Salida.

Boulder County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Boulder County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado of the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 294,567. The most populous municipality in the county and the county seat is Boulder.

Bent County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Bent County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,499. The county seat and only incorporated municipality is Las Animas. The county is named in honor of frontier trader William Bent.

Archuleta County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Archuleta County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,084. The county seat and the only incorporated municipality in the county is Pagosa Springs.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  138.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  8. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  10. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.

Coordinates: 39°52′N105°31′W / 39.86°N 105.52°W / 39.86; -105.52