Rio Grande County, Colorado

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Rio Grande County
Carnegie Library (Monte Vista, Colorado).JPG
Map of Colorado highlighting Rio Grande County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
Colorado in United States.svg
Colorado's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°37′N106°23′W / 37.61°N 106.39°W / 37.61; -106.39
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
FoundedFebruary 10, 1874
Named for Rio Grande
Seat Del Norte
Largest city Monte Vista
Area
  Total912 sq mi (2,360 km2)
  Land912 sq mi (2,360 km2)
  Water0.4 sq mi (1 km2)  0.04%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
11,267
  Density13/sq mi (5/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district 3rd
Website www.riograndecounty.org

Rio Grande County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,982. [1] The county seat is Del Norte. [2] The county is named for the Rio Grande (Spanish language for "Big River"), which flows through the county.

Contents

Description

The gateway to the San Juan Mountains, Rio Grande County is one of the highlights of the San Luis Valley. The county covers 913 square miles (2,360 km2) ranging from approximately 7,000 feet (2,100 m) on valley floor to several 13,000-foot peaks. There are three municipalities within the county, Monte Vista, Del Norte, and South Fork and all have been historically developed along the rail line that follows the Rio Grande.

Monte Vista is the county's largest community situated on the valley floor. "Monte", as locals people call it,[ citation needed ] is the center of the agricultural aspect of the county. There are numerous festivals, events, and clubs that take place in and around Monte Vista, and the Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge is a stop for migratory Sand Hill Cranes every year. Del Norte is a quaint town with a focus on its historic past; it is the county seat, home to the Rio Grande County Museum, and maintains a historic façade in its main street.

The newest town in Rio Grande County is South Fork. South Fork is surrounded by the Rio Grande National Forest and other public lands and has easy access to Wolf Creek Ski Area. Developed as a logging center it has become a gem of the Valley with a booming housing market, world-class 18-hole golf course, and the distinction of being the "Gateway to the Silver Thread" scenic byway.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 912 square miles (2,360 km2), of which 912 square miles (2,360 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.04%) is water. [3]

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

National protected areas

Trails and byways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 1,944
1890 3,45177.5%
1900 4,08018.2%
1910 6,56360.9%
1920 7,85519.7%
1930 9,95326.7%
1940 12,40424.6%
1950 12,8323.5%
1960 11,160−13.0%
1970 10,494−6.0%
1980 10,5110.2%
1990 10,7702.5%
2000 12,41315.3%
2010 11,982−3.5%
2019 (est.)11,267 [4] −6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]
1790-1960 [6] 1900-1990 [7]
1990-2000 [8] 2010-2015 [1]

At the 2000 census there were 12,413 people, 4,701 households, and 3,417 families living in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5/km2). There were 6,003 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.93% White, 0.35% Black or African American, 1.26% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 21.45% from other races, and 2.76% from two or more races. 41.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [9] Of the 4,701 households 35.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 24.10% of households were one person and 10.30% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08.

The age distribution was 28.10% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median household income was $31,836 and the median family income was $36,809. Males had a median income of $30,432 versus $23,005 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,650. About 11.30% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 11.20% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential elections results
Rio Grande County vote
by party in presidential elections
[10]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2020 58.1%3,66039.6% 2,4952.4% 150
2016 55.8%3,08536.2% 2,0018.1% 448
2012 52.7%2,91844.8% 2,4782.5% 137
2008 53.8%2,93045.0% 2,4481.2% 66
2004 62.4%3,44836.3% 2,0061.3% 72
2000 61.3%3,11133.6% 1,7075.1% 257
1996 49.5%2,12940.0% 1,72010.5% 452
1992 42.5%1,92734.0% 1,54123.5% 1,065
1988 62.0%2,62636.5% 1,5451.5% 64
1984 73.3%3,12225.9% 1,1040.8% 36
1980 63.4%2,84430.5% 1,3706.1% 274
1976 62.4%2,62735.0% 1,4752.6% 110
1972 69.7%2,78725.7% 1,0294.6% 183
1968 58.3%2,44237.3% 1,5624.4% 183
1964 43.9% 1,69955.9%2,1610.2% 7
1960 58.5%2,52441.3% 1,7820.1% 6
1956 66.0%2,81633.8% 1,4410.2% 7
1952 70.1%3,20129.6% 1,3500.3% 15
1948 52.9%2,04946.8% 1,8140.3% 13
1944 65.8%2,56734.0% 1,3250.2% 8
1940 57.4%3,07541.9% 2,2420.8% 40
1936 41.6% 1,88456.9%2,5741.5% 66
1932 36.6% 1,55759.6%2,5393.8% 162
1928 64.0%2,25434.8% 1,2261.1% 40
1924 53.5%1,57231.4% 92215.1% 444
1920 61.0%1,66036.2% 9852.8% 76
1916 32.6% 88664.6%1,7562.8% 75
1912 25.0% 69846.0%1,28629.0% 810

Communities

City

Towns

Unincorporated

Census-designated places

See also

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The Town of Del Norte is a Statutory Town that is the county seat of Rio Grande County, Colorado, United States. The town's name is generally pronounced /ˈdɛl nɔɹt/. The town population was 1,686 at the 2010 census.

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South Fork is a statutory town in Rio Grande County, Colorado, United States. It lies at the confluence of the South Fork and Rio Grande rivers. The population was 386 at the 2010 census.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  5. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  6. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  7. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  8. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  9. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  10. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.

Coordinates: 37°37′N106°23′W / 37.61°N 106.39°W / 37.61; -106.39