Chaffee County, Colorado

Last updated

Chaffee County
County of Chaffee
Chaffee County Courthouse (1932-1992).JPG
Old Chaffee County Courthouse
Chaffee County, Colorado
Interactive map of Chaffee County
Map of Colorado highlighting Chaffee County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
EstablishedFebruary 10, 1879
Named for Jerome B. Chaffee
County seat Salida
Largest citySalida
Area
  Total1,015 sq mi (2,630 km2)
  Land1,013 sq mi (2,620 km2)
  Water1.6 sq mi (4 km2)  0.2%
Highest elevation
[1]
14,421 ft (4,396 m)
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
20,356 [2]
  Density18/sq mi (7/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Area code 970 719
FIPS code08015
GNIS feature ID 198123
Website www.chaffeecounty.org
Salida, Colorado with Sangre de Cristo Range in background Salida, Colorado with Sangre de Cristo Range in Background .jpg
Salida, Colorado with Sangre de Cristo Range in background

Chaffee County is one of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,809. [3] The county seat is Salida. [4]

Contents

History

Chaffee County has a confusing origin. Between February 8 and February 10, 1879, Carbonate County was created by the Colorado legislature out of northern Lake County. On February 10 the two counties were renamed, with the southern part of Lake County becoming Chaffee County, and Carbonate County becoming Lake County. Chaffee County is known as the “Heart of the Rockies”. It was named for Jerome B. Chaffee, [5] Colorado's first United States Senator.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,015 square miles (2,630 km2), of which 1,013 square miles (2,620 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.2%) is water. [6]

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

National protected areas

Recreation area

Trails

Bicycle routes

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 6,512
1890 6,6121.5%
1900 7,0857.2%
1910 7,6227.6%
1920 7,7531.7%
1930 8,1264.8%
1940 8,109−0.2%
1950 7,168−11.6%
1960 8,29815.8%
1970 10,16222.5%
1980 13,22730.2%
1990 12,684−4.1%
2000 16,24228.1%
2010 17,8099.6%
2019 (est.)20,356 [7] 14.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2015 [3]

At the 2000 census there were 16,242 people, 6,584 households, and 4,365 families living in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 8,392 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.94% White, 1.58% Black or African American, 1.09% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.21% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 8.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [12] Of the 6,584 households 25.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 28.40% of households were one person and 11.20% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.77.

The age distribution was 19.70% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 27.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% 65 or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 113.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.20 males.

The median household income was $34,368 and the median family income was $42,043. Males had a median income of $30,770 versus $22,219 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,430. About 7.40% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 10.20% of those age 65 or over.

Chaffee County is also home to a source of water that Arrowhead water uses for some water bottles. The source is Ruby Mountain Springs.

Politics

Chaffee County is a bellwether county, having supported the winner of 10 out of the last 11 presidential elections. The most recent election where Chaffee County supported the presidential loser was in 2008, when John McCain won the county despite Barack Obama winning decisively nationally and statewide.

Presidential election results
Chaffee County vote
by party in presidential elections
[13]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2020 45.4% 6,22252.2%7,1602.4% 336
2016 47.9%5,39143.5% 4,8888.6% 971
2012 48.5% 5,07048.6%5,0862.9% 306
2008 49.1%4,87349.0% 4,8621.9% 186
2004 55.6%4,87542.9% 3,7661.5% 129
2000 56.5%4,30036.4% 2,7687.1% 542
1996 42.5% 2,76846.9%3,05210.7% 695
1992 36.4% 2,28438.5%2,41925.1% 1,579
1988 53.9%3,08044.6% 2,5481.5% 86
1984 66.3%3,68032.1% 1,7791.6% 91
1980 60.7%3,32728.9% 1,58310.4% 568
1976 56.7%2,92540.0% 2,0643.4% 173
1972 66.6%2,85931.6% 1,3541.8% 78
1968 51.1%2,12140.1% 1,6678.8% 365
1964 37.4% 1,47662.3%2,4630.3% 12
1960 52.1%2,09447.8% 1,9180.1% 4
1956 63.7%2,28436.3% 1,3030.0% 0
1952 56.7%2,17142.9% 1,6430.4% 15
1948 57.7%2,06541.2% 1,4761.1% 39
1944 48.8% 1,67550.5%1,7310.7% 24
1940 46.9% 1,93352.2%2,1530.9% 35
1936 29.2% 1,06966.8%2,4474.0% 148
1932 29.2% 1,06166.0%2,3934.8% 174
1928 59.5%1,88038.9% 1,2301.6% 50
1924 43.4%1,33619.9% 61236.7% 1,130
1920 52.9%1,50143.5% 1,2333.6% 103
1916 24.6% 86472.5%2,5462.9% 103
1912 21.3% 72348.3%1,64130.4% 1,031

Communities

Chaffee County, Colorado Map of Chaffee County, Colorado.png
Chaffee County, Colorado
Buffalo Peaks near Buena Vista Buffalo Peaks outside of Buena Vista.jpg
Buffalo Peaks near Buena Vista

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

See also

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Buena Vista, Colorado Statutory Town in Colorado, United States

The Town of Buena Vista is a Statutory Town in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. The town population was 2,617 at the 2010 United States Census.

Poncha Springs, Colorado Town in Colorado, United States

Poncha Springs is a Statutory Town in Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. The population was 737 at the 2010 census.

Salida, Colorado Statutory City in Colorado, United States

The City of Salida is the Statutory City that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Chaffee County, Colorado, United States. The population was 5,236 at the 2010 census.

References

  1. Mount Harvard
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. August 15, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  74.
  6. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  8. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  9. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  10. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  11. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  12. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.

Coordinates: 38°44′N106°11′W / 38.74°N 106.18°W / 38.74; -106.18