Manitou Springs, Colorado

Last updated
Manitou Springs, Colorado
Manitou Springs City Hall.JPG
The Manitou Springs City Hall.
Motto(s): 
At the foot of Pikes Peak
El Paso County Colorado Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Manitou Springs Highlighted 0848445.svg
Location of the City of Manitou Springs in El Paso County, Colorado.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Manitou Springs
Location of the City of Manitou Springs in the United States.
Coordinates: 38°51′24″N104°54′36″W / 38.85667°N 104.91000°W / 38.85667; -104.91000 Coordinates: 38°51′24″N104°54′36″W / 38.85667°N 104.91000°W / 38.85667; -104.91000
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
County El Paso County [2]
City Manitou Springs [1]
Incorporated January 25, 1888 [3]
Government
  Type Home rule municipality [1]
  MayorJohn Graham [4]
Area
[5]
  Total3.15 sq mi (8.16 km2)
  Land3.15 sq mi (8.16 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
[6]
6,412 ft (1,938 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total4,992
  Estimate 
(2019) [7]
5,390
  Density1,711.65/sq mi (660.82/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code [8]
80829
Area code(s) 719
FIPS code 08-48445
GNIS feature ID 0193457
Website www.manitouspringsgov.com

Manitou Springs is a home rule municipality located at the foot of Pikes Peak in western El Paso County, Colorado, United States. The town was founded for its natural mineral springs. The downtown area continues to be of interest to travelers, particularly in the summer, with many one-story small shops, restaurants, and pubs, as well as a creekside city park with a children's playground made from unusual materials. Among other services, shops sell clothing, candy, souvenirs, and outdoor recreation. The main road through the center of town was one of the direct paths to the base of Pikes Peak. Barr Trail, which winds its way up Pikes Peak, is accessible from town. The subdivision Crystal Hills was added to the municipality in the 1960s.

Contents

The city population was 4,992 at the 2010 United States Census. [9] Students are served by Manitou Springs School District 14 and Manitou Springs High School.

History

General William Jackson Palmer and Dr. William Abraham Bell founded Manitou Springs in 1872, intending the town to be a "scenic health resort". Bell's home, Briarhurst Manor, is open to the public as a fine dining restaurant, which is listed on the National Register of Historic places. In 1876, the town was incorporated. [10] "Manitou Springs has been the quintessential tourist town since the 1870s, when visitors discovered the healing waters the Ute Indians had been drinking for years. Many of the town's mineral springs still function today and the water is free." [11]

Historic district

In 1980, the Manitou Springs Historic District was formed by the Historic Preservation Committee to manage development, renovation and preservation within the town. [10] It is a National Register of Historic Places listing [12] and one of the country's largest National Historic Districts. [13]

Waldo Canyon fire

In June 2012, the entire city was evacuated due to the Waldo Canyon fire nearby. Parts of western Colorado Springs were also evacuated. Manitou Springs did not suffer any fire damage, and the city was under evacuation orders from only 1:30 a.m. Monday until 8 p.m. the same day. There was no fire damage visible from Manitou Springs, and all businesses reopened. [14]

Waldo Canyon flash flood

On the afternoon of August 9, 2013, the city was inundated by a flash flood entering the northern edges of the city via roadways and natural channels as it descended from the flooded-out US Hwy 24. Traffic was stopped in both directions as the highway barriers formed a river drifting several occupied cars down a runoff ditch. The strong current made a path down Manitou Avenue from Cavern Gulch, as well as Canon Avenue, meandering turbulently through streets, homes, businesses, and spillways, damaging 20 homes, 8 of them significantly. The flood water threatened buildings and parking lots along Fountain Creek, and closed a portion of Manitou Avenue, which reopened later that evening. [15]

Geography

Situated directly along U.S. Route 24 just west of Old Colorado City and Cave of the Winds, the town is bordered by Mt. Manitou to the west, Red Mountain to the south, and Englemann Canyon, south and west. It is near Garden of the Gods, with the same red stone as Red Mountain, [16] and is at the base of Pikes Peak. [13] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.2 km2), all of it land. [9]

Climate

Manitou Springs has a humid continental climate (Koppen: Dfb), categorized by four distinct seasons. Summertime is hot, and wintertime is cool, sometimes cold. Spring and fall are generally very pleasant.

Climate data for Manitou Springs, Colorado
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)73
(23)
76
(24)
81
(27)
87
(31)
94
(34)
100
(38)
100
(38)
99
(37)
94
(34)
86
(30)
78
(26)
77
(25)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C)43
(6)
45
(7)
52
(11)
60
(16)
69
(21)
79
(26)
85
(29)
82
(28)
75
(24)
63
(17)
51
(11)
42
(6)
62
(17)
Average low °F (°C)18
(−8)
20
(−7)
26
(−3)
33
(1)
43
(6)
51
(11)
57
(14)
56
(13)
47
(8)
36
(2)
25
(−4)
18
(−8)
36
(2)
Record low °F (°C)−26
(−32)
−27
(−33)
−11
(−24)
−3
(−19)
21
(−6)
32
(0)
42
(6)
39
(4)
22
(−6)
5
(−15)
−8
(−22)
−24
(−31)
−27
(−33)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.32
(8.1)
0.36
(9.1)
1.00
(25)
1.42
(36)
2.03
(52)
2.50
(64)
2.84
(72)
3.34
(85)
1.19
(30)
0.82
(21)
0.40
(10)
0.34
(8.6)
16.56
(421)
Source: Weather.com [17]

Government

Manitou Springs is a local government and a home rule city located within the Colorado Springs metropolitan area. [10]

City council

Manitou Springs is managed by the elected mayor and six city council members. The mayor is elected to a two-year term. Council members are elected to 4 year, overlapping, terms. Three council members are "at large" members and three members represent one of each of the 3 wards in Manitou Springs. [18] [19] Manitou Springs residents may attend the following meetings or working sessions held each month at the Council Chambers at 606 Manitou Avenue. [20]

1st Tuesday2nd Tuesday3rd Tuesday4th Tuesday
City Council meetingWorking sessionCity Council meetingOptional working session

City boards and commissions

The Manitou Springs City Boards and Commissions include: [21]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 422
1890 1,439241.0%
1900 1,303−9.5%
1910 1,3574.1%
1920 1,129−16.8%
1930 1,2056.7%
1940 1,46221.3%
1950 2,58076.5%
1960 3,62640.5%
1970 4,27818.0%
1980 4,4754.6%
1990 4,5351.3%
2000 4,9809.8%
2010 4,9920.2%
2019 (est.)5,390 [7] 8.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [33]

As of the census [34] of 2000, there were 4,980 people, 2,452 households, and 1,255 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,642.6 inhabitants per square mile (634.2/km2). There were 2,654 housing units at an average density of 875.4/sq mi (338.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.98% White, 3.65% Hispanic or Latino, 0.50% African American, 1.06% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.94% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races.

There were 2,452 households, out of which 22.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 40.2% were married couples living together' 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present; and 48.8% were non-families. 38.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.03 and the average family size was 2.73.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 18.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 32.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,514, and the median income for a family was $57,260. Males had a median income of $39,102 versus $24,286 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,492. About 4.7% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.

Commercial district

Manitou Avenue

Canon Street

Ruxton Avenue

Attractions and community events

Attractions

Attractions include: [35]

Mineral springs and parks

Events

Annual Events include: [49]

Inns and hotels

Matt Carpenter, 42, approaching the summit of Pikes Peak during the 2006 Pikes Peak Marathon. Carpenter reached the summit in 2:08:27 on his way to a 3:33:07 win in the Marathon. MattCarpenter.JPG
Matt Carpenter, 42, approaching the summit of Pikes Peak during the 2006 Pikes Peak Marathon. Carpenter reached the summit in 2:08:27 on his way to a 3:33:07 win in the Marathon.
A view overlooking the city from the foothills Overlooking the city of Manitou Springs Colorado.jpg
A view overlooking the city from the foothills

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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El Paso County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

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Woodland Park, Colorado City in Colorado, United States

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Garden of the Gods Protected area

Garden of the Gods is a public park located in Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States. It was designated a National Natural Landmark in 1971.

Pikes Peak International Raceway Motorsport track in the United States

Pikes Peak International Raceway (PPIR) is a racetrack in the Colorado Springs area within the city limits of Fountain, Colorado, that by October 12, 1997, was "the fastest 1-mile paved oval anywhere". The speedway hosted races in several series including the Indy Racing League and two NASCAR series until operations were suspended from 2005–08. A wide variety of amateur racing groups use PPIR for racing and training as the circuit is now closed to sanctioned professional auto racing due to the purchase of the track by PPIR LLC from NASCAR/ISC in 2008 after the track was put up for sale in 2006. The sale included a clause that prohibited sanctioned professional auto racing, as well as the need for additional safety upgrades at a cost of $1 million+ for professional racing series that the new ownership had no interest in implementing with the clause in place.

Cascade, Colorado Unincorporated community in State of Colorado, United States

Cascade is an unincorporated community and U.S. Post Office in El Paso County, Colorado, United States. The ZIP Code of the Cascade Post Office is 80809.

History of Colorado Springs, Colorado Place in Colorado, United States

Before it was founded, the site of modern-day Colorado Springs, Colorado, was part of the American frontier. Old Colorado City, built in 1858 during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush was the Colorado Territory capital. The town of Colorado Springs, was founded by General William Jackson Palmer as a resort town. Old Colorado City was annexed into Colorado Springs. Railroads brought tourists and visitors to the area from other parts of the United States and abroad. The city was noted for junctions for seven railways: Denver and Rio Grande (1870), Denver and New Orleans Manitou Branch (1882), Colorado Midland (1886-1918), Colorado Springs and Interurban, Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe (1889), Rock Island (1889), and Colorado Springs and Cripple Creek Railways. It was also known for mining exchanges and brokers for the Cripple Creek Gold Rush.

Barr Trail

Barr Trail is a 13-mile (21 km) trail in the Pike National Forest that begins in Manitou Springs, Colorado and ends at the Pikes Peak summit. The high elevation trail with a long sustained grade is rated more difficult by the U.S. Forest Service. With a 7,800 feet (2,400 m) elevation gain to reach the summit, the Colorado Springs Convention & Visitors Bureau states that it is an advanced trail and is the most difficult trail in the Pikes Peak region.

Pikes Peak Mountain in the Rocky Mountains, Colorado, United States of America.

Pikes Peak is the highest summit of the southern Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, in North America. The ultra-prominent 14,115-foot (4,302.31 m) fourteener is located in Pike National Forest, 12 miles (19 km) west of downtown Colorado Springs, Colorado. The mountain is named in honor of American explorer Zebulon Pike. The summit is higher than any point in the United States east of its longitude.

Old Colorado City Branch Carnegie Library

The Old Colorado City Library is a currently operating branch library of the Pikes Peak Library District. It is housed in a 1904 Carnegie Library that has been in continuous service as a library since opening December 7, 1904. The library is located at 2418 West Pikes Peak Avenue, Colorado Springs, Colorado, 80904, in the historic district of Old Colorado City. Current hours of operation, policies, and programming can be found through the Pikes Peak Library District website.

Uncompahgre Ute

The Uncompahgre Ute or 'Aka'-páa-gharʉrʉ Núuchi is a band of the Ute, a Native American tribe located in the US states of Colorado and Utah. In the Ute language, uncompahgre means "rocks that make water red." The band was formerly called the Tabeguache.

Manitou Springs Historic District United States historic place

Manitou Springs Historic District in Manitou Springs, Colorado is roughly bounded by US 24, Ruxton Avenue, El Paso Boulevard and Iron Mountain Avenue. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places, it is one of the country's largest National Historic Districts.

Cliff House (Manitou Springs, Colorado) United States historic place

Cliff House in Manitou Springs, Colorado is a Queen Anne style hotel in the Manitou Springs Historic District. It is a National Register of Historic Places listing. The Cliff House at Pikes Peak is a member of Historic Hotels of America, the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.

Manitou Mineral Springs United States historic place

Manitou Mineral Springs are natural mineral springs in Manitou Springs, Colorado and Cheyenne Spring House is on the National Register of Historic Places. The springs are located in one of the country's largest National Historic Districts.

Manitou Bathhouse United States historic place

Manitou Bathhouse or Manitou Spa is a historic building located along Fountain Creek in Manitou Springs, Colorado. Once used as a mineral water bathhouse or spa, the building is now used for stores and other businesses on the first floor. The second and third floors hold residential units. It is on the National Register of Historic Places. Located in the building is Adam's Mountain Cafe.

Crystal Valley Cemetery United States historic place

Crystal Valley Cemetery is a cemetery located on Plainview Place in Manitou Springs, Colorado. Since its establishment in 1882, it has been the principal cemetery in Manitou Springs. It is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Roswell, now annexed into the city of Colorado Springs, Colorado, was a coal mine settlement near the northern bluffs of Colorado Springs and a 19th-century railroad junction. The town was located at roughly the present intersection of Fillmore Street and North Nevada Avenue in Colorado Springs.

Iron Springs, Colorado

Iron Springs, a neighborhood in Manitou Springs, Colorado, was an area named for one of Manitou Mineral Springs. The Manitou area had been frequented by Native Americans who considered it a sacred and healing place before European Americans settled in Manitou.

Englemann Canyon is a valley along Ruxton Creek, in Manitou Springs, El Paso County, Colorado. It is one of three canyons in Manitou Springs, the others are Ute Pass and Williams Canyon.

Ruxton Creek

Ruxton Creek is a stream in Manitou Springs in El Paso County, Colorado. Named for British explorer and writer of the southwest, George Fredrick Augustus Ruxton, it is one of three main drainage basins in Manitou Springs. Ruxton Creek flows out of Englemann Canyon and into the town of Manitou Springs. Iron Springs geyser emanates from the creek and is one of the Manitou Mineral Springs.

References

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Further reading