North Carolina Republican Party

Last updated
North Carolina Republican Party
ChairpersonMichael Whatley
Lieutenant Governor Mark Robinson
House Leader Tim Moore
Senate Leader Phil Berger
Headquarters1506 Hillsborough St, Raleigh, NC 27605
Student wingNorth Carolina Federation of College Republicans
Youth wing North Carolina Federation of Young Republicans
North Carolina Teenage Republicans
Ideology Conservatism
Fiscal conservatism
Social conservatism
Trumpism [1]
Political position Right-wing
National affiliation Republican Party
Colors Red
Statewide Executive Offices
6 / 10
Senate
29 / 50
House of Representatives
65 / 120
U.S. Senate
2 / 2
U.S. House of Representatives
8 / 13
Website
www.ncgop.org

The North Carolina Republican Party (NCGOP) is the affiliate of the Republican Party in North Carolina. Michael Whatley has been the chair since 2019.

Contents

History

Nineteenth century

Although Republicans first nominated a candidate for President of the United States, John C. Fremont, in 1856, [2] the party was not established in North Carolina until 1867, after the Civil War. With the help of the newly enfranchised freedmen, Republicans were briefly successful in state politics, dominating the convention that wrote the Constitution of North Carolina of 1868 and electing several governors. [3] After Reconstruction, Democrats returned to power, often suppressing the black vote by violence and fraud. Republicans had success in the 1890s when they joined forces with the Populist party in an "electoral fusion." They gained enough seats in the legislature to control it in 1896, and elected Daniel L. Russell as governor in 1896. [4] [5] [6]

Twentieth century

To prevent this kind of challenge, after Democrats regained control of the state legislature, in 1900 they adopted a constitutional suffrage amendment which required prepayment of a poll tax and an educational qualification (to be assessed by a registrar, which meant that it could be subjectively applied), and lengthened the residence period required before registration. A grandfather clause exempted from the poll tax those entitled to vote on January 1, 1867, which limited exemptions to white men. [7] These barriers to voter registration caused a dramatic drop in the number of African-American voters in the state by 1904, although they constituted one-third of the population. [8] An estimated 75,000 black male citizens lost the vote. [9] [10]

With North Carolina a one-party Democratic state of the Solid South following the disfranchisement of blacks, North Carolina Republicans struggled to survive as a party during the first half of the twentieth century. African Americans were virtually excluded from the political system in the state until the late 1960s. In 1928 Republicans carried the state's electoral votes for president (for candidate Herbert Hoover). [11] White members of the Republican Party generally lived in the Piedmont near Charlotte and Winston-Salem, and the mountains in the western part of the state. In 1952 Charles R. Jonas was elected to Congress from the western part of the state as the first Republican since before the Great Depression. He was joined in 1962 by Jim Broyhill. From this base, and nearly winning the electoral votes for the state in the Presidential elections from 1952 to 1960, the party began to grow.

As in other southern states, in the late 20th century, white conservatives began to shift from the Democratic Party to the Republican one, especially after national Democratic leaders supported the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. White conservatives first voted for Republican presidential candidates. From 1968 through 2004, the majority of North Carolina voters supported Republicans in every presidential election, except 1976, when favorite son Democrat Jimmy Carter was elected from Georgia. [12] When they re-entered the political system, African Americans shifted their alliance from the Republican to the Democratic Party, which had national leaders who had supported the civil rights effort and legislation enforcing their constitutional rights as citizens.

In 1972, Republicans became competitive in statewide elections for the first time since 1900: James Holshouser was elected Governor of the state, and Jesse Helms, a former Democrat who held office for a long time, was elected to the U.S. Senate. [13] Jack Lee, who was elected state party chairperson in 1977, is widely credited with unifying the North Carolina Republican Party in this period. [14] [15]

The parties were generally competitive, with the state's voters split between them, through much of the rest of the 20th century.

Twenty-first century

The elections of 2010 led to Republican control of both houses of the North Carolina General Assembly for the first time since 1896 [16] when it had gained success in a fusionist campaign with the Populist Party.

When the Republican-controlled legislature conducted redistricting in 2011, it established districts biased toward Republicans. As a result, although more voters chose Democratic congressional candidates in the state in 2012, Republicans took a majority of the seats. [17] The district maps have been challenged in several lawsuits for racial gerrymandering, and the maps were struck down by a state court in 2019. [18]

In 2012, Republicans retained control of the legislature and elected two Republicans, Pat McCrory and Dan Forest, as Governor and Lieutenant Governor, respectively. Most of the other Council of State offices (the Governor and Lieutenant Governor are Chairman and Vice Chairman, respectively) were won by Democratic candidates. (The other Republicans are Cherie K. Berry, Commissioner of Labor and Steve Troxler, Commissioner of Agriculture.)

Party platform

North Carolina Republicans passed laws in 2016 to order the transgender people to use their bathrooms according to their original sex. On March 23, 2016, Governor McCrory signed the Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act (commonly known as House Bill 2 or HB2), which has been described as the most anti-LGBT legislation in the United States. [19] [20] [21] [22] One contentious element of the law eliminates and forbids cities to re-establish anti-discrimination protections for gay, transgender, and intersex people. [23] The law also legislates that in government buildings, people may only use restrooms that correspond to the sex on their birth certificates, [23] which has been criticized because it prevents transgender people who do not or cannot alter their birth certificates from using the restroom consistent with their gender identity. [23]

Current elected officials

The party controls six of the ten statewide Council of State offices and holds a majority in both the North Carolina House of Representatives and the North Carolina Senate. Republicans also hold both of the state's U.S. Senate seats and 8 of the state's 13 U.S. House seats.

Members of Congress

U.S. Senate

Republicans have controlled both of North Carolina's seats in the U.S. Senate since 2014:

U.S. House of Representatives

Out of the 13 seats North Carolina is apportioned in the U.S. House of Representatives, 8 are held by Republicans:

Statewide offices

Republicans control six of the ten elected statewide Council of State offices:

North Carolina General Assembly

See also

Related Research Articles

Solid South Electoral support of the Southern United States for Democratic Party candidates from 1877 to 1964

The Solid South or Southern bloc was the electoral voting bloc of the states of the Southern United States for issues that were regarded as particularly important to the interests of Democrats in those states. The Southern bloc existed especially between the end of Reconstruction in 1877 and the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964. During this period, the Democratic Party controlled state legislatures; most local and state officeholders in the South were Democrats, as were federal politicians elected from these states. Southern Democrats disenfranchised blacks in every state of the former Confederacy at the turn of the 20th century. This resulted essentially in a one-party system, in which a candidate's victory in Democratic primary elections was tantamount to election to the office itself. White primaries were another means that the Democrats used to consolidate their political power, excluding blacks from voting in primaries.

1986 United States Senate elections

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1954 United States Senate elections

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2010 United States elections elections in the United States on 2010

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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of North Carolina:

Politics of North Carolina

Like most U.S. states, North Carolina is politically dominated by the Democratic and Republican political parties. North Carolina has 13 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and two seats in the U.S. Senate. North Carolina has voted Republican in nine of the last 10 presidential elections. In 2008, a plurality of North Carolinians voted for Barack Obama. North Carolina has mostly elected Democrats as governor in its history, with only two Republican governors elected in the entire twentieth century.

2014 United States elections Election in the United States in 2014

The 2014 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 4, 2014, in the middle of Democratic President Barack Obama's second term. Republicans retained control of the House of Representatives and won control of the Senate.

2014 United States House of Representatives elections in North Carolina

The 2014 United States House of Representatives elections in North Carolina were held on Tuesday, November 4, 2014 to elect the 13 U.S. Representatives from the state of North Carolina, one from each of the state's 13 congressional districts. The elections coincided with other elections to the United States Senate and House of Representatives and various state and local elections, including an election to the U.S. Senate.

2014 North Carolina judicial election

Four justices of the seven-member North Carolina Supreme Court and four judges of the 15-member North Carolina Court of Appeals were elected by North Carolina voters on November 4, 2014, concurrently with other state elections. Terms for seats on each court are eight years.

2018 United States elections election in the United States in November 2018

The 2018 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 6, 2018. These midterm elections occurred during the presidency of Republican Donald Trump. Thirty-five of the 100 seats in the United States Senate and all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives were contested. Thirty-nine state and territorial governorships as well as numerous state and local elections were also contested.

2016 North Carolina gubernatorial election

The 2016 North Carolina gubernatorial election was held on November 8, 2016, to elect the Governor of North Carolina, concurrently with the 2016 U.S. presidential election, as well as elections to the United States Senate and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

2016 North Carolina Council of State election

The North Carolina Council of State elections of 2016 were held on November 8, 2016 to select the ten officers of the North Carolina Council of State. This elections coincided with the presidential election, elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the Senate and state elections to the General Assembly and judiciary. Primary elections were held March 15.

Dan Bishop American politician

James Daniel Bishop is an American attorney and politician serving as the U.S. Representative for North Carolina's 9th congressional district since 2019. He also served in the North Carolina State Senate from 2017 to 2019. A Republican, his district includes south-central Mecklenburg, Union, Anson, Richmond, Scotland, Robeson, Bladen, and Cumberland counties. He previously served in the North Carolina House of Representatives from 2015 to 2017, and the Mecklenburg County Commission from 2005 to 2009.

2020 United States Senate election in North Carolina

The 2020 United States Senate election in North Carolina was held on November 3, 2020, to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent the State of North Carolina, concurrently with the 2020 United States presidential election as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections. North Carolina is one of just five states holding presidential, gubernatorial, and senatorial elections concurrently in 2020. On March 3, 2020, incumbent Thom Tillis and former State Senator Cal Cunningham won their respective primaries. Most experts and pollsters considered Cal Cunningham to be the favorite, however, Tillis outperformed pre-election polling to win a narrow victory.

2020 North Carolina gubernatorial election

The 2020 North Carolina gubernatorial election was held on November 3, 2020, to elect the Governor of North Carolina, concurrently with the 2020 U.S. presidential election, as well as elections to one-third of the United States Senate and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections. Incumbent Democratic Governor Roy Cooper was eligible to run for re-election to a second term in office, and announced his intention to do so on December 5, 2019.

2020 North Carolina lieutenant gubernatorial election

The 2020 North Carolina lieutenant gubernatorial election took place on November 3, 2020, to elect the Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina, concurrently with the 2020 U.S. presidential election, as well as elections to the United States Senate and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections. Primary elections were held on March 3, 2020.

2020 North Carolina Council of State elections

The North Carolina Council of State elections of 2020 were held on November 3, 2020 to select the ten officers of the North Carolina Council of State. These elections coincided with the presidential election, elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the Senate and elections to the North Carolina General Assembly and top state courts. Primary elections were held on March 3, 2020, for offices for which more than one candidate filed per party.

References

  1. Merica, Dan; Cole, Devan (16 February 2021). "Burr censured by North Carolina GOP for voting to convict Trump". CNN. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  2. "About". ncgop.org.
  3. "The North Carolina Civil War Experience - War's End and Reconstruction".
  4. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?vid=2&hid=102&sid=f21d52b3-ac19-4eb87b-036eaad362b9%40sessionmgr114&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=f5h&AN=39024661
  5. "North Carolina History Project : Fusion Politics". Archived from the original on 2012-09-04.
  6. "The North Carolina Election of 1898". Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
  7. Richard H. Pildes, "Democracy, Anti-Democracy, and the Canon", Constitutional Commentary, Vol.17, 2000, p. 27. Retrieved March 10, 2008
  8. Historical Census Browser, 1900 US Census, University of Virginia Archived 2007-08-23 at the Wayback Machine , accessed 15 Mar 2008
  9. Albert Shaw, The American Monthly Review of Reviews, Vol.XXII, Jul-Dec 1900, p.274
  10. Richard H. Pildes, "Democracy, Anti-Democracy, and the Canon", Constitutional Commentary, Vol. 17, 2000, pp. 12-13
  11. "North Carolina Presidential Election Voting History".
  12. http://ehis.ebscohost.com/eds/detail?vid=3&hid=102&sid=f21d52b3-ac19-4e7a-b87b-036eaad362b9%40sessionmgr114&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=funk&AN=NO057500
  13. "The election of 1972 - North Carolina Digital History".
  14. Jacobs, Chick (2014-06-11). "Former Fayetteville mayor, Jackson Lee, dies". Fayetteville Observer . Retrieved 2014-06-13.
  15. "Former Fayetteville Mayor Elected Chairman of Party". Spartanburg Herald-Journal . 1977-04-16. Retrieved 2014-06-13.
  16. "Republican party takes control over NC General Assembly". 3 November 2010.
  17. The New York Times, 11 March 2016
  18. Wines, Michael. "State Court Bars Using North Carolina House Map in 2020 Elections". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  19. "How North Carolina signed a bill dubbed the most anti-LGBT law in the U.S." pbs.org. Public Broadcasting Service. 24 March 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  20. Kopan, Tal; Scott, Eugene (24 March 2016). "North Carolina governor signs controversial transgender bill". cnn.com. Cable News Network . Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  21. Gordon, Michael; Price, Mark S.; Peralta, Katie (26 March 2016). "Understanding HB2: North Carolina's newest law solidifies state's role in defining discrimination". charlotteobserver.com. The Charlotte Observer . Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  22. Tan, Avianne (24 March 2016). "North Carolina's Controversial 'Anti-LGBT' Bill Explained". abcnews.go.com. American Broadcasting Company . Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  23. 1 2 3 "What Just Happened In North Carolina?". TPM. Retrieved 27 March 2016.