Thornhill, Ontario

Last updated
Thornhill
Suburban district
Conley Park.jpg
Conley Park, one of the many parks found in Thornhill
Thornhill Locator Map.svg
Thornhill within Vaughan and Markham
Canada Southern Ontario location map 2.png
Red pog.svg
Thornhill
Thornhill in relation to southern Ontario
Coordinates: 43°48′58″N79°25′28″W / 43.81611°N 79.42444°W / 43.81611; -79.42444
CountryFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
ProvinceFlag of Ontario.svg  Ontario
Regional Municipality York
Cities Vaughan and Markham
Settled1794 [1]
Incorporated1931 (Police village)
Changed Municipality1971 York Region from York County
Annexed1971 into Vaughan and Markham (as Towns) 1990 (as City of Vaughan) and 2012 (as City of Markham)
Government
   MP's Peter Kent (Thornhill)
Mary Ng (Markham—Thornhill)
   MPP's Gila Martow (Thornhill)
Logan Kanapathi (Markham—Thornhill)
  Councillors Vaughan: Sandra Yeung Racco (Ward 4)
Alan Shefman (Ward 5)
Markham: Valerie Burke (Ward 1)
Area
[2]
  Total62.90 km2 (24.29 sq mi)
Population
 (2016) [2]
  Total112,719
  Density1,791.9/km2 (4,641/sq mi)
Forward Sortation Area

Thornhill is a suburban community in the Regional Municipality of York in Ontario, Canada. It is split between the cities of Vaughan and Markham, lying along the north border of Toronto, centred on Yonge Street. Once a police village, Thornhill is now a community and postal designation. According to the 2001 Census, Thornhill-Vaughan's population was 56,361, [3] and the population of Thornhill-Markham was 47,333. [4] As of 2016, the total population was 112,719. [2] It is immediately south and south-west of Richmond Hill.

Contents

History

The corner of Old Yonge Street and Centre Street Thornhill Ontario Sign Cropped.jpg
The corner of Old Yonge Street and Centre Street

Early history

Thornhill was founded in 1794. [1] Its first settlers on Yonge Street in Thornhill were Asa Johnson (who settled on the Vaughan side) and Nicholas Miller (c.1760–1810; who settled on the Markham side). Of particular importance was the arrival of Benjamin Thorne (January 4, 1794 – July 2, 1848) in 1820 from Dorset, England, [5] who was operating a gristmill, a sawmill, and a tannery in the community. The settlement came to be known as Thorne's Mills, and later, Thorne's Hill, from which its current name is derived. (Thorne committed suicide in 1848, after a serious wheat market crash.)

Radial car to Thornhill on the Metropolitan line Toronto and York Radial Railway vehicle, circa 1921.jpg
Radial car to Thornhill on the Metropolitan line

Between 1830 and 1848, Thornhill experienced a period of continued growth and prosperity. The business district of Thornhill developed on its portion of Yonge Street, between Centre Street and John Street. Stagecoaches travelled between Holland Landing (Lake Simcoe) and York (Toronto) as Yonge Street's road conditions improved with new stonework. During this prosperous period, several churches, many of which are still standing today, were constructed.

Thornhill's location along Yonge Street, a major transportation route, proved beneficial to the community's growth throughout much of the twentieth century. The implementation of the electric radial Metropolitan line along Yonge Street in 1898 running north to Sutton and south to Toronto meant that, for the first time, people could reside in Thornhill and work in Toronto. By the 1920s, automobiles also facilitated travel along Yonge Street.

20th and 21st centuries

In 1931, Thornhill became a "Police Village"; before that time, Thornhill had no independent status and was split between the townships of Vaughan and Markham along Yonge Street, since the creation of municipal government in 1850. Before 1931, each township administered its half of the village. The creation of the Police Village gave Thornhill its own political boundaries. The village was headed by a reeve.

In 1971, York Region was created, part of a wave of municipal re-organization which converted many townships into towns and eliminated many of the municipal forms of organization which had existed within those townships. The establishment of a regional administration effectively eliminated the Police Village of Thornhill. Thornhill's administration reverted to the newly formed towns of Markham and Vaughan at this time.

However, many social institutions remained organized around the former municipal entities eliminated in 1971. Like neighbouring communities such as Woodbridge, Maple, and Unionville – and more so than was the case for historic suburban communities within the City of Toronto – community organizations such as local newspapers, and sports teams continued to operate under a Thornhill administrative structure. As an example, until the mid-1990s residents of Thornhill who wanted to play high-level hockey were required to play for a Thornhill team.

While the old village of Thornhill revolved around Yonge Street between Centre and John Streets, the neighbourhood is typically thought to be between Dufferin Street to the west, Highway 7 to the north, Steeles Avenue to the south, and Highway 404 to the east.

Suburbanization

Thornhill's growth since the 1960s and 1970s has been largely connected to its location bordering what is now the City of Toronto.

Growth has continued apace. Developments have sprung up across various areas of Thornhill in each of the municipal districts which encompass Thornhill, following the development patterns of the Greater Toronto Area.

Demographics

Ethnicity

Thornhill has a very ethnically diverse population. It is home to a significant number of Jewish, Chinese, Korean, Iranian, and Italian people. According to 2001 Federal Census data, the electoral district of Thornhill (which is not entirely congruent with the neighbourhood) consists of Chinese, the largest visible minority, accounting for almost 11% of total residents (12,610), followed by South Asian (6,595), Black (2,665), Korean (2,660), Filipino (2,535), and West Asian (2,355). [6]

According to the 2009 Report of Canada's Demographic Task Force, Thornhill-Vaughan is home to more than 33,000 members of the Jewish community. [7] [ needs update ]

Government

Thornhill is split into Wards 4 and 5 in the City of Vaughan and Ward 1 in the City of Markham. It is represented by Sandra Yeung Racco (Vaughan Ward 4), Alan Shefman (Vaughan Ward 5), and Keith Irish (Markham Ward 1).

Thornhill is also a federal and provincial riding. The Member of Parliament for Thornhill is Peter Kent (Conservative), and the Member of Provincial Parliament is Gila Martow (Progressive Conservative).

Infrastructure

Healthcare

There are no general hospitals in Thornhill, but a private hospital, Shouldice Hernia Centre, is located there.

Thornhill Community Centre

Located at Bayview and John Street, the community centre features a double arena (home to the Thornhill Skating Club, Markham Majors and Islanders hockey clubs with east rink named for Bib Sherwood in 1999), therapy pool, gym room, running track, multi use rooms and Markham Public Library branch. The complex was opened in 1975. [8]

The community centre hosted the Markham Thunder of the Canadian Women's Hockey League from 2017 to 2019.

Thornlea Pool is public swimming pool located further north of the community centre.

Education

Public schools

Secondary schools

Elementary schools

  • Bakersfield Public School, established in 2003
  • Baythorn Public School
  • Bayview Glen Public School
  • Bayview Fairways Public School
  • Brownridge Public School
  • Carrville Mills Public School, established in 2007
  • Charlton Public School
  • Doncrest Public School
  • E.J. Sand Public School
  • German Mills Public School
  • Glen Shields Public School
  • Henderson Avenue Public School
  • Herbert H. Carnegie Public School
  • Johnsview Village Public School
  • Julliard Public School
  • Louis Honoré Fréchette Public School
  • Roberta Bondar Public School
  • Royal Orchard Public School
  • Rosedale Heights Public School
  • Stornoway Crescent Public School
  • Thornhill Public School
  • Thornhill Woods Public School
  • Ventura Park Public School
  • Westminster Public School
  • Willowbrook Public School
  • Wilshire Elementary School
  • Woodland Public School
  • Yorkhill Elementary School

Catholic schools

St. Elizabeth Catholic High School. St Elizabeth CHS.JPG
St. Elizabeth Catholic High School.

Private schools

Jewish Schools

Secondary:

Primary:

Media

Farmer's Market

York Farmers Market has existed on Yonge Street since 1953. The farmers market is housed in a permanent building structure. [10]

Notable people

Arts

Film and broadcasting

Literature

Music

Visual arts

Sports

Other personalities

Related Research Articles

Markham, Ontario City in Ontario, Canada

Markham is a city in the Regional Municipality of York in Southern Ontario, Canada. It is approximately 30 km (19 mi) northeast of Downtown Toronto. In the 2016 Census, Markham had a population of 328,940, which ranked it the largest in York Region, fourth largest in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), and 16th largest in Canada.

Newmarket, Ontario Town in Ontario, Canada

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Vaughan City in Ontario, Canada

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Richmond Hill, Ontario City in Ontario, Canada

Richmond Hill is a city in south-central York Region, Ontario, Canada. Part of the Greater Toronto Area, it is the York Region's third most populous municipality and the 28th most populous municipality in Canada.

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Markham District High School Secondary school in Markham, Ontario, Canada

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References

  1. 1 2 For a fuller account of Thornhill's early history, see Isabel Champion, ed., Markham: 1793–1900 (Markham, ON: Markham Historical Society, 1979), 297–301; 70f., 97f., 140f., 170, 335.
  2. 1 2 3 "Census Profile, 2016 Census Thornhill". Statistics Canada. 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  3. "Vaughan side Thornhill population, using Highway 7, Yonge Street, Dufferin Street, and Steeles Avenue as boundaries". Geodepot.statcan.ca. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  4. "Markham's side Thornhill population, using Highway 7, Yonge Street, Woodbine Avenue, and Steeles Avenue as boundaries". Geodepot.statcan.ca. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  5. "Biography – THORNE, BENJAMIN – Volume VII (1836-1850) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". biographi.ca. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  6. "Federal Electoral District Profile of Thornhill, Ontario (1996 Representation Order), 2001 Census". 2.statcan.ca. November 10, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  7. "2009 Report of Canada's Demographic Task Force". April 10, 2013.
  8. "Thornhill Community Centre". City of Markham. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  9. "Temporary Relocation of E.J. Sand". E.J. Sand Public School. 2018-04-27. Archived from the original on 2018-09-30. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
  10. "York Farmers Market" . Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  11. "Now Playing: Thornhill's Hottest Export – Thornhill Post – September 2011 – Toronto, Ontario". Postcity.com. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
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Coordinates: 43°48′58″N79°25′28″W / 43.81611°N 79.42444°W / 43.81611; -79.42444