Waveney (UK Parliament constituency)

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Waveney
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Waveney2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Waveney in Suffolk
EnglandSuffolk.svg
Location of Suffolk within England
County Suffolk
Electorate 79,132 (December 2010) [1]
Major settlements Lowestoft
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Peter Aldous (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created from Lowestoft
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Waveney is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Peter Aldous, a Conservative. [n 2]

House of Commons of the United Kingdom Lower house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons, officially the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Owing to shortage of space, its office accommodation extends into Portcullis House.

Parliament of the United Kingdom Supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known internationally as the UK Parliament, British Parliament, or Westminster Parliament, and domestically simply as Parliament or Westminster, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and the British Overseas Territories. It alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in the UK and the overseas territories. Parliament is bicameral but has three parts, consisting of the Sovereign (Queen-in-Parliament), the House of Lords, and the House of Commons. The two houses meet in the Palace of Westminster in the City of Westminster, one of the inner boroughs of the capital city, London.

Peter Aldous British politician

Peter James Guy Aldous is a Conservative Party politician in England. A former chartered surveyor in private practice intermittently elected to the role of ordinary councillor on the corresponding district council to his later constituency and then serving as deputy party group leader in the official opposition party on Suffolk County Council, he has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Waveney constituency in Suffolk since the 2010 general election.

Contents

History

The seat was created for the 1983 general election following the implementation of the third periodic review of Westminster constituencies, broadly replacing Lowestoft, which the first victor of the new seat had served since 1959.

1983 United Kingdom general election election for members of the British House of Commons

The 1983 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 9 June 1983. It gave the Conservative Party under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher the most decisive election victory since that of the Labour Party in 1945.

Lowestoft was a parliamentary constituency centred on the town of Lowestoft in Suffolk. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.

Political history

Waveney has been a bellwether since its creation, swinging heavily in line with the mood of the nation. Labour's big majority in 1997 reflected the large overall majority in the Commons, and by the 2010 election it had become touted by one published analysis as the seat that the Conservatives needed to win to secure an overall majority.[ citation needed ] Fittingly, 2010 saw a marginal majority and the national result was a hung parliament with the Conservative Party the largest party. 2010 here was the Labour Party's second highest share of the vote in the narrow, traditional grouping of East Anglia (Suffolk, Norfolk and Essex).

A bellwether is an individual who either leads or indicates trends; a trendsetter.

A marginal seat or swing seat is a constituency held with a small majority in a legislative election, generally one conducted under a single-winner voting system. In Canada, they may be known as target ridings. The opposite is a safe seat.

Prominent frontbenchers

Waveney had been held for many years by James Prior Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1970–1972), Leader of the House of Commons [n 3] (1972–1974), Secretary of State for Employment (1979–1981) then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland during the Heath ministry then the Thatcher ministry with an economic politics considered more centre-ground, then known as forming the wets' ideology.

The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food was a United Kingdom cabinet position, responsible for the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. The post was originally named President of the Board of Agriculture and was created in 1889. In 1903, an Act was passed to transfer to the new styled Board of Agriculture and Fisheries certain powers and duties relating to the fishing industry, and the post was renamed President of the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries.

Leader of the House of Commons responsible for arranging government business in the House of Commons

The Leader of the House of Commons is generally a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom who is responsible for arranging government business in the House of Commons.

The Secretary of State for Employment was a position in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom. In 1995 it was merged with Secretary of State for Education to make the Secretary of State for Education and Employment. In 2001 the employment functions were hived off and transferred to the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions.

Bob Blizzard served as a senior Government Whip from 2008 until 2010 when he lost at the election that May.

Robert John Blizzard is a British Labour Party politician, who was Labour's Prospective Parliamentary Candidate for Waveney at the 2010 General Election and again in 2015. He had previously served as the Member of Parliament for Waveney from 1997 to 2010.

Constituency profile

The seat is based around the town of Lowestoft, and includes several smaller market towns and seaside resorts in north-east Suffolk. This corner of Suffolk arguably has stronger connections with Norfolk – Norwich is an easier centre to reach than Ipswich – and there have been unsuccessful proposals to alter the county boundary to reflect this.

Norwich City and non-metropolitan district in England

Norwich is a city in Norfolk, England. Granted historic city status, and situated on the River Wensum in East Anglia, it lies approximately 100 miles (160 km) north-east of London. It is the county town of Norfolk and is considered the capital of East Anglia, with a population of 141,300. From the Middle Ages until the Industrial Revolution, Norwich was the largest city in England after London, and one of the most important.

Ipswich Town and Borough in England

Ipswich is a historic county town in Suffolk, England, located in East Anglia about 66 miles (106 km) north-east of London. The town has been continuously occupied since the Saxon period, and its port has been one of England's most important for the whole of its history. The modern name is derived from the medieval name Gippeswic, likely taken either from an Old Saxon personal name or from an earlier name of the Orwell estuary. It has also been known as Gyppewicus and Yppswyche.

Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 4.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian . This compares more unfavourably to the regional average of 3.2%. [2]

Boundaries and boundary changes

1983–1997: The District of Waveney. [3]

The constituency was formed from the abolished constituency of Lowestoft, with the exception of a small part in the north which was now part of Norfolk.

1997–2010: The District of Waveney except the wards of Blything, Halesworth, and Southwold. [4]

Three wards transferred to Suffolk Coastal.

2010–present: The District of Waveney wards of Beccles North, Beccles South, Bungay, Carlton, Carlton Colville, Gunton and Corton, Harbour, Kessingland, Kirkley, Lothingland, Normanston, Oulton, Oulton Broad, Pakefield, St Margaret's, The Saints, Wainford, Whitton, and Worlingham. [5]

Marginal changes due to revision of local authority wards.

The seat is based on the coastal town of Lowestoft, which today is generally Labour-voting, because of its recent history as a declining seaside resort, fishing and industrial town. However, the constituency also takes in the small towns of Beccles and Bungay. These along with the smaller inland rural villages are considerably more supportive of Conservatives.

Changes proposed for 2022

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.

The Commission proposed that the constituency be unchanged. [6]

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [7] Party
1983 Jim Prior Conservative
1987 David Porter Conservative
1997 Bob Blizzard Labour
2010 Peter Aldous Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

Next United Kingdom general election: Waveney
UKIP Marion Mason
Liberal Democrat Helen Korfanty
Green Elfrede Brambley-Crawshaw [8]
Brexit Party Robert Rowland
Conservative Peter Aldous
Labour Sonia Barker
PartyCandidateVotes%±
General election 2017: Waveney [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Peter Aldous 28,64354.4+12.0
Labour Sonia Barker19,42836.90.9
UKIP Bert Poole1,9333.710.9
Green Elfrede Brambley-Crawshaw1,3322.50.8
Liberal Democrat Jacky Howe1,0121.90.1
Independent Allyson Barron3260.6N/A
Majority9,21517.5+12.9
Turnout 52,67465.2+2.7
Conservative hold Swing +6.5
General election 2015: Waveney [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Peter Aldous 22,10442.3+2.1
Labour Bob Blizzard 19,69637.7−1.0
UKIP Simon Tobin7,58014.5+9.3
Green Graham Elliott1,7613.4+1.1
Liberal Democrat Stephen Gordon1,0552.0−11.3
Majority2,4084.6
Turnout 52,19665.1
Conservative hold Swing +1.6
General election 2010: Waveney [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Peter Aldous 20,57140.2+6.9
Labour Bob Blizzard 19,80238.7−6.6
Liberal Democrat Alan Dean6,81113.3−1.8
UKIP Jack Tyler2,6845.2+1.5
Green Graham Elliott1,1672.3−0.1
NOTA Louis Barfe 1060.2N/A
Majority7691.5
Turnout 51,14165.1+1.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +6.8

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Waveney [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Bob Blizzard 22,50545.3−5.4
Conservative Peter Aldous 16,59033.4+0.8
Liberal Democrat Nick Bromley7,49715.1+3.7
UKIP Brian Aylett1,8613.7+1.4
Green Graham Elliott1,2002.4+0.3
Majority5,91511.9−6.2
Turnout 49,65364.4+3.6
Labour hold Swing −3.1
General election 2001: Waveney [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Bob Blizzard 23,91450.7−5.3
Conservative Lee Scott 15,36132.6−1.9
Liberal Democrat David Young5,37011.4+2.4
UKIP Bryan Aylett1,0972.3N/A
Green Graham Elliott9832.1N/A
Socialist Alliance Rupert Mallin4420.9N/A
Majority8,55318.1−3.4
Turnout 47,16760.8−13.8
Labour hold Swing −1.7

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Waveney [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Bob Blizzard 31,48656.0+16.2
Conservative David Porter 19,39334.5−12.5
Liberal Democrat Christopher Thomas5,0549.0−3.8
Independent Neil Clark3180.6N/A
Majority12,09321.5N/A
Turnout 56,25174.7−7.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +15.6
General election 1992: Waveney [15] [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative David Porter 33,17448.2−0.2
Labour Ezra Leverett26,47238.4+8.4
Liberal Democrat Adrian Rogers8,92513.0−8.6
Natural Law David Hook3020.4N/A
Majority6,7029.7−8.6
Turnout 68,87381.8+3.4
Conservative hold Swing −4.3

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Waveney [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative David Porter 31,06748.4−3.4
Labour Jack Lark19,28430.0+2.6
Social Democratic David Beavan13,84521.6+0.7
Majority11,78318.4−6.0
Turnout 81,88978.4+3.1
Conservative hold Swing −3.0
General election 1983: Waveney [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Jim Prior 30,37151.8N/A
Labour Jack Lark16,07327.4N/A
Social Democratic Gillian Artis12,23420.9N/A
Majority14,29824.4N/A
Turnout 77,96075.3N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also

Notes

  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. and Lord President of the Council

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References

  1. "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  4. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  5. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  6. Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)
  8. "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  9. "Statement of persons nominated, notice of poll and situation of polling stations" (PDF). Waveney District Council. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  10. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  11. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  12. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  14. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  17. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

Coordinates: 52°24′N1°30′E / 52.4°N 1.5°E / 52.4; 1.5