Imagery of nude celebrities

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Annette Kellerman in nude scene from A Daughter of the Gods (1915). Annette Kellerman LCCN2014702264.jpg
Annette Kellerman in nude scene from A Daughter of the Gods (1915).

There has been demand for imagery of nude celebrities for several decades and it is a lucrative business exploited by websites and magazines. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

Contents

Types include authorized images, such as film screenshots, copies from previously published images, such as shots from magazines or stills or clips from movies, to unauthorised images such as celebrity sex tapes and paparazzi photos capturing unintentional or private scenes, and faked or doctored images. [8] [9]

There has been a commercial demand for images of nude celebrities for many decades. [8] [10] Playboy magazine was known for offering celebrities large amounts of money to appear nude in its magazine, and more downmarket pornographic magazines search far and wide for nude pictures of celebrities taken unaware for example, when they are bathing topless or nude at what the subject thought was a secluded beach, or taken before the individual was well known. Paparazzi-produced photos are in high demand among sensational magazines and press. [11] [12]

In some countries, privacy law and personality rights can lead to civil action against organizations that publish photos of nude celebrities without a model release, and this restricts the availability of such photos through the print media. On the Internet, the difficulty of identifying offenders and applying court sanction makes circulation of such photographs much less risky. [13] Such photographs circulate through many online photo distribution channels such as Usenet and Internet forums, and commercial operators, often in countries beyond the reach of courts, also offer such photos for commercial gain. Copyright restrictions are often ignored.

In some cases, when the depicted person is young and the photo is an actual photo, nude media of celebrities may fall under the purvue of child pornography laws, a legal regime with harsh penalties for distribution. [14] When such photos are faked or doctored, the media is classified as simulated child pornography.

History

There has likely been interest in nude images of celebrities for as long as artistic nude imagery and pornography has existed. One of the more famous examples is Playboy's inaugural December 1953 issue that featured photos of Marilyn Monroe from a 1949 photo session as its first Playmate of the Month . [15] [16] The commercialization, promotion, and organized supply of nude celebrity images can be traced to another men's magazine, High Society , and the efforts of its first female Editor, Gloria Leonard. This began as a feature that showcased risqué photos of celebrities like Jodie Foster and Goldie Hawn, usually lifted from film stills, [17] and became a spin-off venture of High Society called Celebrity Skin magazine in 1986. Over its 25-year run, Margot Kidder, Ann-Margret and Barbra Streisand unsuccessfully attempted to sue the magazine after it published nude photos of them. [18] Yet another magazine earned additional notoriety for its publication of nude photographs of models who at the time were not celebrities, but later attained fame. Penthouse magazine published nude photos in its September 1984 issue of a young adult film actress, Traci Lords (later found to be underage at the time), [19] and Vanessa Williams, then-Miss America, that caused her to be stripped of her crown. [20]

Types of nude celebrity media

Nude celebrity media falls into six main categories:

Notable incidents or image leaks

See also

Related Research Articles

Pubic Wars, a pun on the Punic Wars, is the name of the war between the pornographic magazines Playboy and Penthouse during the 1960s and 1970s. Each magazine strove to show just a little bit more than the other, without getting too crude. The term was coined by Playboy owner Hugh Hefner. In 1950s and 1960s America, it was generally agreed that nude photographs were not pornographic unless they showed pubic hair or genitals. "Respectable" photography was careful to come close to, but not cross over, this line. Consequently, the depiction of pubic hair was de facto forbidden in U.S. pornographic magazines.

<i>Penthouse</i> (magazine) Erotic magazine

Penthouse is a men's magazine founded by Bob Guccione. It combines urban lifestyle articles and softcore pornographic pictorials that, in the 1990s, evolved into hardcore.

<i>Hustler</i> Pornographic magazine

Hustler is a monthly pornographic magazine published by Larry Flynt in the United States. Introduced in 1974, it was a step forward from the Hustler Newsletter, originally conceived as cheap advertising for his strip club businesses at the time. The magazine grew from a shaky start to a peak circulation of around 3 million in the early 1980s; it has since dropped to approximately 500,000. It shows explicit views of the female genitalia, becoming one of the first major US-based magazines to do so, in contrast with relatively modest publications like Playboy.

Paparazzi profession

Paparazzi are independent photographers who take pictures of high-profile people, such as actors, athletes, politicians, and other celebrities, typically while subjects go about their usual life routines. Paparazzi tend to make a living by selling their photographs to media outlets that focus on tabloid journalism and sensationalism.

Gloria Leonard American pornographic film actress; feminist publisher & activist

Gloria Leonard was an American pornographic actress who became the publisher of High Society magazine. As a board member of Adult Video Association and its successor the Free Speech Coalition, Leonard was an outspoken advocate for the adult film industry and free speech rights.

High Society is a U.S. pornographic magazine. In addition to hardcore pictorials of nude models, it also has feature articles and occasional celebrity pictorials.

Softcore pornography Erotic still photography or film that is less sexually explicit than hardcore pornography

Softcore pornography or softcore porn is commercial still photography or film that has a pornographic or erotic component but is less sexually graphic and intrusive than hardcore pornography, defined by a "lack of penetration" including stripteases, lingerie modeling, simulated sex, and emphasis on the sensual appreciation of the female or male form. It typically contains nude or semi-nude actors involved in love scenes, and is intended to be sexually arousing and aesthetically beautiful.

A celebrity sex tape is typically an amateur pornographic video recording involving one or more famous people which has, intentionally or unintentionally, been made available publicly. Such videos have often been released without the consent of their subjects and have damaged celebrities' careers. In 1988, for example, a sex tape caused significant damage to Rob Lowe's career.

Pornographic magazine Magazines that contain content of an explicitly sexual nature

Pornographic magazines, or erotic magazines, sometimes known as adult, sex or top-shelf magazines, are magazines that contain content of an explicitly sexual nature. Publications of this kind may contain images of attractive naked subjects, as is the case in softcore pornography, and, in the usual case of hardcore pornography, depictions of masturbation, oral, vaginal or anal sex.

Erotic photography style of photography of an erotic and even a sexually suggestive or sexually provocative nature

Erotic photography is a style of art photography of an erotic, sexually suggestive or sexually provocative nature.

Lindsey Eve (Vuolo) Handrinos is an American glamor model and actress best known for her appearance in Playboy as the November 2001 Playmate of the Month. She has appeared in a number of Playboy Special Editions, and in Playboy videos. She also appeared on TV shows such as The Girls Next Door and The Celebrity Apprentice.

Celebrity Skin is a pornographic magazine which specializes in showcasing images, either photographs or movie and TV screencaps, of nude or semi-nude celebrities. It is not to be confused with its rival Celebrity Sleuth. The magazine has ceased publication.

Pornographic film actor Performer of sex acts in pornographic films

A pornographic film actor or actress, adult entertainer, or porn star is a person who performs sex acts in video that is usually characterized as a pornographic movie. Such videos tend to be made in a number of distinct pornographic subgenres and attempt to present a sexual fantasy and the actors selected for a particular role are primarily selected on their ability to create or fit that fantasy. Pornographic videos are characterized as either "softcore", which does not contain depictions of sexual penetration or "extreme fetishism" and "hardcore", which can contain depictions of penetration or extreme fetishism, or both. The genres and sexual intensity of videos is mainly determined by demand. Depending on the genre of the film, the on-screen appearance, age, and physical features of the main actors and their ability to create the sexual mood of the video is of critical importance. Most actors specialize in certain genres, such as gay sex, lesbian sex, bondage, strap-on sex, anal sex, double penetration, semen swallowing, teenage women, interracial or MILFs.

Amateur pornography is a category of pornography that features models, actors or non-professionals performing without pay, or actors for whom this material is not their only paid modeling work. Reality pornography is professionally made porn which seeks to emulate the style of amateur pornography. Amateur porn has been called one of the most profitable and long-lasting genres of pornography.

Garry Gross American photographer

Garry Gross was an American fashion photographer who went on to specialize in dog portraiture.

On August 31, 2014, a collection of almost 500 private pictures of various celebrities, mostly women, and with many containing nudity, were posted on the imageboard 4chan, and later disseminated by other users on websites and social networks such as Imgur and Reddit. The images were initially believed to have been obtained via a breach of Apple's cloud services suite iCloud, or a security issue in the iCloud API which allowed them to make unlimited attempts at guessing victims' passwords. Apple claimed in a press release that access was gained via spear phishing attacks.

XVALA American artist

XVALA is a contemporary artist who is known for using controversial celebrity images and artifacts in his work and for his "Fear Google" campaign addressing loss of privacy in the Internet Age. The artist has cited his concerns about the public nature of personal information in the Internet Age as the driving force behind the campaign but also says that he does not believe in censorship. XVALA describes his work as belonging to the "Post-PC era".

<i>Traci Lords: Underneath It All</i> book by Traci Lords

Traci Lords: Underneath It All is an autobiography by American actress and singer Traci Lords, first published on July 8, 2003 by HarperCollins. It was reissued as a paperback on June 29, 2004, with an additional chapter and photos. The book primarily details Lords' career in the adult film industry, when she appeared underage in dozens of pornographic films and became one of the most notable pornstars of the 1980s. It also chronicles her childhood, transition to mainstream films and musical career.

Celeb Jihad is a website known for sharing leaked private videos of celebrities as a form of jihad satire. The Daily Beast describes it as a "satirical celebrity gossip website."

Fake nude photography refers to nude photographs created to appear as actual nudes of an individual. Several reasons for the creation of these doctored photographs include sexual gratification, stigmatization or embarrassment of the subject, or for commercial gain, such as by selling the photographs on pornography websites. Fakes can be created using image editing software or through machine learning.

References

  1. "Gawping at nude celeb pics is not a crime". Spiked!. Retrieved 2014-09-10.
  2. Roisin Kiberd (September 3, 2014). "The Fappening Has Revealed a New Type of Pervert". Vice.
  3. Amanda Marcotte (September 3, 2014). "'The Fappening' and Revenge Porn Culture: Jennifer Lawrence and the Creepshot Epidemic". Tech + Health. The Daily Beast.
  4. Andrew Leonard (September 2, 2014). "Reddit's pathetic nude celebrity selfie rage". Salon.
  5. Howard Kurtz (September 4, 2014). "Nude Photo Hacking: Why the mainstream media are part of the problem". Fox News.
  6. John Marcotte (September 3, 2014). "Sinister Motives and Victim Blaming: The Ugly Truth About Leaked Celebrity Nudes". Huffington Post.
  7. Valenti, Jessica (September 1, 2014). "What's Wrong With Checking Out Stolen Nude Photos of Celebrities". The Atlantic . Retrieved September 4, 2014.
  8. 1 2 Gay, Roxane (September 1, 2014). "The Great Naked Celebrity Photo Leak of 2014 is just the beginning". The Guardian. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
  9. Grisham, Lori (September 2, 2014). "Psychology behind hacking and sharing nude celebrity photos". USA Today . Retrieved September 3, 2014.
  10. Cubrilovic, Nik (September 4, 2014). "I explored the dark side of the network behind the nude celebrities hack". The Guardian. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
  11. Lorraine Devon Wilke (3 September 2014). "The Bigger Issue: Will Americans Ever Get Past Their Peeping Tom Mentality?". The Huffington Post.
  12. Stephanie Marcus (2 September 2014). "America's Sweetheart Got Hacked, But It's Been Happening For Years". The Huffington Post.
  13. Alice Vincent (3 September 2014). "Mr Skin on Jennifer Lawrence leak: 'these actresses will ultimately benefit'". The Telegraph.
  14. Stephanie Marcus (2 September 2014). "McKayla Maroney Was Reportedly Underage In Hacked Nude Photos". The Huffington Post.
  15. Les Harding (2012). They Knew Marilyn Monroe: Famous Persons in the Life of the Hollywood Icon. McFarland. p. 75. ISBN   978-0-7864-9014-1 . Retrieved July 23, 2013.
  16. Susan Gunelius (2009). Building Brand Value the Playboy Way. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 16. ISBN   978-0-230-23958-6 . Retrieved July 23, 2013.
  17. SLOTNIK, DANIEL E. (February 5, 2014). "Gloria Leonard, Publisher, Pornography Star and Advocate, Dies at 73". New York Times. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  18. "Gloria Leonard". Feminists for Free Expression. Archived from the original on 2009-04-18. Retrieved 2009-03-30.
  19. Lords, Traci Elizabeth. Traci Lords: Underneath It All. New York: HarperCollins, 2003.
  20. Kane, Gary (2010-10-21). "Bob Guccione, 'Penthouse' magazine founder, dies". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  21. Kushner, David (November 2003). "These Are Definitely Not Scully's Breasts". Wired (11.11). Retrieved 2009-05-19.