Deepfake pornography, or simply fake pornography, is a type of synthetic porn that is generated by using deepfake technology. Many deepfakes on the internet feature pornography of people, often female celebrities whose likeness is typically used without their consent.
Deepfake pornography prominently surfaced on the Internet in 2017, particularly on Reddit.The first one that captured attention was the Daisy Ridley deepfake, which was featured in several articles. Other prominent pornographic deepfakes were of various other celebrities. A report published in October 2019 by Dutch cybersecurity startup Deeptrace estimated that 96% of all deepfakes online were pornographic.
In December 2017, Samantha Cole published an article about r/deepfakes in Vice that drew the first mainstream attention to deepfakes being shared in online communities.Six weeks later, Cole wrote in a follow-up article about the large increase in AI-assisted fake pornography. Since 2017, Samantha Cole of Vice has published a series of articles covering news surrounding deepfake pornography.
Since then, multiple social media outlets have banned or made efforts to restrict deepfake pornography. Most notably, the r/deepfakes subreddit on Reddit was banned on February 7, 2018, due to the policy violation of "involuntary pornography".In the same month, representatives from Twitter stated that they would suspend accounts suspected of posting non-consensual deepfake content.
Scarlett Johansson, a frequent subject of deepfake porn, spoke publicly about the subject to The Washington Post in December 2018.In a prepared statement, she expressed that despite concerns, she would not attempt to remove any of her deepfakes, due to her belief that they do not affect her public image and that differing laws across countries and the nature of internet culture make any attempt to remove the deepfakes "a lost cause". While celebrities like herself are protected by their fame, however, she believes that deepfakes pose a grave threat to women of lesser prominence who could have their reputations damaged by depiction in involuntary deepfake pornography or revenge porn.
In June 2019, a downloadable Windows and Linux application called DeepNude was released which used neural networks, specifically generative adversarial networks, to remove clothing from images of women. The app had both a paid and unpaid version, the paid version costing $50.On June 27 the creators removed the application and refunded consumers, although various copies of the app, both free and for charge, continue to exist. On github, the open source-version of this program (called "open-deepnude" ) was deleted. The open-source version has the advantage of allowing to be trained on a larger dataset of nude images to increase the resulting nude image's accuracy level.
This article is missing information about beneficial purposes, see talk.November 2020)(
Deepfake pornography software can be misused to harass and shame women.”
Currently the footage produced by software such as DeepNude isn't nearly sophisticated enough to pass forensic analysis [ clarification needed ]
On January 31 2018, Gfycat began removing all deepfakes from its site.
In February 2018, r/deepfakes was banned by Reddit for sharing involuntary pornography.Other websites have also banned the use of deepfakes for involuntary pornography, including the social media platform Twitter and the pornography site Pornhub. However, some websites have not banned deepfake content, including 4chan and 8chan.
Also in February 2018, Pornhub said that it would ban deepfake videos on its website because it is considered "non consensual content" which violates their terms of service.They also stated previously to Mashable that they will take down content flagged as deepfakes. Writers from Motherboard from Buzzfeed News reported that searching "deepfakes" on Pornhub still returned multiple recent deepfake videos.
Chat site Discord has taken action against deepfakes in the past,and has taken a general stance against deepfakes. In September 2018, Google added "involuntary synthetic pornographic imagery" to its ban list, allowing anyone to request the block of results showing their fake nudes.
Human image synthesis is technology that can be applied to make believable and even photorealistic renditions of human-likenesses, moving or still. It has effectively existed since the early 2000s. Many films using computer generated imagery have featured synthetic images of human-like characters digitally composited onto the real or other simulated film material. Towards the end of the 2010s deep learning artificial intelligence has been applied to synthesize images and video that look like humans, without need for human assistance, once the training phase has been completed, whereas the old school 7D-route required massive amounts of human work.
YouPorn is a free pornographic video sharing website and one of the 100 most accessed websites in the world. Since launching in August 2006, it grew to become the most popular pornographic website on the internet, and, in November 2007, it was reported to be the largest free pornographic website as well.
There has been demand for imagery of nude celebrities for several decades and it is a lucrative business exploited by websites and magazines.
Amateur pornography is a category of pornography that features models, actors or non-professionals performing without pay, or actors for whom this material is not their only paid modeling work. Reality pornography is professionally made porn which seeks to emulate the style of amateur pornography. Amateur porn has been called one of the most profitable and long-lasting genres of pornography.
MindGeek is a privately held Canadian company that focuses primarily on pornography. Though legally registered in Luxembourg, it operates mainly from Canada with headquarters in Montreal and additional offices in Dublin, London, Hamburg, Bucharest, Nicosia, Los Angeles, Miami, and San Diego.
April O'Neil is an American pornographic actress.
The social news site Reddit has occasionally been the topic of controversy due to the presence of communities on the site devoted to explicit or controversial material. In 2012, Yishan Wong, the site's then-CEO, stated, "We stand for free speech. This means we are not going to ban distasteful subreddits. We will not ban legal content even if we find it odious or if we personally condemn it." However, numerous subreddits have since been banned on the basis of ideology.
xHamster is a pornographic media and social networking site headquartered in the Cypriot city of Limassol. xHamster serves user-submitted pornographic videos, webcam models, pornographic photographs, and erotic literature, and incorporates social networking features. xHamster was founded in 2007. With more than 10 million members, it is the fourth most popular pornography website on the Internet after XVideos, XNXX and Pornhub. As of July 2020, xHamster was the 20th most trafficked website in the world.
Sarah Joe Chamoun, known professionally as Mia Khalifa, also known as Mia Callista, is a Lebanese-American media personality, webcam model, and former pornographic actress. Born in Beirut, she moved to Maryland in 2001. She began acting in pornography in October 2014, becoming the most viewed performer on Pornhub in two months. Her career choice was met with controversy in the Middle East, especially for a video in which she performed sexual acts while wearing a hijab.
Pornhub is a pornographic video sharing and pornography website. It was launched in Montreal in 2007. Pornhub also has an office and servers in Limassol, Cyprus.
Fake Taxi is a pornography website which produces videos within the reality pornography genre. Founded and currently owned by Jonathan Todd. who also founded YouPorn, its online presence and assets are managed by Mind Geek along with related websites.
Ángel Muñoz García, better known by his stage name Jordi "El Niño Polla", often shortened to Jordi ENP, is a Spanish pornographic actor, producer and YouTuber that rose to prominence after working with the production company Brazzers.
Deepfakes are synthetic media in which a person in an existing image or video is replaced with someone else's likeness. While the act of faking content is not new, deepfakes leverage powerful techniques from machine learning and artificial intelligence to manipulate or generate visual and audio content with a high potential to deceive. The main machine learning methods used to create deepfakes are based on deep learning and involve training generative neural network architectures, such as autoencoders or generative adversarial networks (GANs).
Steven Wolfe, known professionally as Johnny Sins, is an American pornographic actor, director, and YouTuber. Noted for his shaved head and muscular physique, he is consistently among the most popular pornography searches. He has received many accolades for his work, including two nominations for the AVN Award for Male Performer of the Year.
Ginger Banks is an American webcam model, pornographic actress and sex worker advocate.
Fake nude photography refers to nude photographs created to appear as actual nudes of an individual. Several reasons for the creation of these doctored photographs include sexual gratification, stigmatization or embarrassment of the subject, or for commercial gain, such as by selling the photographs on pornography websites. Fakes can be created using image editing software or through machine learning.
Synthetic media is a catch-all term for the artificial production, manipulation, and modification of data and media by automated means, especially through the use of artificial intelligence algorithms, such as for the purpose of misleading people or changing an original meaning. Synthetic media as a field has grown rapidly since the creation of generative adversarial networks, primarily through the rise of deepfakes as well as music synthesis, text generation, human image synthesis, speech synthesis, and more. Though experts use the term "synthetic media," individual methods such as deepfakes and text synthesis are sometimes not referred to as such by the media but instead by their respective terminology Significant attention arose towards the field of synthetic media starting in 2017 when Vice reported on the emergence of pornographic videos altered with the use of AI algorithms to insert the faces of famous actresses. Fears of synthetic media include the potential to supercharge fake news, the spread of misinformation, distrust of reality, mass automation of creative and journalistic jobs, and potentially a complete retreat into AI-generated fantasy worlds. Synthetic media is an applied form of artificial imagination.
Ryan Creamer is a comedian, writer, and performer. He is known for his verified Pornhub account where he makes non-pornographic videos. He officially retired from Pornhub in October 2020.
GirlsDoPorn was a pornographic website active from 2009 to 2020, when six people involved were charged on counts of sex trafficking by force, fraud and coercion in November 2019. In December 2019, two more individuals were charged with obstruction of sex trafficking enforcement. The website was removed in January 2020. According to the United States Department of Justice, the website and its sister website GirlsDoToys generated over $17 million in revenue. Videos were featured on GirlsDoPorn.com as well as pornography aggregate websites such as Pornhub, where the channel reached the top 20 most viewed, with approximately 680 million views.
AI Foundation is an American artificial intelligence company founded by Lars Buttler and Rob Meadows, developing ethical artificial intelligent agents individuals can train. The company has offices in San Francisco and in Las Vegas; it was started in 2017 and has been operating in stealth until it was first publicly reported in September 2018 by Variety and VentureBeat. The publications note the company closed a $10 million funding round to commercialize AI products that benefit humanity.