The first alpine club, the Alpine Club, based in the United Kingdom, was founded in London in 1857 as a gentlemen's club. It was once described as:
Alpine clubs are typically large social clubs that revolve around climbing, hiking, and other outdoor activities. Many alpine clubs also take on aspects typically reserved for local sport associations, providing education and training courses, services for outdoorsmen, and de facto regulation of local mountaineering resources and behavior of mountaineers. Most clubs organize social events, schedule outings, stage climbing competitions, operate alpine huts and paths, and are active in protecting the alpine environment.
With around 1,000,000 members the German Alpine Club is usually reckoned as the largest alpine club in the world.
|[ circular reference ]Club||Abbreviation||Country||Founded|
|Alpine Club of Pakistan||ACP||Pakistan||1974|
|Alpine Club Prishtina||KAP||Kosovo||2013|
|Clube Alpino Paulista||CAP||Brazil||1959|
|Academic Alpine Club of Innsbruck||AAKI||Austria||1893|
|Academic Alpine Association of Innsbruck||AAVI||Austria||1900|
|Academic Alpine Club of Munich||AAVM||Germany||1892|
|South Tyrol Alpine Club||AVS||Italy||1946 (1869-1923: part of OeAV, banned after 1923)|
|Alpine Club||AC||Great Britain||1857/58|
|Alpine Club of Canada||ACC||Canada||1906|
|Alpine Club of Haller||AGH||Austria||1905|
|Alpine Club of Krummholz||AGK||Austria||1879|
|Alpine Club of Peilsteiner||AG?||Austria||1894|
|Alpine Club of Preintaler||AGP||Austria||1885|
|Alpine Club of Reißtaler||AGR||Austria||1881|
|Alpine Association of Berne||AVB||Switzerland||1909|
|American Alpine Club||AAC||USA||1902|
|Alpine Club at CU||CUAC||USA||2001|
|Andean German Club||DAV||Chile||1924|
|Appalachian Mountain Club||AMC||USA||1876|
|Associazione Sentieri Alpini Calanca||ASAC||Switzerland||1978|
|Australian Alpine Club||AAC||Australia||1950|
|Barts and the London Alpine Club||BLAC||United Kingdom||1941|
|Belgian Alpine Club||BAC CAB||Belgium||1883|
|California Alpine Club||CAC||USA||1913|
|Club Alpin Monégasque||CAM||Monaco||1911|
|Club Alpin Français||CAF||France||1874|
|Club Alpino Italiano||CAI||Italy||1863|
|Clubul Alpin Român||CAR||Romania||1934|
|Colorado Mountain Club||CMC||USA||1912|
|Crimean-Caucasian Mountaineering Club||CCMC||Russia||1890|
|Delftsche Studenten Alpen Club||DSC||Netherland||1922|
|Den Norske Turistforening||DNT||Norway||1886|
|Excelsior Alpine Club||Excelsior||Hungary||1966|
|German Alpine Club (Deutscher Alpenverein)||DAV||Germany||1869|
|Kiama Alpine Club||KAC||Australia||1957|
|Kiandra Pioneer Ski Club||KPSC||Australia||1861|
|Kosciusko Alpine Club||KAC||Australia||1909|
|Federación Española de Deportes de Montaña y Escalada||FEDME||Spain||1922|
|Fédération des Clubs Alpins Académiques de Suisse|
Association of Academic Alpine Clubs of Switzerland
|Fédération française de la montagne et de l’escalade||FFME||France||1942|
|Federazione alpinistica ticinese||FAT||Switzerland||1965|
|Groupe Alpin Luxembourgeois||GAL||Luxembourg||1955|
|Groupe de Haute Montagne||GHM||France||1919|
|Climbing Interest Group (Interessengemeinschaft Klettern)||IG Klettern||Germany||1989|
|Icelandic Alpine Club||ÍSALP||Iceland||1977|
|Japanese Alpine Club||JAC||Japan||1905|
|Ladies' Alpine Club||LAC||Great Britain||1907 to 1975 Merged with AC|
|Liechtenstein Alpine Club||LAV||Liechtenstein||1946 (1909 DuÖAV branch)|
|Austrian Friends of Nature (Naturfreunde Österreich)||NFÖ, TVN||Austria||1895|
|Nederlandse Klim- en Bergsport Vereniging||NKBV||Netherlands||1902/1998|
|New Zealand Alpine Club||NZAC||New Zealand||1891|
|Austrian Alpine Club (Österreichischer Alpenklub)||ÖAK||Austria||1878|
|Austrian Alpine Club (Österreichischer Alpenverein)||OeAV||Austria||1862|
|Austrian Tourist Club (Österreichischer Touristenklub)||ÖTK||Austria||1869|
|Austrian Tourist Association (Österreichischer Touristenverein)||ÖTV||Austria||1908|
|Alpine Association of Slovenia (Planinska zveza Slovenije)||PZS||Slovenia||1893|
|Ljubljana Matica Alpine Club (Planinsko društvo Ljubljana-Matica)||PD LM||Slovenia||1945|
|Polski Związek Alpinizmu||PZA||Poland||1974|
|Swiss Alpine Club||SAC CAS||Switzerland||1863|
|Skagit Alpine Club||SAC||USA||1960|
|Swiss Ladies' Alpine Club||SFAC||Switzerland||1918 to 1979 Merged mit SAC|
|Società Alpinistica Ticinese||SAT||Switzerland||1937|
|Società Escursionistica Verzaschese||SEV||Switzerland||1983|
|Société des Touristes du Dauphiné||STD||France||1875|
|Southern Alps Ski Club||SASC||Australia||1935|
|Türkiye Dağcılık Federasyonu||TDF||Turkey||1936 (predecessor 1928)|
|Unione Ticinese Operai Esccursionisti||UTOE||Switzerland||1919|
|Israel Climbers Club||ICC||Israel||1939|
|Damavand mountaineering and ski club||DMSC||Iran||1953|
|Washington Alpine Club||WAC||USA||1916|
|Centro Excursionista Brasileiro||CEB||Brazil||1919|
|Círculo Marumbinista de Curitiba||CMC||Brazil||1930|
The Alps are the highest (4809m) and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately 750 mi (1,210 km) across seven Alpine countries : France, Switzerland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia.
Mountaineering, or alpinism, is the set of outdoor activities that involves ascending tall mountains. Mountaineering-related activities include traditional outdoor climbing, skiing and traversing via ferratas. Indoor climbing, sport climbing and bouldering are also considered variants of mountaineering by some.
A crampon is a traction device that is attached to footwear to improve mobility on snow and ice during ice climbing. Besides ice climbing, crampons are also used for secure travel on snow and ice, such as crossing glaciers, snowfields and icefields, ascending snow slopes, and scaling ice-covered rock.
The American Alpine Club (AAC) is a non-profit member organization with more than 24,000 members. Its vision is to create "a united community of competent climbers and healthy climbing landscapes." The Club is housed in the American Mountaineering Center (AMC) in Golden, Colorado.
Patscherkofel is a mountain and ski area in the Alps, in Tyrol in western Austria, 7 km (4 mi.) south of Innsbruck. The peak rises to a summit elevation of 2,246 m (7,369 ft) above sea level. The town of Igls at its northwest base is at 870 m (2,854 ft), a vertical drop of 1,376 m (4,514 ft).
Mark Twight is an American climber, writer and the founder of Gym Jones. He rose to prominence as a mountaineer in the late 1980s and early 1990s with a series of difficult, dangerous alpine climbs in various ranges around the world. His radical, light-weight approach to alpinism has seen him regarded as an influential figure in the single-push movement.
The Alpine Club was founded in London in 1857 and is the world's first mountaineering club. The primary focus of the club is to support mountaineers who climb in the Alps and the Greater Ranges of the world's mountains.
Tourists are drawn to Switzerland's diverse landscape as well as the available activities, which take advantage of the Alpine climate and landscapes, in particular for skiing and mountaineering.
The golden age of alpinism was the decade in mountaineering between Alfred Wills's ascent of the Wetterhorn in 1854 and Edward Whymper's ascent of the Matterhorn in 1865, during which many major peaks in the Alps saw their first ascents.
The Swiss Alpine Club is the largest mountaineering club in Switzerland. It was founded in 1863 in Olten and it is now composed of 111 sections with 160,000 members (2020). These include the Association of British Members of the Swiss Alpine Club.
The Fédération Française des clubs alpins et de montagne (FFCAM) is a federation of clubs promoting mountain sports. It offers multiple training programs and courses to help people understand mountains and manages 142 mountain huts, mostly in the Alps and the Pyrenees.
Climbing, or alpine, clubs form to promote and preserve the climbing way of life, including rock climbing, ice climbing, alpinism & ski mountaineering.
The Spanish Federation for Mountain and Climbing Sports located in the Floridablanca 84 in Barcelona, is the Spanish federation of mountain and climbing sports. It was founded under the name Federación Española de Alpinismo on July 1, 1922, and renamed to Federación de Montañismo later. As of 2020, the federation has 2,909 registered clubs and 248,983 federated members.
The French Federation of Mountaineering and Climbing, located in Paris, is the French federation of mountain and climbing sports, especially of non-motorized alpine sports like mountaineering, canyoning, climbing, mountain touring and hiking, snowshoe hiking and ski mountaineering. The FFME is member of the French National Olympic and Sports Committee. The foundation of the FFME in 1987 was the result of the fusion of the French Federation of Mountaineering, founded in 1942 by the high commissariat of sports in addition to the existing Club Alpin Français (CAF), and the climbing association French Federation of Climbing, which was founded in 1985. A further fusion of the FFME and the CAF in the beginning 2000s failed.
The German Alpine Club is the world's largest climbing association and the eighth-largest sporting association in Germany. It is a member of the German Olympic Sports Confederation and the competent body for sport and competition climbing, hiking, mountaineering, hill walking, ice climbing, mountain expeditions, as well as ski mountaineering. It is an association made up of local branches known as 'sections'.
Thomas Middlemore was an English mountaineer who made multiple first ascents during the silver age of alpinism. His audacity earned him a reputation as the enfant terrible within the Alpine Club. He was also the head of the Middlemores Saddles leather goods company in Birmingham, England, after the retirement of his father, William Middlemore, in 1881. Thomas Middlemore had taken over the management of the company in 1868 and established a bicycle saddle factory in Coventry.
A high mountain tour is a mountain tour that takes place in the zone that is covered by ice all year round, the nival zone. High mountain tours require special preparation and equipment.
The Istituto Geografico Centrale is a privately owned Italian company based in Turin (Piedmont), known for its guide books and hiking maps mainly concerning the Western Alps and their contiguous areas.