List of fires

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Not in history has a modern imperial city been so completely destroyed. San Francisco is gone.
Jack London after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire San francisco fire 1906.jpg
Not in history has a modern imperial city been so completely destroyed. San Francisco is gone.
Jack London after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire

This article is a list of notable fires.

Town and city fires

Painting of the Cathedral and the Academy building after the Great Fire of Turku, by Gustaf Wilhelm Finnberg, 1827 Turun palo 1827.jpg
Painting of the Cathedral and the Academy building after the Great Fire of Turku, by Gustaf Wilhelm Finnberg, 1827

Building or structure fires

Transportation fires

Mining (including oil and natural gas drilling) fires

This is a partial list of fire due to mining: man-made structures to extract minerals, ores, rock, petroleum, natural gas, etc.


1884 to present New Straitsville, Ohio Coal mine fire ignited by striking minersWorld's Greatest Mine Fire [2]
May 31, 1892 Příbram, now in the Czech Republic,319/?Fire in Marine iron mine
September 7, 1895 Osceola Township, Houghton County, Michigan 30/? Osceola copper mine caught fire [3]
April 7, 1911 Colliery, Throop, Pennsylvania,72/?Fire at the Prince-Pancoast, leaving 72 dead by suffocation [4]
1915 to present Luzerne County, Pennsylvania Laurel Run mine fire ignited when a carbide lamp set fire to a timber support
1956Belgium262/? Bois du Cazier fire  [ fr ] killed 262 people from 12 nations
1962Algeria Devil's Cigarette Lighter fire in a gas field, lasted almost 6 months before doused with explosives
1962 to presentPennsylvania Centralia Mine Fire, rendering the town uninhabitable
1967 to present Kukruse, Estonia A continuously burning gangue mound at the Kukruse mine
1971 to present Derweze, Ahal Province, Turkmenistan Darvaza gas crater fire in a natural gas field
morning of May 2, 1972 Kellogg, Idaho 91/?Fire broke out in the Sunshine Mine, on the morning of May 2; 91 workers died from smoke inhalation or carbon monoxide poisoning
September 16, 1986 Kinross, Transvaal, South Africa177/235Fire in a gold mine owned by the General Mining Union Corporation [5]
July 6, 1988North Sea167/? Piper Alpha oil platform disaster
1991 State of Kuwait Kuwaiti oil fires following the Gulf War
2010Gulf of MexicoExplosion and fire on the Deepwater Horizon mobile offshore drilling unit
New Zealand29/? Pike River Mine disaster in New Zealand; a series of three explosions in the mine was followed by a fourth which set fire to the coal. 29 miners and contractors perished.
December 4, 2015Caspian Sea12+18 missing /? Gunashli Platform No.10 fire broke out on the offshore oil and gas platform in the Azerbaijani section of the Caspian Sea; 12 confirmed deaths, 18 missing.

Forest and countryside fires

October 8, 1871Michigan>200/?A series of fires across the state, the most severe of which was the Port Huron fire. The combined Michigan fires killed over 200 people and burned about 1.2 million acres. Occurred on the same day as the Great Chicago Fire and the Peshtigo Fire. The Great Michigan Fire
October 8, 1871Wisconsin1,500-2,500/?Deadliest wildfire in world history. Death toll can only be estimated because entire towns with all town records were incinerated. Burned over 1.2 million acres. Occurred on the same day as the Great Chicago Fire and the Great Michigan Fires. Peshtigo Fire
1910 North Idaho and Western Montana 87/?The largest Fire in U.S. history burned an area the size of Connecticut (3,000,000 acres [12,000 km2]), killing 87 people, including 78 firefighters Great Fire of 1910 [6]
1911Ontario73-200/? Great Porcupine Fire
July 29, 1916223/?Six towns destroyed, two more damaged Matheson Fire
October 12, 1918Minnesota453/? 1918 Cloquet Fire
192135/? 1921 Mari wildfires
1922Northern OntarioSeveral towns destroyed including 90% of the city of Haileybury, Ontario Great Fire of 1922

See also

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Fire</span> 2017 wildfire in Ventura County, California

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carr Fire</span> 2018 wildfire in Shasta and Trinity Counties, California, United States, and UA High School

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Santiam Fire</span> 2020 Oregon wildfire

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">2020 Western United States wildfire season</span> Wildfires in the United States in 2020

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The 2021–22 Australian bushfire season was the season of summer bushfires in Australia. The outlook for the season was below average in parts of Eastern Australia thanks to a La Niña, with elevated fire danger in Western Australia. Higher than normal winter rainfall has resulted in above average to average stream flows and soil moisture levels through much of eastern Australia. The outlook to the end of spring was also for above average falls over much of the country apart for Western Australia. The Australian Capital Territory, Victoria and southern New South Wales are expected to have a below normal fire potential as a result of vegetation still recovering from the 2020-21 Australian bushfire season. Areas of south eastern Queensland, northern New South Wales and northern Western Australia expect an above normal fire potential caused by crop and grass growth in these areas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jones Fire (1999)</span> 1999 wildfire in Shasta County, California

The 1999 Jones Fire was a destructive wildfire in the U.S. state of California's Shasta County. The fire ignited on October 16, and was contained on October 19, 1999. It burned 26,200 acres, destroyed 954 structures, and resulted in one fatality, becoming the then-2nd most destructive wildfire ever recorded in California, behind only the Oakland firestorm of 1991. Though it has since fallen in the ranks, as of 2023 it remains one of the 20 most destructive wildfires in the history of the state. The cause of the fire was never determined.


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Further reading