List of universities in Sri Lanka

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This is a list of higher education institutions in Sri Lanka. The Sri Lankan law on publicly financed universities, the University Grants Commission controls 16 Sri Lankan universities and other educational institutions, as higher education institutions.

Contents

History

The origins of the modern university system in Sri Lanka dates back to 1921 when a University college, the Ceylon University College was established at the former premises of Royal College Colombo, and was affiliated with the University of London. The college provided courses of study in art and humanities, science and medicine prepared undergraduates for examination at the University of London. The beginnings of modern higher education in Ceylon commenced in 1870 with the establishment of the Ceylon Medical School, followed by Colombo Law College (1875), School of Agriculture (1884) and the Government Technical College (1893). [1] In 1942 the first university was established in the country was the University of Ceylon which had several campuses island wide, Colombo (established 1942), Peradeniya (established 1949), Vidyodaya (established 1959), Vidyalankara (established 1959) and Katubedda (established 1972). Vidyodaya and Vidayalankara were established under the Vidyodaya and Vidayalankara University Act No 45 of 1958. The University of Ceylon was modelled on the Oxbridge formula, at its inception the university only accommodated 904 students, which later expanded to cover a number of universities and it remained as an elite-oriented university as stated by Sir Ivor Jennings, catering to a small number of students and exclusively residential. It was dissolved in 1972 to establish the University of Sri Lanka. In 1974 the Jaffna campus was added to the University of Sri Lanka. [2] [3] [4]

The change of the government in July 1977 led to dismantling of the single university apparatus with the plan of establishing independent universities. With the promulgation of the Universities Act. No 16 of 1978, state university status was restored to the six separate campuses. The University Grants Commission (UGC) was also created to plan and coordinate the state university education. After that, a number of state universities were created. All these state universities are registered under the University Grants Commission, but a few come under the auspices of ministries other than the Ministry of Higher Education, in which the UGC is a part of. Most of the state universities depend on funds given by the University Grants Commission, as it is their primary and sometimes only source of funding. Therefore, the UGC has a direct control over these universities and administer the undergraduate intake. The UGC is subordinate to the Ministry of Higher Education.

Legislation for universities

Universities in the Sri Lanka have generally been instituted by Special Presidential Decree, University Orders, Acts of Parliament and the Higher Education Act 1978. [5]

Ordinance

Acts of Parliament

Universities

There are currently sixteen universities in Sri Lanka, which are established under the authority of the University Grants Commission. [7] All the following universities are recognised bodies with university status (University charter) under Universities Act No.16 of 1978. [8]

UniversityMain campusFounded [lower-alpha 1] TypeAuthorityUniversity Status
(University charter)
City District Province
University of Colombo Colombo Colombo Western 1 June 1870Public UGC 1 July 1942
Eastern University Vantharumoolai Batticaloa Eastern 1 August 1981PublicUGC26 September 1986
University of Jaffna Jaffna Jaffna Northern 1 August 1974PublicUGC1 January 1979
University of Kelaniya Kelaniya Gampaha Western 1875PublicUGC1959
University of Moratuwa Moratuwa Colombo Western 1966PublicUGC1 January 1979
Open University Nawala Colombo Western 1978PublicUGC1 January 1979
University of Peradeniya Peradeniya Kandy Central 1 July 1942PublicUGC1 July 1942
Rajarata University Mihintale Anuradhapura North Central 7 November 1995PublicUGC31 January 1996
University of Ruhuna Matara Matara Southern 27 August 1978PublicUGC1 February 1984
Sabaragamuwa University Belihuloya Ratnapura Sabaragamuwa 20 November 1991PublicUGC7 November 1995
South Eastern University Oluvil Ampara Eastern 26 July 1995PublicUGC27 March 1996
University of
Sri Jayewardenepura
Sri
Jayewardenepura
Colombo Western 1873PublicUGC1958
Uva Wellassa University Badulla Badulla Uva 1 June 2005PublicUGC1 July 2005
University of the Visual
and Performing Arts
Colombo Colombo Western 1 July 2005PublicUGC1 July 2005
Wayamba University Kuliyapitiya Kurunegala North Western January 1999PublicUGC17 August 1999
Gampaha Wickramarachchi University Yakkala Gampaha Western 1928PublicUGC30 October 2020 [9]
University of Vavuniya Vavuniya Vavuniya Northern 1991PublicUGC1 August 2021

Dissolved universities

University of Ceylon

The University of Ceylon was the only university in Sri Lanka (earlier Ceylon) from 1942 until 1972. It had several constituent campuses at various locations around Sri Lanka. The University of Ceylon Act No. 1 of 1972, replaced it with the University of Sri Lanka which existed from 1973 to 1978.

University of Sri Lanka

The University of Sri Lanka was a public university in Sri Lanka. Established in 1972 by amalgamating the four existing universities, it was the only university in Sri Lanka from 1972 until 1978. The university was based at six campuses in Colombo, Peradeniya, Sri Jayewardenepura, Kelaniya, Moratuwa and Jaffna. The university was dissolved in 1978 and its six campuses became independent universities.

Other government universities

Other Government Universities which are established by Acts of Parliament of Sri Lanka. These universities are not recognised bodies with university status or university charter under Universities Act No.16 of 1978. [10]

UniversityMain campusFounded [lower-alpha 2] TypeAuthority
City District Province
Buddhasravaka Bhiksu University Anuradhapura Anuradhapura North Central 1996 Public Ministry of Higher Education
Buddhist and Pali University Homagama Colombo Western 1982PublicMinistry of Higher Education
Sri Lanka Institute of Advanced Technological Education Colombo Colombo Western 1893PublicMinistry of Higher Education [11]
General Sir John Kotelawala
Defence University
Ratmalana Colombo Western 11 October 2007Public Ministry of Defence
University of
Vocational Technology
Ratmalana Colombo Western 2009PublicMinistry of Higher Education
Ocean University of Sri Lanka Mattakkuliya Colombo Western 2014Public Ministry of Skills Development and Vocational Training

Higher Educational Institutes and Degree Awarding Institutes

Several colleges, specialist institutes and private companies are recognised as degree awarding bodies. [12] [13]

InstituteMain campusFoundedRecognised [lower-alpha 3] Type
City District Province
Aquinas College of Higher Studies Colombo Colombo Western 195310 October 2005Private
Colombo International Nautical
and Engineering College
Malabe Colombo Western 19909 July 2013Private
Horizon Campus Malabe Colombo Western 200826 November 2014Private
Saegis Campus Nugegoda Colombo Western 4 June 201011 July 2018Private
Institute of Chartered Accountants of Sri Lanka Colombo Colombo Western 195912 March 2013 Professional accountancy body
Institute of Surveying and Mapping Diyatalawa Badulla Uva 196721 July 1990Public
Institute of Technological Studies Colombo Colombo Western 198415 December 1988Private
KAATSU Battaramulla Colombo Western 20157 January 2015Private
National Institute of
Business Management
Colombo Colombo Western 196820 October 2009Private
National Institute of
Social Development
Rajagiriya Colombo Western 1 June 2005Private
National School of Business Management Limited (NSBM) Colombo Colombo Western 5 March 2013Private
SANASA CampusHettimulla Kegalle Sabaragamuwa 21 January 2014Private
South Asian Institute of
Technology and Medicine
Malabe Colombo Western 200830 August 2011Private
Sri Lanka Institute of
Development Administration
Colombo Colombo Western 196624 April 2003Public
Sri Lanka Institute of
Information Technology
Malabe Colombo Western 199918 August 2017Private
Sri Lanka Institute of
Nanotechnology
Homagama Colombo Western 200830 March 2004Private
Sri Lanka International
Buddhist Academy
Pallekele Kandy Central 200922 February 2013Private
Esoft Metro Campus (Private) Limited Colombo Colombo Western 20093 September 2019Private
International College of Business and Technology Colombo Colombo Western 20003 January 2000Private
Sri Lanka Technological Campus Padukka Colombo Western 20152 December 2016Private

Rankings of universities

Webometrics rankings

2018 Webometrics Ranking of World Universities for Sri Lankan universities are listed below.

University2018 (July edition) [14] 2016 (July edition) [15] 2015 (July edition) [16] 2014 (July edition) [17] 2013 (July edition) [18]
Country
university
rank

Change in rank from previous yearWorld
rank

Change from previous year
Country
university
rank

Change in rank from previous yearWorld
rank

Change from previous year
Country
university
rank

Change in rank from previous yearWorld
rank

Change from previous year
Country
university
rank

Change in rank from previous yearWorld
rank

Change from previous year
Country
university
rank

Change in rank from previous yearWorld
rank

Change from previous year
Peradeniya 1Increase2.svg 12018Increase2.svg 1402Steady2.svg2158Increase2.svg 722Steady2.svg2230Increase2.svg 2492Increase2.svg 22479Increase2.svg 4944Decrease2.svg 12973Decrease2.svg506
Colombo 2Decrease2.svg 12164Decrease2.svg 2181Steady2.svg1946Increase2.svg 931Steady2.svg2039Increase2.svg 1071Increase2.svg 12146Increase2.svg 1092Decrease2.svg 12255Decrease2.svg 573
Ruhuna 3Increase2.svg 22665Decrease2.svg 315Increase2.svg 12634Increase2.svg 18916Steady2.svg4525Decrease2.svg 10426Decrease2.svg 33483Decrease2.svg 11303Increase2.svg 32353Increase2.svg 941
Moratuwa 4Decrease2.svg 12721Decrease2.svg 3063Steady2.svg2415Decrease2.svg 83Steady2.svg2407Increase2.svg 903Decrease2.svg 22497Decrease2.svg 3471Increase2.svg 12150139
Kelaniya 5Decrease2.svg 12752Decrease2.svg 1934Steady2.svg2559Increase2.svg 5704Increase2.svg 13129Increase2.svg 655Steady2.svg3194Increase2.svg 13145Steady2.svg4508Decrease2.svg 1214
Sri Jayewardenepura 6Steady2.svg3071Decrease2.svg 265Decrease2.svg 12476Increase2.svg 6154Increase2.svg 23091Increase2.svg 28786Decrease2.svg 25969Decrease2.svg 3210
Rajarata 7Increase2.svg 64374Decrease2.svg 37013Decrease2.svg 36137Increase2.svg 357010Steady2.svg9707Decrease2.svg 71210Increase2.svg 18995Increase2.svg 329911Decrease2.svg 212294Decrease2.svg 6066
Jaffna 8Decrease2.svg 14384Decrease2.svg 3807Increase2.svg 24004Increase2.svg 25579Decrease2.svg 16561Increase2.svg 6648Decrease2.svg 17225Increase2.svg 9387Steady2.svg8163Decrease2.svg 2499
Open 9Steady2.svg4653Decrease2.svg 1749Decrease2.svg 14479Increase2.svg 10918Decrease2.svg 15570Increase2.svg 4197Increase2.svg 15989Increase2.svg 27198Steady2.svg8708Decrease2.svg 2824
Eastern 10Increase2.svg 24711Increase2.svg 1304= 11Increase2.svg 26015Increase2.svg 525013Decrease2.svg 111265Decrease2.svg 11112Decrease2.svg 211154Increase2.svg 97010Increase2.svg 112124Increase2.svg 198
Sabaragamuwa 11Steady2.svg5150Increase2.svg -865= 11Increase2.svg 16015Increase2.svg 498712Decrease2.svg 111002Decrease2.svg 20311Decrease2.svg 210799Decrease2.svg 2619Increase2.svg 110538Decrease2.svg 670
KDU 12Steady2.svg5409Steady2.svg
Wayamba 14Decrease2.svg 45409Decrease2.svg 273110Decrease2.svg 35409Decrease2.svg 3587Increase2.svg 65051Increase2.svg 674213Decrease2.svg 111793Increase2.svg 148912Steady2.svg13282Decrease2.svg 927
SLIIT 13Steady2.svg5484Steady2.svg
South Eastern 15Decrease2.svg 38720Increase2.svg 75214Decrease2.svg 37968Increase2.svg 206111Decrease2.svg 210029Decrease2.svg 17059Increase2.svg 48324Increase2.svg 521713Increase2.svg 213541Increase2.svg 2464
Uva Wellassa 16Decrease2.svg 310451Increase2.svg 1045115Steady2.svg11664Increase2.svg 405015Decrease2.svg 115714Decrease2.svg 98914Steady2.svg14725Decrease2.svg 35914Decrease2.svg 114366Decrease2.svg 1800
Visual & Performing Arts 17Decrease2.svg 914822Decrease2.svg 107018Increase2.svg 64121Increase2.svg 994414Increase2.svg 114065Increase2.svg 162615Steady2.svg15691Increase2.svg 81215Steady2.svg16503Increase2.svg 1063

See also

Notes

  1. Foundation date of earliest higher education establishment linked to current university.
  2. Foundation date of earliest higher education establishment linked to current university.
  3. Date recognised as degree awarding body.

Related Research Articles

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Ceylon Medical College

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University of Ceylon

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References

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  3. A People's University - A Romantic Story of Peradeniya. ICES. 1995.
  4. Annual report 1972. Planning and Research Unit, University of Ceylon. 1977.
  5. Yong, Zhao; Ramanathan, Hema (2010). Handbook of Asian Education: A Cultural Perspective. New York: Routledge. p. 584. ISBN   978-1136721298.
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  8. "UNIVERSITIES, CAMPUSES AND UNIVERSITY COLLEGES". University Grants Commission.
  9. "Gazette declaring Gampaha Wickramarachchi Ayurveda Institute a university, issued". newsfirst. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
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  11. https://www.mohe.gov.lk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=131&Itemid=221&lang=en
  12. "Accreditation Degree Programs". Ministry of Higher Education and Highways (Sri Lanka) . Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  13. "Other Recognized Degrees". University Grants Commission.
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  15. "Sri Lanka". webometrics. Open Publishing. 1 July 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  16. webometrics.info website. World Ranking of Top Sri Lankan Universities – 2015 July Retrieved 29 October 2016
  17. webometrics.info website. World ranking Top Sri Lankan Universities 2014 July Retrieved 29 October 2016
  18. webometrics.info website. Top Best Universities in Sri Lanka according to webometrics World Ranking 2013 July Retrieved 29 October 2016