|Established||June 3, 1938|
|Administrative center|| Luhansk (de jure)|
Sievierodonetsk (de facto, due to war in Donbass)
|• Governor||Serhiy Haidai|
|• Oblast council||124 seats|
|• Chairperson||Valerij Holenko (Party of Regions )|
|• Total||26,684 km2 (10,303 sq mi)|
|• Rank||Ranked 7th|
|• Official language(s)||Ukrainian|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-09|
|• Regional cities||14|
Luhansk Oblast (Ukrainian : Луганська область, translit. Luhanśka oblastj, Russian : Луганская область, translit. Luganskaja oblastj; also referred to as Luhanshchyna, Ukrainian : Луганщина, romanized: Luhanščyna) is the easternmost oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Luhansk. The oblast was established in 1938 and bore the name Voroshilovgrad Oblast (until 1958 and again 1970 to 1990) in honor of Kliment Voroshilov. Its population is 2,239,500 (as of September 1, 2014).
Important cities within the oblast include Alchevsk, Antratsyt, Brianka, Kirovsk, Krasnyi Luch, Krasnodon, Lysychansk, Luhansk, Pervomaisk, Rovenky, Rubizhne, Sverdlovsk, Sievierodonetsk, Stakhanov.
The War in Donbass caused the administrative center of the oblast to be relocated to Sievierodonetsk.
Luhansk Oblast is located in eastern Ukraine. The area of the oblast (26,700 km²), comprises about 4.42% of the total area of the country.
Its longitude from north to south is 250 km, from east to west – 190 km. The oblast has the longest segment of the Ukrainian international border with Russia among other regions (see State Border of Ukraine) consisting of 746 km (464 mi). It borders the Belgorod and Voronezh Oblasts of Russia on the north, while the Rostov Oblast is located to the east and the south. Among Ukrainian regions, the oblast borders the Kharkiv and Donetsk Oblasts to its west.
The region is located in the valley of Siversky Donets which splits the region approximately in half. The southern portion of the region is elevated by the Donetsk Ridge which is located closer to the southern border. The highest point is Mohyla Mechetna (367 m (1,204 ft)) which is the highest point of Donetsk Ridge.
The left bank of Siversky Donets is part of the Starobilsk Plain which to the north transforms into the Central Russian Upland.
The oblast originated in 1938 as Voroshylovhrad (Russian: Voroshilovgrad) Oblast after the Donetsk Oblast was split between Voroshylovhrad and Stalino (today Donetsk Oblast) oblasts. After the invasion by Nazi Germany in 1941 the region came under a German military administration, due to its proximity to frontlines. It was occupied at the end of 1942 as part of Case Blue German offensive directed towards Stalingrad. However soon after the battle of Stalingrad, in the spring of 1943 Luhansk region (at that time Voroshilovgrad) once again became center of military operations during the Soviet counter-offensive operation Little Saturn. By the summer of 1943 the region was liberated from the Nazi Germany Armed Forces. During the Soviet times the Oblast bore its current name between 1958 and 1970.
During the fateful March Referendum of 1991, 70.16% of all Ukrainians voted to remain a part of the Soviet Union as a sovereign republic, while only 27.99% voted 'no'.In the December 1991 referendum, (after the August coup ended all hope of a restored Union,) 83.86% of votes in the oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine.
In 1994 a referendum took place in the Donetsk Oblast and the Luhansk Oblast, with around 90% supporting the Russian language gaining status of an official language alongside Ukrainian, and for the Russian language to be an official language on a regional level; however, the referendum was annulled by the Kiev government.
On April 8, 2014, following the annexation of Crimea by Russia, pro-Russian separatists occupying the Luhansk Oblast administrative building planned to declare the independence of the region as the Luhansk Parliamentary Republic, after other pro-Russian separatists declared Donetsk People's Republic in the Donetsk Oblast (April 7, 2014). When the Luhansk Parliamentary Republic ceased to exist, the separatists declared the Luhansk People's Republic (April 27, 2014) and held a disputed referendum on separating from Ukraine on May 11, 2014. The legitimacy of the referendums was not recognized by any government.Ukraine does not recognize the referendum, while the EU and US said the polls were illegal. Subsequently, the War in Donbass started.
As a result of the War in Donbass, Luhansk insurgents control the southern third of the oblast, which includes the city of Luhansk, the region's most populous city as well as the capital of the oblast. Due to this, most oblast government functions have moved to Severodonetsk, which forces of the Government of Ukraine recaptured in July 2014. Many universities located in the occupied areas have moved to government-controlled cities such as Severodonetsk, Starobelsk or Rubizhne.A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 5.7% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 84.1% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond; insurgent-controlled areas were not polled.
|English Name||Local Name||Type||Area |
1 Jan 2012
|Alchevsk||Алчевськ||city of regional significance||49||119,193||112,071||Alchevsk|
|Antratsit||Антрацит||city of regional significance||61||90,835||78,482||Antratsit|
|Brianka||Брянка||city of regional significance||64||61,357||54,085||Brianca|
|Kirovsk||Кіровськ||city of regional significance||35||45,012||36,708||Kirovsk|
|Krasnodon||Краснодон||city of regional significance||77||118,168||104,640||Krasnodon|
|Krasnyi Luch||Красний Луч||city of regional significance||154||145,129||125,166||Krasnyi Luch|
|Luhansk||Луганськ||city of regional significance||286||503,248||466,627||Luhansk|
|Lysychansk||Лисичанськ||city of regional significance||96||133,258||120,785||Lysychansk|
|Pervomaisk||Первомайськ (Міськрада)||city of regional significance||89||80,622||70,581||Pervomaisk|
|Rovenky||Ровеньки||city of regional significance||217||91,712||84,366||Rovenky|
|Rubizhne||Рубіжне||city of regional significance||34||65,322||60,750||Rubizhne|
|Sievierodonetsk||Северодонецьк||city of regional significance||58||129,752||120,264||Sieverodonetsk|
|Slovianoserbsky (raion)||Слов'яносербський (район)||raion||1,113||62,125||55,462||Slovianoserbsk|
|Stakhanov||Стаханов||city of regional significance||92||108,266||92,818||Stakhanov|
|Sverdlovsk||Свердловськ||city of regional significance||84||110,159||99,024||Sverdlovsk|
|Total Oblast||Луганська (Область)||oblast||26,683||2,546,178||2,272,676||Luhansk|
Like the rest of the provinces in Ukraine, Luhansk Oblast has double jurisdiction. The oblast is predominantly administrated by the Luhansk Oblast State Administration headed by the governor of the oblast and appointed by the President of Ukraine. The province also has a representative body, the provincial council, which is headed by its chairman and elected by popular vote.
The province is primarily divided into 18 raions (districts), and 37 cities, including 14 cities of regional significance. The administrative center is Luhansk. These are listed below with their areas and populations.
The province's secondary division consists of various municipalities. Those municipalities may consist of one or more populated places. The municipalities are administratively subordinate to the raion in which they are located, with the exception of 14 cities subordinated directly to the oblast. In addition, the city of Luhansk is subdivided into its own four city-districts (boroughs).
All subdivisions are governed by their respective councils (radas).
Largest cities or towns in Luhansk Oblast
|5||Krasnyi Luch||Krasnyi Luch*||82,765|
The population is largely Russian-speaking, although ethnic Ukrainians constitute a majority (58.0%). Among the minorities are native Russians (39.1%), Belarusians (0.8%), and others (1.4%). Ukrainians constitute the majority in all raions except for Stanytsia-Luhanska Raion and Krasnodon Raion, both of which are east of Luhansk. Ethnic Russians also constitute the majority in regionally significant cities, such as Krasnodon, Sverdlovsk, Krasnyi Luch and Stakhanov.
According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, more than 68.8% of the population consider themselves Russian speakers, while 30.0% consider themselves Ukrainian speakers. The Russophone population predominates in the southern portion of the region and around the city of Luhansk, while the northern region is less populated, mostly agricultural and Ukrainophone.
Its population (as of 2004) of 2,461,506 constitutes 5.13% of the overall Ukrainian population. The Luhansk Oblast rates fifth in Ukraine by the number of its inhabitants, having an average population density of 90.28/km². About 87% of the population lives in urban areas, while the remaining 13% reside in agricultural areas. According to the national census, 54% of the population are Ukrainians and 42% are Russians.
Economically the region is connected with the Donets Basin.
Through the region pass two major European routes
Rail transportation is administered by the Donetsk Railway.
There is also its regional airport Luhansk International Airport with its own carrier.
The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.
The Donetsk Oblast, also referred to as Donechyna, is an oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. It is the most populated oblast, with around 4.5 million residents. Its administrative center is Donetsk; however, its Regional State Administration has been temporarily relocated to Kramatorsk because of the ongoing crisis in Donetsk. Historically, the region is an important part of the Donbas region. Until November 1961, it bore the name Stalino Oblast as Donetsk was then named "Stalino", in honour of Joseph Stalin. As part of the de-Stalinization process, it was renamed as its administrative center after Siversky Donets, the main artery of East Ukraine.
The Donbass or Donbas is a historical, cultural, and economic region in eastern Ukraine and southwestern Russia. The word Donbass is a portmanteau formed from Donets Basin, in reference to the river Donets that flows through it. Multiple definitions of the region's extent exist, and its boundaries have never been officially demarcated.
Luhansk or Lugansk, formerly known as Voroshilovgrad, is internationally recognized as a city in eastern Ukraine, but effectively, Luhansk is the capital and administrative center of the Luhansk People's Republic (LPR), an unrecognized state that was established in 2014.
Krasnodon is a city in Luhansk Oblast (region) of eastern Ukraine. It is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and serves as the administrative center of Krasnodon Raion (district), though it does not belong to the raion. Its population is approximately 43,683 (2017 est.).
Kramatorsk is a city of oblast significance located at the northern portion of Donetsk Oblast, in eastern Ukraine. Since October 11, 2014 Kramatorsk has been the provisional seat of Donetsk Oblast, following the events surrounding the War in Donbass. Similar status, for Luhansk oblast, has Sievierodonetsk. Their previous cities are still de jure administrative centres.
Krasnyi Luch or Khrustalny is a city in the Luhansk Oblast (province) of south-eastern Ukraine It is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Its population is approximately 81,389 (2017 est.).
Sievierodonetsk, Sieverodonetsk or Severodonetsk is a city in the Luhansk Oblast of Ukraine. Sievierodonetsk has the status of a city of regional significance, It is located nearby the Seversky Donets River, approximately 110 km (68 mi) to the north north west from the Oblast capital, Luhansk. Sievierodonetsk is the acting administrative centre of Luhansk Oblast due to Luhansk being temporarily controlled by self-proclaimed pro-Russian separatist organization, not under control of the Ukrainian authorities, similarly to Kramatorsk acting as the administrative center of Donetsk Oblast during the Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present) - their previous cities are still de jure administrative centres. Its population is approximately 106,188 (2017 est.).
Lysychansk is a city in the Luhansk region of Ukraine. It is incorporated as a city of oblast significance and located on the high right bank of the Siverskyi Donets River, approximately 115 km from the oblast capital, Luhansk. Its population is approximately 99,889 (2017 est.).
Lyman Raion is a raion (district) within Donetsk Oblast in eastern Ukraine. Its administrative center is Lyman, which is separately incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the district. Its area is 1,018 km2 (393 sq mi) and its population is approximately 21,881 (2013 est.).
Lyman, formerly Krasnyi Lyman is a city in Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. It also serves as the administrative center of Lyman Raion and Lyman United Territorial Community, though it is not a part of the raion. Population: 22,509 (2013 est.); 28,172 (2001).
Hirske is a city in Popasna Raion, Luhansk Oblast (region) of Ukraine. Population: 10,131 (2013 est.).
Referendums on the status of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts, parts of Ukraine that together make up the Donbass region, took place on 11 May 2014 in many towns under the control of the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics. These referendums sought to legitimise the establishment of the republics, in the context of the rising pro-Russian unrest in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution. In addition, a counter-referendum on accession to Dnipropetrovsk Oblast was held in some Ukrainian-controlled parts of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts.
The Luhansk People's Republic, alternatively spelled as Lugansk People's Republic, usually abbreviated as LPR or LNR, is a landlocked proto-state. It is located in Luhansk Oblast in the Donbass region, a territory internationally recognized to be a part of Ukraine. Luhansk is its capital and biggest city. The population of the republic is approximately 1.5 million people. In its constitution, LPR is proclaimed to be a democratic constitutional state. The current head of state is Leonid Pasechnik.
Izvaryne-Donetsk is a land border crossing between Ukraine and Russia, on autoroute
Luhansk Oblast is subdivided into 32 regions: 18 districts (raions) and 14 city municipalities, officially known as territories governed by city councils.
Uralo-Kavkaz is an urban-type settlement in Krasnodon Municipality in the southeastern part of Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine. Population: 2,555 (2013 est.).
Luhansk Oblast Football Federation (LOFF) is a football governing body in the region of Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine. The federation is a collective member of the Football Federation of Ukraine.
Krasnyi Yar is a village in Krasnodon Raion of Luhansk Oblast of eastern Ukraine, at about 30 km SE from the centre of Luhansk city.