|Established||June 3, 1938|
|Administrative center|| Luhansk (de jure)|
Sievierodonetsk (de facto, due to war in Donbas)
|• Governor||Serhiy Haidai|
|• Oblast council||124 seats|
|• Chairperson||Valerij Holenko (Party of Regions )|
|• Total||26,684 km2 (10,303 sq mi)|
|• Rank||Ranked 7th|
|• Official language(s)||Ukrainian|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-09|
|• Regional cities||14|
Luhansk Oblast (Ukrainian : Луганська область, translit. Luhans’ka oblast’, Russian : Луганская область, translit. Luganskaja oblast’; also referred to as Luhanshchyna, Ukrainian : Луганщина, romanized: Luhanščyna) is the easternmost oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Luhansk. The oblast was established in 1938 and bore the name Voroshilovgrad Oblast (until 1958 and again 1970 to 1990) in honor of Kliment Voroshilov. Its population is estimated as 2,121,322 (2021 est.)
Important cities within the oblast include Alchevsk, Antratsyt, Brianka, Kirovsk, Krasnyi Luch, Krasnodon, Lysychansk, Luhansk, Pervomaisk, Rovenky, Rubizhne, Sverdlovsk, Sievierodonetsk, Stakhanov.
The war in Donbas caused the administrative center of the oblast to be relocated to Sievierodonetsk.
Luhansk Oblast is located in eastern Ukraine. The area of the oblast (26,700 km2), comprises about 4.42% of the total area of the country.
Its longitude from north to south is 250 km, from east to west – 190 km. The oblast has the longest segment of the Ukrainian international border with Russia among other regions (see State Border of Ukraine) consisting of 746 km (464 mi). It borders Russia with adjacented subdivisons of Belgorod Oblast to the north, Voronezh Oblast to the northeast, Rostov Oblast to the east, Among Ukrainian regions, the oblast borders the Kharkiv Oblast to the west, and Donetsk Oblast to the south.
The region is located in the valley of Siversky Donets which splits the region approximately in half. The southern portion of the region is elevated by the Donetsk Ridge which is located closer to the southern border. The highest point is Mohyla Mechetna (367 m (1,204 ft)) which is the highest point of Donetsk Ridge.
The left bank of Siversky Donets is part of the Starobilsk Plain which to the north transforms into the Central Russian Upland.
Belgorod Oblast, Russia
Voronezh Oblast, Russia
Rostov Oblast, Russia
The oblast originated in 1938 as Voroshylovhrad (Russian: Voroshilovgrad) Oblast after the Donetsk Oblast was split between Voroshylovhrad and Stalino (today Donetsk Oblast) oblasts. After the invasion by Nazi Germany in 1941 the region came under a German military administration, due to its proximity to frontlines. It was occupied at the end of 1942 as part of Case Blue German offensive directed towards Stalingrad. However soon after the battle of Stalingrad, in the spring of 1943 Luhansk region (at that time Voroshilovgrad) once again became center of military operations during the Soviet counter-offensive operation Little Saturn. By the summer of 1943 the region was liberated from the Nazi Germany Armed Forces. During the Soviet times the Oblast bore its current name between 1958 and 1970.
During the fateful March Referendum of 1991, 70.16% of all Ukrainians voted to remain a part of the Soviet Union as a sovereign republic, while only 27.99% voted 'no'.In the December 1991 referendum, (after the August coup ended all hope of a restored Union,) 83.86% of votes in the oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine.
In 1994 a referendum took place in the Donetsk Oblast and the Luhansk Oblast, with around 90% supporting the Russian language gaining status of an official language alongside Ukrainian, and for the Russian language to be an official language on a regional level; however, the referendum was annulled by the Kyiv government.
On April 8, 2014, following the annexation of Crimea by Russia, pro-Russian separatists occupying the Luhansk Oblast administrative building planned to declare the independence of the region as the Luhansk Parliamentary Republic, after other pro-Russian separatists declared Donetsk People's Republic in the Donetsk Oblast (April 7, 2014). When the Luhansk Parliamentary Republic ceased to exist, the separatists declared the Luhansk People's Republic (April 27, 2014) and held a disputed referendum on separating from Ukraine on May 11, 2014. The legitimacy of the referendums was not recognized by any government.Ukraine does not recognize the referendum, while the EU and US said the polls were illegal. Subsequently, the war in Donbas started.
As a result of the war in Donbas, Luhansk insurgents control the southern third of the oblast, which includes the city of Luhansk, the region's most populous city as well as the capital of the oblast. Due to this, most oblast government functions have moved to Sievierodonetsk, which forces of the Government of Ukraine recaptured in July 2014. Many universities located in the occupied areas have moved to government-controlled cities such as Sievierodonetsk, Starobilsk or Rubizhne.A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 5.7% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 84.1% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond; insurgent-controlled areas were not polled.
|English Name||Local Name||Type||Area |
1 Jan 2012
|Alchevsk||Алчевськ||city of regional significance||49||119,193||112,071||Alchevsk|
|Antratsyt||Антрацит||city of regional significance||61||90,835||78,482||Antratsit|
|Brianka||Брянка||city of regional significance||64||61,357||54,085||Brianca|
|Kirovsk||Кіровськ||city of regional significance||35||45,012||36,708||Kirovsk|
|Krasnodon||Краснодон||city of regional significance||77||118,168||104,640||Krasnodon|
|Krasnyi Luch||Красний Луч||city of regional significance||154||145,129||125,166||Krasnyi Luch|
|Luhansk||Луганськ||city of regional significance||286||503,248||466,627||Luhansk|
|Lysychansk||Лисичанськ||city of regional significance||96||133,258||120,785||Lysychansk|
|Pervomaisk||Первомайськ (Міськрада)||city of regional significance||89||80,622||70,581||Pervomaisk|
|Rovenky||Ровеньки||city of regional significance||217||91,712||84,366||Rovenky|
|Rubizhne||Рубіжне||city of regional significance||34||65,322||60,750||Rubizhne|
|Sievierodonetsk||Северодонецьк||city of regional significance||58||129,752||120,264||Sieverodonetsk|
|Slovianoserbsky (raion)||Слов'яносербський (район)||raion||1,113||62,125||55,462||Slovianoserbsk|
|Stakhanov||Стаханов||city of regional significance||92||108,266||92,818||Stakhanov|
|Sverdlovsk||Свердловськ||city of regional significance||84||110,159||99,024||Sverdlovsk|
|Total Oblast||Луганська (Область)||oblast||26,683||2,546,178||2,272,676||Luhansk|
Like the rest of the provinces in Ukraine, Luhansk Oblast has double jurisdiction. The oblast is predominantly administrated by the Luhansk Oblast State Administration headed by the governor of the oblast and appointed by the President of Ukraine. The province also has a representative body, the provincial council, which is headed by its chairman and elected by popular vote.
The province is primarily divided into 18 raions (districts), and 37 cities, including 14 cities of regional significance. The administrative center is Luhansk. These are listed below with their areas and populations.
The province's secondary division consists of various municipalities. Those municipalities may consist of one or more populated places. The municipalities are administratively subordinate to the raion in which they are located, with the exception of 14 cities subordinated directly to the oblast. In addition, the city of Luhansk is subdivided into its own four city-districts (boroughs).
All subdivisions are governed by their respective councils (radas).
Largest cities or towns in Luhansk Oblast
|5||Krasnyi Luch||Krasnyi Luch*||82,765|
The population is largely Russian-speaking, although ethnic Ukrainians constitute a majority (58.0%). Among the minorities are native Russians (39.1%), Belarusians (0.8%), and others (1.4%). Ukrainians constitute the majority in all raions except for Stanytsia-Luhanska Raion and Krasnodon Raion, both of which are east of Luhansk. Ethnic Russians also constitute the majority in regionally significant cities, such as Krasnodon, Sverdlovsk, Krasnyi Luch and Stakhanov.
According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, more than 68.8% of the population consider themselves Russian speakers, while 30.0% consider themselves Ukrainian speakers. The Russophone population predominates in the southern portion of the region and around the city of Luhansk, while the northern region is less populated, mostly agricultural and Ukrainophone.
Its population (as of 2004) of 2,461,506 constitutes 5.13% of the overall Ukrainian population. The Luhansk Oblast rates fifth in Ukraine by the number of its inhabitants, having an average population density of 90.28/km2. About 87% of the population lives in urban areas, while the remaining 13% reside in agricultural areas. According to the national census, 54% of the population are Ukrainians and 42% are Russians.
Economically the region is connected with the Donets Basin.
Through the region pass two major European routes E 50 and E 40. There are 24 Russo-Ukrainian international border checkpoints of various entry.
Rail transportation is administered by the Donetsk Railway.
There is also its regional airport Luhansk International Airport with its own carrier.
The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.
The Donetsk Oblast, also referred to as Donechyna, is an oblast of eastern Ukraine. It is the most populated oblast, with around 4.1 million residents. Its administrative center is Donetsk; however, its Regional State Administration has been temporarily relocated to Kramatorsk because of the ongoing crisis in Donetsk. Historically, the region is an important part of the Donbas region. Until November 1961, it bore the name Stalino Oblast as Donetsk was then named "Stalino", in honor of Joseph Stalin. As part of the de-Stalinization process, it was renamed as its administrative center after Siversky Donets, the main artery of Eastern Ukraine. Population is estimated as 4,100,280
The Donbas or Donbass is a historical, cultural, and economic region in south-eastern Ukraine. The word Donbas is a portmanteau formed from Donets Basin, in reference to the river Donets that flows through it. Multiple definitions of the region's extent exist, and its boundaries have never been officially demarcated.
Ukraine has several levels of administrative subdivisions. The first level of subdivision consists of 27 regions:
Luhansk, also known as Lugansk and formerly known as Voroshilovgrad, is a city in eastern Ukraine, near the border with Russia in the disputed Donbas region. Luhansk is currently the capital and administrative center of the Luhansk People's Republic (LPR), an unrecognized breakaway state that was established in 2014 by pro-Russian separatists. The city and its surrounding areas have been one of the main sites of fighting in the Donbas war. Until its capture by the LPR, Luhansk was the administrative center of Luhansk Oblast. The current population is estimated to be 401,297
Kramatorsk is a city of oblast significance located at the northern portion of Donetsk Oblast, in eastern Ukraine. Since October 11, 2014 Kramatorsk has been the provisional seat of Donetsk Oblast, following the events surrounding the war in Donbas. Similar status, for Luhansk oblast, has Sievierodonetsk. Their previous cities are still de jure administrative centres. Population: 150,084
Sievierodonetsk, Sieverodonetsk or Severodonetsk is a city in the Luhansk Oblast of Ukraine. Sievierodonetsk has the status of a city of regional significance, It is located nearby the Seversky Donets River, approximately 110 km (68 mi) to the north north west from the Oblast capital, Luhansk. Sievierodonetsk is the acting administrative centre of Luhansk Oblast due to Luhansk being temporarily controlled by self-proclaimed "Luhansk People's Republic", which is beyond the control of the Government of Ukraine, similarly to Kramatorsk acting as the administrative center of Donetsk Oblast during the Russo-Ukrainian War - their previous cities are still de jure administrative centres. Its population is approximately 102,396 .
Eastern Ukraine or East Ukraine, generally refers to territories of Ukraine east of the Dnipro river, particularly Kharkiv, Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts. Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhzhia Oblasts sometimes are also regarded as Eastern Ukraine. In regard to traditional territories, the area encompasses portions of the southern Sloboda Ukraine, Donbas, the western Azov Littoral (Pryazovia).
Donbas State Technical University (DonSTU) is an institution of higher education located in Lysychansk, Ukraine. Today, the university is a major regional educational and scientific center in the field of technical education.
The following gallery displays the official coats of arms of the 27 oblasts, autonomous republics and cities with special status of Ukraine:
Referendums on the status of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts, parts of Ukraine that together make up the Donbas region, took place on 11 May 2014 in many towns under the control of the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics. These referendums sought to legitimise the establishment of the republics, in the context of the rising pro-Russian unrest in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution. In addition, a counter-referendum on accession to Dnipropetrovsk Oblast was held in some Ukrainian-controlled parts of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts.
The war in Donbas or Donbas war is an armed conflict in the Donbas region of Ukraine, part of the Ukrainian crisis and the broader Russo-Ukrainian War. From the beginning of March 2014, in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the Euromaidan movement, protests by Russia-backed anti-government separatist groups took place in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine, collectively called the Donbas region. These demonstrations, which followed the February–March 2014 annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, and which were part of a wider group of concurrent protests across southern and eastern Ukraine, escalated into an armed conflict between the separatist forces of the self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics, and the Ukrainian government. While the initial protests were largely native expressions of discontent with the new Ukrainian government, Russia took advantage of them to launch a co-ordinated political and military campaign against Ukraine. Russian citizens led the separatist movement in Donetsk from April until August 2014, and were supported by volunteers and materiel from Russia. As the conflict escalated in May 2014, Russia employed a "hybrid approach", deploying a combination of disinformation tactics, irregular fighters, regular Russian troops, and conventional military support to destabilise the Donbas region. According to the Ukrainian government, at the height of the conflict in the summer of 2014, Russian paramilitaries were reported to make up between 15% to 80% of the combatants.
The Luhansk People's Republic, alternatively spelled as Lugansk People's Republic, usually abbreviated as LPR or LNR, is a landlocked quasi-state. It is located in Luhansk Oblast in the Donbas region, a territory internationally recognized to be a part of Ukraine. The Ukrainian government asserts that the Luhansk People's Republic is a terrorist organization and that it wages a war against Ukraine. Luhansk, the territory's largest city, serves as its capital. The population of the republic is approximately 1.5 million people. In its constitution, LPR is proclaimed to be a democratic constitutional state. The current head of state is Leonid Pasechnik.
The Battle in Shakhtarsk Raion began on 16 July 2014, when the Armed Forces of Ukraine attempted to cut off insurgent supply lines from Russia. Fighting broke out around the towns of Marynivka, Dmytrivka, Stepanivka, Shakhtarsk, as well as the strategic hill of Savur-Mohyla. It later spread to the cities of Snizhne and Torez. While the battle was in progress, a civilian passenger airliner, Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, was shot down near Hrabove. Amidst a wide counter-offensive by the insurgents and their Russian backers across Donbas, government troops were forced out of Shakhtarsk Raion on 26 August.
Izvaryne-Donetsk is a land border crossing between Ukraine and Russia, on autoroute E 40 in the Donbass region.
H21 is an important Ukraine national highway (H-highway) in the Donetsk Oblast and Luhansk Oblast of Donbas, Ukraine. It connects Donetsk through Luhansk with Starobilsk. The highway runs both, west-east between Donetsk and Luhansk, and south-north between Luhansk and Starobilsk. It passes either through or near Makiivka, Kolosnykove, Khartsyzk, Zuhres; Serdyte, Molodetske, and Shakhtarsk in Shakhtarsky; Torez, Snizhne, Miusynsk, Krasnyi Luch; Ivanivka and Malomykolaivka in Antratsitivsky; Myrne, Uspenka, Lutuhyne, and Heorhiivka in Lutuhynsky; Luhansk; Metalisk, Stukalova Balka, and Lyman-Tsvitni Pisky-Svitle in Slovianoserbsky; Shchastia; Mykhailivka in Troitsky; Novoaidar, Denezhnykove, and Peremorzhne-Shtormove in Novoaidarsky; Shul'hynka in Markivsky, Baidivke, and Polovynkyne in Starobilsky.
Luhansk Oblast is subdivided into districts (raions) which are subdivided into amalgamated territorial communities (hromadas).
Uralo-Kavkaz is an urban-type settlement in Krasnodon Municipality in the southeastern part of Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine. Population: 2,483 , 2,555 (2013 est.).
Luhansk Oblast Football Federation (LOFF) is a football governing body in the region of Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine. The federation is a collective member of the Football Federation of Ukraine.
Novoaidar is an urban-type settlement which serves as the administrative center of Shchastia Raion of Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine. It is located in the center of the Oblast, east of Sievierodonetsk. [[Population: 8,005 .