Last updated

Ukrainian  transcription(s)
   National/"BGN/PCGN" Zaporizhzhia
   ALA-LC Zaporiz͡hz͡hi͡a
   Scholarly Zaporižžja
Nichnii prospekt.jpg
Sich z visoti pol'otu.jpg
Zaporizhzhya MuzDramTeatr Magara Lenina 41 04 (YDS 6939).JPG
Zhovtneva square, Zaporizhzhia at night (Vladimir Yaitskiy, 2013).jpg
Tuman nad Dniprom.jpg
Zaporozh'e novyi terminal.jpg
Panoramio - V&A Dudush - Slavutich Arena (1).jpg
From top to bottom and left to right:
Prapor mista Zaporizhzhia (2003).svg
Gerb Zaporozh'ia 2003 goda.svg
Emblema (logotip) Zaporizhzhia.png
Zaporizhzhia province physical map.svg
Red pog.svg
Reliefkarte Ukraine 2022.png
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 47°51′00″N35°07′03″E / 47.85000°N 35.11750°E / 47.85000; 35.11750
CountryFlag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine
Oblast Zaporizhzhia Oblast
Raion Zaporizhzhia Raion
Hromada Zaporizhzhia urban hromada
City rights 1806
   Mayor Anatolii Kurtiev (acting Mayor since 30 September 2021) [1]
   City 334 km2 (129 sq mi)
4,675 km2 (1,805 sq mi)
   City 710,052
  Density1,365.2/km2 (3,536/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code +380 61(2)
Climate Dfa

Zaporizhzhia [2] [note 1] (Ukrainian : Запоріжжя, IPA: [zɐpoˈriʒʲːɐ] ; Russian : Запорожье, romanized: Zaporozhye, IPA: [zəpɐˈroʐje] ), until 1921 known as Aleksandrovsk or Oleksandrivsk, [note 2] is a city in southeast Ukraine, situated on the banks of the Dnieper River. It is the administrative centre of Zaporizhzhia Oblast. [3] Zaporizhzhia has a population of 710,052 (2022 estimate). [4]


Zaporizhzhia is known for the historic island of Khortytsia, multiple power stations and for being an important industrial centre. Steel, aluminium, aircraft engines, automobiles, transformers for substations, and other heavy industrial goods are produced in the region.

Names and etymology

The name Zaporizhzhia refers to the position of the city: "beyond the rapids"—downstream or south of the Dnieper Rapids. These were previously an impediment to navigation and the site of important portages. In 1932, the rapids were flooded to become part of the reservoir of the Dnieper Hydroelectric Station. [5]

Before 1921, the city was called Aleksandrovsk (or Oleksandrivsk), named after the original fortress that formed a part of the Dnieper Defence Line of the Russian Empire.


Zaporizhzhia was founded in 1770, when the Aleksandrovskaya (Александровская) Fortress was built as a part of the Dnieper Defence Line, to protect the southern territories of the Russian Empire from Crimean Tatar invasions. [6] Following the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca in 1775, the southern lands of the Russian Plain and the Crimean peninsula were absorbed into the Russian Empire. The Aleksandrovskaya Fortress then lost its military significance, and became a small rural town, which from 1806 to around 1930 was called Alexandrovsk. [5]

The opening of the Kichkas Bridge at the start of the 20th century, the first rail crossing of the Dnieper, was followed by the industrial growth of Zaporizhzhia . [7] In 1916, during World War I, the DEKA Stock Association transferred its aircraft engine manufacturing plant from Saint Petersburg to Zaporizhzhia. [8]

During the Russian Civil War (19181921), Zaporizhzhia was the scene of fierce fighting between the Red Army and the White armies of Denikin and Wrangel, Petliura's Ukrainian People's Army of the Ukrainian People's Republic, and German-Austrian troops. The opposing armies used the strategically important Kichkas Bridge to transfer troops, ammunition, and medical supplies. The Soviet government industrialized Zaporizhzhia still further during the 1920s and 1930s, when the Dnieper Hydroelectric Station, and the Zaporizhzhia Steel Plant, and the Dnieper Aluminium Plant were built. [9] [10] [11] In the 1930s, the American United Engineering and Foundry Company built a strip mill similar to the Ford River Rouge steel mill to produce rolling steel strip. The annual capacity of the mill reached 540,000 tonnes (600,000 short tons) of 170 cm (66 inches) wide steel. [12]

World War II (1941–1945)

A Red Army soldier near the Dnieper hydro-electric dam ZaporizhiaCombat.jpg
A Red Army soldier near the Dnieper hydro-electric dam

After the outbreak of the War between the USSR and Nazi Germany in June 1941, the Soviet government began evacuating Zaporizhzhia's industries to Siberia. [13] and the Soviet security forces began shooting political prisoners in the city. [14] On 18 August 1941, elements of the German 1st Panzergruppe reached the outskirts of Zaporizhzhia on the right bank and seized the island of Khortytsia. [15]

The Red Army blew a 120 by 10 metres (394 ft × 33 ft) hole in the Dnieper hydroelectric dam on 18 August 1941, producing a flood wave that swept from Zaporizhzhia to Nikopol. [13] The flood killed local residents as well as soldiers from both armies, with historians estimating a death toll between 20,000 and 100,000. [16] Despite reinforcements, Zaporizhzhia was taken on 3 October 1941. [17] The German occupation lasted two years; during which the Germans shot over 35,000 people, and sent 58,000 people to Germany as forced labourers. [13]

The Germans reformed Army Group South in February 1943, and put its headquarters in Zaporizhzhia. [18] Adolf Hitler visited the headquarters in February 1943, and again the following month, where he was briefed by Field Marshal Eric von Manstein and his air force counterpart Field Marshal Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, and in September 1943, [19] the month the Army Group moved its headquarters to Kirovohrad. [20]

In August 1943, the Germans built the Panther-Wotan defence line along the Dnieper from Kyiv to Crimea. They retreated back to this line in September 1943, holding the city as a bridgehead over the Dnieper with elements of 40th Panzer and 17th Corps. [21] The Soviet Southwestern Front, commanded by Army General Rodion Malinovsky, attacked Zaporizhzhia on 10 October 1943. [21] The defenders repelled these attacks, but the Red Army launched a surprise night attack on 13 October, which succeeded in reclaiming most parts of the city. [22]


Modern Zaporizhzhia (2015) Zaporizhzhia. Prospekt Lenina, 175 (foto Alexey Tolmachov, 2015).jpg
Modern Zaporizhzhia (2015)

In 2004, to alleviate congestion around the Zaporizhzhia Arch Bridge area, construction began on the New Zaporizhzhia Dniper Bridge, although construction was halted soon after it began, due to a lack of funding. [23]

During the 2014 Euromaidan regional state administration occupations, during protests against President Viktor Yanukovych, [24] Zaporizhzhia's regional state administration building was occupied by 4,500 protesters, [25] and there were clashes between Ukrainian and pro-Russian activists in April 2014. [26]

On 19 May 2016, the Verkhovna Rada approved the "Decommunisation Law". [27] Since the introduction of the law, the city council renamed over 50 streets and administrative areas of the city, [note 3] monuments of the Soviet Union leaders Lenin and Felix Dzerzhinsky have been destroyed, [28] [29] and names honouring Soviet leaders in the titles of industrial plants, factories, culture centres, and the DniproHES have been removed. [30]

Russian invasion (2022)

Residential buildings in Zaporizhzhia after Russian missile strikes on 22 March 2023 Zaporizhzhia after Russian shelling, 2023-03-22 (01).webp
Residential buildings in Zaporizhzhia after Russian missile strikes on 22 March 2023

Russian forces have been engaged in ongoing attacks on Zaporizhzhia since the beginning of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. On 27 February, fighting was reported in the southern outskirts, [31] and Russian forces began shelling the city later that evening. [32] Russia invaded and occupied part of Zaporizhzhia Oblast but failed to take Zaporizhzhia itself. On 3 March, Russian forces approached the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant, raising concerns about a potential nuclear meltdown. [33] [34] Russian military forces fired missiles on Zaporizhzhia on the evening of 12/13 May. [35]

On 30 September, hours before Russia formally annexed Southern and Eastern Ukraine, the Russian Armed Forces launched S-300 missiles at a civilian convoy in Zaporizhzhia, killing at least 30 people. [36] On 9 October, Russian forces launched rockets at residential buildings, killing at least 17 people. [37]


Zaporizhzhia is located in south-eastern Ukraine. The Dnieper splits the city in two; between them is Khortytsia Island. The city covers 334 km2 (129 sq mi) at an elevation of 50 m (160 ft) above sea level. [38] The New and Old Dnieper flow past around Khortytsia: The New Dnieper  [ uk ] is about 800 m (2,600 feet) wide while the Old Dnieper  [ uk ] is about 200 m (660 feet) wide. The island size is 12 km × 2 km (7.5 mi × 1.2 mi). Smaller rivers in the city also enter the Dnieper: Sukha  [ uk ] and Mokra Moskovka  [ uk ], Kushuhum  [ uk ], and Verkhnia Khortytsia  [ uk ].

The flora of Khortytsia is unique and diverse, due to the dry steppe air and a large freshwater basin, which cleans the air polluted by industry. The island is a national park. The ground surface is cut by large ravines ("balka"), hiking routes and historical monuments. The island, which is a popular recreational area, has sanatoriums, resorts, health centres, and sandy beaches. [39]


Climate data for Zaporizhzhia (1991–2020, extremes 1959–present)
Record high °C (°F)12.2
Mean daily maximum °C (°F)−0.3
Daily mean °C (°F)−3.1
Mean daily minimum °C (°F)−5.8
Record low °C (°F)−29.3
Average precipitation mm (inches)39
Average extreme snow depth cm (inches)7
Average rainy days1081112131310810111311130
Average snowy days14149100000161358
Average relative humidity (%)85.282.477.667.
Source 1: [40]
Source 2: World Meteorological Organization (humidity 1981–2010) [41]


Zaporizhzhia is the main city of Zaporizhzhia Oblast with a form of self-rule within the oblast. The city is divided into 7 administrative raions.

The population of the districts of the city of Zaporizhzhia as of 1 November 2015: [42]

RaionPopulationPercent of Total
2 Zavodskyi 50,7506.7
3 Komunarskyi 133,75217.64
5 Voznesenivskyi 101,34913.37
6 Khortytskyi 115,64115.27
    Districts of Zaporizhzhia Zaporizhzhia En.svg
    Districts of Zaporizhzhia


City population

People in Zaporizhzhia in 1990 Khid m. Zaporizhzhia. 500 rokiv ukrayins'komu kozatstvu. 1990. 8.JPG
People in Zaporizhzhia in 1990
People in Zaporizhzhia in 2018 Plaza Scene - Zaporozhye - Ukraine (42266862170).jpg
People in Zaporizhzhia in 2018

The city population has been declining since the first years of state independence. In 2014–2015 the rate of the population decrease was −0.56%/year. [43]

In January 2017, the population was 750,685. [44] The total reduction of the population of the city since independence has been around 146,000 (not including 2017–2018).

1781329 [8]
17951,230 [8]
18042,500 [8]
18241,716 [45]
18593,100 [45]
18613,819 [8] [46]
18644,354 [45]
18704,601 [47]
18856,707 [48]
189416,100 [49]
189716,393 [50]
190024,196 [51]
190235,000 [45]
191038,000 [52]
191363,000 [8]
1915about 60,000 [45]
191672,900 [8]
191758,517 [53]
192655,744 [54] [55]
1937243,148 [55]
1939289,188 [56] [57]
1943120,000 [56] [58]
1956381,000 [52]
1959449,000 [57]
1970658,000 [59]
1971676,000 [57]
1979781,000 [60]
1989897,600 [61]
1991896,600 [62]
2001815,300 [63]
2010776,918 [64]
2011775,678 [65]
2015757,650 [66]
2017750,685 [67]

Ethnic structure

According to the 2001 census, [68] 70.28% of the population of Zaporizhzhia (total population 815,300) were Ukrainians, 25.39% were Russians, 0.67% were Belarusians, 0.44% were Bulgarians, 0.42% were Jews, 0.38% were Georgians, 0.38% were Armenians, 0.27% were Tatar, 0.15% were Azeris, 0.11% were Roma (Gypsies), 0.1% were Poles, 0.09% were Germans, 0.09% were Moldovans, and 0.07% were Greeks.


Ukrainian is used for official government business. The native language of people living in Zaporizhzhia, according to censuses in Ukraine (by percent):

Language1897 [69] 1926 [70] 1989 [71] 2001 [72]
Ukrainian  43.0 33.8 41.3 41.6
Russian 24.8 52.2 57.0 56.8
Yiddish  27.8 9.7 0.1


The following religious denominations are present in Zaporizhzhia: [73]

Holy Protection Cathedral Pokrovskii sobor v Zaporozh'e (2011).jpg
Holy Protection Cathedral

Most of the citizens are Orthodox Christians of Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) or Orthodox Church of Ukraine. Among the Orthodox churches the Church of the Intercession  [ uk ], which is under the Moscow Patriarchate, is most popular. There are also St. Nicholas Church and St. Andrew's Cathedral in the city.


Protestantism is represented by:


Catholicism is represented by:

The biggest Catholic church is Church of God, the Father of Mercy


Orthodox Judaism is represented by one union and six communities.


In the Zaporizhzhia district there are five communities which are part of the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Ukraine and four independent Muslim communities.


The city hosts a branch of the Vedic Academy.



Industry and river port ZaporizhiaZavody.jpg
Industry and river port

Zaporizhzhia is an important industrial centre of Ukraine, the country's main car manufacturing company, the Motor-Sich aircraft engine manufacturer. Well supplied with electricity, Zaporizhzhia forms, together with the adjoining Donets Basin (Donbas) and the Nikopol manganese and Kryvyi Rih iron mines, one of Ukraine's leading industrial complexes.

The city is a home of Ukraine's main automobile production centre, which is based at the Zaporizhzhia Automobile Factory (ZAZ), producing Ukrainian car brands such as Zaporozhets and Tavria.

After the end of the Russian Revolution, the city became an important industrial centre. The presence of cheap labor and the proximity of deposits of coal, iron ore, and manganese created favorable conditions for large-scale enterprises of the iron and mechanical engineering industries. Today Zaporizhzhia is an important industrial centre of the region with heavy industry (particularly metallurgy), aluminium, and chemical industry. Cars, avia motors and radioelectronics are manufactured in the city. The port of Zaporizhzhia is important for transshipment for goods from the Donbas.

Zaporizhstal, Ukraine's fourth largest steel maker, and ranking 54th in the world, is based in the city.

Electricity generation

Zaporizhzhia is a large electricity generating hub. There are hydroelectric power plant known as "DniproHES" Dnieper Hydroelectric Station and the largest nuclear power plant in Europe. Prior to the 2022 invasion, the plants generated about 25% of the Ukrainian electricity supply. Located near Enerhodar and about 60 km (37 miles) from Zaporizhzhia is the Zaporizhzhia thermal power station and the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant, the largest nuclear power plant in Europe.


Magara Academic Drama Theatre Oblasnii muzichno-dramatichnii teatr im. Magara.jpg
Magara Academic Drama Theatre

Zaporizhzhia has an orchestra, museums, theatres, and libraries. These include the Magara Academic Drama Theatre, the Municipal Theatre Lab "VIE", the Theatre for Young-Age spectators, the Theatre of Horse Riding "Zaporizhzhian Cossacks", the Zaporizhzhia Regional Museum, the National Museum of the History of the Zaporizhzhian Cossacks, the Zaporizhzhia Regional Art Museum, the Motor Sich Aviation Museum, and the Zaporizhzhia Region Universal Scientific Library.

There are a number of small amateur groups of folk music bands, art galleries in Zaporizhzhia. The city regularly holds festivals, Cossack martial arts competitions, and art exhibitions.

Zaporizhzhia has an open-air exhibition-and-sale of Zaporizhzhia city association of artists «Kolorit» near the 'Fountain of Life' at the Mayakovskoho square  [ uk ]. A daily exhibition of artists' organizations of the city is a unique place in Zaporizhzhia, where people can meet craftsmen and artists, watch carving, embroidery, beading classes, and receive advice from professional artists and designers.

Main sights

Khortytsya island. Sich z visoti pol'otu.jpg
Khortytsya island.
'Fountain of Life' in Zaporizhzhia (built in 2004) with the daily exhibition of Zaporizhzhian artists. Zaporizhzhia Art Vernissage.jpg
'Fountain of Life' in Zaporizhzhia (built in 2004) with the daily exhibition of Zaporizhzhian artists.

The historical and cultural museum "Zaporizka Sich" is placed on the northern rocky part of Khotritsa Island. The museum is a reconstruction of the stronghold of the Zaporizhzhian Cossacks, and contains features of the military camp life and their lifestyle.

Each of the smaller islands between the dam and the island Khortytsia has its own legend. On one of them, Durnya Scala ("Rock of the Fool"), Tzar Peter the Great flogged the Cossacks for their betrayal of the Russians during the Great Northern War between Russia and Sweden. Another small island, Stolb ("Pillar"), has a geological feature, which looks like a large bowl in granite slabs, the Cossack's Bowl. It is said that in summer days, water can be boiled in this "bowl", and the Cossacks used it for cooking galushki (boiled dough in a spicy broth). [75]

Zaporizhzhia International Airport in 2019 Fasad novogo terminala v aeroportu Zaporozh'e.jpg
Zaporizhzhia International Airport in 2019

Zaporizhzhia is an important transportation hub in Ukraine that includes roads, as well as rail, river and air links for passenger and freight transport. Zaporizhzhia International Airport, located to the east of the city on the left-bank of the Dnieper, serves domestic and international flights. Shyroke Airfield is to the west of the city on the right-bank of the Dnieper.

Zaporizhzhia is bypassed beyond its eastern outskirts by a major national highway M18, which connects Kharkiv with Simferopol. The H08, which starts just outside Kyiv and travels southeast along the Dnieper through Kremenchuk, Kamianske, Dnipro, passes through Zaporizhzhia on the way to Mariupol. The H15 from Donetsk and the H23  [ de ] from Kropyvnytskyi via Kryvyi Rih, both end in Zaporizhzhia.

There are four road bridges and two rail bridges over the Dnieper, nearly all of which bridges cross Khortytsia Island. President Volodymyr Zelenskyy opened the first stage of the New Zaporizhzhia Dniper Bridge early in 2022.

The city has two rail stations, Zaporizhzhia-1 railway station and Zaporizhzhia-the-Second. The First is the central station, located in the southern part of the city and is a part of Simferopol-Kharkiv, the "north-south" transit route. The line of the Zaporizhzhia-the-Second station connects the Donbas coalfield with Kryvyi Rih. The city has an extensive tram network with 7 lines called the Zaporizhzhia Tram.

The city's two river ports are part of the national water transportation infrastructure that connects Kyiv to Kherson along the Dnieper. Freight ships and cutter boats travel between Zaporizhzhia and nearby villages. The island of Khortytsia splits the Dnieper into two; the main channel passes the island on its eastern side, with the Staryi Dnipro (Old Dnieper) flowing past the island on the western side.

Notable people

Valentyna Danishevska, 2019 Danishevska.jpg
Valentyna Danishevska, 2019
Alina Gorlova, 2021 Alina Gorlova at Crossing Europe Film Festival (cropped).jpg
Alina Gorlova, 2021
Valeriy Ivaschenko, 2015 Ivashchenko.jpg
Valeriy Ivaschenko, 2015
Gosha Kutsenko, 2016 Gosha Kutsenko 2016.jpg
Gosha Kutsenko, 2016
Maria Nikiforova, 1909 Nikiforova.gif
Maria Nikiforova, 1909


Vita Styopina, 2012 StyopinaVita 2012.jpg
Vita Styopina, 2012
Denys Sylantyev, 2014 Denis Silant'iev.jpg
Denys Sylantyev, 2014

Zaporizhzhia is a setting in two Axis victory in World War II short novels by the American author Harry Turtledove, Ready for the Fatherland (1991) and The Phantom Tolbukhin (1998).

Twin towns – sister cities

Zaporizhzhia is twinned with: [76] [77]

In 1969, the city renamed one of its streets after the city of Wrocław. The Wrocław authorities reciprocated, and a part of the Sudecka Grabiszyńska Street towards the Square of the Silesian Insurgents was renamed Zaporoska Street. [78]

See also


  1. Also spelled as Zaporizhzhya or Zaporizhia
  2. Russian: Александровск; Ukrainian: Олександрівськ
  3. Since modern Zaporizhiazhia was greatly enlarged in the Soviet Union, many typography in the city had to be renamed. In the year of the fall of the Russian Empire (1917), the population of Alexandrovsk was about 60,000 people. In the year of Ukraine's declaration of independence (1991), the city's population reached almost 1 million people.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chernihiv Oblast</span> Oblast (region) of Ukraine

Chernihiv Oblast, also referred to as Chernihivshchyna, is an oblast (province) in northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Chernihiv. Within the oblast are 1,511 settlements. Population: 959,315.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dnipropetrovsk Oblast</span> Oblast (region) of Ukraine

Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, also referred to as Dnipropetrovshchyna, is an oblast (province) in southeastern Ukraine, the most important industrial region of the country. It was created on February 27, 1932. Dnipropetrovsk Oblast has a population of about 3,096,485, approximately 80% of whom live centering on administrative centers: Dnipro, Kryvyi Rih, Kamianske, Nikopol and Pavlohrad. The Dnieper River runs through the oblast.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zaporizhzhia Oblast</span> Oblast (region) of Ukraine

Zaporizhzhia Oblast, commonly referred to as Zaporizhzhia (Запоріжжя), is an oblast (region) in south-east Ukraine. Its administrative centre is Zaporizhzhia. The oblast covers an area of 27,183 square kilometres (10,495 sq mi), and has a population of 1,638,462.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sumy</span> City and administrative center of Sumy Oblast, Ukraine

Sumy is a city in northeastern Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Sumy Oblast. The city is situated on the banks of the Psel River with a population of 256,474, making it the 23rd-largest in the country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zaporizhzhia (region)</span> Historical region in central Ukraine

Zaporizhzhia or Zaporozhzhia is a historical region in central east Ukraine below the Dnieper River rapids, hence the name, literally "(territory) beyond the rapids".

Ukrainian submarine <i>Zaporizhzhia</i>

Zaporizhzhia (U-01) is a project 641 (Foxtrot-class) diesel-electric powered submarine, and was the only submarine of the Ukrainian Navy up until her seizure in March 2014 by Russian forces during 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea. She formerly carried the Soviet Navy pennant number B-435. Zaporizhzhia was designed at the Rubin Design Bureau.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nikopol, Ukraine</span> City in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Ukraine

Nikopol is a city and municipality (hromada) in Nikopol Raion in the south of Ukraine, on the right bank of the Dnieper River, about 63 km south-east of Kryvyi Rih and 48 km south-west of Zaporizhzhia. Population: 105,160.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dnieper Hydroelectric Station</span> Hydroelectric station in Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine

The Dnieper Hydroelectric Station, also known as Dnipro Dam, in the city of Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, is the largest hydroelectric power station on the Dnieper river. It is the fifth step of the Dnieper cascade of hydroelectric stations that provides electric power for the Donets–Kryvyi Rih Industrial region. The Dnieper Reservoir stretches 129 kilometres (80 mi) upstream to near Dnipro city.

Khortytsia is the largest island on the Dnieper river, and is 12.5 km (7.77 mi) long and up to 2.5 km (1.55 mi) wide. The island forms part of the Khortytsia National Park. This historic site is located within the city limits of Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chortitza Colony</span>

Chortitza Colony was a volost, a subdivision of the Yekaterinoslav uezd within the Yekaterinoslav Governorate. During the times of Catherine the Great, the area was annexed by the Russian Empire after liquidation of the Zaporozhian Sich. It was granted to Plautdietsch-speaking settlers for colonization northwest of Khortytsia Island. The territory of the former colony is now split between the city of Zaporizhzhia and its adjacent Zaporizhzhia Raion, within Zaporizhia it is part of Voznesenskyi and Khortytskyi districts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Enerhodar</span> City in Zaporizhzhia Oblast, Ukraine

Enerhodar is a city and municipality in the northwest of Zaporizhzhia Oblast, Ukraine. It is on the south bank of the Dnieper River, on the opposite side of the Kakhovka Reservoir from Nikopol and Chervonohryhorivka.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vasylivka</span> City in Zaporizhzhia Oblast, Ukraine

Vasylivka is a city in Zaporizhzhia Oblast (province) in southern Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Vasylivka Raion. The city is situated on the banks of the Kakhovka Reservoir on the Dnieper River. Population: 12,567.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zaporizhzhia Raion</span> Subdivision of Zaporizhzhia Oblast, Ukraine

Zaporizhzhia Raion is one of the five raions (districts) of Zaporizhzhia Oblast in southeast Ukraine. Its administrative center is Zaporizhzhia. Population: 840,866.

Zaporizhzhia is an urban-type settlement in the Rovenky Raion of the Luhansk Oblast of Ukraine. Population: 843

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Zaporizhzhia Dniper Bridge</span> Bridge in Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine

The New Zaporizhzhia Dniper Bridge is an under-construction controlled-access highway bridge in Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine. Construction of the bridge began in August 2004 with the first span of the bridge opened for public vehicular use in January 2022 after several years of delays. The bridge was opened in a public ceremony on January 22, 2022, by President Volodymyr Zelensky. When completed, the bridge will stand at a height of 151 meters, making it the tallest in Ukraine and the eighth tallest in Europe.

Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022, the Ukrainian city of Zaporizhzhia and the surrounding region became the target of repeated Russian shelling and bombing as part of the southern Ukraine offensive from 27 February 2022 onwards. Thirty to forty percent of the infrastructure in the city has been destroyed.

The history of Zaporizhzhia shows the origins of Zaporizhzhia, a city located in modern day Ukraine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Preobrazhensky Bridge</span> Bridge in Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine

The Preobrazhensky Bridge is a two bridge crossing over the Dnipro River in the city of Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine. Construction on the bridges began in the spring of 1949 and was completed in 1952. The official opening took place on December 31, 1952. Due to the lack of high-tech steel in the early post-war years, the bridges were built from reinforced concrete. The bridges are named after the engineer Borys Preobrazhenskyi. The railway and highway which run over the bridge connect the Khortytskyi District with the Zaporizhzhia city center.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Voznesenivskyi District</span> City district of Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine

Voznesenivskyi District is an administrative-territorial unit within the city of Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine named after the historical village of Voznesenky. The economic and symbolic center of the city and the Zaporizhzhia metropolitan area, it is Zaporizhzhia's oldest district and home to many of region's cultural, financial, educational and historical landmarks including Zaporizhzhia Regional Administration, Krytyy Market and Festival Square.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">500th anniversary of the Zaporozhian Sich</span> 1990 celebrations in Ukraine

The 500th anniversary of the Zaporozhian Sich was a group of celebrations organised by the Taras Shevchenko Society for the Ukrainian Language and People's Movement of Ukraine and held in August 1990 to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the founding of the Zaporozhian Sich. The events, which were primarily organised by Ukrainian Sixtier poet Dmytro Pavlychko as well as other dissidents, took place in the southern Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhzhia Oblasts, and served as a form of demonstrating Ukrainian nationalism and support for Ukrainian independence from the Soviet Union.


  1. Мера Запоріжжя звільнили з посади [The mayor of Zaporizhzhia was fired]. Ukrainska Pravda (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 23 February 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2023.
  2. "Про затвердження транслітерації написання географічної назви міста Запоріжжя латиницею. Рішення виконавчого комітету №476". Zaporizhzhia city council. Executive committee. 28 August 2017. Archived from the original on 26 July 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  3. (in Ukrainian) Archived 6 May 2021 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022](PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
  5. 1 2 Pospelov, pp. 25–26
  6. Я. П. Новицкий. История города Александровска, (Екатеринославской губ.) в связи с историей возникновения крепостей Днепровской линии 1770–1806 г. Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine – Екатеринослав: Типография Губернского Земства, 1905. – 176 с. (in Russian)
  7. The bridges of Zaporizhzhia (Мосты Запорожья) Archived 8 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine , by L. Adelberg (Адельберг Л), pub RA Tandem st, Zaporizhzhia, 2005. (in Russian)
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Official Portal Zaporizhzhia city authorities, History (Офіційний портал, Запорізької міської влади, Історія міста) Archived 21 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine , accessed 11 April 2011. (in Ukrainian)
  9. "Sovetskai︠a︡ arkhitektura". Искусство. 27 October 1969 via Google Books.
  10. Меерович М. Г. Соцгород – базовое понятие советской градостроительной теории первых пятилеток Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  11. "История Запорожья". Archived from the original on 2 May 2008. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  12. The Soviet economy and the Red Army, 1930–1945, by Walter Scott Dunn, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995 ISBN   0-275-94893-5, page 13.
  13. 1 2 3 The Great Patriotic War on the territory of Zaporizhzhia (Великая Отечественная война на территории Запорожья) Archived 20 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  14. Germany and the Second World War, Volume IV The Attack on the Soviet Union, by Horst Boog, Jürgen Förster, Joachim Hoffmann, Ernst Klink, Rolf-Dieter Müller, Gerd R. Ueberschär, pub Clarendon Press, 1998, ISBN   0-19-822886-4, p. 909.
  15. "The Eastern Front, Timeline 1941". Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
  16. Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty Archived 22 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine , Ukrainian Activists Draw Attention To Little-Known WWII Tragedy , by Dmytro Moroz and Claire Bigg, 23 August 2013.
  17. Germany and the Second World War, Volume IV The Attack on the Soviet Union, p. 607, says that Zaporizhzhia was captured on 1 October 1941.
  18. Lost Victories, by Field Marshal Eric von Manstein, translated by Anthony G Powell, pdf version p267-270.
  19. Lost Victories, by Field Marshal Eric von Manstein, pdf version p290-2.
  20. Lost Victories, by Field Marshal Eric von Manstein, says that the Germans finished repairing the railway bridge only a few months before they lost the city in October 1943.
  21. 1 2 "The Eastern Front, Timeline 1943". Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
  22. Moscow-Stalingrad-Berlin-Prague, Memories of Army Commander ("Москва-Сталінград-Берлін-Прага". Записки командарма) Archived 15 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine , by Dmitri Danilovich Lelyushenko (Лелюшенко Дмитро Данилович), pub Nauka, Moscow, 1987, chapter 4.
  23. "Почему мосты строят по 14 лет – и что говорит Укравтодор". Archived from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  24. Buckley, Neil (26 January 2014). "Ukraine protests spread to Yanukovich heartland" . Financial Times. Archived from the original on 16 November 2018. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  25. "В Запорожье участники Майдана опечатали кабинеты руководства Запорожской ОГА : Новости УНИАН". Ukrainian Independent Information Agency. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
  26. Ukraine Tensions Escalate as Russia, U.S. Exchange Barbs Archived 15 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  27. Poroshenko signed the laws about decommunization Archived 23 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Ukrainska Pravda. 15 May 2015
    Poroshenko signs laws on denouncing Communist, Nazi regimes Archived 2 August 2018 at the Wayback Machine , Interfax-Ukraine. 15 May 20
    Goodbye, Lenin: Ukraine moves to ban communist symbols Archived 7 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine , BBC News (14 April 2015)
  28. Vitaly Shevchenko (1 June 2016), In pictures: Ukraine removes communist-era symbols, BBC News, archived from the original on 27 December 2019, retrieved 30 September 2021
  29. "Полный перечень переименованных в Запорожье улиц". Archived from the original on 5 December 2019. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  30. (in Ukrainian) In Zaporizhzhia began to "dekomunize" DniproGES Archived 30 September 2021 at the Wayback Machine , Radio Free Europe (4 April 2016)
  31. Свобода, Радіо (27 February 2022). "Техніка росіян зайшла до Бердянська, в Запоріжжі зброю дають усім готовим захищати обласний центр". Радіо Свобода (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  32. "Жителів Запоріжжя просять не покидати укриття: Обстрілюють аеродром – новини Запоріжжя". (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  33. "Video analysis reveals Russian attack on Ukrainian nuclear plant veered near disaster". NPR. 11 March 2022. Archived from the original on 1 April 2022. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  34. "Update 1-Ukraine nuclear power plant Zaporizhzhia on fire, town mayor says". Reuters. 4 March 2022. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  35. "Invaders fire missiles on Zaporizhzhia, Sumy region at night". 13 May 2022. Archived from the original on 16 May 2022. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  36. "Ukraine war: Survivors speak of horror as Zaporizhzhia convoy hit". BBC News. 30 September 2022. Archived from the original on 1 October 2022. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  37. "At least 17 are killed in Zaporizhzhia". The New York Times . 9 October 2022. Archived from the original on 9 October 2022. Retrieved 9 October 2022.
  38. "Паспорт города Запорожье". Archived from the original on 2 October 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  39. "The interactive map of island of Khortitsa (Russian)". Archived from the original on 2 July 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  40. ПОГОДА в Запорожье (in Russian). Погода и климат. Archived from the original on 13 December 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2021.. Snow days have been taken to mean days on which it snowed, not days with snow cover on the ground.
  41. "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  42. Головне управління статистики в Запорізькій області — Чисельність населення м. Запоріжжя Archived 13 February 2019 at the Wayback Machine на 1 листопада 2015 року]
  43. "Zaporizhzhia · Population". Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  44. "Держстат України" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  45. 1 2 3 4 5 Natalia Ostasheva Venger (2003). "The Mennonite Industrial Dynasties in Alexandrovsk". Journal of Mennonite Studies. Vol. V21. Dnipropetrovsk National University. pp. 89–110. Archived from the original on 19 August 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
  46. Collection of scientific works of graduate students (Збiрник наукових праць аспірантів), by T H Shevchenka, pub Vyd-vo Kyïvsʹkoho University, 1963, p87 Archived 3 September 2023 at the Wayback Machine gives the 1861 population as 3,729. (in Ukrainian)
  47. Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A. (Charles Anderson) (27 October 1879). "The American cyclopaedia: a popular dictionary of general knowledge. Edited by George Ripley and Charles A. Dana". New York D. Appleton via Internet Archive.
  48. Brockhaus and Efron's Encyclopedia (Энциклопедический Словарь Ф.А.Брокгауза и И.А.Ефрона) Archived 21 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine , edited by Professor IE Andreevskago, and K. Arseniev, pub FA Brockhaus (Leipzig) and IA Efron (St Petersburg), 1890–1907, entry for Aleksandrovsk in Yekaterinoslavskaya province (Александровск, уездный город Екатеринославской губернии). (in Russian)
  49. Universal Calendar for 1898 (Всеобщий календарь на 1898 год) Archived 8 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine , pub Hermann Hoppe (St Petersburg), 1898, p217 Archived 17 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine List of the populated areas of the Russian Empire, Abakan – Alekseevskoe (Роспись населённых местностей Российской империи, Абаканское – Алексеевское). (in Russian)
  50. Large Encyclopedia (Большая Знциклопедія) Volume I, pub Prosveshechenie (St Petersburg), 1903, p323. pdf version (in Russian)
  51. Russian Calendar for 1906 (Русский календарь на 1906 г.) Archived 8 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine , pub A. Suvorina (St Petersburg), 1906, p108 Archived 17 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine List of the populated areas of the Russian Empire, Abbas-Tuman – Belev (Список городов и других населённых пунктов Российской империи, Аббас-Туман – Белев). (in Russian)
  52. 1 2 Ukrainian SSR (Украинская ССР) Archived 3 September 2023 at the Wayback Machine , pub Economic Institute of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 1958, p87.
  53. Sergina V. "City Z:1921-199", film "Year 1926" Сергина В. Город Z: 1921–1991 (Невыдуманные истории): Исторически–познавательный ТВ проект для любой зрительской аудитории. – К., 2005. – 1 компакт – диск. Фильм "Год 1926"
  54. Economic geography of the USSR Archived 13 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine by S S Balźak, V F Vasyutin, Ya G Feigin, pub Macmillan, 1956.
  55. 1 2 Half a century classified as 'Secret': All-Union census in 1937 (Полвека под грифом 'секретно': Всесоюзная перепись населения 1937 года) Archived 25 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine , by Valentina B Zhiromskaya, I Kiselev, Yu A Polyakov, pub Nauka, 1996. This gives the 1926 population as 55,295.(DJV-ZIP – requires DjVu viewer software Archived 9 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine ) (in Russian)
  56. 1 2 The emergency evacuation of cities: a cross-national historical and geographical study Archived 26 April 2023 at the Wayback Machine , by Wilbur Zelinsky, Leszek A. Kosiński, pub Rowman & Littlefield, 1991, ISBN   0-8476-7673-0.
  57. 1 2 3 The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (Большая Советская Энциклопедия), entry for Zaporizhzhia – Zaporizhzhia oblast centre (Запорожье – центр Запорізької обл.) Archived 24 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine , 3rd edition, pub 1969 to 1978. (in Russian)
  58. Sergina V. "City Z:1921-199", film "Year 1942" (Сергина В. Город Z: 1921–1991 (Невыдуманные истории): Исторически–познавательный ТВ проект для любой зрительской аудитории. – К., 2005.- 1 компакт – диск. Фильм "Год 1942") said the population for 1942 was 103,400.
  59. The Ukrainian quarterly, Volumes 26–27, pub Ukrainian Congress Committee of America, 1970, p223 Archived 3 September 2023 at the Wayback Machine .
  60. The population of the USSR: According to the Proc. Census 1979 (Население СССР: По данным Всесоюзной переписи населения 1979 г.), pub Politizdat (Moscow), 1980 – table: USSR, the Soviet population in 1979, cities with a population of 100 thousand and more people (СССР, население СССР на 1979 год, Население союзных и автономных республик) Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine . (in Russian)
  61. L’Encyclopédie en ligne entry for Zaporojie. (in French)
  62. Rand McNally atlas of world geography, pub Rand McNally Company, 1996, p38.
  63. The size and composition of the population of Zaporizhzhia region up to the Ukrainian population census 2001 (Численность и состав населения Запорожской области по итогам Всеукраинской переписи населения 2001 года) Archived 23 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine . (in Russian)
  64. Population on 1 August 2010 (Чисельність населення на 1 серпня 2010 року), press release No 1377 issued by the State Department of Statistics in the Zaporizhzhia oblast (Держкомстат. Головне управління статистики у Запорізькій області), 16 September 2010 [ dead link ]. (in Ukrainian)
  65. Population on 1 March 2011 (Чисельність населення на 1 березня 2011 року), press release No 1163 issued by the State Department of Statistics in the Zaporizhzhia oblast (Держкомстат. Головне управління статистики у Запорізькій області), 18 April 2011 Archived 8 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine . (in Ukrainian)
  66. [ permanent dead link ]
  67. "ЧИСЕЛЬНІСТЬ НАЯВНОГО НАСЕЛЕННЯ УКРАЇНИ" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). 1 January 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  68. Лозовой Н. (17 January 2011). "Этнические войны: украинская версия". Истеблишмент. Archived from the original on 15 August 2011.
  69. "Demoskop Weekly: Prilozhenie. Spravochnik statisticheskikh pokazateleĭ" Демоскоп Weekly – Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей. [Demoscope Weekly: appendix. Digest of statistical indicators.]. Archived from the original on 19 September 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  70. Vsesoi͡uznai͡a perepisʹ naselenii͡a 1926 godaВсесоюзная перепись населения 1926 года[All-union census of population 1926]. Moscow: Издание ЦСУ Союза ССР. 1928–1929.
  71. Romant͡sov, V. O. "Населення України і його рідна мова за часів радянської влади та незалежності" Naselenni͡a Ukraïny i ĭoho ridna mova za chasiv radi͡ansʹkoï vlady ta nezalez͡hnosti [The population of Ukraine and its native language in the periods of the Soviet régime and independence]. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  72. "Vseukraïnsʹkyĭ perepys naselenni͡a 2001 roku: Rozpodil naselenni͡a za ridnoi͡u movoi͡u, Zaporizʹka oblastʹ" Всеукраїнський перепис населення 2001 року. Розподіл населення за рідною мовою, Запорізька область [All-Ukrainian census of population 2001: Distribution of population by native language, Zaporizka oblast.]. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  73. "Религиозная карта области". Остров Свободы (in Russian). Archived from the original on 17 June 2008. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
  74. Helena Krasowska,The Polish Minority in South-Eastern Ukraine, pub Institute of Slavic Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, 2017, ISBN   978-83-64031-65-6, p. 50-52.
  75. Galina and Maxim Ostapenko, History of our Khortytsia (Галина и Максим Остапенко История нашей Хортицы) Archived 31 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  76. "Города-побратимы". (in Russian). Zaporizhzhia. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2022.
  77. "Steinbach Becomes Twin City With Zaporizhzhia". Archived from the original on 12 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  78. "Wrocław, ul. Zaporoska –". Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2011.