Thomas Select School

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Thomas Select School

Thomas Select School.jpg

Roadside view of the school
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Location 3637 Millville-Shandon Rd., Shandon, Ohio
Coordinates 39°19′42″N84°42′52″W / 39.32833°N 84.71444°W / 39.32833; -84.71444 Coordinates: 39°19′42″N84°42′52″W / 39.32833°N 84.71444°W / 39.32833; -84.71444
Area 2 acres (0.81 ha)
Built 1810 (1810)
NRHP reference # 77001046 [1]
Added to NRHP April 11, 1977

The Thomas Select School is a historic log building in rural Butler County, Ohio, United States. Constructed in 1810, the building has seen numerous uses, ranging from church to school to house. It has been named a historic site.

Log building

Log buildings and structures can be categorized as historic and modern. A diverse selection of their forms and styles with examples of architectural elements is discussed in the following articles.

Butler County, Ohio County in the United States

Butler County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 368,130. Its county seat is Hamilton. It is named for General Richard Butler, who died in 1791 during St. Clair's Defeat. Located along the Miami River, it is home to Miami University, an Ohio public university that was founded in 1809 as the second university in the State of Ohio.

Ohio State of the United States of America

Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus.

Numerous log schoolhouses were built throughout early Ohio, but few have survived; the Thomas Select School is important partly because of its very existence. [2] Built in 1810, [1] the school was associated with a Welsh immigrant church in the small community of Shandon. In its early years, the Whitewater Congregational Church worshipped in both English and Welsh and supported two ministers; one of them, Thomas Thomas, also taught school in order to earn a living. Using their home as the schoolhouse, Thomas and his wife taught both girls and boys. [2] As the house was a parsonage, it remained in the church's ownership until 1885, when the trustees sold it to a family named Robinson, which owned the building until selling it in 1947. Since that time, it has been used as a summer house. [3]

One-room school small rural school in which students of different ages are mixed in a single classroom

One-room schools were commonplace throughout rural portions of various countries, including Prussia, Norway, Sweden, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Spain. In most rural and small town schools, all of the students met in a single room. There, a single teacher taught academic basics to several grade levels of elementary-age boys and girls. While in many areas one-room schools are no longer used, it is not uncommon for them to remain in developing nations and rural or remote areas. Examples include remote parts of the American West, the Falklands, and the Shetland Islands.

Shandon, Ohio Unincorporated community in Ohio, United States

Shandon is an unincorporated community in southeastern Morgan Township, Butler County, Ohio, United States. It is located on Paddy's Run, a tributary of the Great Miami River, about four miles west of Ross at the intersection of State Routes 126 and 748 in section 25 of R1ET3N of the Congress Lands. It was originally called Glendower as the town was settled by immigrants from Wales. It was later called New London and this survives in the names of Alert-New London and Hamilton-New London Roads. The town is in the Ross Local School District.

Clergy house residence of one or more priests or ministers of religion

A clergy house is the residence, or former residence, of one or more priests or ministers of religion. Such residences are known by various names, including "rectory" and "parsonage".

Two stories tall, the school is a log cabin measuring 30 by 22 feet (9.1 m × 6.7 m), which makes it larger than most log schoolhouses of the period. [2] Since its early days, the building has been given an asphalt roof and various elements of stone. [4] Among its distinctive components is the presence of "steeple notches" in the logs: [2] these are V-shaped cuts made in the logs to enable them to fit together. Notches in log cabins are typically of other shapes, making the steeple notch rare and dateable; most log buildings in the eastern United States with this kind of notch were built before 1800. [5]

Storey level part of a building that could be used by people

A storey or story is any level part of a building with a floor that could be used by people. The plurals are "storeys" and "stories", respectively.

Log cabin dwelling constructed of logs; mostly used in a log house

A log cabin is a small log house, especially a less finished or architecturally sophisticated structure. Log cabins have an ancient history in Europe, and in America are often associated with first generation home building by settlers.

Asphalt sticky, black and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum; bitumen variety

Asphalt, also known as bitumen, is a sticky, black, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum. It may be found in natural deposits or may be a refined product, and is classed as a pitch. Before the 20th century, the term asphaltum was also used. The word is derived from the Ancient Greek ἄσφαλτος ásphaltos.

In 1977, the Thomas Select School was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, qualifying both because of its architecture and because of its place in the area's history. It is one of more than eighty National Register properties in Butler County. [1]

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Butler County, Ohio Wikimedia list article

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Butler County, Ohio.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  2. 1 2 3 4 McCormick, Virginia Evans. Educational Architecture in Ohio: From One-Room Schools and Carnegie Libraries to Community Education Villages . Kent: Kent State UP, 2001, 10.
  3. Owen, Lorrie K., ed. Dictionary of Ohio Historic Places. Vol. 1. St. Clair Shores: Somerset, 1999, 106.
  4. Thomas Select School, Ohio Historical Society, 2007. Accessed 2013-12-22.
  5. Wilson, Mary. Log Cabin Studies . Washington: Forest Service, 1984, 6.