Log building

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General map of building materials used in European farmhouses; blue is the distribution of log buildings. Vernacular architecture - Europe.png
General map of building materials used in European farmhouses; blue is the distribution of log buildings.

Log buildings and structures can be categorized as historic and modern. A diverse selection of their forms and styles with examples of architectural elements is discussed in the following articles:

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Barn Agricultural building used for storage and as a covered workplace

A barn is an agricultural building usually on farms and used for various purposes. In the North American area, a barn refers to structures that house livestock, including cattle and horses, as well as equipment and fodder, and often grain. As a result, the term barn is often qualified e.g. tobacco barn, dairy barn, sheep barn, potato barn. In the British Isles, the term barn is restricted mainly to storage structures for unthreshed cereals and fodder, the terms byre or shippon being applied to cow shelters, whereas horses are kept in buildings known as stables. In mainland Europe, however, barns were often part of integrated structures known as byre-dwellings. In addition, barns may be used for equipment storage, as a covered workplace, and for activities such as threshing.

Log cabin

A log cabin is a small log house, especially a less finished or architecturally sophisticated structure. Log cabins have an ancient history in Europe, and in America are often associated with first generation home building by settlers.

Timber framing

Timber framing and "post-and-beam" construction are traditional methods of building with heavy timbers, creating structures using squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs. It is commonplace in wooden buildings through the 19th century. If the structural frame of load-bearing timber is left exposed on the exterior of the building it may be referred to as half-timbered, and in many cases the infill between timbers will be used for decorative effect. The country most known for this kind of architecture is Germany, where timber framed houses are spread all over the country except in the southeast.


A cottage is, typically, a small house. It may carry the connotation of being an old or old-fashioned building. In modern usage, a cottage is usually a modest, often cosy dwelling, typically in a rural or semi-rural location. The cottage orné, often quite large and grand residences built by the nobility, dates back to a movement of "rustic" stylised cottages of the late 18th and early 19th century during the Romantic movement.

Log house

A log house, or log building, is a structure built with horizontal logs interlocked at the corners by notching. Logs may be round, squared or hewn to other shapes, either handcrafted or milled. The term "log cabin" generally refers to a smaller, more rustic log house, such as a hunting cabin in the woods, that may or may not have electricity or plumbing.

Crib may refer to:

Garrison (architecture)

A garrison is an architectural style of house, typically two stories with the second story overhanging in the front. The traditional ornamentation is four carved drops below the overhang. Garrisons usually have an exterior chimney at the end. Older versions have casement windows with small panes of glass, while later versions have double-hung windows. The second-story windows often are smaller than those on the first floor. Dormers often break through the cornice line.


An izba is a traditional Slavic countryside dwelling. Often a log house, it forms the living quarters of a conventional Russian farmstead. It is generally built close to the road and inside a yard, which also encloses a kitchen garden, hay shed, and barn within a simple woven stick fence. Traditional, old-style izba construction involved the use of simple tools, such as ropes, axes, knives, and spades. Nails were not generally used, as metal was relatively expensive, and neither were saws a common construction tool. Both interior and exterior are of split pine tree trunks, the gap between is traditionally filled with river clay, not unlike the North American log cabin.

Golden Plough Tavern United States historic place

The Gen. Horatio Gates House and Golden Plough Tavern are two connecting historic buildings located in downtown York, York County, Pennsylvania. The buildings were restored between July 1961 and June 1964, and operated as a museum by the York County History Center.

New Harmony Historic District United States historic place

The New Harmony Historic District in New Harmony, Indiana, was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966, with a boundary increase in 2000. The district includes properties within the Historic New Harmony State Historic Site. Twelve buildings from the early 19th century and twenty from the mid-19th century are within the district. The original boundary was Main Street between Granary and Church Streets and was later increased to include the area bounded by North and Steam Mill Streets and between Third and Arthur Streets.


The method of building wooden buildings with a traditional timber frame with horizontal plank or log infill has many names, the most common of which are piece sur piece, corner post construction, post-and-plank, Ständerbohlenbau (German) and skiftesverk (Swedish). This traditional building method is believed to be the predecessor to half-timber construction widely known by its German name fachwerkbau which has wall infill of wattle and daub, brick, or stone. This carpentry was used from parts of Scandinavia to Switzerland to western Russia. Though relatively rare now, two types are found in a number of regions in North America, more common are the walls with planks or timbers which slide in a groove in the posts and less common is a type where horizontal logs are tenoned into individual mortises in the posts. This method is not the same as the plank-frame buildings in North America with vertical plank walls.

Mountain View Farm (Lexington, Virginia) United States historic place

Mountain View Farm, also known as Pioneer Farms, is a historic home and farm complex located near Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia. The main house was built in 1854, and is a two-story, three-bay, brick dwelling, with a 1 1/2-story gabled kitchen and servant's wing, and one-story front and back porches. It features a Greek Revival style interior and has a standing seam metal hipped roof. The property includes an additional 13 contributing buildings and 3 contributing structures loosely grouped into a domestic complex and two agricultural complexes. They include a two-story, frame spring house / wash house, a frame meathouse, a one-room brick building that probably served as a secondary dwelling, a double-crib log barn, a large multi-use frame barn, a slatted corn crib with side and central wagon bays and a large granary.

John and Katharine Tunkun Podjun Farm United States historic place

The John and Katharine Tunkun Podjun Farm is a farm located at 9581 East 1 Mile Road in Ellsworth, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.

American historic carpentry

American historic carpentry is the historic methods with which wooden buildings were built in what is now the United States since European settlement. A number of methods were used to form the wooden walls and the types of structural carpentry are often defined by the wall, floor, and roof construction such as log, timber framed, balloon framed, or stacked plank. Some types of historic houses are called plank houses but plank house has several meanings which are discussed below. Roofs were almost always framed with wood, sometimes with timber roof trusses. Stone and brick buildings also have some wood framing for floors, interior walls and roofs.

Speed Farm United States historic place

Speed Farm is a historic farm complex and national historic district located near Gupton, Franklin County, North Carolina. The district encompasses 14 contributing buildings, 2 contributing sites, and 5 contributing structures. The farmhouse was built about 1847 and remodelled to its current configuration in 1900. It is a two-story, three bay, I-house style frame dwelling. It has a gable roof and an almost full-width front porch. Also on the property are the contributing milk house, smokehouse, kitchen, family cemetery, and an agricultural complex with a granary, ram tower, barn, corn cribs, hog shed, tobacco grading building, five tobacco barns, and a tenant house.

David Hanaford Farmstead United States historic place

The David Hanaford Farmstead is a historic farm in Monticello Township, Minnesota, United States. It was first settled in 1855 and features a farmhouse built in 1870 and a barn from around the same time. The farmstead was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979 for having local significance in the themes of agriculture and exploration/settlement. It was nominated for being "an excellent example of an early Wright County farmstead developed by a pioneer family from New England."

Dr. John Arnold Farm United States historic place

Dr. John Arnold Farm is a historic home and farm and national historic district located in Union Township, Rush County, Indiana. The farmhouse was built in 1853, and is two-story, Gothic Revival style frame dwelling. It is sheathed in clapboard and has a five-gabled roof forming a double crossed "T"-plan. It features a wraparound front porch added about 1900, and a decorative vergeboard. Also on the property are the contributing remains of an early settlement established in the 1820s, including the remains of the original John Arnold cabin, tomb, and cemetery. Other contributing buildings and structures include a smokehouse, milk house, privy, tool shed, buggy shed / garage, chicken house, granary, corn crib / shed, cattle barn, calf shed, and two additional corn cribs.

Langford and Lydia McMichael Sutherland Farmstead United States historic place

The Langford and Lydia McMichael Sutherland Farmstead is a farm located at 797 Textile Road in Pittsfield Charter Township, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006. It is now the Sutherland-Wilson Farm Historic Site.

William Warren Two Rivers House Site and Peter McDougall Farmstead United States historic place

The William Warren Two Rivers House Site and Peter McDougall Farmstead is a historic farmstead near Royalton, Minnesota. The site was built in 1847, and was where William Whipple Warren wrote his recounting of the history of the Ojibwe people, titled History of the Ojibways based upon Traditions and Oral Statements.