Thurmont, Maryland

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Thurmont, Maryland
Town of Thurmont
Thurmont MD Corner of Main and Water.jpg
Corner of Main and Water in downtown Thurmont.
Motto(s): 
"...Gateway to the Mountains" [1]
Frederick County Maryland Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Thurmont Highlighted.svg
Location of Thurmont, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°37′30″N77°24′37″W / 39.62500°N 77.41028°W / 39.62500; -77.41028 Coordinates: 39°37′30″N77°24′37″W / 39.62500°N 77.41028°W / 39.62500; -77.41028
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States of America
State Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland
County Flag of Frederick County, Maryland.png Frederick
Founded1751
Incorporated 1831 (as Mechanicstown), 1894 (as Thurmont) [2]
Government
  MayorJohn Kinnaird
Area
[3]
  Total3.10 sq mi (8.04 km2)
  Land3.10 sq mi (8.02 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
518 ft (158 m)
Population
 (2010) [4]
  Total6,170
  Estimate 
(2019) [5]
6,895
  Density2,226.35/sq mi (859.56/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
21788
Area code(s) 301
FIPS code 24-77825
GNIS feature ID0587792
Website www.thurmont.com

Thurmont is a town in Frederick County, Maryland, United States. The population was 6,170 at the 2010 census. The town is located in the northern part of Frederick County (north of Frederick, the county seat), approximately ten miles from the Pennsylvania border, along U.S. Highway 15. It is very close to Cunningham Falls State Park and Catoctin Mountain Park, the latter of which contains the presidential retreat of Camp David. Thurmont is also home to Catoctin Colorfest, an arts and crafts festival that draws in about 125,000 people each autumn. [6]

Contents

In 2005, Thurmont was designated as a "Main Street Maryland Community". [7] [8]

History

Protesters in Thurmont during the 2012 G8 Summit, hosted at nearby Camp David. Protests in Thurmont Town Square.JPG
Protesters in Thurmont during the 2012 G8 Summit, hosted at nearby Camp David.

Name change

Originally incorporated as the Town of Mechanicstown in 1751, the name of the town was changed to Thurmont by an act of Maryland General Assembly on January 18, 1894. [9] This name change was due to several other nearby towns having similar names, such as Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania and Mechanicsville, Maryland. [10] Charles E. Cassell, editor of the local newspaper Catoctin Clarion was the one to suggest the name Thurmont and promoted debate about the name change in the Clarion. Some of the names considered included Beaufort, Eastmont, Glenmont, Monduru, Fern Glen, and Blue Point. [11] Eventually, the options were pared down to two main contenders: Cassell's suggestion of Thurmont, and local real estate broker Charles Shipley's suggestion of Blue Mountain City, which he argued was "appropriate" and "pretty" during an address at a town meeting in December 1893. [12] In the December 14, 1893 issue, the Clarion printed the following:

"The name is a misnomer: it is harshness long drawn out; it is an antique minus the lacquer; the sentimentalism that cries out against a change lacks its correlative, poetry, and smacks of the catacombs; its prestine [sic] glory is effaced by the ruthless circumstance of immigration to improve condition; an hundred, yea, hundreds of grandsons now recount to strangers in other States how their grand-fathers drove a thriving trade in factory, forge and mill in Mechanicstown and then confess--Ilium fuit; Delenda est Carthago! [Troy is no more; Carthage must be destroyed!]" [13]

By the end of December 1893, there had been several rounds of voting, and Thurmont had been officially chosen as the town's new name. The Clarion noted, however, that "the reception of a letter from the Postoffice Department saying that the name 'Blue Mountain City' would not be approved by the Department as there is an office called 'Blue Mountain' in the State, probably defeated the choice of that name." [11] [14]

The name Thurmont is derived from thur, the German word for gateway or entrance, and mons, the Latin word for mountain, roughly translating to "Gateway to the Mountains." [11] [15]

Railroads

The Western Maryland Railway built its main railroad through Thurmont, connecting the town with Baltimore, and later with Hagerstown and Cumberland. On June 17, 1905, 16 men from Thurmont were killed in a railway wreck in Ransom, Maryland when a westbound freight train collided head-on with another train. All Thurmont businesses were closed on the Monday following the accident, and it became an event that had a lasting effect on the entire community. Another large railway accident occurred on June 25, 1915 when the Blue Mountain Express train hit another train head-on just west of Thurmont, killing 6 people. Charles Eyler, who was 17 years old at the time of the crash, said the following: "People were still wondering the next day how the two engines had stayed on the rails. But it was easy to see how the wreck had occurred. The bridge is 'blind' from both directions." [10]

Geography

Oblique air photo of Thurmont, facing northeast, with Catoctin Mountain to the left. Thurmont MD Aug2010.jpg
Oblique air photo of Thurmont, facing northeast, with Catoctin Mountain to the left.

Thurmont is located at the eastern foothill of the Catoctin spur of the Blue Ridge Mountains. [10]

Thurmont is located at 39°37′30″N77°24′37″W / 39.62500°N 77.41028°W / 39.62500; -77.41028 (39.624974, -77.410245). [16]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.13 square miles (8.11 km2), of which 3.12 square miles (8.08 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water. [17]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Thurmont has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [18]

US 15 northbound approaching the exit for MD 77 in Thurmont 2019-05-19 16 43 02 View north along U.S. Route 15 (Catoctin Mountain Highway) just south of Maryland State Route 77 (Main Street) in Thurmont, Frederick County, Maryland.jpg
US 15 northbound approaching the exit for MD 77 in Thurmont

Transportation

The primary method of travel to and from Thurmont is by road. U.S. Route 15 is the main highway serving Thurmont, providing connections northward to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and southward to Frederick. Maryland Route 806 follows portions of the old alignment of US 15 through the center of Thurmont, with the main highway now following a bypass on the west side of town. Maryland Route 77 is the main east-west highway traversing the town, which provides connections eastward towards Keymar and westward towards Smithsburg. MD 77 also provides access to Catoctin Mountain Park. One other highway, Maryland Route 550, provides access northwestward towards Fort Ritchie and southeastward to Woodsboro.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 583
1880 73025.2%
1890 93027.4%
1900 868−6.7%
1910 9034.0%
1920 1,07418.9%
1930 1,18510.3%
1940 1,30710.3%
1950 1,67628.2%
1960 1,99819.2%
1970 2,35918.1%
1980 2,93424.4%
1990 3,39815.8%
2000 5,58864.4%
2010 6,17010.4%
Est. 20196,895 [5] 11.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [19]

The median income for a household in the town was $49,530, and the median income for a family was $56,138. Males had a median income of $37,804 versus $27,266 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,474. About 4.0% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census [4] of 2010, there were 6,170 people, 2,354 households, and 1,701 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,977.6 inhabitants per square mile (763.6/km2). There were 2,498 housing units at an average density of 800.6 per square mile (309.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.8% White, 1.0% Black, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 2,354 households, of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.7% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age in the town was 39.5 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.3% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 13.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

Name change referendum

1893 name change referendum [20]
NameBallot 1Ballot 2Ballot 3Ballot 4Ballot 5Ballot 6
Thurmont101620394748
Blue Mountain City8924221146
Mountain City3172520158
Mondurn686422
Beaufort532---
Eastmont422---
Glenmont4-----
Blue Point11----
Gate City1-----
Mount Shipley1-----
Mechanicstown---123
At Rest-----4
Glenalto----1-
Mount City----1-
Duramont--1---
Fern Glen-1----
Montour-2----
Yale City-1----
Blank-22--1
Total747880757272

Notable people

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The Catoctin Clarion was a weekly newspaper published in Thurmont, Maryland, United States, from March 4, 1871 to 1942. The paper was named for the nearby Catoctin Mountain located west of Mechanicstown. Contents included local, state, national and international news briefs; stories from Frederick County history; market news; poetry and literature in "a rare selection of instructive Reading"; letters to the editor, and advertisements. The paper measured 18 by 24 inches and ran on Thursdays.

References

  1. "Town of Thurmont, Maryland". Town of Thurmont, Maryland. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  2. "Thurmont". Maryland Manual. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  3. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  4. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  5. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  6. Bondeson, Jen (13 October 2013). "Colorfest celebrates 50 years of crafts and community". The Frederick News Post. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  7. Maryland Department of Housing and Community Development, Baltimore, MD. "Main Street Maryland". Accessed 2010-09-15.
  8. Town of Thurmont, MD. "Welcome"
  9. "Thurmont, Maryland". Town City-Data.com. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  10. 1 2 3 Wireman, George. "Gateway to the Mountains". Thurmont Scrapbook. Greater Emmitsburg Area Historical Society. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  11. 1 2 3 "Thurmont". Catoctin Clarion (21 December 1893). Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Library of Congress. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  12. Shipley, Charles. "Mr. Charles Shipley's Address". Catoctin Clarion (14 December 1893). Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Library of Congress. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  13. "The Great Issue". Catoctin Clarion (14 December 1893). Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Library of Congress. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  14. Cissel, Anne. "From Mechanicstown to Thurmont". Emmitsburg.net. Emmitsburg Historical Society. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  15. Wilson, Ike (7 October 2014). "Thurmont documentary to premiere Oct. 26". The Frederick News-Post. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  16. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  17. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  18. Climate Summary for Thurmont, Maryland
  19. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  20. "Thurmont". Catoctin Clarion (Mechanicstown, Maryland). December 21, 1893. p. 3.