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In Tibet, the Tibetan calendar lags approximately four to six weeks behind the solar calendar. For example, the Tibetan First Month usually falls in February, the Fifth Month usually falls in June or early July and the Eight Month usually falls in September.
|1st Month||1st-7th||New Year Festival Losar||A week-long drama and carnivals, horse races and archery|
|1st Month||4th-25th||Monlam Prayer Festival||The Great Prayer Festival, a tradition begun by Tsong Khapa. Many pilgrims gather at Jokhang in Lhasa|
|1st Month||15th||Lantern Festival||Commemorates Buddha's miracle at Sravasti. Fires are lit on roofs, and lamps in windows|
|2nd Month||28th-29th||-||Festival to drive out evil spirits and expel the scapegoat. Lamas encircle Lhasa with trumpets|
|4th Month||7th||Pilgrim Festival||Important month for pilgrims. -the birth of Buddha Sakyamuni|
|4th Month||15th||Saka dawa||Celebrates the birth and Enlightenment of Sakyamuni and his entry to Nirvana. An outdoor opera is held and captured animals released. Worshippers flock to the Jokhang in Lhasa to pray.|
|5th Month||14th-16th||Hanging of the Thangka||A giant thangka is hung at Tashilhunpo in Shigatse|
|5th Month||15th||Incense Festival||On this day ghosts are said to prowl. Tibetans dress up and party to drive away the spirits.|
|5th Month||15th-24th||Sho Dun Festival||Literally, the "Yoghurt Festival." Worship of the Buddha. Picnics and operas are held in parks particularly under the trees at Norbulingka. There are often bonfires at night.|
|6th Month||4th||Buddha's sermon||A feast is held to commemorate Buddha's first sermon. Pilgrims climb holy mountains such as Chokbori|
|6th month||6th||Cham-ngyon-wa, or "Old Dance"||Celebrated at the Cho-ne Monastery, representing the souls of the departed.|
|7th month||beginning||Washing Festival||Lasts about a week. People go to the river to wash themselves and their clothes. Said to cure any sickness.|
|7th Month||end||Ongkar Festival||Literally 'Looking around the fields'. Ensures a good harvest. Horse-racing, archery contests and opera|
|7th/8th Month||All||Golden Star Festival||The Golden Star festival is held to wash away passion, greed and jealousy and to abandon ego. Ritual bathing in rivers takes place and picnics are held|
|8th Month||1st-10th||Dajyur Festival||The Dayjur is held in Gyantse and Damxung -horse racing and light hearted sports competitions and games takes places|
|8th Month||1st-7th||Harvest Festival||The festival is held with prayers, dancing, singing and drinking|
|8th Month||14st-16th||Buddha painting unfolding festival||Lamas unfold large thangkas on walls and mountains.|
|9th Month||22nd||-||Buddha's descent from heaven after preaching to his mother is commemorated. All monasteries are opened and pilgrims gather|
|10th Month||25th||Tsong Khapa memorial||Memorial festival of Tsong Khapa's death - fires are lit on the roofs of the monasteries and lamps are lit|
|12th Month||1st-7th||New Year Festival||New Year Festival in Shigatse|
|12th Month||5th-6th||Meeting of the Eight Guardians||The Meeting of the Eight Guardians and demons where Tibetans stay indoors to avoid evil outside|
|12th Month||29th||Banishing Evil Spirits||A "Devil Dance" is held to drive out all evil from the Old Year to prepare for New Year.|
The Tibetan calendar is a lunisolar calendar. Losar is celebrated on the first three days of the first lunar month.
|Gregorian year||Tibetan year||Losar*||element and animal|
|2000||2126||February 5 - February 7||male iron dragon|
|2001||2127||January 24 - January 26||female iron snake (or metal serpent)|
|2002||2128||February 12 - February 14||male water horse|
|2003||2129||February 1 - February 3||female water sheep (or goat)|
|2004||2130||January 22 - January 24||male wood monkey|
|2005||2131||February 9 - February 11*||female wood bird (or rooster)|
|2006||2132||January 30 - February 1||male fire dog|
|2007||2133||February 18 - February 20||female fire pig|
|2008||2134||February 7 - February 9||male earth rat (some Gelukpa cite Tibetan Year 2135 [five], starting 2008-02-07 at 03:44 GMT, also an annular solar eclipse)|
|2009||2135||January 25 - January 27||female earth ox|
Tibet is a region in Asia covering much of the Tibetan Plateau. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa, Tamang, Qiang, Sherpa, and Lhoba peoples and is now also inhabited by considerable numbers of Han Chinese and Hui people. Tibet is the highest region on Earth, with an average elevation of 5,000 m (16,000 ft). The highest elevation in Tibet is Mount Everest, Earth's highest mountain, rising 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level.
Losar is a festival in Tibetan Buddhism. The holiday is celebrated on various dates depending on location tradition. The holiday is a new year's festival, celebrated on the first day of the lunisolar Tibetan calendar, which corresponds to a date in February or March in the Gregorian calendar. In 2018, the new year commenced on the 16th of February and celebrations will run until the 18th of the same month. It also commenced the Year of the Male Earth Dog.
The Tibetan calendar is a lunisolar calendar, that is, the Tibetan year is composed of either 12 or 13 lunar months, each beginning and ending with a new moon. A thirteenth month is added every two or three years, so that an average Tibetan year is equal to the solar year.
Norbulingka is a palace and surrounding park in Lhasa, Tibet, China, built from 1755. It served as the traditional summer residence of the successive Dalai Lamas from the 1780s up until the 14th Dalai Lama's exile in 1959. Part of the "Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace", Norbulingka is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and was added as an extension of this Historic Ensemble in 2001. It was built by the 7th Dalai Lama and served both as administrative centre and religious centre. It is a unique representation of Tibetan palace architecture.
Tibet developed a distinct culture due to its geographic and climatic conditions. While influenced by neighboring cultures from China, India, and Nepal, the Himalayan region's remoteness and inaccessibility have preserved distinct local influences, and stimulated the development of its distinct culture.
Shannan, also transliterated from Tibetan as Lhoka, is a prefecture-level city in the southeastern Tibet Autonomous Region, China. Shannan includes Gonggar County within its jurisdiction with Gongkar Chö Monastery, Gonggar Dzong, and Gonggar Airport all located near Gonggar town.
Chötrul Düchen, also known as Chonga Choepa or the Butter Lamp Festival, is one of the four Buddhist festivals commemorating four events in the life of the Buddha, according to Tibetan traditions. Chötrul Düchen closely follows Losar, the Tibetan New Year. It takes place on the fifteenth day of the first month in the Tibetan calendar during the full moon. The first fifteen days of the year celebrate the fifteen days during which the Buddha displayed miracles for his disciples so as to increase their devotion. During Chötrul Düchen, it is believed that the effects of both positive and negative actions are multiplied ten million times.
Dangquka, or Damquka is a small modern Tibetan town of low-barrack like buildings and is the administrative centre of Damxung County, roughly two and a half hours by road northeast of Lhasa, the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The main road in and out of the town is China National Highway 109. As of 2011, it has 2 residential communities (社区) under its administration.
Dajyur or the Damxung Horse Festival is a Tibetan festival that takes place at the beginning of the eighth month of the lunar calendar throughout southern Tibet. The festivities last for ten days with events such as horse racing, bicycle riding contests, and rock-carrying competitions contributing to a time of merriment and celebration.
Monlam also known as The Great Prayer Festival, falls on 4th–11th day of the 1st Tibetan month in Tibetan Buddhism.
This is a list of topics related to Tibet.
The Sho Dun Festival, commonly known as the Yogurt Festival or Banquet is an annual festival held at Norbulingka or "Jewel Park" palace in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region.
The Golden Star Festival is a festival held in Tibet falling between the 7th and 8th month of the Tibetan Calendar (August-September).
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Tibet:
Matho Monastery, or Matho Gonpa or Mangtro Monastery or Mangtro Gonpa, from the Tibetan "mang" that means "many" and "tro" that means "happiness", is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery located 26 kilometres southeast of Leh in Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, northern India, on the banks of the Indus River. The village of Matho is located at the mouth of a deep gorge running out of the Zanskar Range and across the Indus. It is directly opposite Thikse Monastery.
New Ralang Monastery or Ralong Palchen Choling is a Buddhist monastery of the Kagyu sect of Tibetan Buddhism in southern Sikkim, northeastern India. It is located six kilometres from Ravangla.
Public holidays in Bhutan consist of both national holidays and local festivals or tshechus. While national holidays are observed throughout Bhutan, tsechus are only observed in their areas. Bhutan uses its own calendar, a variant of the lunisolar Tibetan calendar. Because it is a lunisolar calendar, dates of some national holidays and most tshechus change from year to year. For example, the new year, Losar, generally falls between February and March.
Thukpa bhatuk is a common Tibetan cuisine noodle soup that includes small bhasta noodles. This dish is a common soup made in the winter but is especially important for Tibetan New Year. On Nyi-Shu-Gu, the eve of Losar, the common Tibetan soup, Thukpa bhatuk is made with special ingredients to form Guthuk. Guthuk is then eaten on Losar to symbolise getting rid of negativities of the past year and invite positives into the new year.
Galdan Namchot is a festival celebrated in Tibet, Mongolia and many regions of Himalaya and particularly in Ladakh, India. It is to commemorate the birth as well as parinirvana (death) and the Buddhahood of Je Tsongkhapa, a famous Scholar/teacher of Tibetan Buddhism whose activities led to the formation of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism. Galdan Namchot also marks the beginning of the new year celebrations in Ladakh.
Dosmoche is a festival celebrated in Ladakh, India. It is celebrated in Leh, Likir and Diskit monasteries. It is the last festival of New Year Celebrations, other one is Losar. The two-day Dosmoche festival is a gazetted holiday for Leh district and Zanskar Sub Division. Dosmoche is also known as the "Festival of Scapegoat" and is one of Ladakh's most popular prayer festivals.