Winton, North Carolina

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Winton, North Carolina
NCMap-doton-Winton.PNG
Location of Winton, North Carolina
Coordinates: 36°23′24″N76°56′9″W / 36.39000°N 76.93583°W / 36.39000; -76.93583 Coordinates: 36°23′24″N76°56′9″W / 36.39000°N 76.93583°W / 36.39000; -76.93583
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Hertford
Government
  MayorTiffany M. Lewis
Area
  Total0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
  Land0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
  Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
39 ft (12 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total769
  Estimate 
(2016) [1]
739
  Density960/sq mi (370/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
27986
Area code(s) 252
FIPS code 37-75080 [2]
GNIS feature ID0997506 [3]

Winton is a town and the county seat of Hertford County [4] , North Carolina, United States. It is governed by the Town Council which consists of a Mayor and five Council members. The population was 769 at the 2010 census.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Hertford County, North Carolina U.S. county in North Carolina

Hertford County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,669. Its county seat is Winton. It is classified within the region known in the 21st century as the Inner Banks.

North Carolina U.S. state in the United States

North Carolina is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. North Carolina is the 28th largest and 9th-most populous of the 50 United States. It is bordered by Virginia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Georgia and South Carolina to the south, and Tennessee to the west. Raleigh is the state's capital and Charlotte is its largest city. The Charlotte metropolitan area, with an estimated population of 2,569,213 in 2018, is the most populous metropolitan area in North Carolina, the 23rd-most populous in the United States, and the largest banking center in the nation after New York City. North Carolina's second largest metropolitan area is the Raleigh metropolitan area, with an estimated population of 1,337,331 in 2018, and is home to the largest research park in the United States, Research Triangle Park, in Chapel Hill, Durham, and Raleigh.

Contents

History

On September 19, 1862, Union soldiers under Colonel Rush C. Hawkins sacked and burned the town.

The C. S. Brown School Auditorium, Gray Gables, and King Parker House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [5]

C. S. Brown School Auditorium United States historic place

C. S. Brown School Auditorium, also known as Brown Hall, is a historic school auditorium and national historic district located at Winton, Hertford County, North Carolina. It was built in 1926, and is a one-story stuccoed tile block building in the Colonial Revival style. It consists of a five-bay central pavilion with hip roof and flanking classroom wings. The front facade features a pedimented portico with four original Doric order columns. It is the oldest intact and unaltered building associated with the Calvin Scott Brown School, a school for African-American students founded by Calvin Scott Brown (1859–1936).

Gray Gables (Winton, North Carolina) United States historic place

Gray Gables, also known as the James S. Mitchell House, is a historic home located at Winton, Hertford County, North Carolina. It was designed by architect Samuel Sloan and built in 1899. It is a three-story, irregularly massed, Queen Anne style frame dwelling. It has a corner tower, a wraparound porch with turned posts and carved brackets, and a steeply pitched gable roof.

King Parker House United States historic place

King Parker House is a historic home located near Winton, Hertford County, North Carolina. It was built about 1850, and is a two-story, three-bay, single-pile vernacular Greek Revival style frame dwelling. It has a low-pitched, side-gable roof and front portico with vernacular Italianate fretwork. The house encompasses an 18th-century, one-room, 1 1/2-story, gable-roofed building.

Geography

Winton is located at 36°23′24″N76°56′9″W / 36.39000°N 76.93583°W / 36.39000; -76.93583 (36.390023, -76.935780). [6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 253
1890 41965.6%
1900 68864.2%
1910 624−9.3%
1920 489−21.6%
1930 58219.0%
1940 73325.9%
1950 83413.8%
1960 8350.1%
1970 9179.8%
1980 825−10.0%
1990 796−3.5%
2000 95620.1%
2010 769−19.6%
Est. 2016739 [1] −3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [2] of 2000, there were 956 people, 373 households, and 252 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,180.6 people per square mile (455.7/km²). There were 385 housing units at an average density of 475.4 per square mile (183.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 27.62% White, 67.99% African American, 2.41% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.84% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practices.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 373 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 29.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $19,706, and the median income for a family was $21,838. Males had a median income of $21,875 compared to $17,059 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,049. About 19.3% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.7% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Winton and the surrounding area is the home of the Meherrin Tribe. The Tribe has an enrollment of about 900 members and an above-average proportion of college graduates. They are recognized by the state and seeking federal recognition.

Government and infrastructure

Rivers Correctional Institution, a private prison operated by the GEO Group which operates under contract from the Federal Bureau of Prisons and houses many felons who committed crimes in Washington, DC, is 1 mile (1.6 km) from Winton. [8]

Education

The Hertford County Public Schools system serves students in the area. Many go to Hertford County High School in (Ahoskie). C. S. Brown High School STEM, and The Alternative Learning Program is located in Winton. [9] [10]

Notable people

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References

  1. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
  6. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. Pierre, Robert E. "N.C. Prison Doesn't Serve D.C. Inmates Well, Critics Say." Washington Post . October 14, 2007. p. 1" (Archive). Retrieved on February 5, 2016.
  9. "Hertford County Schools". North Carolina's School Report Cards. North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
  10. "C.S. Brown's legacy lives on". The Roanoke-Chowan News-Herald. March 30, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2013.