Alliance, Ohio

Last updated

Alliance, Ohio
Glamorgan Castle (Alliance, OH).JPG
Glamorgan Castle
Flag of Alliance, Ohio.png
Nickname: 
Carnation City
Map of Stark County Ohio Highlighting Alliance City.png
Location of Alliance in Stark County
USA Ohio relief location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Alliance
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Alliance
Coordinates: 40°54′33″N81°08′21″W / 40.90917°N 81.13917°W / 40.90917; -81.13917
Country United States
State Ohio
Counties Stark, Mahoning
Government
  Type Mayor-Council [1]
   Mayor Andrew Grove (R)
  Council PresidentArthur Garnes
Area
[2]
  Total9.06 sq mi (23.46 km2)
  Land9.01 sq mi (23.34 km2)
  Water0.04 sq mi (0.12 km2)
Elevation
[3]
1,181 ft (360 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total21,672
  Estimate 
(2023) [4]
21,525
  Density2,404.79/sq mi (928.52/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44601
Area code(s) 330, 234
FIPS code 39-01420 [5]
GNIS feature ID1086972 [3]
Website www.cityofalliance.com

Alliance is a city in eastern Stark County, Ohio, United States, with a small district lying in adjacent Mahoning County. The population was 21,672 as of the 2020 census. The city is approximately 16 miles (26 km) northeast of Canton, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Youngstown and 51 miles (82 km) southeast of Cleveland.

Contents

Alliance was established in 1854 by the merger of three smaller communities. The city was a manufacturing and railroad hub for much of the 20th century and is also associated with the state flower of Ohio, the scarlet carnation, and is known as "The Carnation City". The University of Mount Union, a private liberal arts college established in 1846, is located in Alliance. The city is part of the Canton–Massillon metropolitan area.

History

Chapman Hall, University of Mount Union campus (1864) Chapman Hall UMU.jpg
Chapman Hall, University of Mount Union campus (1864)

Alliance was founded in 1854 by the merger of three smaller communities called Williamsport, formed in 1827, Freedom, formed in 1838, and Liberty, formed in 1850 to act as a station and support hub for the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad. [6] A fourth community, Mount Union, was added in 1888. Alliance was incorporated as a city in 1889. [7]

There are two popular theories regarding the origin of the city's name. One holds that it was chosen because of the "alliance" of three small settlements into a larger entity. [8] The other theory says the name reflects the fact that two major railroad lines, the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad and the Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad, intersected at Alliance, once known as "The Crossing". [7] [8] [9]

On April 12, 1856, Alliance was directly struck by a tornado, causing extensive damage. A roof of a church was removed, and another church was moved off its foundation. A train that stopped at the Alliance Station was pushed off its rails. The destruction was estimated to be $15,000 to $20,000 (in 1856 dollars, equivalent to $678,222in 2023). A few injuries and one fatality were confirmed. [10] [11]

In 1923, Alliance Rubber Company was founded in Alliance. It was a manufacturer of rubber bands cut from discarded rubber rings into small strips.

Alliance's Main Street was originally laid out to bring traffic to the train station, the heart of the city's transportation hub. The railroads were central to industry and personal transportation, bringing in raw materials for factories and sending out finished goods. Due to this, Alliance is sometimes referred to as "the town where Main Street is a dead end". [12]

Alliance became a qualified Tree City USA as recognized by the National Arbor Day Foundation in 1982. [13]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.96 square miles (23.21 km2), of which 8.92 square miles (23.10 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water. [14] There are no lakes within city limits, although the Mahoning River flows through the northeastern part of the city.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1840 315
1850 50058.7%
1860 1,421184.2%
1870 4,063185.9%
1880 4,63614.1%
1890 7,60764.1%
1900 8,97418.0%
1910 15,08368.1%
1920 21,60343.2%
1930 23,0476.7%
1940 22,405−2.8%
1950 26,16116.8%
1960 28,3628.4%
1970 26,547−6.4%
1980 24,322−8.4%
1990 23,376−3.9%
2000 23,253−0.5%
2010 22,322−4.0%
2020 21,672−2.9%
2023 (est.)21,525 [4] −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]

2010 census

As of the census [16] of 2010, there were 22,322 people, 8,631 households, and 5,232 families living in the city. The population density was 2,502.5 inhabitants per square mile (966.2/km2). There were 10,022 housing units at an average density of 1,123.5 per square mile (433.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.6% White, 10.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 8,631 households, of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 35.3 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 16.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 23.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census [5] of 2000, there were 23,253 people, 8,908 households, and 5,665 families living in the city. The population density was 2,700.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,042.5/km2). There were 9,730 housing units at an average density of 1,129.8 per square mile (436.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.51% White, 11.19% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.

There were 8,908 households, out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.5% under the age of 18, 15.5% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,078, and the median income for a family was $37,011. Males had a median income of $31,033 versus $20,063 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,185. About 12.7% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Alliance is a town rich with social, industrial and railroad history, with the restored Glamorgan Castle, [17] previous home of the owner of Morgan Engineering, the Haines House, a restored underground railroad home, and the Mabel Hartzell historic home. The name of Levi L. Lamborn, the man who cultivated the scarlet carnation, Ohio's state flower, can still be seen on the facade of a building in the old downtown district. The Richardsonian Romanesque stone house of the Devine family is currently being renovated. The historic downtown area is experiencing a gradual renaissance, with the opening of a Saturday Farmers' Market on Main Street near the historic Caboose, and the renovation of a storefront on Main Street as an art gallery and live performance space, joining a scattering of antique shops and other businesses.

The Cat Fanciers' Association relocated to the former Midland-Buckeye bank, at 260 East Main Street, in June 2011, opening the CFA Foundation's Feline Historical Museum, the first of its kind of the United States.

Alliance was also home to the World War History & Art Museum, located in College Plaza at 1300 East State Street. WWHAM had a dozen exhibits including a world class collection of 320 original paintings and drawings by the troops of World War I, an HO scale model of the German 2nd Panzer Division in 1944, and original art by the pilots and airmen of World War II. It closed to the public on April 17, 2014, and now does traveling shows. [18]

The Carnation City

Alliance is commonly referred to as the Carnation City, having been given that designation by the Ohio General Assembly in 1959. [19] Alliance gave Ohio its official state flower, the scarlet carnation. Alliance's association with the carnation began in 1866 when an Alliance doctor, Levi L. Lamborn, purchased six potted carnation plants to grow in a greenhouse at his house. At that time this flower was rarely cultivated in the United States. In 1876 Lamborn ran against William McKinley for the Congressional seat from this district. The two men were personal friends, although they were political opponents. McKinley had expressed his admiration for Lamborn's carnations, so before each of their political debates Lamborn gave McKinley a carnation to wear on his lapel. Mr. McKinley won the election and associated the carnation with his success, and wore carnations during his successful campaigns for Governor of Ohio and then President of the United States. [19]

In 1884, Lamborn suggested that Ohio should make the carnation a state emblem. In 1904, three years after President McKinley's assassination, the Ohio General Assembly designated the scarlet carnation as the official state flower as a "token of love and reverence to the memory of William McKinley". On January 29 of each year (President McKinley's birth anniversary), a bouquet of red carnations is placed in the hands of McKinley's statue at the Capitol in Columbus. [19]

Since 1960, Alliance has held an annual Carnation Festival during August. [20]

Government

Alliance operates under a mayor–council government. Eight council members are elected as a legislature for 2-year terms, comprising four separate wards, three at-large districts, and a council president. In addition, an independently elected mayor serves as an executive. [21] The current mayor is Andrew Grove. The current council president is Art Garnes. [1] The mayor, auditor, treasurer, and law director are all elected to 4-year terms.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Alliance is served by the public Alliance City School District, which oversees the following schools serving the city: [22]

The local Catholic parish school, Holy Cross Academy – Regina Coelli Campus, is overseen by the Diocese of Youngstown and serves students from pre-kindergarten to eighth grade. [23] [24]

Higher education

The University of Mount Union was founded in 1846 and is near the intersection of Union Avenue and State Street.

Media

Alliance is the city of license for PBS affiliate WNEO, channel 45, which has its studios and offices in Kent. Alliance is also the city of license for radio station WDJQ (92.5 FM).

Transportation

Alliance Station Alliance Amtrak station 2.jpg
Alliance Station

Alliance is served by Amtrak's Capitol Limited between Chicago and Washington, D.C., via Alliance Station, located at 820 East Main Street. The municipality is also served by the Stark Area Regional Transit Authority (SARTA) bus system.

Barber Airport is a privately owned, public-use airport located 10.5 miles (16.9 km) north of Alliance. [25] [26] [27] The airport historically hosted the Ohio Aeronca Aviators Fly-In. [28]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Poland, Ohio</span> Village in Ohio, United States

Poland is a village in eastern Mahoning County, Ohio, United States. The population was 2,463 at the 2020 census. A suburb about 7 miles (11 km) south of Youngstown, it is part of the Youngstown–Warren metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fulton County, Ohio</span> County in Ohio, United States

Fulton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio west of Toledo. As of the 2020 census, the population was 42,713. Its county seat and largest city is Wauseon. The county was created in 1850 with land from Henry, Lucas, and Williams counties and is named for Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat. Fulton County is a part of the Toledo metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bald Knob, Arkansas</span> City in Arkansas, United States

Bald Knob is a city in White County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,897 at the 2010 census. Located at the intersection of two of the state's natural regions, Bald Knob is often promoted as "where the Ozarks meet the Delta". Bald Knob is known for its yearly Home Fest held during Mother's Day weekend. It was once known as the leading strawberry producer in the world in the 1950s. Bald Knob was established in 1881.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hillsdale, Michigan</span> City in Michigan, United States

Hillsdale is the largest city and county seat of Hillsdale County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 8,036 at the 2020 census. The city is the home of Hillsdale College, a private liberal arts college.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alliance, Nebraska</span> City in Nebraska, United States

Alliance is a city and the county seat of Box Butte County, in the western part of the state of Nebraska, in the Great Plains region of the United States. Its population was 8,151 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peebles, Ohio</span> Village in Ohio, United States

Peebles is a village in Adams County, Ohio, United States. It is 64 miles (103 km) east of Cincinnati. The population was 1,774 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St. Clairsville, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

St. Clairsville or Saint Clairsville is a city in and the county seat of Belmont County, Ohio, United States. The population was 5,096 at the 2020 census. It is part of the Wheeling metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hilliard, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

Hilliard is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States. The population was 37,114 at the 2020 census. It is a suburb of Columbus and part of Norwich Township. Hilliard is home to the Early Television Museum, the second largest First Responders Park in the United States, and Heritage Rail Trail. Hilliard also has the only flag pole from the World Trade Center that is not in a museum. The flag pole is located in front of the fire department on Northwest Parkway. The Hilliard Historical Society maintains a historical village near the Franklin County Fairgrounds.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cambridge, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

Cambridge (CAM-bridge) is a city in and the county seat of Guernsey County, Ohio, United States. It lies in southeastern Ohio, in the Appalachian Plateau of the Appalachian Mountains about 75 miles (121 km) east of Columbus and approximately 124 miles (200 km) south of Cleveland. The population was 10,089 at the 2020 census. It is the principal city of the Cambridge micropolitan area and is located adjacent to the intersection of Interstates 70 and 77.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Napoleon, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

Napoleon is a city in and the county seat of Henry County, Ohio, United States, along the Maumee River 44 miles (71 km) southwest of Toledo. As of the 2020 census, the city had a total population of 8,862.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wintersville, Ohio</span> Village in Ohio, United States

Wintersville is a village in central Jefferson County, Ohio, United States. The population was 3,609 as of the 2020 Census. It is part of the Weirton–Steubenville metropolitan area. The village is suburban in nature and is governed by a mayor and council elected by non-partisan ballot.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maumee, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

Maumee is a city in Lucas County, Ohio, United States. Located along the Maumee River, it is a suburb about 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Toledo. The population was 13,896 at the 2020 census. Maumee was declared an All-America City by the National Civic League in June 2006.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sebring, Ohio</span> Village in Ohio, United States

Sebring is a village in southwestern Mahoning County, Ohio, United States. The population was 4,191 as of the 2020 census. It is part of the Youngstown–Warren metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Niles, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

Niles is a city in southern Trumbull County, Ohio, United States, situated at the confluence of the Mahoning River and Mosquito Creek. The city's population was 18,443 at the 2020 census. It is a suburb of the Youngstown–Warren metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Philadelphia, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

New Philadelphia is a city in and the county seat of Tuscarawas County, Ohio, United States. The county's largest city, New Philadelphia lies along the Tuscarawas River. The population was 17,677 at the 2020 census. It is a principal city in the New Philadelphia–Dover micropolitan area, approximately 70 miles (110 km) south of Cleveland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baden, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania, United States

Baden is a borough in southeastern Beaver County, Pennsylvania, along the Ohio River. The population was 3,904 at the 2020 census. It is part of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area. Baden is the former site of Logstown, a significant Native American settlement.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rochester, Pennsylvania</span> Borough in Pennsylvania

Rochester is a borough in central Beaver County, Pennsylvania, United States, at the confluence of the Beaver and Ohio rivers. Located 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Pittsburgh, it is part of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area. The population was 3,472 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lakeland, Tennessee</span> City in Tennessee, United States

Lakeland is a city in Shelby County, Tennessee, United States, and a part of the Memphis metropolitan area. The population was 12,430 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bellevue, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

Bellevue is a city in Erie, Huron, Seneca, and Sandusky counties in the U.S. state of Ohio, located 61 miles southwest of Cleveland and 45 miles southeast of Toledo. The population was 8,249 at the 2020 census. The National Arbor Day Foundation has designated Bellevue as a Tree City USA.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Springboro, Ohio</span> City in Ohio, United States

Springboro is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio. A suburb of Cincinnati and Dayton, it is located mostly in Warren County in Clearcreek and Franklin Townships; with a small portion in Miami Township in Montgomery County. The city is part of the Miami Valley. As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 19,062.

References

  1. 1 2 "Members - City Council". City of Alliance. Retrieved January 31, 2023.
  2. "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  3. 1 2 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Alliance, Ohio
  4. 1 2 "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Ohio: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2023". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2024.
  5. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. Sanders, Craig (2009). Canton Area Railroads. Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia Publishing. p. 7. ISBN   9780738561110.
  7. 1 2 Incorporation of Alliance Archived August 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine , Rodman Public Library website (accessed February 3, 2008)
  8. 1 2 City of Alliance website Archived February 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine (accessed February 3, 2008)
  9. "Alliance, Ohio FAQ". Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2008.
  10. Alliance Tornado of 1856 News
  11. Tornado in 1856
  12. "A Short History of Alliance, Ohio". Alliance Historical Society. Archived from the original on November 20, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  13. "Tree Cities Ohio" . " Arbor Day Foundation accessed September 18, 2020.
  14. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  15. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  17. "Glamorgan Castle History and Events". Alliance City Schools. Archived from the original on December 1, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  18. "World War History and Art Museum" . Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  19. 1 2 3 Dr. Lamborn's Carnations Archived February 4, 2007, at the Wayback Machine , Rodman Public Library website (accessed February 3, 2008)
  20. Greater Alliance Carnation Festival website
  21. "Mayor / Director". City of Alliance. Retrieved January 31, 2023.
  22. "Alliance City schools". National Center for Education Statistics . U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved January 31, 2023.
  23. "Regina Coelli Campus – About Us". rcsjalliance.com.
  24. "Stark's restructured Catholic schools prepare to open". The Alliance Review . August 15, 2013.
  25. "AirNav: 2D1 - Barber Airport". www.airnav.com. Retrieved July 4, 2023.
  26. "2D1 - Barber Airport | SkyVector". skyvector.com. Retrieved July 4, 2023.
  27. "AOPA Airports". www.aopa.org. Retrieved July 4, 2023.
  28. "Calendar". Flying Magazine : 62. August 2002.
  29. Beeman, Edward (2007). "Charles Armstrong, M.D.: A Biography" (PDF). Retrieved October 26, 2011.
  30. "Honorary Degrees". West Virginia University. Archived from the original on September 19, 2017. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
  31. Price, Mark J. (April 20, 2009). "Local History: Chemists Form Bonds for Science". Akron Beacon Journal.