Children's Day

Last updated

World Children's Day
Wikipedia Children's Day.png
Wikipedia logo for Children's Day
Official nameWorld Children's Day
Also calledUniversal Children's Day
Observed by International (UN)
TypeCultural, commercial
BeginsNovember 20
EndsNovember 21
Date November 20
FrequencyAnnual
Related toInternational Children's Day, Siblings Day, International Men's Day, International Women's Day, Father's Day, Mother's Day, Parents' Day

Children's Day is a commemorative date celebrated annually in honor of children, whose actual day varies by country.

Contents

In 1925, International Children's Day was first proclaimed in Geneva during the World Conference on Child Welfare; since then, it is celebrated on June 1st in most countries. Children's day is celebrated by the UN on November 20th. [1]

History

Children's Day in Donetsk, Ukraine, 2011 2011. Den' zashchity detei v Donetske 174.jpg
Children's Day in Donetsk, Ukraine, 2011

Children's Day began on the second Sunday of June in 1857 by Reverend Dr. Charles Leonard, pastor of the Universalist Church of the Redeemer in Chelsea, Massachusetts: Leonard held a special service dedicated to, and for the children. Leonard named the day Rose Day, though it was later named Flower Sunday, and then named Children's Day. [2] [3] [4]

Children's Day was first officially declared a national holiday by the Republic of Turkey in 1920 with the set date of 23 April. Children's Day has been celebrated nationally since 1920 with the government and the newspapers of the time declafring it a day for the children. However, it was decided that an official confirmation was needed to clarify and justify this celebration and the official declaration was made nationally in 1929 by the founder and the President of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. [5] [6] [7]

The International Day for Protection of Children is observed in many countries as Children's Day on 1 June since 1950. It was established by the Women's International Democratic Federation on its congress in Moscow (4 November 1949).[ citation needed ] Major global variants include a Universal Children's Holiday on 20 November, by United Nations recommendation. [8]

Even though Children's Day is celebrated globally by most of the countries in the world (almost 50) on 1 June, Universal Children's Day takes place annually on 20 November. [9] First proclaimed by the United Kingdom in 1954, it was established to encourage all countries to institute a day, firstly to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and secondly to initiate action to benefit and promote the welfare of the world's children.

That is observed to promote the objectives outlined in the Charter and for the welfare of children. On 20 November 1959, the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. [10] The United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child on 20 November 1989 and can be found on the Council of Europe website. [11]

In 2000, the Millennium Development Goals outlined by world leaders to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015. Albeit this applies to all people, the primary objective is concerning children. [10] UNICEF is dedicated to meeting the six of eight goals that apply to the needs of children so that they are all entitled to fundamental rights written in the 1989 international human rights treaty. [12] UNICEF delivers vaccines, works with policymakers for good health care and education and works exclusively to help children and protect their rights. [12]

In September 2012, the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations led the initiative for the education of children. [13] He firstly wants every child to be able to attend school, a goal by 2015. [13] Secondly, to improve the skill set acquired in these schools. [13] Finally, implementing policies regarding education to promote peace, respect, and environmental concern. [13] Universal Children's Day is not just a day to celebrate children for who they are, but to bring awareness to children around the globe that have experienced violence in forms of abuse, exploitation, and discrimination. Children are used as laborers in some countries, immersed in armed conflict, living on the streets, suffering by differences be it religion, minority issues, or disabilities. [14] Children feeling the effects of war can be displaced because of the armed conflict and may suffer physical and psychological trauma. [15] The following violations are described in the term "children and armed conflict": recruitment and child soldiers, killing/maiming of children, abduction of children, attacks on schools/hospitals and not allowing humanitarian access to children. [15] Currently, there are about 153 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 who are forced into child labor. [16] The International Labour Organization in 1999 adopted the Prohibition and Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour including slavery, child prostitution, and child pornography. [16]

A summary of the rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child can be found on the UNICEF website. [17]

Canada co-chaired the World Summit for children in 1990, and in 2002 the United Nations reaffirmed the commitment to complete the agenda of the 1990 World Summit. This added to the UN Secretary-General's report We the Children: End-of Decade review of the follow-up to the World Summit for Children. [18]

The United Nations children's agency released a study [19] referencing the population increase of children will make up 90 percent of the next billion people. [20]

Dates around the world

The officially recognized date of Children's Day varies from country to country. This section lists some significant examples, in order of date of observance.

Gregorian calendar
OccurrenceDatesCountries and regions

First Friday of January

Jan 4, 2019

Jan 3, 2020
Jan 1, 2021

Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas

11 January

Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia

Second Saturday of January

Jan 12, 2019
Jan 11, 2020
Jan 9, 2021

Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand

Second Sunday of February

Feb 10, 2019
Feb 9, 2020
Feb 14, 2021

Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands
Flag of Nauru.svg  Nauru
Flag of Niue.svg  Niue
Flag of Tokelau.svg  Tokelau
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands

13 February

Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar

First Sunday of March

March 3, 2019
March 1, 2020
March 7, 2021

Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

17 March

Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh

4 April

Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong

5 April

Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine

12 April

Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti

Last Saturday of April [21]

Apr 27, 2019
Apr 25, 2020
Apr 24, 2021

Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia

23 April

National Sovereignty and Children's Day

Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey

30 April

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico

5 May

5 May

Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

Second Sunday of May

May 12, 2019
May 10, 2020
May 9, 2021

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom

10 May

Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives

17 May

Flag of Norway.svg  Norway

27 May

Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria

Last Sunday of May

May 26, 2019
May 31, 2020
May 30, 2021

Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary

Ascension Day

May 30, 2019
May 21, 2020
May 13, 2021

Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg  Falkland Islands
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands

1 June

Flag of Albania.svg  Albania
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China
Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechia
Flag of East Timor.svg  East Timor
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia

Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan
Flag of Laos.svg  Laos
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania
Flag of Macau.svg  Macau

Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland

Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia

Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen

Second Sunday of June

Jun 9, 2019
Jun 14, 2020
Jun 13, 2021

Flag of the United States.svg  United States

25 June25 June 2012

20 Oct 2013

19 Oct 2014

19 Oct 15~17

Flag of Syria.svg  Syria

1 July

Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan

Third Sunday of July

Jul 21, 2019
Jul 19, 2020
Jul 18, 2021

Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela

23 July [22]

Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia

29 July

Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia

First Sunday of August

Aug 4, 2019
Aug 2, 2020
Aug 1, 2021

Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay [ citation needed ]

16 August

Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay

Third Sunday of August

Aug 18, 2019
Aug 16, 2020
Aug 15, 2021

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru

9 September

Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica

10 September

Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras

Bhadra 29

14 Sept
15 Sept(leap year)

Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal

20 September

Flag of Austria.svg  Austria

Flag of Germany.svg  Germany

25 SeptemberFlag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands (Oosterhout)

1 October

Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka

First Friday of October

Oct 4, 2019
Oct 2, 2020
Oct 1, 2021

Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore

First Wednesday of October (Children's Day recognition and assignation)
Second Sunday of August (Children's Day observance)

Oct 2, 2019
Oct 7, 2020
Oct 6, 2021

Flag of Chile.svg  Chile

15th day of 8th lunar monthSep 13, 2019

Oct 1, 2020
Sep 21, 2021

Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam
8 OctoberFlag of Iran.svg  Iran

12 October

Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

Fourth Saturday of October

Oct 26, 2019
Oct 24, 2020
Oct 23, 2021

Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia

Fourth Wednesday of October

Oct 18 - Oct 27, 2019
Oct 16 – Oct 25, 2020
Oct 15 - Oct 24, 2021
Celebrated as National Children's Week

Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (See: https://web.archive.org/web/20170525024213/http://www.childrensweek.org.au/)

First Saturday of November

Nov 2, 2019
Nov 7, 2020
Nov 6, 2021

Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa

11 November

Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia

14 November

Flag of India.svg  India

20 November

Flag of the Arab League.svg Arab World
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia

Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland

Flag of France.svg  France
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel

Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia

Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates

5 December

Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname

23 December

Flag of South Sudan.svg  South Sudan
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan

25 December

Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo DR
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea

Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic

List by country

Albania

Children's day in Albania is celebrated on June 1.

Armenia

In Armenia, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

Australia

Children's Week is an annual event celebrated in Australia during the fourth week in October, from the Saturday before Universal Children's Day to the following Sunday. It was established as a holiday in 1954. Until 1977 Child Care Week was held in various Australian states and territories focusing on children in care or those in institutions. It was held at different times. In 1984 it was decided to coordinate a national week to include all children. [23]

Azerbaijan

In Azerbaijan, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

Bangladesh

Since 2009 JAAGO Foundation has been celebrating International Children's Day (বিশ্ব শিশু দিবস) throughout Bangladesh by engaging youth and creating awareness about children's right on 20 November which is the declared Universal Children's Day by United Nation. After this movement gained a lot of attraction, Bangladesh started celebrating, Children's Day on 17 March on the birthday of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

Bolivia

Children's day in Bolivia was first established in 1954. Google made a Google Doodle celebrating this holiday on 13 April 2019. Although the holiday is celebrated on 12 April not the 13th.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Children's Day was established as a holiday in 1993.

Brazil

In Brazil, Children's Day (In Portuguese: Dia das Crianças) is celebrated on 12 October, coinciding with Our Lady of Aparecida's day, the country's Patron Saint holiday. It is also the day of the discovery of America (Columbus Day), in reference to the "New Continent". In Brazil, Children's Day is celebrated by kids receiving presents from their parents.

Bulgaria

In Bulgaria, Children's day (Ден на детето) is celebrated on 1 June. [24] Traditionally kids receive very special attention from their family, including Birthday-like presents. In the past, all drivers were expected to drive with their lights on all day long to demonstrate extra vigilance over children's safety. Now it is compulsory to drive with the lights on every day of the year.

Cambodia

In Cambodia. Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June. [25]

Cameroon

In Cameroon, Children's Day was established as a holiday in 1990.

Canada

National Child Day has been proclaimed across Canada since 1993 to commemorate the United Nations' adoption of two documents centered on children's rights: the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of the Child on 20 November 1959, and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child on 20 November 1989. [26] The "Child Day Act" outlines human rights to which children, under the age of 18, are entitled by law. This Act promotes awareness and teaches children that they have rights, like adults do, under the law. [26] The date of celebration is 20 November. [26]

Central Africa

In Congo, Congo DR, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Chad, Central African Republic, Children's Day is celebrated on 25 December to honor all the children there.

Chile

In Chile, Children's Day is officially recognized and assigned to the first Wednesday of October. However, it is observed on the second Sunday of August. [27] It retains none of the international flavors as a day to recognize the needs of or rights of children, but is observed merely as a commercial holiday dedicated to buying toys for children.

China

Children's Day (PRC)
Simplified Chinese 六一国际儿童节
Traditional Chinese 六一國際兒童節

In the People's Republic of China , Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June and is formally known as "the June 1 International Children's Day" . When the People's Republic of China was first established in 1949, the State Council (Cabinet) designated a half-day holiday for all primary schools on 1 June. This was later made into a full day's break in 1956 with The Announcement by the State Council to make 1 June Children's Day a One-Day Holiday. Schools usually hold activities such as children's performances, camping trips, or free movies on Children's Day or the day before to allow students to have fun. Children of civil servants might also receive small gifts from the government until they are fourteen, and Civil servants who have children sometimes have a half-day holiday on 1 June to spend more time with their children. Entrance and set out ceremonies of the Young Pioneers of China are usually held on 1 June as well. The entrance of children under 14 into the Forbidden City is free on 1 June, while each accompanying adult gets 50% off. [28]

Colombia

In Colombia, Children's Day is celebrated on the last Saturday of April. It was established as a holiday in 2001.

Costa Rica

In Costa Rica, Children's Day is celebrated on 9 September.

Croatia

In Croatia, Children's Day is celebrated on 11 November.

Cuba

In Cuba, Children's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of July.

Czech Republic

In Czech Republic, Children's Day (Mezinárodní den dětí) is celebrated on 1 June.

Ecuador

In Ecuador, Children's Day (Día del Niño) is celebrated on 1 June. Generally, kids up to 12 years old receive presents.

Children's day (Dia del Nino) in Ecuador Festival infantil.JPG
Children's day (Día del Niño) in Ecuador

Egypt

In Egypt, Children's Day is celebrated every 20 November with festivals and games for children, but not in every state/ country like Cairo, Alexandria ect.

Eritrea

In Eritrea, Children's Day is celebrated on 8 December.

Finland

In Finland, Children's Day is known as Day of Children's Rights and is celebrated on 20 November.

Former and current communist and socialist countries

1997 stamp of Belarus 1997. Stamp of Belarus 0246.jpg
1997 stamp of Belarus

In Russia, as well as other former Soviet Union states, including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, other former or current communist states, Albania, Angola, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ethiopia, East Germany, Kosovo, Laos, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, North Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Tanzania and Yemen, and to the lesser extent, Israel (due to the migration of its Soviet Jewish population) Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

This list includes 25 countries which regained independence from USSR, seceded from Yugoslavia Federation, as well as Czechoslovakia and Ethiopia after their respective splits.

In India, a pro-Soviet aligned state[ when? ], officially celebrates Children's Day of 14 November.

Germany

In Germany, during the Cold War, Children's Day (Kindertag) was handled quite differently in West Germany and East Germany. While East Germany (GDR) celebrated International Children's Day (Internationaler Kindertag) on 1 June, West Germany (FRG) celebrated Universal Children's Day (Weltkindertag) on 20 September.

The customs of Children's Day was also significantly different in West and East Germany. In East Germany, the holiday was introduced in 1950 and was from then held on a yearly basis for the children. On this day of the year, children would typically be congratulated and would receive presents from their parents and did special activities in school, such as field trips and the like.

In West Germany, Children's Day Universal Children's Day laid its emphasis not on games and presents, but more on political efforts to strengthen children's rights.[ citation needed ] (See Jugendamt.)

After the reunification of East and West Germany occurred in 1990, Universal Children's Day has become official for whole Germany. This, however, was not accepted by large parts of the East German population. Most parents still celebrate Children's Day on the former date of 1 June, and public events pertaining to Children's Day take place on 20 September (Weltkindertag). [29] [30]

Greece

In Greece, Children's Day was established in 1989.

Guatemala

In Guatemala, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 October. It was established as a holiday around 1990.

Honduras

In Honduras, Children's Day is celebrated on 10 September.

Hungary

Children's Week began in Hungary in 1931. Since 1950 it has been reduced to Children's Day, taking place on the last Sunday in May. [31]

Haiti

In Haiti, Children's Day is celebrated on 12 June. [32]

Hong Kong

Children's Day (Chinese :兒童節; Jyutping :ji4 tung4 zit3) is celebrated on 4 April.

Indonesia

In Indonesia, Children's Day is celebrated on 23 July. It was established as a holiday in 1984. [22]

India

Children's Day is celebrated across India to increase awareness of the rights, care and education of children. It is celebrated on 14 November every year as a tribute to India's First Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. Fondly known as Chacha Nehru among children, he advocated for children to have fulfilled education. On this day, many educational and motivational programs are held across India, by and for children.

Ireland

In Ireland, Universal Children's Day is celebrated on 20 November. [33] [34] [35]

Japan

Japan's Children's Day (こどもの日, kodomo no hi) is celebrated on 5 May, a National Holiday since 1948, to celebrate the happiness of all children and to express gratitude toward mothers. There is a long tradition, from the 8th century, to celebrate children's day twice a year; 3 March for girls and on 5 May for boys. On 3 March, also known as the Doll Festival, Japanese people decorate their households with traditional Heian Period doll sets and plum blossom, and drink Amazake. On 5 May, also known as 端午の節句 (tango-no sekku), they fly carp streamers outside, display Samurai dolls, and eat chimaki.

There were some who argued in 1948 that 3 March should also be a National Holiday.

Kazakhstan

The International Children's Day is celebrated annually on 1 June and is established as a national holiday for children. Over 3 million children across Kazakhstan celebrate the holiday with special children's events.[ citation needed ]

North Korea

International Children's Day in Taesongsan Funfair, North Korea, 1 June 2019 International Children's Day 2019.jpg
International Children's Day in Taesongsan Funfair, North Korea, 1 June 2019

North Korean Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June as the International Children's Day (국제 아동절). Before 1945, it was celebrated on 1 May. There is also a day called 조선소년단창립절 (Festival for the establishment of Young Pioneer Corps) on 6 June.

South Korea

Children's day in Seoul, South Korea, 5 May 1954 Children's day 1954.gif
Children's day in Seoul, South Korea, 5 May 1954

In South Korea, 5 May is officially recognized as Children's Day (어린이날). Parents often give presents to their children, as well as spend time with them. The children are taken on excursions to zoos, museums, and various venues of children-oriented entertainment.

Children's Day was first conceived by innovative Korean students and social leaders on the basis of the 1 March Movement to achieve Korean independence from Japanese colonialism. From Jinju, many people gathered to promote and improve the social status of children and encourage adults to teach awareness of their deprived sovereignty. In 1923, [36] several groups of students studying in Tokyo agreed to designate 1 May as Children's Day. A predominant intellectual figure, Bang Jeong-hwan, greatly contributed to the popularization of the holiday. Because it overlapped with Laborer's Day, Children's Day was moved to 5 May. Bang Jeong-hwan first coined the modern Korean word for children, eorini (어린이), replacing the previous words aenom (애놈) and esaekki (애새끼). [37] Until 1939, Japanese authorities based in Seoul oppressed the movement to stop Korean social activists congregating for the festival. After independence in 1945, the movement to respect children was revived. The children's welfare law written in the constitution officially designated 5 May as Children's Day in 1961. And by 'the law of holiday of government office', Children's day became a holiday in Korea in 1970. [38]

Liberia

In Liberia, Children's day was established as a holiday in 1991.

Laos

In Laos, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

Maldives

Children's Day celebration in Kendhoo, Maldives Childrens' Day celebrate in Kendhoo, Maldives.jpg
Children's Day celebration in Kendhoo, Maldives

In Maldives, Children's Day (Kudakudhinge Dhuvas) is celebrated on 10 May. On this day all the school children go to school to the event to celebrate Children's Day. The schools that are involved would also organize numerous activities for their pupils.

Mauritius

In Mauritius, Children's Day was established in 1991, as the International Day of the African Child.

Myanmar

In Myanmar, Children's Day is celebrated on 13 February.

In 1954, the United Nations established Universal Children’s Day dedicated to improving children’s welfare worldwide. It is celebrated annually on November 20. Besides, many countries have their own national holidays to celebrate children. For example, Children’s Day in Myanmar (former Burma) is celebrated on February 13.

The date of Myanmar’s Children’s Day coincides with the birthday of Aung San, a Burmese revolutionary, politician and general who is considered the Father of the Nation in present-day Myanmar. He fought for Burma’s independence from Japan and the United Kingdom. It was decided to celebrate Aung San’s birthday as Children’s Day because he fought for a better future for Burmese children.

In the late 1980s, a military dictatorship was established in Myanmar. Naturally, the military government didn’t encourage the celebration of Aung San’s birthday and, by extension, Children’s Day.

The situation began to change after the 2011–2012 democratic reforms. Today, Children’s Day is officially celebrated in schools across Myanmar.

On February 13, Burmese schools host special events for students. Their main goal is to emphasize the importance of education for the future of Burmese children, as well as to raise awareness of the problems that children and their parents face on a daily basis.

(This is a direct copy of the original). [39]

Mexico

In Mexico, Children's Day ("Día Del Niño") is celebrated on April 30th. On this day teachers in schools organize the day for their children. In some schools, lessons are suspended for the day. They organize games, music, and the children bring in their favorite foods to share with others. Some families also have a day out with their children. There are special activities for children in parks and sports centers. Sometimes, also, the children will be given presents by their families. This is the day when children are honored in Mexico. As it is spring, children wear many bright colors to celebrate their youth and the coming of Spring.

Children's Day in Mexico started in 1925. This celebration had its origins during Álvaro Obregón's presidential period after the country joined the Geneva Conventions and looking after the wellness of the vulnerable children affected by World War I. Later, the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child was adopted on 26 November 1924 by the League of Nations recognizing that children are the most affected by war events.

United Nations recommended 20 November to celebrate Children's Day throughout the world, but that day coincides with Revolution Day (Mexico). Also, 30 April was selected in order to avoid 1 May (Labor Day) and the celebrations of Cinco de Mayo (The Day of the Battle of Puebla).

Malaysia

It is held traditionally on 1 October. Nowadays it is also celebrated on 20 November (following International Children's Day).

Moldova

In Moldova, International Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June. From 2016, the day has been declared a public holiday.

Mongolia

In Mongolia, the International Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June. It is also known as "Эх үрсийн баяр". In 1 June every kid takes presents, gifts and such more! There are also festivals, sales and sweets!

Mozambique

In Mozambique, the International Children's Day is also celebrated on 1 June .

Nepal

In Nepal, Children's Day (बाल दिवस) is celebrated on Bhadra 29 according to the Nepali Calendar (August–September)after signing the child rights agreement with the UN. Earlier during the Shah Rule, Nepal used to observe Children's day on Bhadra 4 on the birthday of H.M. Queen Mother Ratna Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah. It is celebrated by conducting various programme on various institutions around Nepal. It was established as a holiday in 1990.

New Zealand

In New Zealand, Children's Day is typically celebrated on the first Sunday in March. It honors children as a taonga (Maori for treasure), and is a day family can relax and share in activities to honor their children. In 2012, the focus was on peace and aroha (Maori for 'love'). New Zealand has high rates of child abuse and family violence. The Government of New Zealand has recognized this as one of the most important issues for New Zealanders, with an event such as Children's Day helping to focus on the practice of sharing, loving and caring as well as honoring tamariki (Maori for 'children').[ citation needed ]

Nigeria

Children's Day is celebrated on 27 May in Nigeria. It was established as a holiday in 1964. It is a public holiday for Primary and Secondary school children. Due to the large size of the country, only a few groups of children (schools or any other organization) are selected to march past in a parade. The children are usually given treats such as an outing or doing jobs that adults would normally do. In some situations, primary and secondary school children compete in military parades format for a prize which will be given at the end of the competition. Religious groups in Nigeria also celebrate children's day in grand style. Many private and public organizations usually put together children's party for privileged and less privileged children in a bid to give them a sense of belonging. It is also a day media organizations analyze the plight of children in the society and efforts government and nongovernment agencies make to better a lot of children.

Nicaragua

In Nicaragua the International Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

Norway

Children's Day in Norway, in 1911 21. Barnehjaelpsdagen 1911 - no-nb digifoto 20140819 00111 blds 06915.jpg
Children's Day in Norway, in 1911

Children's Day in Norway is held on 17 May, the same day as Norwegian Constitution Day, with many children's parades simultaneously celebrating both events and thereby emphasizing the importance of children in Norwegian society.

Pakistan

In Pakistan, the National Assembly on 16 December 2015 passed a unanimous resolution expressing grief and sadness over the martyrdom of more than 150 students and teachers of Army Public School Peshawar on 16 December 2014. The NA recommended that 16 December should be observed as Pakistan Children Day in memory of the martyrs. [40]

Earlier Children's Day was celebrated on 1 July. In Punjab the Child Rights Cell of Department of Social Welfare Punjab collaborates with UNICEF to celebrate this day. Whereas, The NGO, Voice of Children Islamabad, also celebrates Children's day and arranges activities for children and parents on that day. The EPO and SFB also celebrate Children's day and arrange fun and interactive sessions for children and parents.

For Children's Day, there are many festivals and events organized by schools and organizations, that focus on having fun and lively activities that kids and their families can enjoy. Most charitable organizations also partake in the festivities, by holding functions or partnering with bigger organizations. Thus, everyone joins in to make this day a memorable event each year in Pakistan.[ citation needed ]

Palestine

Children day (Arabic: يوم الطفل الفلسطيني) is celebrated in the State of Palestine on 5 April. [41] [42] [43] [44]

On April 5, 1995, at the First Palestinian Child Conference, the late President Yasser Arafat declared his commitment to the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, and declared April 5 a day for the Palestinian child; Since that date, the Palestinian people commemorate this day every year, in all its official institutions, and in partnership with civil and international institutions dealing with childhood in Palestine, by organizing many recreational, cultural, educational, sports and media activities and activities in order to support the children of Palestine.

According to a report by the Palestinian Prisoners' Club, Israeli authorities have arrested 745 Palestinian terrorists under the age of 18 from the beginning of 2019 to the end of October 2019. The Prisoners Club said in a report on the eve of the International Children's Day 2019, which falls on the 20th of November each year, that approximately (200) children continue to be detained by the occupation authorities in the detention centers "Megiddo, Ofer and Damon", in addition to a number of other children held in private centers in Jerusalem. The Prisoners' Club pointed to a series of actions carried out by the Israeli occupation authorities against violent youths during their arrest process, which starts from the first moment of their arrest and taken from their homes late at night. They are under pressure and threats, sentencing in absentia, and imposing financial penalties and fines. According to the report, punishments against the violent youths during their detention include depriving them from completing their studies, in addition to depriving some of them from family visits.

Panama

In Panama, Children's Day or Kid's Day was formerly held on 1 November, but was changed by Vivian Fernandez de Torrijos, the wife of President Martin Torrijos (2004–2009), to the third Sunday of July. [45]

Paraguay

In Paraguay, Children's Day is celebrated on 16 August, day of the Battle of Acosta Ñu, where it is said that 20,000 men from the Triple Alliance were awaited by a Paraguayan force made up of 3,500 children ages six to fifteen, ordered to hold the Alliance forces while the president Solano Lopez could escape. Even though Paraguay had been already completely defeated, it is said that Lopez forced them to stay and face the enemy, others sources claim that the children volunteered to fight against the Allied forces after their families had been killed by the advancing allied forces (see more in Paraguayan War). Children's Day is a national holiday, used to remember the event, which happened during the five-year war.

Peru

According to Peruvian law in Peru, Children's Day (Día del Niño Peruano (Ley Nº 27666) , literally Peruvian Child's Day (Law Nº 27666)) is celebrated every second Sunday of April. [46] There is a second celebration every third Sunday of August promoted as the "International Children's Day". On this day of the year, Peruvian children would typically be congratulated and would receive presents from their parents. Since it is celebrated on Sunday, all special activities in school, such as field trips and the like are done the previous Friday. All major stores offer special discounts on toys, appliances, electronics, clothes, etc.

Philippines

In the Philippines, Republic Act No. 10661 declares the month of November as Children's Month in commemoration of the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 November 1989. [47]

Poland

Children's Day at Arlekin Theatre, Lodz, 2015 Children's Day, Lodz Arlekin Theatre May 31 01.jpg
Children's Day at Arlekin Theatre, Łódź, 2015

In Poland, Children's Day (Dzień Dziecka) is celebrated on 1 June. The International Children's Day was introduced in Poland in 1952. It coincides with the beginning of meteorological summer and it is usually treated as a special day, free from lessons, as it takes place near the end of the school year. Schools usually organize special activities for the pupils to celebrate the day, and during the first week of June, is a time of festivities organized in parks and entertainment centers for children.

Portugal and some former colonies

In Portugal (and also at some of its former Asiatic and African colonies such as Guinea-Bissau, Macau, Cape Verde, East Timor, Angola, Mozambique and São Tomé and Príncipe), Children's Day (Dia da Criança) is celebrated on 1 June.

Romania

In Romania, Children's Day (Romanian: "Ziua Copilului") is celebrated on 1 June. Children often receive presents from parents and other family members. Various events are also organized.

On 1 June 2012, International Children's Day was celebrated by the Romanian Government at the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection. [48] Almost 100 children in attendance received a Minister of Children diploma celebrating with parents and grandparents. [48]

According to the Law 220/2016, starting with 2017, Children's Day is officially a public holiday.

Russia

Children of Vladivostok, Russian Federation celebrating the International Children's Day RIAN archive 398877 Festivities in Vladivostok to celebrate International Children's Day.jpg
Children of Vladivostok, Russian Federation celebrating the International Children's Day
Participants compete at the baby crawling contest held in Volgograd ahead of International Children's Day, 2011. RIAN archive 916566 Volgograd holds first baby crawling contest.jpg
Participants compete at the baby crawling contest held in Volgograd ahead of International Children's Day, 2011.

In Russia, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June. It was established as a holiday in 1949.

Serbia

In Serbia Children's Day is celebrated on 20 November, since 1989. [49]

Singapore

Traditionally, 1 October is the day which Singapore officially celebrates Children's Day. A similar event celebrated every year is Youth Day, which is celebrated on the first Sunday of July every year, which is a school holiday for primary, secondary and junior college students. In Kindergarten and primary school children in Singapore do not have to attend school on this day. From 2011, Children's Day was celebrated on the first Friday of October.It is usually celebrated by singing a Children’s Day song called Semoga Bahagia (May you achieve happiness) in Malay composed by Mr Zubir Said, also composer of their national anthem Majulah Singapura,followed by a performance by their teachers and presents given by their teachers on the day before Children’s Day and the day itself is a School Holiday. Secondary school/ middle school students still need to go to school on this day but teachers often organise special events and activities so older children could still celebrate. Children’s Day in Singapore is also celebrated not only to celebrate childhood but also to remind them of issues faced by children around the world.

South Africa

In South Africa, Children's Day is on the first Saturday of November but not really celebrated in any significant way. [50]

South Sudan

In South Sudan, Children's Day is celebrated on 23 December, the birthday of South Sudan's "greatest child" according to tribal mythology. (4)

Slovakia

In Slovakia, the day is called International Children's Day (Medzinárodný deň detí) and is celebrated on 1 June. Children get free entrance to some attractions like zoos[ citation needed ].

Spain

In Spain, this date is celebrated on the 2nd Sunday of May, and it is called "Día del niño".

Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 October, which they call in Sinhala as 'Loka Lama Dinaya'

Sudan

In Sudan, Children's Day is celebrated on 23 December, the birthday of Sudan's "greatest child" according to tribal mythology.

Suriname

In Suriname, Children's Day or Kinderdag  [ nl ] is celebrated on 5 December. Generally, children up to 12 years old receive presents from their parents.

Sweden

In Sweden, Children's Day is celebrated on the first Monday of October. It was Gustav Rosén who is credited with starting a Children's Day in Umeå in northern Sweden in 1905. [51]

Switzerland

In Switzerland, Children's day was established as a holiday on 20 November 1925.

Taiwan

Children's Day (ROC)
Traditional Chinese 婦女節、兒童節合併假期

The Republic of China on Taiwan designated 4 April as Children's Day (Chinese : 兒童節; pinyin: Értóng Jié), pursuant to Article 5 of the Order to Implement Commemoration Days and Holidays. [52] The holiday dates back to 1931 and since then schools often hold special activities in order to celebrate the occasion. Because of pressure from parents demanding to accompany their children in the celebration, Taiwan celebrated Women's Day together with Children's Day on 4 April 1991. Since then, 4 April has been known as "The Combined Holidays of Women's Day and Children's Day" (Chinese : 婦女節 兒童節 合併 假期 ). It has been a public holiday of Taiwan, ROC since 2011. [53]

In 1931, Kong Xiangxi initiated the establishment of the China Association for Charity and Children's Association to propose 4 April as Children's Day. The Executive Yuan stipulated in Article 5 of the "Memorial Day and Festival Implementation Measures" that on 4 April, Children's Day, relevant organs, groups, and schools held celebration activities [2]. A one-day holiday was merged with Women's Day from 1991 to 1997 (formally known as "Women's Day, Children's Day Merger Holiday"). After 1998, the holiday was canceled and it was incorporated into the week of holiday. In 1998, two days before the rest of the week, the children of elementary and junior high school students had a day off. Since 2011, it has returned to the national holiday and the country has a holiday for one day. In 2012, if the law is revised again, if it meets the same day as the Ching Ming Festival, it will be on 3 April of the previous day, and if it is on Thursday, it will be on the following day.

Thailand

Children's Day 2012 at the Chiang Mai Royal Thai Air Force base 2012 Children's Day Chiang Mai rifle.JPG
Children's Day 2012 at the Chiang Mai Royal Thai Air Force base

Thailand National Children's Day (Thai : วันเด็กแห่งชาติ) is celebrated on the second Saturday in January. Known as "Wan Dek" in Thailand, Children's Day is celebrated to give children the opportunity to have fun and to create awareness about their significant role in the development of the country. It was established as a holiday in 1955.

Usually, His Majesty the King gives advice addressing the children while the Supreme Monarch Patriarch of Thailand gives moral teaching. The Prime Minister also usually gives each Children's Day a theme and a slogan. [54]

Many Government offices are open to children and their family; this includes the Government House, the Parliament House Complex and various Military installations. These events may include a guided tour and an exhibition. A notable example is the guided tour at the Government House, where children have an opportunity to view the Prime Minister's office and sit at the bureau. The Royal Thai Air Force usually invites children to go and explore the aircraft and the Bangkok Bank distributes stationeries, such as pens, pencils, and books to every child that enters the bank as a community service. Many organizations from both the government and commercial sectors have celebration activities for children. Children can enter zoos or ride buses for free.

There is a Thai saying that states, "Children are the future of the nation, if the children are intelligent, the country will be prosperous."

Trinidad and Tobago

International Men's Day on 19 November and celebrates Children's Day on 20 November in Trinidad and Tobago. [55]

Tunisia

Children's Day in Tunisia is celebrated on 11 January every year. It was established as a holiday in 1995. It is a day in which Tunisians observe the rights of children and remind themselves that children are the future builders and developers of the country and the world.

Turkey

"The Holiday of National Sovereignty and Children" (Turkey), celebrated in Germany, in 2011 Turkisches Kinderfest 2007 02.JPG
"The Holiday of National Sovereignty and Children" (Turkey), celebrated in Germany, in 2011

The Grand National Assembly of Turkey was established on 1920, 23 April, and to commemorate the event, 23 April was proclaimed a national holiday in 1921. Since 1927 [56] it has also become Children's Day (Turkish : Ulusal Egemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı, literally "The Holiday of National Sovereignty and Children"), an official holiday dedicated to the children of Turkey and (from 1979 on) the world.

In addition to holding many domestic celebratory events such as stadium performances, Turkey also houses TRT International 23 April Children's Festival, where groups of children from other countries are invited to participate in the festivities while staying at Turkish families' homes.

Tuvalu

The first Monday in August is National Children's Day in Tuvalu. This public holiday is called in Tuvalu Aso Tamaliki.

Ukraine

Children's Day in Donetsk, in 2013 2013. Den' zashchity detei 040.jpg
Children's Day in Donetsk, in 2013

Day of Children's Protection (Children's Day) (Ukrainian : День захисту дітей, Den zakhystu ditey, literally "day of children's protection") is celebrated on 1 June. In Ukraine Children's Day is set in accordance with the presidential decree of Ukraine from 30 May 1998 No. 568/98. [57]

Qatar

Qatar marked its first Qatar Children's day on 15 March 2018 & it coincides with the date on which the Wudeema law (Child protection law) was issued. [58] The Qatar also celebrates Universal Children's day on 20 November. [59]

United Kingdom

Children's Day was established in the United Kingdom in 1954 by the United Nations General Assembly, so as to create "a day of worldwide fraternity and understanding between children," [60] although it is not widely celebrated. According to the National Children's Day UK website, Children's Day in the UK is not celebrated on the United Nation's nominated date of 20 November, so as to allow children the chance to go outside during summer on the day they are celebrated. [60]

United States

Children's Day observations in the United States predate both Mother's and Father's Day, though a permanent annual single Children's Day observation is not made at the national level.

In 1856, Rev. Charles H. Leonard, D.D., then pastor of the First Universalist Church of Chelsea, Mass., set apart a Sunday for the dedication of children to the Christian life, and for the re-dedication of parents and guardians to bringing-up their children in Christian nurture. This service was first observed the second Sunday in June. [61]

The Universalist Convention at Baltimore in September 1867, passed a resolution commending churches to set apart one Sunday in each year as Children's Day. [62]

The Methodist Episcopal Church at the Methodist Conference of 1868 recommended that second Sunday in June be annually observed as Children's Day. [62]

The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in 1883 designated "the second Sabbath in June as Children's Day." [63]

Also in 1883, the National Council of Congregational Churches and nearly all the state bodies of that denomination in the United States passed resolutions commending the observance of the day. About this time many other denominations adopted similar recommendations. [64]

Chase's Calendar of Events cites Children's Sunday and notes that The Commonwealth of Massachusetts issues an annual proclamation for the second Sunday in June. [65]

Numerous churches and denominations currently observe the second Sunday in June including the African Methodist Episcopal Church, African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, and the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church.

Children & Youth Day in Hawaii started in 1994 when the Hawaii Legislature became the first to pass a law to recognize the first Sunday in October as "Children's Day". In 1997, the Legislature passed another landmark law designating the entire month of October as "Children and Youth Month".

In 1996, author Pat Mora, after learning about the annual Mexican tradition of celebrating 30 April as El día del niño, the Day of the Child, proposed an annual celebration in the U.S. of El día de los niños, El día de los libros/Children's Day, Book Day, thus honoring children and connecting them to literacy, essential in a democracy. Assistance starting this community-based, family literacy initiative was provided by REFORMA, the National Association to Promote Library & Information Services to Latinos and the Spanish Speaking. Often known as Día, because it is both a daily commitment and an annual April celebration, Children's Day, Book Day, has grown to link all children to books, languages, and cultures. A major partner is the Association for Library Services to Children (ALSC), a division of the American Library Association (ALA). Every year, across the country, hundreds of libraries, schools, and community organizations, etc. hold culminating April Children's Day, Book Day celebrations that unite communities, creating an annual tradition much like Mother's Day and Father's Day.

"National Children's Day" was proclaimed by President Bill Clinton to be held on 8 October 2000. [66] It was later designated by President George W. Bush as 3 June 2001, and in subsequent years on the first Sunday in June. [67]

Since 2009, Illinois Governor Pat Quinn has issued proclamations proclaiming the second Sunday in June as Children's Day as had the previous governor in 2007 and 2008. The mayors of Aurora and Batavia, Illinois, also have issued proclamations. [68]

On 23 April 2011, Executive of King County, WA declared 23 April as the International Children's Day. [69]

Children's Day celebrations of Turkish Community in California lead to the State of California recognizing the last Saturday of April as the Children's Day. [70]

Dates

2015: 2 August

2016: 15 August

2017: 30 June

2018: 26 June

2019: 9 June

2020: 14 June

Uruguay

Children's Day in Uruguay is the second Sunday in August. 6 January is Epiphany (Reyes), also celebrated as Children's day. [71]

Vanuatu

In Vanuatu, Children's Day is celebrated on 24 July. The two main themes of the holiday are "Stop violence against children" and "Give a child the chance to express their opinion today". After the march, there are speeches and activities organized by schools, including a dance. Then, after midday, children return home to spend time with their parents for the rest of the day. Children's Day is a public holiday, set up following a recommendation of the Committee on the Rights of the Child. A group of people in the United Nations monitor and protect children's rights. A committee, with both adult and child members, organizes activities. In the past, a committee of adults has chosen the theme – but in the future children may help choose it.

Children's Day originally took place only in the capital of Vanuatu, but it has now been extended to all 6 provinces. Schools, churches, local governments of the provinces and other local organizations all organize activities. Save the Children supports one Children's Day activity in each province, selecting it from the many requests they receive for support. In 2008, one of the activities supported by Save the Children was a sports day between many different schools.

Parents and caretakers have been supportive of Children's Day activities. Many parents come to activities with children. In one province, children and parents from five different schools came together for a shared lunch. Some parents give their children presents for Children's Day – however, Save the Children try to spread the message that it doesn't matter if a parent can't afford to buy their child a present, as the real aim of Children's Day is for parents and children to spend the day together, and work together to reconcile their problems.

Venezuela

In Venezuela, Children's Day is celebrated the third Sunday of July.

Vietnam

Mid-Autumn Festival in Vietnam Den ong sao.JPG
Mid-Autumn Festival in Vietnam

In Vietnam, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June as ICD and on the full moon of the 8th lunar month during the Mid-Autumn Festival.

Zimbabwe

Children's Day was established as a holiday in Zimbabwe in 1991 (Day of the African Child).

See also

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