Children's Day

Last updated

World Children's Day
1958 CPA 2159.jpg
1958 Soviet stamp commemorating Children's Day
Official nameWorld Children's Day
Also calledUniversal Children's Day
Observed by International (UN)
TypeCultural, commercial
Date November 20th
FrequencyAnnual
Related toInternational Children's Day, Siblings Day, International Men's Day, International Women's Day, Father's Day, Mother's Day, Parents' Day

Children's Day is a commemorative date celebrated annually in honor of children, whose date of observance varies by country. In 1925, International Children's Day was first proclaimed in Geneva during the World Conference on Child Welfare. Since 1950, it is celebrated on 1 June in most Communist and post-Communist countries. [1] World Children's Day is celebrated on 20th of November to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the UN General Assembly on 20 November 1959. [2]

Contents

History

Children's Day in Donetsk, Ukraine, 2011 2011. Den' zashchity detei v Donetske 174.jpg
Children's Day in Donetsk, Ukraine, 2011

Origins

Children's Day began on the second Sunday of June in 1857 by Reverend Dr. Charles Leonard, pastor of the Universalist Church of the Redeemer in Chelsea, Massachusetts: Leonard held a special service dedicated to, and for the children. Leonard named the day Rose Day, though it was later named Flower Sunday, and then named Children's Day. [3] [4] [5]

Children's Day was first officially declared a national holiday by the Republic of Turkey in 1920 with the set date of 23 April. Children's Day has been celebrated nationally since 1920 with the government and the newspapers of the time declaring it a day for the children. However, it was decided that an official confirmation was needed to clarify and justify this celebration and the official declaration was made nationally in 1929 by the founder and the President of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. [6] [7] [8]

Global Adoption

International Children's Day was first proclaimed in Geneva during the World Conference on Child Welfare in 1925. On 4 November 1949, 1 June was established as the International Day for Protection of Children by the Women's International Democratic Federation in Moscow. [1] Since 1950, 1 June is celebrated as Children's Day in many Communist and post-Communist countries.

In 1954, Children's Day was proclaimed by the United Kingdom to encourage all countries to institute a day, firstly to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and secondly to initiate action to benefit and promote the welfare of the world's children. That is observed to promote the objectives outlined in the Charter and for the welfare of children. On 20 November 1959, The United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. [9] World Children's Day is celebrated on 20 November to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the UN General Assembly on 20 November 1959. [2]

Recent Initiatives

In 2000, the Millennium Development Goals outlined by world leaders to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015. Albeit this applies to all people, the primary objective is concerning children. [9] UNICEF is dedicated to meeting the six of eight goals that apply to the needs of children so that they are all entitled to fundamental rights written in the 1989 international human rights treaty. [10] UNICEF delivers vaccines, works with policymakers for good health care and education and works exclusively to help children and protect their rights. [10]

In September 2012, the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations led the initiative for the education of children. [11] He firstly wants every child to be able to attend school, a goal by 2015. [11] Secondly, to improve the skill set acquired in these schools. [11] Finally, implementing policies regarding education to promote peace, respect, and environmental concern. [11] Universal Children's Day is not just a day to celebrate children for who they are, but to bring awareness to children around the globe that have experienced violence in forms of abuse, exploitation, and discrimination. Children are used as laborers in some countries, immersed in armed conflict, living on the streets, suffering by differences be it religion, minority issues, or disabilities. [12] Children feeling the effects of war can be displaced because of the armed conflict and may suffer physical and psychological trauma. [13] The following violations are described in the term "children and armed conflict": recruitment and child soldiers, killing/maiming of children, abduction of children, attacks on schools/hospitals and not allowing humanitarian access to children. [13] Currently, there are about 153 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 who are forced into child labor. [14] The International Labour Organization in 1999 adopted the Prohibition and Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour including slavery, child prostitution, and child pornography. [14]

A summary of the rights under the convention on the Rights of the Child can be found on the UNICEF website. [15]

Canada co-chaired the World Summit for children in 1990, and in 2002 the United Nations reaffirmed the commitment to complete the agenda of the 1990 World Summit. This added to the UN Secretary-General's report We the Children: End-of Decade review of the follow-up to the World Summit for Children. [16]

The United Nations children's agency released a study [17] referencing the population increase of children will make up 90 percent of the next billion people. [18]

Dates around the world

The officially recognized date of Children's Day varies from country to country.

Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June in former Soviet Union states (including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan) as well as other former or current communist states (Albania, Angola, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ethiopia, East Germany, Kosovo, Laos, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Mainland China, North Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Tanzania, Vietnam and Yemen, and to the lesser extent in Israel due to the migration of its Soviet Jewish population). This includes 25 countries which regained independence from USSR, seceded from Yugoslavia Federation, as well as Czechoslovakia and Ethiopia after their respective splits. [19]

World Children's Day is celebrated on 20 November to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the UN General Assembly on 20 November 1959. [2]

This section lists some significant examples, in order of date of observance.

Gregorian calendar
OccurrenceDatesCountries and regions

First Friday of January [20]

Jan 3, 2020

Jan 1, 2021
Jan 7, 2022

Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas

11 January

Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia

Second Saturday of January

Jan 11, 2020
Jan 9, 2021
Jan 8, 2022

Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand

Second Sunday of February

Feb 9, 2020
Feb 14, 2021
Feb 13, 2022

Flag of the Cook Islands.svg Cook Islands
Flag of Nauru.svg Nauru
Flag of Niue.svg Niue
Flag of Tokelau.svg Tokelau
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg Cayman Islands

13 February

Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar

First Sunday of March

March 1, 2020
March 7, 2021
March 6, 2022

Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand

17 March

Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh

21 MarchFlag of Libya.svg Libya [21]

4 April

4 April Children's Day  [ zh ]

Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan
Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong

5 April

Flag of Palestine.svg Palestine

12 April

Bandera de Bolivia (Estado).svg Bolivia
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti

Last Saturday of April [22]

Apr 25, 2020
Apr 24, 2021
Apr 30, 2022

Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia

23 April

National Sovereignty and Children's Day

Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey

30 April

Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico

5 May

Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea
Flag of Japan.svg Japan

Second Sunday of May

May 10, 2020
May 9, 2021
May 8, 2022

Flag of Spain.svg Spain
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom

10 May

Flag of Maldives.svg Maldives

17 May

Flag of Norway.svg Norway

27 May

Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria

Last Sunday of May

May 31, 2020
May 30, 2021
May 29, 2022

Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary

Ascension Day

May 21, 2020
May 13, 2021
May 26, 2022

Flag of American Samoa.svg American Samoa
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg Falkland Islands
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg Solomon Islands

1 June

Flag of Albania.svg Albania
Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria
Flag of Angola.svg Angola
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus
Flag of Benin.svg Benin
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
Flag of Cambodia.svg Cambodia
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechia
Flag of East Timor.svg East Timor
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia
Flag of Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia
Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia
Flag of Germany.svg Germany

Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan
Flag of Kosovo.svg Kosovo
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
Flag of Laos.svg Laos
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia
Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania
Flag of Macau.svg Macau

Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova
Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia
Flag of Montenegro.svg Montenegro
Flag of Mozambique.svg Mozambique
Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua
Flag of North Korea.svg North Korea
Flag of North Macedonia.svg North Macedonia
Flag of Poland.svg Poland

Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal
Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia

Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam
Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen

Second Sunday of June

Jun 14, 2020
Jun 13, 2021
Jun 12, 2022

Flag of the United States.svg United States

25 June25 June 2012

20 Oct 2013

19 Oct 2014

19 Oct 15~17

Flag of Syria.svg Syria

1 July

Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan

Third Sunday of July

Jul 19, 2020
Jul 18, 2021
Jul 17, 2022

Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba
Flag of Panama.svg Panama
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela

23 July [23]

Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia

First Sunday of August

Aug 2, 2020
Aug 1, 2021
Aug 7, 2022

Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay[ citation needed ]

16 August

Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay

Third Sunday of August

Aug 16, 2020
Aug 15, 2021
Aug 21, 2022

Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Flag of Peru.svg Peru

9 September

Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica

10 September

Flag of Honduras (darker variant).svg Honduras

Bhadra 29

14 Sept
15 Sept(leap year)

Flag of Nepal.svg   Nepal

20 September

Flag of Austria.svg Austria

Flag of Germany.svg Germany

Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland

25 SeptemberFlag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands (Oosterhout)

1 October

Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka

First Friday of October

Oct 2, 2020
Oct 8, 2021
Oct 7, 2022

Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore

First Wednesday of October (Children's Day recognition and assignation)
Second Sunday of August (Children's Day observance)

Oct 7, 2020
Oct 6, 2021
Oct 5, 2022

Flag of Chile.svg Chile

15th day of 8th lunar month13 September 2019

1 October 2020
21 September 2021

Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam
8 OctoberFlag of Iran.svg Iran

12 October

Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil

Fourth Saturday of October

Oct 24, 2020
Oct 23, 2021
Oct 22, 2022

Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia

Fourth Wednesday of October

Oct 16 – Oct 25, 2020
Oct 15 – Oct 24, 2021
Oct 21 – Oct 23, 2022
Celebrated as National Children's Week

Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia [24]

First Saturday of November

Nov 7, 2020
Nov 6, 2021
Nov 5, 2022

Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa

11 November

Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia

14 November [25]

Flag of India.svg India

20 November

Flag of the Arab League.svg Arab World
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada [26]
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia

Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus

Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt
Flag of Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia
Flag of Finland.svg Finland


Flag of France.svg France
Flag of Greece.svg Greece
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
Flag of Israel.svg Israel

Flag of Italy.svg Italy [27]

Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya
Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Flag of North Macedonia.svg North Macedonia

Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa
Flag of Spain.svg Spain

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates
Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia

5 December

Flag of Suriname.svg Suriname

23 December

Flag of South Sudan.svg South Sudan
Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan

25 December

Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Congo
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Congo DR
Flag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea

Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon
Flag of Chad.svg Chad
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic

List by country

Africa

Cameroon

In Cameroon, Children's Day was established as a holiday in 1990.

Central Africa

In Congo, Congo DR, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Chad, Central African Republic, Children's Day is celebrated on 25 December to honor all the children there.

Egypt

In Egypt, Children's Day is celebrated every 20 November with festivals and games for children, but not in every city like Cairo, Alexandria, etc.

Eritrea

In Eritrea, Children's Day is celebrated on 8 December.

Liberia

In Liberia, Children's day was established as a holiday in 1991.

Mozambique

In Mozambique, the International Children's Day is also celebrated on 1 June. [28]

Nigeria

Children's Day is celebrated on 27 May in Nigeria. It was established as a holiday in 1964. It is a public holiday for Primary and Secondary school children. Due to the large size of the country, only a few groups of children (schools or other organizations) are selected to march past in a parade. The children are usually given treats such as an outing or doing jobs that adults would normally do. In some situations, primary and secondary school children compete in military parades format for a prize which will be given at the end of the competition. Religious groups in Nigeria also celebrate children's day in grand style. Many private and public organizations usually put together children's party for privileged and less privileged children in a bid to give them a sense of belonging. It is also a day media organizations analyze the plight of children in the society and efforts government and nongovernment agencies make to better a lot of children.

South Africa

In South Africa, Children's Day is on the first Saturday of November. [29]

National Children's Day (South Africa)

This event has been celebrated each year from 2004 until 2009 in Eldorado Park, Johannesburg, South Africa. It was done by an organization called Child Evangelism Fellowship. During this period there was growth in this community and no one knew about children being on drugs. In 2013 the Organization called Articulating Life started celebrating National Children's day with just over 300 children. This number increased to more than 1700 in 2019. After 2009 there was an increase in drug use by children of a young age. Since the National Children's Day has been faithfully celebrated again in this community the use of drugs among children who come to these celebrations has declined.

Children in Eldorado Park and its surrounding areas like Soweto, Ennerdale, Westbury Slovo Park, Freedom Park, Mandela's Square Squattercamp, and Klipstruit-West are invited each year. They receive a meal of vet cake and mince or a hotdog roll with juice and water. They eat as much as possible. This is a day where the children are reminded that they are valuable and loved by their community and GOD. It is a day that they are reminded that they are children and that they should play and behave like children.

There are all kinds of activities and games in which the children participate. There are jumping castles, horse riding, face painting, a petting zoo, arts and crafts, a talent show, workshops teaching the children about recycling, human rights, children's rights, and responsibilities, planting and so much more. All this is for free! No one pays for anything and nothing is sold on the day at the event. This is a wonderful day and children are looking forward to it each year.

The organizers with the help of countless organizations, churches, parents, and pensioners would like to see this event take place in every area of South Africa and around the world!. [30]

Articulating Life

COVID-19 brought about a change in the celebrations of National Children's Day in 2020. The organization with its partners is working on giving out gift vouchers to the value of R200.00 each, to at least 5000 children. This will be done throughout the month of November 2020 as the gift voucher will be delivered to the homes of the children. These vouchers cover Stationery, Toys, Luxuries, Toiletries, and Clothes.

South Sudan

In South Sudan, Children's Day is celebrated on 23 December, the birthday of South Sudan's "greatest child" according to tribal mythology.

Sudan

In Sudan, Children's Day is celebrated on 23 December.

Tunisia

Children's Day in Tunisia is celebrated on 11 January every year. It was established as a holiday in 1995. It is a day in which Tunisians observe the rights of children and remind themselves that children are the future builders and developers of the country and the world.

Zimbabwe

Children's Day was established as a holiday in Zimbabwe in 1990 (Day of the African Child).

Asia

Armenia

In Armenia, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

Azerbaijan

In Azerbaijan, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

Bangladesh

Since 2009, JAAGO Foundation has been celebrating International Children's Day (বিশ্ব শিশু দিবস) throughout Bangladesh by engaging youth and creating awareness about children's right on 20 November which is the declared Universal Children's Day by United Nation. After this movement gained a lot of attraction, Bangladesh started celebrating, Children's Day on 17 March on the birthday of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

Cambodia

In Cambodia, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June. [31]

China

Children's Day is celebrated across India to increase awareness of the rights, care and education of children. It is celebrated on 14 November every year as a tribute to India's First Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. [33] Fondly known as Chacha Nehru among children, he advocated for children to have fulfilled education. On this day, many educational and motivational programs are held across India, by and for children. [34]

Japan

Japan's Children's Day (こどもの日, kodomo no hi) is celebrated on 5 May, a National Holiday since 1948, to celebrate the happiness of all children and to express gratitude toward mothers. There is a long tradition, from the 8th century, to celebrate children's day twice a year; 3 March for girls and on 5 May for boys. On 3 March, also known as the Doll Festival, Japanese people decorate their households with traditional Heian Period doll sets and plum blossom, and drink Amazake. On 5 May, also known as 端午の節句 (tango-no sekku), they fly carp streamers outside, display Samurai dolls, and eat Kashiwa mochi and chimaki.

There were some who argued in 1948 that 3 March should also be a National Holiday.[ citation needed ]

Kazakhstan

The International Children's Day is celebrated annually on 1 June and is established as a national holiday for children. Over 3 million children across Kazakhstan celebrate the holiday with special children's events.[ citation needed ]

North Korea

International Children's Day in Taesongsan Funfair, North Korea, 1 June 2019 International Children's Day 2019.jpg
International Children's Day in Taesongsan Funfair, North Korea, 1 June 2019

North Korean Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June as the International Children's Day (국제 아동절). Before 1945, it was celebrated on 1 May. There is also a day called 조선소년단창립절 (Korean Children's Union Day) on 6 June.

South Korea

Children's day in Seoul, South Korea, 5 May 1954 Children's day 1954.gif
Children's day in Seoul, South Korea, 5 May 1954

In the Republic of Korea (South Korea), 5th of May is officially recognized as Children's Day (어린이날), and one of the public holidays. Parents often give presents to their children, as well as spend time with them. The children are taken on excursions to zoos, museums, and various venues of children-oriented entertainment. Children's Day events are becoming more commercial, becoming important events to increase sales of children's products. [35]

Children's Day was first conceived by progressive ethnic Korean students, with Korean independence movement leaders against Japanese colonialism. From Jinju, many people gathered to promote and improve the social status of children and encourage adults to teach awareness of their deprived sovereignty. In 1923, [36] the ethnic Korean student group in Tokyo, ″Saekdong-hoe″ (색동회), proclaimed the first Children's Day on May Day, later on 7th of May. Bang Jeong-hwan, a co-founder of Saekdong-hoe, first coined the modern Korean word for children, eorini (어린이), replacing the previous slang aenom (애놈) or esaekki (애새끼). [37] Celebration of Children's Day in Korea has enlightened people about children's fundamental human rights.

Since 1939, Government-General of Chosen, viewing Children's Day as one of the nationalist movement by Korean independence activists, had oppressed the Children's Day celebration. Since 1945, Children's Day celebration has been resumed. The children's welfare law written in the constitution officially designated 5 May as Children's Day in 1961. And by 'the law of holiday of government office', Children's day became a holiday in Korea in 1970. [38]

Laos

In Laos, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June.

Malaysia

It is held traditionally on 1 October. Nowadays it is also celebrated on 20 November (following International Children's Day).

Maldives

Children's Day celebration in Kendhoo, Maldives Children's Day celebrations in Kendhoo, Maldives.jpg
Children's Day celebration in Kendhoo, Maldives

In Maldives, Children's Day (Kudakudhinge Dhuvas) is celebrated on 10 May. On this day all the school children go to school to the event to celebrate Children's Day. The schools that are involved would also organize numerous activities for their pupils.

Mauritius

In Mauritius, Children's Day was established in 1991, as the International Day of the African Child.

Mongolia

In Mongolia, the International Children's Day is celebrated on 1 June. It is also known as "Эх үрсийн баяр". On 1 June every child receives presents, gifts and much more. There are also festivals, sales and sweets.[ citation needed ]

Myanmar

In Myanmar, Children's Day is celebrated on 13 February.

In 1954, the United Nations established Universal Children's Day dedicated to improving children's welfare worldwide. It is celebrated annually on 20 November. Besides, many countries have their own national holidays to celebrate children. For example, Children's Day in Myanmar (former Burma) is celebrated on 13 February.

The date of Myanmar's Children's Day coincides with the birthday of Aung San, a Burmese revolutionary, politician and general who is considered the Father of the Nation in present-day Myanmar. He fought for Burma's independence from Japan and the United Kingdom. It was decided to celebrate Aung San's birthday as Children's Day because "he fought for a better future for Burmese children".

In the late 1980s, a military dictatorship was established in Myanmar. Naturally, the military government didn't encourage the celebration of Aung San's birthday and, by extension, Children's Day.

The situation began to change after the 2011–2012 democratic reforms. Today, Children's Day is officially celebrated in schools across Myanmar.

On 13 February, Burmese schools host special events for students. Their main goal is to emphasize the importance of education for the future of Burmese children, as well as to raise awareness of the problems that children and their parents face on a daily basis.

(This is a direct copy of the original). [39]

Nepal

In Nepal, Children's Day (बाल दिवस) is celebrated on Bhadra 29 according to the Nepali Calendar (August–September) after signing the child rights agreement with the UN. Earlier during the Shah Rule, Nepal used to observe Children's day on Bhadra 4 on the birthday of H.M. Queen Mother Ratna Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah. It is celebrated by conducting various programme on various institutions around Nepal. It was established as a holiday in 1990.

Pakistan

In Pakistan, the National Assembly on 16 December 2015 passed a unanimous resolution expressing grief and sadness over the martyrdom of more than 150 students and teachers of Army Public School Peshawar on 16 December 2014. The NA recommended that 16 December should be observed as Pakistan Children Day in memory of the martyrs. [40]

Earlier Children's Day was celebrated on 1 July. In Punjab the Child Rights Cell of Department of Social Welfare Punjab collaborates with UNICEF to celebrate this day. Whereas, The NGO, Voice of Children Islamabad, also celebrates Children's day and arranges activities for children and parents on that day. The EPO and SFB also celebrate Children's day and arrange fun and interactive sessions for children and parents.

For Children's Day, there are many festivals and events organized by schools and organizations, that focus on having fun and lively activities that kids and their families can enjoy. Most charitable organizations also partake in the festivities, by holding functions or partnering with bigger organizations. Thus, everyone joins in to make this day a memorable event each year in Pakistan.[ citation needed ]

Palestine

Children day (Arabic: يوم الطفل الفلسطيني) is celebrated in the State of Palestine on 5 April. [41] [42] [43] [44]

On 5 April 1995, at the First Palestinian Child Conference, the late President Yasser Arafat declared his commitment to the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, and declared 5 April a day for the Palestinian child; Since that date, the Palestinian people commemorate this day every year, in all its official institutions, and in partnership with civil and international institutions dealing with childhood in Palestine, by organizing many recreational, cultural, educational, sports and media activities and activities to support the children of Palestine.

According to a report by the Palestinian Prisoners' Club, Israeli authorities have arrested 745 Palestinian terrorists under the age of 18 from the beginning of 2019 to the end of October 2019. The Prisoners Club said in a report on the eve of the International Children's Day 2019, which falls on 20 November each year, that approximately (200) children continue to be detained by the occupation authorities in the detention centers "Megiddo, Ofer and Damon", in addition to a number of other children held in private centers in Jerusalem. The Prisoners' Club pointed to a series of actions carried out by the Israeli occupation authorities against violent youths during their arrest process, which starts from the first moment of their arrest and taken from their homes late at night. They are under pressure and threats, sentencing in absentia, and imposing financial penalties and fines. According to the report, punishments against the violent youths during their detention include depriving them from completing their studies, in addition to depriving some of them from family visits.

Philippines

In the Philippines, Republic Act No. 10661 declares the month of November as Children's Month in commemoration of the adoption of the convention on the Rights of the Child by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 November 1989. [45]

Singapore

Traditionally, 1 October is the day which Singapore officially celebrates Children's Day. A similar event celebrated every year is Youth Day, which is celebrated on the first Sunday of July every year, which is a school holiday for primary, secondary and junior college students. In Kindergarten and primary school children in Singapore do not have to attend school on this day. From 2011, Children's Day was celebrated on the first Friday of October. However, the government can suka suka shift Children's Day to the second Friday of October. It is usually celebrated by singing a Children's Day song called Semoga Bahagia (May you achieve happiness) in Malay composed by Mr Zubir Said, also composer of their national anthem Majulah Singapura, followed by a performance by their teachers and presents given by their teachers on the day before Children's Day and the day itself is a School Holiday. Secondary school/ middle school students still need to go to school on this day but teachers often organise special events and activities so older children could still celebrate. Children's Day in Singapore is also celebrated not only to celebrate childhood but also to remind them of issues faced by children around the world.[ citation needed ]

Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, Children's Day is celebrated on 1 October, which they call in Sinhala as 'Loka Lama Dinaya' In this day many schools and orphanage homes celebrate by giving gifts to children .

Taiwan

Children's Day (PRC)
Simplified Chinese 六一国际儿童节
Traditional Chinese 六一國際兒童節
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Sources

  • Douglas, George William. Children's Day 2019: History and significance. p. 355.[ ISBN missing ]
Children's Day
Traditional Chinese 婦女節、兒童節合併假期