Ghana Road Network

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Roads in Ghana form a network of varied quality and capacity. Responsibility for the road network differs between trunk and non-trunk routes. Trunk roads, which are the most important roads, are administered by the Ghana Highway Authority, which was established in 1974 to develop the trunk road network. Ghana's 13,367 km of trunk roads accounts for 33% of the total road network of 40,186 km. [1] The Department of Feeder Roads is responsible for the construction and maintenance of feeder roads in Ghana, while responsibility for urban roads lies with the Department of Urban Roads. [2]

Contents

Road distances are shown in kilometers and Ghana speed limits are indicated in kilometers per hour (km/h). Generally, speed limits range from 30 to 50 km/h (20 to 30 mph) in urban areas, 80 km/h (50 mph) on Regional and Inter-Regional highways (R and IR routes), 90 km/h (55 mph) on National highways (N routes) and 100 km/h (60 mph) on motorways. [3]

Classification

Trunk roads in Ghana are classified as N for National routes, R for Regional routes, and IR for Inter-Regional routes. Each road is given a number which is combined with the prefix, for example N1, R40 and IR11, although their informal or traditional names may still be used or heard occasionally: for instance the Accra - Kumasi Road (now part of the N6).

National highway network GH national highways route labels.png
National highway network

National routes

National routes in Ghana are a class of roads and highways that form the trunk routes between major urban centers. Together, they form the backbone of the road system. This category of roads is designated with the letter N followed by a number indicating the specific route. [4] Odd-numbered routes run east to west, while even-numbered routes run north to south.

List of routes

AS Ashanti Region, BA Brong-Ahafo Region, CR Central Region, ER Eastern Region, GR Greater Accra Region, NR Northern Region, UE Upper East Region, UW Upper West Region, VR Volta Region, WR Western Region

NumberRouteLength (km)Length (mi)
GHA road N1.svg N1 Elubo (N12) - Mpataba (R19) - Esiama (R88) - Abra (R86) - Agona (R84) - Sekondi-Takoradi - Cape Coast (R82) - Yamoransa (N8) - Saltpond (R80) - Mankessim (IR1) - Apam Junction (R62) - Ojobi Junction (R17) - Winneba (IR2) - Nyanyano (R15) - Accra (N6) - Tetteh Quarshie Interchange, Accra (N4), Dawhenya (R13) - Sege (R18) - Kase (R11) - Dabala (R16) - Akatsi (R12, R14) - Denu (R11) - Aflao 540340
GHA road N2.svg N2 Tema (N1) - Asikuma - Kpong (N3) - Adomi (N5) - Have-Etoe (R26) - Fume (R28) - Golokwati (IR7) - Hohoe (R10) - Jasikan (R23) - Kadjebi (R25) - Nkwanta (R27) - Nakpayili (R202) - Bimbila (R29) - Pusuga (N9) - Yendi (R201, R204) - Sakpeigu (N14) - Gushiegu (R107, R110) - Nyakpanduri (IR11) - Bawku (N11) - Kulungugu640400
GHA road N3.svg N3 Kpong (N2) - Somanya (R30) - Oterkpalu (IR3) - Koforidua (R42)4025
GHA road N4.svg N4 Accra (N1) - Adenta (R40) - Mamfe (R22) - Koforidua (R42) - Asokore (R41) - Bunso (N6, R32)11068
GHA road N5.svg N5 Adome (N2) - Juapong - Ho (R10, R26, R55)4025
GHA road N6.svg N6 Accra (N1) - Nsawam (IR1) - Suhum (R41) - Apedwa (R60) - Bunso (N4) - Anyinam (R61) - Nkawkaw (IR3) - Juaso (IR2) - Konongo (R76) - Bomfa (R87) - Ejisu (R104) - Kumasi (IR4, IR5, N10, R108, R52)250160
GHA road N7.svg N7 Sawla (N12) - Larabanga - Fufulsu (N10)14087
GHA road N8.svg N8 Yamoransa (N1) - Dunkwa - Fomena - Bekwai - Kumasi (N6, N10)170110
GHA road N9.svg N9 Tamale (N10) - Jimle - Yendi (N2)10062
GHA road N10.svg N10 Kumasi (N6, N8)- Techiman - Tamale (N9) - Bolgatanga (N11) - Paga 610380
GHA road N11.svg N11 Bolgatanga (N10) - Zebilla - Bawku (N2) - Bimpiela10062
GHA road N12.svg N12 Elubo (N1) - Enchi - Sunyani - Bamboi - Wa - Lawra - Hamile670420
GHA road N13.svg N13 Lawra - Tumu - Navrongo 180110
GHA road N14.svg N14 Sakpeigu - Cheperoni - Yawgu12075
GHA road N16.svg N16 Tumu - Kapulima2012
GHA road N18.svg N18 Wa - Heng7949

Inter-regional routes

Inter-Regional routes, designated with the prefix IR, connect major settlements and regional capitals across regional borders. Running east to west are odd-numbered routes, while north-south routes are even-numbered.

List of routes

AS Ashanti Region, BA Brong-Ahafo Region, CR Central Region, ER Eastern Region, GR Greater Accra Region, NR Northern Region, UE Upper East Region, UW Upper West Region, VR Volta Region, WR Western Region

NumberRoute
IR1 Aburi, ER - Mankessim, CR
IR2 Winneba, CR - Juaso, AS
IR3 Oterkpalu, ER - Obuasi, CR
IR4 Kumasi, AS - Chambuligu, NR
IR5 Abuakwa, ER - Osei Kojokrom, WR
IR6 Agona, WR - Ayamfuri,CR
IR7 Kame, VR - Nkonsia, ER
IR8 Dunkwa, WR - Kyeremaso, BA
IR9 Prang, BA - Berekum, BA
IR10 Busunu, NR - Chuchuligu, UE
IR11 Yawgu, NR - Pala, UW
IR12 Elubo, WR - Hamile, UWR

Regional routes

Regional routes are a mix of primary and secondary routes that link major settlements and serve as feeder roads to the National route network. Major regional routes are designated with the letter R followed by a two-digit number, while Minor regional routes are designated with the letter R followed by a three-digit number.

Designation as a Regional route does not imply that a road is maintained by a regional authority; some parts of the Regional route network are maintained by the Ghana Highway Authority, and parts in cities and towns may be ordinary streets maintained by the Department of Urban Roads and the Department of Feeder Roads. Regional routes vary in quality and size from dirt roads to multi-lane paved highways.

Major regional routes

Major regional routes are the second category of road in the Ghana trunk road network. They serve as feeder roads to the national route network, and are the primary trunk roads in areas where there is no national route.

List of routes

AS Ashanti Region, BA Brong-Ahafo Region, CR Central Region, ER Eastern Region, GR Greater Accra Region, NR Northern Region, UE Upper East Region, UW Upper West Region, VR Volta Region, WR Western Region

NumberRoute
R10 Denu, VR – Ho, VR
R11 Kasseh, VR – Denu, VR
R12 Akatsi, VR – Akanu, VR
R13 Akplabnya, GR - Dodowa, GR
R14 Akatsi, VR – Ziope, VR
R15 Nyanyano, CR – Bawjiase, CR
R16 Srogbe, VR – Dabala, VR
R17 Ojobi, CR – Senya-Beraku, CT
R18
R19 Mpataba, WR – Jewi Wharf, WR
R20
R21 Atimpoku, ER – Akosombo, ER
R22
R23 Jasikan, VR – Worawora, VR
R24 Frankadua, VR – Adidome, VR
R25 Kadjebi, VR – Apesokubi, VR
R26 Have, VR – Borae, VR
R27 Nkwanta, WR – Dambai, NR
R28 Fume, VR – Sogakope, VR
R29 Zabzugu, NR - Salaga, NR
R30 Adukrom, WR – Odumase, AS
R31
R32 Begoro, ER – Dominase, ER
R33
R34
R35
R36 New Edubiase, AS – Saponso, AS
R38 Agyenkwaso, AS - Gyadem, AS
R40 Accra, GR - Somanya, ER
R42 Mamfe, ER – Nkurakan, ER
R43 Juansa, AS – Offinso, AS
R44 Agogo, AS – Jema, BA
R45 Aframso, AS – Sekyedumase, AS
R47 Kwadwokrom, BA – Nkoranza, BA
R49 Kpandae, NR – Salaga, NR
R50 Ho, VR – Dzelukope, VR
R52 Kumasi, AS – New Offinso, AS
R54 Ohiyeanisa, WR – Drobo, BA
R60 Apedwa, ER – Bunso, ER
R61 Anyinam, ER – Kade, ER
R62 Apam, CR – Kade, ER
R63 Tepa, BA – Goase, BA
R64 Adaiso, ER – Obogu, AS
R65 Mankraso, AS – Tepa, AS
R66 Bechem, BA – Akumadan, AS
R68 Berekum, BA – Nkawkaw, BA
R70 Golokwati, VR – Hohoe, VR
R71 Techiman, BA – Buoku, BA
R72 Ekyiaenfokrom, ER – New Kyease, ER
R74 Surukrom, AS – Kwamedanso, BA
R76 Konongo, AS – Atebubu, BA
R80 Saltpond, CR – Abura Dunkwa, CR
R81 Assin Foso, CR – Insu, WR
R82 Cape Coast, CR – Twifo Praso, CR
R83 Asubua, CR – Dunkwa, CR
R84 Discove, WR – Agona, WR
R85 Busuta, WR – Busua, WR
R86 Princess Town, WR – Abra, WR
R87 Bomfa, AS – Bekwai, AS
R88 Esiama, WR – Anibil, WR
R90 Tamale, NR – Karaga, NR
R91 Nanton, NR – Kunbungu, NR
R92 Tamale, NR – Mankarigu, NR
R93 Wenchi, BA – Sampa, WR
R94 Menji, BA – Banda Nkwanta, NR

Minor regional routes

Minor Regional Routes are the third category of road in the Ghana trunk road network. They serve as feeder roads connecting smaller towns to the national and major regional route network.

List of routes

AS Ashanti Region, BA Brong-Ahafo Region, CR Central Region, ER Eastern Region, GR Greater Accra Region, NR Northern Region, UE Upper East Region, UW Upper West Region, VR Volta Region, WR Western Region

NumberRoute
R100 Atobiase, WR – Nyenase, CR
R101 Essamam, WR – Tarkwa, WR
R103 Obuasi, AS – Apowa, WR
R104 Bekwai, AS – Kumawu, AS
R105 Awiankwanta, AS – Adumasa, AS
R106 Kumasi, AS – Abono, AS
R107 Gushiegu, NR – Pigu, NR
R108 Manso Nkwanta, AS – Toase, AS
R109 Tamale, NR – Daboya, NR
R110 Gushiegu, NR – Nalerigu, NR
R113 Naga, UE – Wiagayisoaso, UE
R114 Bolgatanga, UE – Feo, UE
R116 Wulugu, NR – Navrongo, UE
R121 Tarkwa, WR – Akyemfo, WR
R122 Samreboi, WR – Asankragwa, WR
R123 Bawdie, WR – Enchi, WR
R124 Asankragwa, WR – Humjibre, WR
R125 Diaso, WR – Juabeso, WR
R126 Dadieso, WR – Buako, WR
R127 Asawinso, WR – Sefwi Bekwai, WR
R128 Hwidiem, BA – Atroni, BA
R129 Kramokrom, WR – New Debiso, WR
R131 Tumu, UW – Hamile, UW
R132 Nadowli, UW – Nandom, UW
R180 Yala, UW – Wahabu, UW
R181 Sanadema, UE – Fian, UW
R182 Walembele, UW – Tumu, UW
R184 Hian, UW – Gbal, UW
R201 Tatali, NR – Tamale, NR
R202 Ketekrachi, VR – Nakpayili, NR
R204 Yendi, NR – Chereponi, NR

Signage

N6 route marker Ghana N6 signage in Kumasi.jpg
N6 route marker
A typical directional sign on a highway in Ghana Typical Ghana road signage.jpg
A typical directional sign on a highway in Ghana

Signage on the Ghana network conforms broadly to international norms. All length distances are shown in kilometers, speed is in kilometers per hour, whilst height and width restrictions are shown in meters. Signs may be of an informative, warning or instructional nature. Instructional signs are generally circular, warnings are triangular, and informative signs are rectangular or square. Informative signs, which include directional signs, use white text on a blue background.

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References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-18. Retrieved 2013-06-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2015-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. http://www.mrh.gov.gh/files/publications/Drivers_Guide.pdf
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-18. Retrieved 2010-06-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)