Outline of New Zealand

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The location of New Zealand on a globe New Zealand (orthographic projection) 2.svg
The location of New Zealand on a globe

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to New Zealand:

Contents

New Zealand is an island nation located in the western South Pacific Ocean comprising two large islands, the North Island and the South Island, and numerous smaller islands, most notably Stewart Island/Rakiura and the Chatham Islands. [1] The indigenous Māori originally called the North Island Aotearoa , commonly translated into English as "The Land of the Long White Cloud"; "Aotearoa" is now used as the Maori language name for the entire country. [2]

New Zealand is situated about 2,000 km (1,200 mi) southeast of Australia across the Tasman Sea, its closest neighbours to the north being New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.

The population is mostly of European descent, with the indigenous Māori being the largest minority. Asians and non-Māori Pacific Islanders are also significant minorities, especially in the cities. Elizabeth II, as the Queen of New Zealand, is the head of state and, in her absence, is represented by a non-partisan governor-general. Political power is held by the democratically elected New Zealand Parliament under the leadership of the Prime Minister, who is the head of government. The Realm of New Zealand also includes the Cook Islands and Niue, which are self-governing but in free association; Tokelau; and the Ross Dependency (New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica).

General reference

Geography of New Zealand

An enlargeable topographic map of New Zealand NZ topographic map with population centres.png
An enlargeable topographic map of New Zealand

Geography of New Zealand

Environment of New Zealand

Satellite image of New Zealand New Zealand 23 October 2002.jpg
Satellite image of New Zealand

Environment of New Zealand

Natural geographic features of New Zealand

Political geography of New Zealand

Administrative divisions of New Zealand

Administrative divisions of New Zealand

Demography of New Zealand

Demographics of New Zealand

Government and politics of New Zealand

Politics of New Zealand

Branches of the government of New Zealand

Government of New Zealand

Executive branch of the government of New Zealand

Legislative branch of the government of New Zealand

Judicial branch of the government of New Zealand

Foreign relations of New Zealand

Foreign relations of New Zealand

International organisation membership

New Zealand is a member of: [1]

Law and order in New Zealand

Law of New Zealand

Military of New Zealand

New Zealand Defence Force

Local government in New Zealand

Local government in New Zealand

History of New Zealand

History of New Zealand

Culture of New Zealand

Culture of New Zealand

Art in New Zealand

Sports in New Zealand

Sports in New Zealand

Economy and infrastructure of New Zealand

Economy of New Zealand

Education in New Zealand

Education in New Zealand

See also

Related Research Articles

Taonga is a Māori language word which refers to a treasured possession in Māori culture. Due to the lack of a direct translation to English and the significance of its use in the Treaty of Waitangi, the word has been widely adopted into New Zealand English as a loanword. The current definition differs from the historical definition, noted by Hongi Hika as "property procured by the spear" [one could understand this as war booty or defended property] and is now interpreted to mean a wide range of tangible and intangible possessions, especially items of historical cultural significance.

Chatham Islands New Zealands most remote group of inhabited islands

The Chatham Islands form an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean about 800 kilometres (500 mi) east of the South Island of New Zealand. Politically, they are part of New Zealand. The archipelago consists of about ten islands within an approximate 60-kilometre (37 mi) radius, the largest of which are Chatham Island and Pitt Island. Some of these islands, formerly cleared for farming, are now preserved as nature reserves to conserve some of the unique flora and fauna. As of 2013 the islands had a resident population of 600. The local economy depends largely on conservation, tourism, farming, and fishing.

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Margaret Shirley Mutu is a Ngāti Kahu leader, author and academic from Karikari in the Far North and works at the University of Auckland, New Zealand. Her iwi or nations are Ngāti Kahu, Te Rarawa and Ngāti Whātua.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "New Zealand". The World Factbook . United States Central Intelligence Agency. 2 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009.
  2. McLintock, A. H. (24 November 2009) [originally published in 1966]. "Aotearoa". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand . Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  3. "NZ Topo Map" . Retrieved 13 January 2020.

Gnome-globe.svg Wikimedia Atlas of New Zealand