Senkaku Islands

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Senkaku Islands
Disputed islands
Diaoyutai senkaku.png
Location of the islands (yellow rectangle and inset)
Senkaku Diaoyu Tiaoyu Islands.png
Other names
Diaoyu Islands / Diaoyutai Islands / Pinnacle Islands
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 25°44′42″N123°29′06″E / 25.74500°N 123.48500°E / 25.74500; 123.48500 Coordinates: 25°44′42″N123°29′06″E / 25.74500°N 123.48500°E / 25.74500; 123.48500
Total islands5 + 3 rocks (reefs)
Major islands
  • Uotsuri-shima / Diaoyu Dao
  • Taishō-tō / Chiwei Yu
  • Kuba-shima / Huangwei Yu
  • Kita-Kojima / Bei Xiaodao
  • Minami-Kojima / Nan Xiaodao
Area7 km2 (2.7 sq mi)
Highest elevation383 m (1257 ft)
City Ishigaki, Okinawa
Claimed by
Township Toucheng Township, Yilan County, Taiwan
County Yilan County, Taiwan
  1. variants: 尖閣群島Senkaku-guntō [7] and 尖閣列島Senkaku-rettō [8]


  1. The Guardian (November 23, 2013). "China imposes airspace restrictions over Japan-controlled Senkaku islands". . Retrieved December 3, 2013. China imposes airspace restrictions over Japan-controlled Senkaku islands
  2. France24 (November 27, 2013). "US defies China to fly over disputed Senkaku islands" . Retrieved December 3, 2013. The zone covers the Tokyo-controlled Senkaku islands
  3. 釣魚臺列嶼相關文獻 (in Chinese). Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Taiwan). Archived from the original on October 24, 2013.
  4. 地理位置圖. 宜蘭縣頭城鎮公所 Toucheng Township Office (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Retrieved October 19, 2019. 另轄兩小島(龜山島及龜卵嶼)及一群島(釣魚臺列嶼)。
  5. 我們的釣魚臺 (in Chinese). Central News Agency (Republic of China). Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  6. 中华人民共和国国务院新闻办公室 (September 25, 2012). 《钓鱼岛是中国的固有领土》白皮书 (in Chinese). 新华社. Archived from the original on September 27, 2012. 1871年......将钓鱼岛列入海防冲要,隶属台湾府噶玛兰厅(今台湾省宜兰县)管辖。
  7. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Senkaku-guntō, Japan, retrieved September 20, 2010.
  8. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Senkaku-rettō, Japan, retrieved September 20, 2010.
  9. McDorman, Ted L. (2005). "Central Pacific and East Asian Maritime Boundaries" in International Maritime Boundaries, Vol. 5, pp. 3441. , p. 3441, at Google Books
  10. Lee, Seokwoo. (2002). Territorial Disputes Among Japan, China and Taiwan Concerning the Senkaku Islands, pp. 10–13. , p. 10, at Google Books
  11. Lee, Seokwoo (2002). Territorial Disputes among Japan, China and Taiwan concerning the Senkaku Islands (Boundary & Territory Briefing Vol.3 No.7). IBRU. p. 6. ISBN   1897643500. The question of the disputed Senkaku Islands remained relatively dormant throughout the 1950s and 1960s, probably because these small uninhabited islands held little interest for the three claimants. The Senkaku Islands issue was not raised until the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (hereinafter 'ECAFE') of the United Nations Economic and Social Council suggested the possible existence of large hydrocarbon deposit in the waters off the Senkaku Islands. ... This development prompted vehement statements and counter-statements among the claimants.
  12. Pan, Junwu (2009). Toward a New Framework for Peaceful Settlement of China's Territorial and Boundary Disputes. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 140. ISBN   978-9004174283. Obviously, primarily regional interests in oil and gas resources that may lie under the seas drive the two major disputes. The Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands issue did not re-surface until 1969 when the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East of the United Nations Economic and Social Council reported that the continental shelf of the East China "might contain one of the most prolific oil and gas reservoirs of the world, possibly comparing favourably with the Persian Gulf." Then both China and Japan had high expectations that there might be large hydrocarbon deposits in the waters off the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands. The Law of the Sea at that time emphasized the theory of natural prolongation in determining continental shelf jurisdiction. Ownership of the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands would permit the owner to a large area of the continental shelf that may have rich sources of gas and oil. Such a dispute is obviously related to the awakening interest by the world's states in developing offshore energy resources to meet the demand of their economies.
  13. Takamine, Tsukasa (2012). Japan's Development Aid to China, Volume 200: The Long-running Foreign Policy of Engagement. Routledge. p. 129. ISBN   978-0415352031. The islands had temporarily come under American control after the Second World War, but the sovereignty over the islands, was handed over to Japan in 1972 with the reversion of Okinawa.However, the PRC and ROC governments both made a territorial claim to the Senkaku Islands, soon after the United Nation Economic Commission issued in 1969 a report suggesting considerable reserve of submarine oil and gas resources around the islands.
  14. Drifte, Reinhard (2012). Japan's Security Relations with China Since 1989: From Balancing to Bandwagoning?. Routledge. p. 49. ISBN   978-1134406678. The dispute surfaced with the publication of a seismic survey report under the auspices of the UN Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECSFE) in 1968, which mentioned the possibility of huge oil and gas reserves in the area; this was confirmed by a Japanese report in 1969. Greg Austin mentions that Beijing started its claim to the Senkaku Islands for the first time in 1970, after Japanese government protested to the government in Taiwan about its allocation of oil concessions in the East China Sea, including the area of the Senkaku Islands.
  15. Lee, Seokwoo (2002). Territorial Disputes among Japan, China and Taiwan concerning the Senkaku Islands (Boundary & Territory Briefing Vol.3 No.7). IBRU. pp. 10–11. ISBN   1897643500. For a long time following the entry into force of the San Francisco Peace Treaty China/Taiwan raised no objection to the fact that the Senkaku Islands were included in the area placed under US administration in accordance with the provisions of Article of the treaty, and USCAP No. 27. In fact, neither China nor Taiwan had taken up the question of sovereignty over the islands until the latter half of 1970 when evidence relating to the existence of oil resources deposited in the East China Sea surfaced. All this clearly indicates that China/Taiwan had not regarded the Senkaku Islands as a part of Taiwan. Thus, for Japan, none of the alleged historical, geographical and geological arguments set forth by China/Taiwan are acceptable as valid under international law to substantiate China's territorial claim over the Senkaku Islands.
  16. 1 2 Fackler, Martin (September 22, 2012). "In Shark-Infested Waters, Resolve of Two Giants is Tested". The New York Times . Retrieved July 13, 2019.
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  20. "Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying's Remarks on the Japanese Government Opening a Link about Diaoyu Dao on the Official Cabinet Website". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the People's Republic of China. August 28, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
  21. "The ROC government reiterates its sovereignty over the Tiaoyutai Islands". Ministry of Foreign Affairs . Retrieved August 10, 2020. According to a report appearing in the Japanese newspaper Yomiuri Shimbun on January 1, 2003, the Japanese government began leasing three uninhabited islands (Kita-kojima, Minami-kojima and Uotsurishima) out of the five islets that comprise the Tiaoyutai Islands (known as the "Senkaku Islands" in Japan) in October 2002 at the rate of 22 million Japanese yen annually. The ROC's Ministry of Foreign Affairs has instructed the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in Japan to ascertain the current position of the Japanese government on this issue and to express the ROC's solemn position regarding its claim to sovereignty over the Tiaoyutai Islands.
  22. Jesse Johnson (July 27, 2020). "China's 100-day push near Senkaku Islands comes at unsettling time for Sino-Japanese ties". Japan Times . Retrieved August 10, 2020. There are few better examples that underscore Japan's complicated relationship with China than the uninhabited but strategically positioned Senkakus, which are also claimed by China, which calls them Diaoyu, as well as Taiwan, which calls them Tiaoyutai.
  23. Harold C. Hinton (1980). The China Sea: The American Stake in its Future. National Strategy Information Center. p.  13, 14, 25, 26. ISBN   0-87855-871-3 via Internet Archive. The other territorial dispute in the East China Sea is considerably more complicated and more serious. It relates to a group of eight small uninhabited islands known in China as the Tiaoyutai and in Japan as the Senkaku and claimed by Japan and both Chinas; they lie on the edge of the continental shelf about 120 miles northeast of Taiwan.
  24. "Media Reaction: Cross-Strait Talks, Taiwan-Japan Dispute, U.S. Global Influence". United States Department of State. 2008 via Internet Archive. A separate "Liberty Times" column discussed the recent dispute between Taiwan and Japan over the Tiaoyutai Islands and urged the Ma administration to seek to form an equilateral triangular relationship with the United States, Japan and China, so that no side will feel threatened of will overpower the other.
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  31. What's in a name?, BusinessMirror : "The disputed islands East China Sea are called the Senkaku Islands by Japan, Diaoyu Islands in China and the Diaoyutai Islands by the government of Taiwan. In the West, these rocks are called the Pinnacle Islands as a loose translation of the Japanese name."
  32. Japan's Territorial Disputes, American Diplomacy: "The Chinese call them the Diaoyu Islands, and on foreign maps in the past they have been called the Pinnacle Islands."
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  95. 1 2 教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Retrieved October 5, 2019. 字詞 【釣魚臺】 注音 ㄉㄧㄠˋ ㄩˊ ㄊㄞˊ 漢語拼音 diào yú tái 釋義{...} 2 群島名。位於臺灣東北,距基隆一百零二海里,為我國領土的一部分。屬宜蘭縣,分為釣魚臺本島、黃尾嶼、赤尾嶼三部分。雖日本主張擁有群島主權,但根據明代陳侃的《使琉球錄》,郭汝霖的《重編使琉球錄》,胡宗憲的《籌海圖編》,以及日本林子平的《三國通覽圖說》等文獻,此島應屬臺灣附屬島嶼。
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Ishigaki Island, also known as Ishigakijima, is a Japanese island south-west of Okinawa Hontō and the second-largest island of the Yaeyama Island group, behind Iriomote Island. It is located approximately 411 km (255 mi) south-west of Okinawa Hontō. It is within the City of Ishigaki in Okinawa Prefecture. The city functions as the business and transport center of the archipelago. The island is served by New Ishigaki Airport, the largest airport in the Yaeyamas.

Senkaku can refer to:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Toucheng</span> Urban township in Yilan, Republic of China

Toucheng Township is an urban township in Yilan County, Taiwan. The township includes Guishan Island and Guiluan Island in the Philippine Sea. The Senkaku Islands, known in Mandarin as the Diaoyu Islands, are claimed as part of the township.

Diaoyu (釣魚), which means "fishing" in Chinese, may refer to the following:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hong Kong Federation of Students</span>

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China Federation for Defending the Diaoyu Islands is a non-governmental organization which maintains that the Senkaku (Diaoyu) Islands are a part of Chinese territory in the Senkaku Islands dispute. The territorial rights to the islands are disputed between the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China, and Japan, which currently has control over the islands.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Diaoyutai State Guesthouse</span> Diplomatic complex in Beijing, China

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Senkaku mole</span> Species of mammal

The Senkaku mole, also known as the Ryukyu mole, is a species of mammal in the family Talpidae. It was formerly classified as being the only species in the genus Nesoscaptor. It is endemic to the Uotsuri-jima of the disputed territory of Senkaku Islands, also known as the Diaoyutai Islands. It is most similar to the Insular mole of Taiwan and Mainland China.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gangwei</span> Islands of Fujian.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Senkaku Islands dispute</span> Territorial dispute over uninhabited islands in the East China Sea

The Senkaku Islands dispute, or Diaoyu Islands dispute, is a territorial dispute over a group of uninhabited islands known as the Senkaku Islands in Japan, the Diaoyu Islands in the People's Republic of China (PRC), and Tiaoyutai Islands in the Republic of China. Aside from a 1945 to 1972 period of administration by the United States as part of the Ryukyu Islands, the archipelago has been controlled by Japan since 1895. According to Lee Seokwoo, the People's Republic of China (PRC) started taking up the question of sovereignty over the islands in the latter half of 1970 when evidence relating to the existence of oil reserves surfaced. Taiwan also claims the islands. The territory is close to key shipping lanes and rich fishing grounds, and there may be oil reserves in the area.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baodiao movement</span>

Baodiao movement is a social movement originating among Republic of China students in the United States in the 1970s, and more recently expressed in Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan that asserts Chinese sovereignty over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands. The territorial right to the islands is disputed among the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China, and Japan. Action Committee for Defending the Diaoyu Islands and China Federation for Defending the Diaoyu Islands are the main representative organizations in the movement.

Luci Island (Chinese: 鸬鹚 / 鸬鹚屿; pinyin: Lúcí Dǎo/Yǔ/Xù; Wade–Giles: Lu2-tzʻŭ2 Tao3/Yü3/Hsü4; lit. 'cormorant island') (also Loutz Island (Lu-tzʻu, Lucih) and Lusi Island (Lusih, Lu-ssu) (Chinese: 鷺鷥; pinyin: Lùsī Dǎo; Wade–Giles: Lu4-ssŭ1 Tao3; lit. 'little egret island') is an uninhabited island southeast of the Asian mainland in Pinghai Town (平海镇), Xiuyu District, Putian, Fujian, People's Republic of China (PRC) and 9 nautical miles (17 km) north-northwest of Wuciou Township (Ockseu), Kinmen County (Quemoy), Republic of China (Taiwan) which can be seen from the island.


Further reading

Senkaku Islands
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿
Literal meaningDiaoyu Island and its affiliated islands