Three and a half Shakti Peethas

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Three and a half Shakti Peethas (prominent seats of the Hindu Goddess) are reported in Maharashtra. [1]

The Shakti Peetha are significant shrines and pilgrimage destinations in Shaktism, the goddess-focused Hindu tradition. There are 51 or 108 Shakti peethas by various accounts, of which between 4 and 18 are named as Maha (major) in medieval Hindu texts.

Maharashtra State in western India

Maharashtra is a state in the western peninsular region of India occupying a substantial portion of the Deccan Plateau. It is the second-most populous state and third-largest state by area in India. Spread over 307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi), it is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, the Indian states of Karnataka and Goa to the south, Telangana to the southeast and Chhattisgarh to the east, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh to the north, and the Indian union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the north west. It is also the world's second-most populous subnational entity.

Contents

These four Goddess temples are:

  1. Mahalakshmi Temple, Kolhapur
  2. Tulja Bhavani Temple at Tuljapur
  3. Renuka Temple at Mahur (Matripur)
  4. Saptashrungi Temple of Vani. [2] This is known as a half Shakti Peeth of Goddess Shakti. [3]

AMBABAI

The Ambabai Temple of Kolhapur in Maharashtra, India, is one of the Shakti Peethas listed in various puranas of Hinduism. According to these writings, a Shakti Peetha is a place associated with Shakti, the goddess of power. The Kolhapur Shakti Peetha is of special religious significance being one of the six places where it is believed that one can either obtain salvation from desires or have them fulfilled.

Kolhapur City Corporation in Maharashtra, India

Kolhapur is a historic city of Maharashtra. It is the district headquarters of Kolhapur district. Prior to Indian Independence, Kolhapur was a nineteen gun salute princely state ruled by the Bhosale Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire.

India Country in South Asia

India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Puranas Encyclopedic Hindu texts on sacred rites, duties, Vedic philosophy, cosmology, genealogies, deities, pilgrimage guides and more

The word Puranas literally means "ancient, old", and it is a vast genre of Indian literature about a wide range of topics, particularly myths, legends and other traditional lore. Composed primarily in Sanskrit, but also in Tamil and other Indian languages, several of these texts are named after major Hindu deities such as Vishnu, Shiva and Devi. The Puranic genre of literature is found in both Hinduism and Jainism.

Tulja Bhavani

Tulja Bhavani Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the goddess Bhavani. [4] It is located in Tuljapur in Osmanabad district of Maharashtra and is considered as one of the 51 Shakti Pithas. It is situated 45  km from Solapur. The temple was built in c. 12th century CE.

Hindu temple house of worship in Hinduism

A Hindu temple is a symbolic house, seat and body of god. It is a structure designed to bring human beings and gods together, using symbolism to express the ideas and beliefs of Hinduism. The symbolism and structure of a Hindu temple are rooted in Vedic traditions, deploying circles and squares. It also represents recursion and equivalence of the macrocosm and the microcosm by astronomical numbers, and by "specific alignments related to the geography of the place and the presumed linkages of the deity and the patron". A temple incorporates all elements of Hindu cosmos—presenting the good, the evil and the human, as well as the elements of Hindu sense of cyclic time and the essence of life—symbolically presenting dharma, kama, artha, moksa, and karma.

Bhavani Hindu goddess, avatar of Parvati

Bhavani is an avatar of the Hindu goddess Parvati. She is a form of Durga who is worshiped in Maharashtra, and also by Gurjars of North Gujarat, Northern Karnataka, Western Rajasthan and Punjab. Bhavani translates to "giver of life", meaning the power of nature or the source of creative energy. She is considered to be a mother who provides to her devotees and also plays the role of dispensing justice by killing Asuras.

Tuljapur city in Maharashtra, India

Tuljapur is a town with a municipal council in Osmanabad district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the administrative seat of Tuljapur taluka.

Renuka

Reṇukā/Renu is a Hindu goddess worshipped predominantly in the Indian state of Maharashtra."Renu" means "Atom/Mother of Universe" [5] She is also worshipped in the South Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Karanataka, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana. [6] Renuka's temple at Mahur in Maharashtra is considered one of the shakti peethas. Renuka is also called as "Renu" which means "Atom/Mother of Universe". It is the avatar of Goddess Parvati. [7]

South India Group of Southern Indian states

South India is the area including the five southern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana, as well as the three union territories of Andaman and Nicobar islands, Lakshadweep and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area. Covering the southern part of the peninsular Deccan Plateau, South India is bounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean in the south. The geography of the region is diverse with two mountain ranges–the Western and Eastern Ghats, bordering the plateau heartland. Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, Tungabhadra, Periyar and Vaigai Palar rivers are important non-perennial sources of water. Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, Coimbatore, Kochi, Trivandrum, Visakhapatnam,Vellore, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai, Mysuru, Mangalore and Kozhikode are the largest urban areas.

Andhra Pradesh State in southern India

Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India. Situated in the south-east of the country, it is the seventh-largest state in India, covering an area of 160,205 km2 (61,855 sq mi). As per the 2011 census, it is the tenth-most populous state, with 49,386,799 inhabitants. The largest city in Andhra Pradesh is Visakhapatnam. Telugu, one of the classical languages of India, is the major and official language of Andhra Pradesh.

Himachal Pradesh State in northern India

Himachal Pradesh is a state in the northern part of India. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is bordered by union territory of Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west, Haryana on the southwest, Uttarakhand on the southeast, and Tibet on the east. At its southernmost point, it also touches the state of Uttar Pradesh. The state's name was coined by acharya Diwakar Dutt Sharma, one of the state's eminent Sanskrit scholars.

Saptashrungi

Saptashrungi Saptaśrr̥ṇgī) is a site of Hindu pilgrimage situated 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Nashik in west Indian state of Maharashtra in India. According to Hindu traditions, the goddess Saptashrungi Nivasini dwells within the seven mountain peaks. (Sapta means seven and shrung means peaks.) It is located in Nanduri, Kalwan taluka, a small village near Nashik in India. Devotees visit this place in large numbers every day. [8] The temple is also known popularly as one of the "three and half Shakti Peethas" of Maharashtra. The temple is also one among the 51 Shakti Peethas located on the Indian subcontinent and is a location where one of Sati's (first wife of Lord Shiva) limbs, her right arm is reported to have fallen. Its half shaktipeeth among three and half shaktipeeth of Maharashtra.

Nashik Metropolis in Maharashtra, India

Nashik is an ancient holy city in the northern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Situated on the banks of river Godavari, Nasik is well known for being one of Hindu pilgrimage sites, that of Kumbh Mela which is held every 12 years. It is the Third largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai, Pune.Mumbai-Nashik-Pune forms a golden triangle region in Maharashtra. Golden triangle region is the area of Mumbai Megaregion also known as Mumbai Megalopolis which includes Mumbai Metropolitan Region, Pune Metropolitan Region and Nashik and has a population of over 50 millions making Mumbai Megaregion the most populated area in the world.

Those with the last name Nanduri are said to hail from the village of Nanduru which is located near Bapatla and Ponnur. There is a village called Nanduru in East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh as well which leads to some ambiguity. Those with this last name could be Niyogi Brahmins or Sri Vaishnava Brahmins or they could also be from a caste other than the Brahmin caste. One of the other known caste is Bhatraju. For the most part, those with this last name are predominantly Brahmins. Many have migrated from Nanduru and they have settled in various part of Andhra Pradesh. Some are known to have settled in a village known as Lingala, which in located in the Khammam District of Andhra Pradesh. Lingala is said to have been ruled by kings with the last name Nanduri hundreds of years ago.

Kalwan tehsil in Maharashtra, India

Kalwan is a tahsil in Kalwan subdivision of Nashik District in Maharashtra, India. Kalwan is situated 80 km from Nashik and 251 km from state capital Mumbai. Saptashrungi Gad, a religious shrine of Goddess Saptashrungi, is situated in Kalwan taluka. Saptashrungi Gad is located 22 km from Kalwan city. Dhodap hill fort, which is a popular mountain climbing destination and 3rd highest peak in Maharashtra, is situated 8 km from Kalwan city. Abhona is the largest town in Kalwan tehsil after Kalwan city. Kalwan is situated in the delta of Behadi and Girana river. Black soil and ample water are available for cultivation of crash crops. This significantly contributes to the GDP of Kalwan tehsil.

Related Research Articles

Mahur, Maharashtra town in Maharashtra, India

Mahur or Mahurgad is a town and religious place in Nanded district of Maharashtra, India. Mahur is the birthplace of Hindu God Dattatreya. Atri Rishi and Sati Anusaya Mata lived here. Brahmadev, Vishnudev and Lord Shiva once got a news about Anusaya Mata that there is no one more pious and pure as her. To test her piousness they arrived under the garb of asking Alm (bhiksha). When she brought it, they asked to serve them while being naked, she realized by her power that she is under a test. She made them a three headed child & fed them. This became Dattatreya, the unified God.

Renuka Hindu goddess

Reṇukā/Renuga/Renu is a Hindu goddess worshipped predominantly in the Indian states of Karanataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Renuka's temple at Mahur in Maharashtra is considered one of the shakti peethas.

Katyayani form of Hindu goddess Parvati

Katyayani or Mahalakshmi is the sixth form amongst Navadurga or the nine forms of Hindu goddess Durga (Shakti), worshipped during the Navratri celebrations..she has 18 or 10 hands or 4 hands also. This is the second name given for Goddess Adi Parashakti in Amarakosha, the Sanskrit lexicon .Devi Katyayani is the sister of Lord Krishna. In Shaktism she is associated with the fierce forms of Shakti or Durga, a Warrior goddess, which also includes Bhadrakali and Chandika, and traditionally she is associated with the colour red, as with Goddess Durga, the primordial form of Shakti, a fact also mentioned in Patanjali's Mahabhashya on Pāṇini, written in 2nd century BCE.

Saptashrungi a temple of goddess Saptashrungi, located near Nashik, Maharashtra in India

Saptashrungi or Saptashringi is a site of Hindu pilgrimage situated 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Nashik in Indian state of Maharashtra. According to Hindu traditions, the goddess Saptashrungi Nivasini dwells within the seven mountain peaks. It is located in Nanduri, Kalwan taluka, a small village near Nashik in India. The Marathas and some Bhil tribes worship the goddess from a long time and some worship as their kuldaivat. There are 510 steps to climb the gad. Devotees visit this place in large numbers every day. The temple is also known popularly as one of the "three and half Shakti Peethas" of Maharashtra. The temple is also one among the 51 Shakti Peethas located on the Indian subcontinent and is a location where one of Sati's limbs, her right arm is reported to have fallen. Its half shaktipeeth among three and half shaktipeeth of Maharashtra.

Kuladevata

Kula-dèvatā, also known as Kuladeva or Kuladevi is an ancestral tutelary deity in Hinduism, who is often the object of one's devotion (bhakti), inorder to coax the god for favours, and to have the god the watch over one's family and children from probable misfortune. This is distinct from Ishta-devata and village deities. One of the iconic example of Kuldev Puja is of Bagbhairab Puja done by the Munsi Newars in Kirtipur, Nepal.

Tulja Bhavani Temple

Tuljabhavani Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the goddess Bhavani(Durga Or Parvati).It is located in Tuljapur in Osmanabad district of Maharashtra and is considered as one of the 51 Shakti Pithas. It is situated 45 km from Solapur.The temple was built in c. 12th century CE.

In Hindu religion and spirituality, the pilgrimage has great significance. Members of the faith participate in the following types of pilgrimage. The pilgrimage to each sacred site has its own religious significance.

Tourism in Maharashtra

Maharashtra attracts tourists from different states and foreign countries. It was the second most visited Indian state by foreigners and fourth most visited state by domestic tourists in the country in 2014. Aurangabad is the tourism capital of Maharashtra. Major urban cities include : Mumbai, Pune, Nashik, Aurangabad and Nagpur.

Bhabanipur, Rajshahi Division Union in Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh

Bhabanipur is a union under Sherpur Upazila in Bogra of Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh. It is a sacred site around Karatoyatat and one of the Shakti Peethas of Indian Subcontinent. The Bhabanipur Shaktipeeth is a place of worship consecrated to the Goddess Ma Bhabani. It is a historic place of pilgrimage for the followers of Hinduism.

Chandranath Temple Located on top of the Chandranath Hill of Bangladesh

Chandranath Temple, located on top of the Chandranath Hill, is a famous Shakti Peeth located near Sitakunda in Bangladesh where, as per Hindu sacred texts, the right arm of Goddess Sati fell. Chandranath Temple is a pilgrimage site for Hindus. Its height about 1,020 feet (310 m) above sea level.

Shivaharkaray

Shivaharkaray or Karavipur is a Shakti Peeth dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Durga, located near Parkai railway station, near Karachi, Pakistan. Puranas describe that the three eyes of the Goddess fell here after she committed Sati. The Goddess is worshipped as Mahishasuramardini, or the slayer of the Demon Mahishasur. Her consort, the Hindu God Shiva, is worshipped in Ragi form as Krodhish, personification of anger. Shivaharkaray is third in the list of 51 Peethas identified in the Puranas.

Religion and spirituality, a pilgrimage is a long journey or search of great moral significance. Sometimes, it is a journey to a sacred place or shrine of importance to a person's beliefs and faith. Members of every major religion participate in pilgrimages. A person who makes such a journey is called a pilgrim.

Shri Shail is one of the Shakti Peeths, at Joinpur village, Dakshin Surma, near Gotatikar, 3 km south-east of Sylhet town, Bangladesh. The Hindu Goddess Sati's neck fell here. The Goddess is worshipped as Mahalakshmi and the Bhairav form is Sambaranand.

Sugandha Shaktipeeth, a temple of the Goddess Sunanda, is located in the village of Shikarpur, 10 miles north of Barisal, in Bangladesh. This Hindu temple is one of the Shakti Peethas.

Attahas, Katwa

The temple of Attahas, also known as Fullora Attahas, is believed to be one of the 51 Shakti Peethas at which the body parts and jewelry of the Hindu goddess Shakti fell to Earth. The goddess is so large that the lower lip is about 15 to 18 feet wide. The temple is a site of Hindu pilgrimage throughout the year. December is a particularly popular time for visitors to picnic at the site.

Tourism in Marathwada

Tourism in Marathwada refers to tourism in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state of India. Aurangabad city is a regional headquarter of Marathwada and tourism capital of Maharashtra state. Out of 4 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Maharashtra, 2 of them are in Marathwada. Also there are 110 monuments in Marathwada which are protected by Government of Maharashtra and recognized by Archaeological Survey of India. Marathwada is also important region for Religious tourism, out of 12 Jyotirlingas of Hindu God Shiva, 3 are in Marathwada. Hazur Sahib Nanded is the second holiest place in Sikhism after Harminder Sahib of Amritsir. There are also sufi shrines in Marathwada, most famous among them is Turabul Haq Dargah at Parbhani where thousands of people of all religion visits dargah annually. Pathri in Parbhani district is birthplace of Sai Baba of Shirdi and Sai Baba Birth Temple in Pathri is one of major religious tourism place in Marathwada.

References

  1. Three and a half Shakti Peeth of Goddess Shakti in Maharashtra
  2. Sunita Pant Bansal (23 January 2008). Hindu Pilgrimage. Hindoology Books. pp. 191–. ISBN   978-81-223-0997-3 . Retrieved 2 March 2013.
  3. Three And A Half Shakti Peeth Maharashtra
  4. http://www.tuljabhavani.in/
  5. "माहूरकरांना आता विकासाची स्वप्नं" [Mahurkarâna Aata Vikasachi Swapna]. Sakal (in Marathi). September 2010. Archived from the original on 2015-05-18.
  6. "Sri Renuka Amman Parameswari". Archived from the original on 2015-05-18.
  7. "Shakti Pithas of Maharashtra". VHP . Archived from the original on 2015-04-29.
  8. "Places of Tourist Nashik District". Official web site of Nashik District. Archived from the original on 1 October 2013. Retrieved 2 March 2013.