Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi

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Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi
Ibrahim Lodhi's Tomb.jpg
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Location of Ibrahim's Tomb
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Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi (India)
General information
LocationTehsil office, Panipat, Haryana, India
Coordinates 29°23′N76°58′E / 29.39°N 76.97°E / 29.39; 76.97 Coordinates: 29°23′N76°58′E / 29.39°N 76.97°E / 29.39; 76.97
Architectural Indo-Islamic architecture

The Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi in Panipat (Haryana, India) is the tomb of Ibrahim Lodi, Sultan of the Lodi dynasty.



Ibrahim Lodi's tomb is often mistaken to be the Shisha Gumbad within Lodi Gardens Delhi. Rather Ibrahim Lodi's tomb is actually situated near the tehsil office in Panipat, close to the Dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah Qalandar. [1] [2] [3] It is a simple rectangular structure on a high platform approached by a flight of steps. [1] [2] [3]


Ibrahim Lodi Sultan-Ibrahim-Lodhi.jpg
Ibrahim Lodi

Ibrahim Lodi became the Sultan of Delhi in 1517 after the death of his father Sikandar. He was the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty, reigning for nine years between 1517 until being defeated and killed at the battle of Panipat by Babur's invading army in 1526, giving way to the emergence of the Mughal Empire in India. [4] [5]

Ibrahim was an ethnic Pashtun. He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar, but was not blessed with the same ruling capability. He faced a number of rebellions. The Mewar ruler Rana Sangram Singh extended his empire right up to western Uttar Pradesh and threatened to attack Agra. There was rebellion in the East also. Ibrahim Lodi also displeased the nobility when he replaced old and senior commanders by younger ones who were loyal to him. His Afghan nobility eventually invited Babur to invade India.

In 1526, the Mughal forces of Babur, the king of Kabulistan (Kabul, Afghanistan), defeated Ibrahim's much larger army in the Battle of Panipat. Ibrahim was killed during the battle at Panipat and his tomb now lies there. It is estimated that Babur's forces numbered around 25,000–30,000 men and had between 20 and 24 pieces of field artillery. Ibrahim Lodi had around 30,000–40,000 men along with at least 100 elephants. After the end of Lodi dynasty, the era of Mughal rule commenced. [6]

Restoration and relocation

In 1866, the British relocated the tomb during construction of the Grand Trunk Road and renovated it with an inscription highlighting Ibrahim Lodi's death in the Battle of Panipat. [1] [2] [3]

Another memorial of some kind, however, appears to have existed which used to form a place of pilgrimage for the people of Gwalior since Vikramaditya the last Raja of the old dynasty of Gwalior, fell in the same battle. This memorial, according to Alexander Cunningham, was destroyed when the Grand Trunk Road was made.

See also

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Events from the year 1526 in India.

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Shish Gumbad

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Tomb of Sikandar Lodi

Tomb of Sikandar Lodi is the tomb of the second ruler of the Lodi Dynasty, Sikandar Lodi situated in New Delhi, India. The tomb is situated in Lodhi Gardens in Delhi and was built in 1517–1518 CE by his son Ibrahim Lodi. The monument is situated 100 meters away from the Bara Gumbad and the area in which it is situated was formally called village Khairpur.

Kabuli Bagh Mosque

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  1. 1 2 3 Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi Archived 14 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. 1 2 3 Ibrahim Lodi's Tomb
  3. 1 2 3 The tale of the missing Lodi tomb The Hindu, Jul 04, 2005.
  4. "SULṬĀN ĪBRAHĪM BIN SULṬĀN SIKANDAR LODĪ". The Muntakhabu-’rūkh by ‘Abdu-’l-Qādir Ibn-i-Mulūk Shāh, known as Al-Badāoni, translated from the original Persian and edited by George S. A. Ranking, Sir Wolseley Haig and W. H. Lowe. Packard Humanities Institute 1884–1925. Retrieved 18 November 2012.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 122–125. ISBN   978-9-38060-734-4.
  6. Davis, Paul K. (1999), 100 Decisive Battles: From Ancient Times to the Present, Oxford University Press, p181.